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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11534 matches for " Alessandro;Monteiro "
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Monteiro, Rui Anderson Costa,González, Miguel León,Garcia, Alessandro Barreta
Revista Eletr?nica de Educa??o , 2011,
Abstract: O Brasil é um país organizado e regido com base em normas jurídicas próprias segundo a Constitui o de 1988. Sua estrutura administrativa perpassa pelos Poderes Executivo, Judiciário e Legislativo, este que por sua vez tem a miss o de criar normas a fim de atender as necessidades do povo brasileiro. Como a Constitui o Federal disp e, mas n o elenca com detalhes a Educa o como direito social, é preciso outros documentos que garantam a dinamica educacional, por isso a LDBEN. Este trabalho, através de revis o de literatura e documental, tem como proposta apresentar a organiza o do Estado, o significado de uma lei para a sociedade e discorrer sobre o motivo de termos a LDBEN 9.394/96. Este instrumento jurídico educacional também tem um registro histórico conturbado por todo processo legal no Congresso Nacional e pelo período social em que foi discutida, uma vez que a história da educa o brasileira é caracterizada por fatos bem distintos fundamentados nas mudan as de governo de cada momento, por isso é apresentada uma revis o histórica de sua cria o. Esta lei foi discutida durante muito tempo e, ainda sim, n o conseguiu atender plenamente as necessidades iniciais da educa o brasileira, exigindo muitas altera es desde sua promulga o. Consideramos a referida lei uma importante conquista que contribui na luta por uma educa o melhor que apesar do repertório legal, caminha para sua legitima o.Brazil is a country organized and governed on the basis of its own legal rules according to the 1988 Constitution. Its administrative structure runs through the Executive, Judiciary and Legislature, which has the task of creating standards to meet the needs of the Brazilian people. As the Federal Constitution provides, but it does not list in detail the education as a social right, there is the need for other documents that ensure the educational dynamics, which is the LDBEN. This paper, through literature and documentary review, aims to present the state organization, the meaning of a law to society and discuss the reason why there is the LDBEN 9394/96. This legal instrument of education also has a troubled historical record throughout the legal process in Congress and by the social period in which it was discussed, since the history of Brazilian education is characterized by very different events based on changes of government in each moment, so that it is presented a historical review of its creation. This law was discussed for a long time and, yet, failed to fully meet the initial needs of Brazilian education, requiring many changes since its promulgation. We c
Beliefs, Values and Morals: The Philosophical Underpinnings of Dysthanasia  [PDF]
Filipe Monteiro
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.64037
Abstract: In medical practice, the treatment and prognosis in the end of life has associated to ethical dilemmas, which are established in conformity with individual or collective beliefs and values. Dysthanasia from Greek, means to make death difficult, and it is currently an ethical problem with significant consequences. Considering that death itself has two moments, the process of death and the moment of death, dysthanasia is the undue prolongation of the process of death with the help of technological devices that allows the life sustaining procedures. Although it is through the technological advances that the moment of death can be delayed, it is the beliefs and values that are deep rooted in the sub conscience of the physicians that are responsible for the demeanor of end of life ethical dilemmas. Beliefs and values when encompassed in areas like phenomenology of knowledge, dialectic of technology, conflict of values and existentialism and metaphysics, can somehow explain this issue that is current, emerging and compelling.
Policy Research in a Complex Context  [PDF]
Alessandro Colombo
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2010.211071
Abstract: Today’s world is characterized by uncertainty and complexity. While examining the importance of research in such a context, the paper attempts to outline a first definition of the role and potential of policy research. The policy process itself has become increasingly complex and non linear, as has its relationship with research. Consequently, policy researchers’ contributions to policymakers may not have a direct, punctual and immediate influence on single issues, but rather a more pervasive, interactive, deliberative effect. Focusing on the theoretical definition of the risk, uncertainty and complexity of the policy process today, the paper outlines some questions and puts forward possible answers which offer a starting point for further analysis. It explores a new role for policy research and underlines the opportunities offered by argumentative, deliberative and multidisciplinary approaches which can positively impact democracy.
VaR-Optimal Risk Management in Regime-Switching Jump-Diffusion Models  [PDF]
Alessandro Ramponi
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2013.31009

In this paper we study a classical option-based portfolio strategy which minimizes the Value-at-Risk of the hedged position in a continuous time, regime-switching jump-diffusion market, by using Fourier Transform methods. However, the analysis of this hedging strategy, as well as the computational technique for its implementation, is fairly general, i.e. it can be applied to any dynamical model for which Fourier transform methods are viable.

Editorial of the Open Journal on Modelling and Simulation  [PDF]
Alessandro Bazzi
Open Journal of Modelling and Simulation (OJMSi) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojmsi.2013.13004
Abstract: Editorial of the Open Journal on Modelling and Simulation
A Fiber Pull-Out Based Model for Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Concrete Beams under a Flexural Load  [PDF]
Alessandro Paglia
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2013.33025

This work is intended to be a simple contribution to building a model able to implement theoretical results related to the random oriented fiber reinforced concrete in a procedure that could be used in structures analysis and design involving fiber reinforced elements. Here follows a short outline: In the introduction chapter the problem is presented together the work done. Section 2 develops some ancillary concepts of this material and its mechanical properties, while in Section 3, following the path of other researchers, the assumptions made to solve the problem are presented, together with the most relevant results related to presence of 3D randomly oriented fiber. In the following section a review of the mechanical process of fiber pull-out is done, and the results, mostly due to Victor Li researches, of a 3D randomly oriented synthetic fiber stress vs crack opening in a pull-out process from a cement matrix. In Section 5 the author, after making some assumptions about the configuration of the strain and crack geometry in the cross section where failure is assume to occur under flexural bending moment, the resultant stress is integrated to find the resultant internal moment vs increasing strain and crack width. In this analysis, the crack bridging law for synthetic fiber in FRC presented in the previous section is taken into account. In Section 6, a procedure to find a cross section configuration in equilibrium under external bending moment has been built. Under the assumption of a perfectly plastic collapse mechanism a numerical simulation is conducted on a specimen that undergoes a four-point bending test. A comparison with the trend of a similar test on a synthetic FRC sample has been done. The work is completed by the conclusions that could be inferred from this work.

The Combination of Three Techniques for Breast Reduction: A Series of Ten Consecutive Cases  [PDF]
Alessandro Borgognone
Modern Plastic Surgery (MPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/mps.2014.43009

There is continuing controversy regarding the most effective and safest technique for breast reduction surgery. This case series describes our experience with a breast reduction approach that combines three techniques aimed at addressing three different aspects of breast reduction: skin reduction, shaping, and nipple areolar complex shaping. We assessed the perioperative course and postoperative outcomes (for a mean of 19 months) of 10 consecutive women who underwent breast reduction surgery involving a combination of three techniques: “inverted T” skin reduction, modified Hall-Findley supero-medial pedicle for glandular reduction, and inferior de-epithelialized flap (modified “Foustanos” flap) for molding and improved shaping of the breast. The final bra cup size was C or D in all patients. The overall results were graded as excellent in four patients and very good in six patients. Each patient was completely satisfied with her surgery. Six patients developed venous congestion of the nipple areolar complex, which resolved within 24 - 48 hours after surgery. Two patients had uneventful delayed wound healing in the vertical scar of the inverted T pattern. There was a 100% nipple areolar complex survival rate. No patient had a major adverse event, permanently altered nipple areolar complex sensitivity, or bottoming out of the lower pole. None required revision surgery. This case series confirms our expectations that the solution to questions about breast reduction methods may depend on melding different techniques into a single procedure. The combination of techniques herein described was both effective and safe. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.

Bringing Certainty and Order Out of the Wilderness of Law  [PDF]
Alessandro Martinuzzi
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2014.53017
Abstract: The codification of the French civil law represented the first significant initiative which provided the moral and intellectual impetus for systematic reorganization and reform of the law. The growing production of laws by the legislatures, together with the courts’ constant definition of the principles of law, has always constituted a massive problem in providing a service of certain and equal justice. The French model of codification was undoubtedly useful but it did not suffice, by itself, to preserve a coherent and accessible system of law. The experience of the last decades showed a proliferation of new sources of law (including multilevel systems of protection of fundamental rights) that increased the complexity of law on a more than proportional scale. In order to tackle the compelling need of certainty and order in the legal systems, the French codification approach had been developed and integrated with other simplifying and reorganizing tools. The different experiences are interesting under three profiles: a) the subjects dedicated to the function of simplifying and clarifying the law; b) the tools used to perform the function; c) the effects produced in the legal systems. The comparative analysis of the different experiences in Civil law and Common law countries reveals a major tendency to constitute independent bodies by initiative of a law experts elìte of lawyers, judges and academics. Generally, these bodies adopt a scientific method in order to produce shared documents which are supposed to represent a valid reference for all the legal operators. Most of the time there is no political influence on the process, contributing to preserve the authoritativeness of the body. Notwithstanding, the documents may be addressed to the parliaments with the purpose to enact law reforms through the legislative process. Out of these cases, the documents are supposed to have mere persuasive value but it is disputed how they affect the other sources of law when they are widely adopted by courts.
External Debt and Stabilizing Macroeconomic Policies  [PDF]
Alessandro Piergallini
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.56083
Abstract: This paper investigates the dynamic effects of fiscal and monetary feedback policy rules in a small open economy with flexible exchange rates and risk premia on external debt. It is shown that equilibrium uniqueness and stability occur under locally Ricardian fiscal policies regardless of the degree of reaction of nominal interest rates to inflation, in contrast with closed-economy environments. Fiscal revaluation mechanisms of the type predicted by the fiscal theory of the price level are precluded by international parity conditions. As a result, locally non-Ricardian fiscal policies are destabilizing even under an accommodating monetary policy stance.
Método para monitoramento de ninfas de cigarras e controle com inseticidas em reflorestamentos com paricá
Lunz, Alexandre Mehl;Azevedo, Roni de;Mour?o Júnior, Moisés;Monteiro, Odineila Martins;Lechinoski, Alessandro;Zaneti, Luciano Zumerle;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2010000700001
Abstract: the objective of this work was to establish a method for cicad (quesada gigas) population monitoring and for the evaluation of the effectiveness of thiamethoxam, carbofuran and imidacloprid doses on the control of cicad nymphs, in reforestation with paricá (schizolobium parahyba var. amazonicum). the following insecticide doses were used: 2.0, 4.0, and 6.0 kg ha-1 of actara (250 wg) commercial product, for thiamethoxam active principle; 7.15, 14.30, and 21.45 l ha-1 of furadan (350 fs), for carbofuran; 4.0, 9.0, and 13.5 l ha-1 of provado (200 sc), for imidacloprid. the three doses of each product were applied in the total area. three biweekly evaluations were done after the applications to assess the number of holes and live nymphs, using a tractor implement to open trenches with 7.0-m length, 0.8-m width and 0.07-m depth. all active principles tested were effective in reducing q. gigas nymph population, but there was no significant effect of the evaluated doses. carbofuran and thiamethoxam active principles were the most promising ones, with 75-80% of nymph infestation control. the trench opening with the tractor implement is effective for monitoring q. gigas nymph population in reforestation with paricá.
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