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The Determination of Interfacial Shear Strength in Short Fiber Reinforced Poly Ethylene Terephthalate by Kelly-Tyson Theory  [PDF]
Wiranphat Thodsaratpreeyakul, Putinun Uawongsuwan, Akio Kataoka, Takanori Negoro, Hiroyuki Hamada
Open Journal of Composite Materials (OJCM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2017.74015
Abstract: The interfacial shear strength value measuring by the modified Kelly-Tyson equation method was studied the measurement accuracy. The measuring accuracy by using the modified Kelly-Tyson equation method is compared to the nano-indentation testing method. The results and an influential factor are described. An error in the modified Kelly-Tyson equation is verified to avoid the incorrect measurement when the interfacial shear strength was measured by the modified Kelly-Tyson equation. To study the different interfacial shear strength behavior, short fiber reinforced PET composites were fabricated. In this study, an advance fabricating technique for short fiber reinforced composite as direct fiber feeding process is conducted to fabricate GF/recycled PET for studying the interfacial shear strength. The result indicates that the modified Kelly-Tyson equation method accurately provides the accurate interfacial shear strength value, if it is conducted with the sample without a horizontally aligned fiber. So the high fiber loading content sample should be avoided to get the more accuracy result. The large horizontally aligned fiber area into specimens extremely resulted in the incorrect measurement of the interfacial shear strength value by the modified Kelly-Tyson equation method. The fiber agglomeration factor and the sensitively horizontally aligned fiber area must be considered its influence on the measuring for improving the equation effectiveness.
Survival Outcome in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Patients Treated with Bevacizumab Followed by Cetuximab  [PDF]
Kozo Kataoka, Akiyoshi Kanazawa, Akio Nakajima, Hisahiro Hosogi, Seiichiiro Kanaya, Takeshi Nagasaka, Yukihiro Kono
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.34052
Abstract: Background: Molecular targeted agents, such as bevacizumab and cetuximab, have been shown to improve the overall survival of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. However, we still do not know the best sequence in which to use the molecular targeted agents for mCRC, especially in K-ras wild-type cases. Methods: From July 2006 to November 2010, 63 chemotherapy-naive patients who were diagnosed with mCRC and received an oxaliplatin-based regimen as the first line, did not respond to a bevacizumab-containing regimen used as the first or second line, and received cetuximab or continued bevacizumab, were eligible for this analysis. Thirty-two patients received cetuximab as the third or fourth line chemotherapy due to the K-ras wild-type (Group A). Also, thirty-one patients continued a bevacizumab-containing regimen in spite of disease progression (Group B). Results: The difference in the rate of serious adverse events was not significant between the two groups, but the rate of overall adverse events tended to be higher in Group A than in Group B. The median overall survival (MST) was significantly higher in Group A than Group B (30.8 months and 23.13 months (95%CI: 15.80 - 30.47), respectively) (P = 0.031). Group A patients were all K-ras wild-type, and 21 of Group B were K-ras mutant type. Compared with Group B patients with the K-ras mutant type, MST of Group A patients was significantly longer (30.8 months and 25.73 months, respectively) (P = 0.025). Conclusion: Using cetuximab after progression with bevacizumab might be an effective sequence to improve the overall survival of K-ras wild-type mCRC patients. However, we need further prospective studies to identify the best sequence of chemotherapy for mCRC patients.
Two cases of juvenile hypertrophic cardiomyopathy presenting with marked bi-atrial enlargement on standard 12-lead electrocardiogram  [PDF]
Hajime Kataoka
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2012.21007
Abstract: This report describes two cases of juvenile hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in which prominent bi-atrial enlargement was observed on standard 12-lead electrocardiogram, suggesting inherent predis-position to extreme enlargement and/or hypertrophy may exist in atrial myocardium in juvenile HCM. Comparative study between juvenile and adult HCM patients using a large sample size is required to confirm this hypothesis.
Transmedullary Decompression for Humeral Diaphysis Solitary Bone Cysts  [PDF]
Akio Sakamoto
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2013.32015

Solitary bone cysts are benign, fluid-filled cavities that most often occur in childhood. Several minimally invasive decompression methods have been proposed; however, performing a surgical procedure through the thinned overlying cortex raises the risk of pathological fracture and neurovascular damage, especially in lesions located in the bone diaphysis. We describe a new technique that circumvents these problems: tunneling through the normal cortex and medullary space with a flexible reamer, placing a retrograde medullary nail for cyst decompression.

A Simple and Fast Separation Method of Fe Employing Extraction Resin for Isotope Ratio Determination by Multicollector ICP-MS  [PDF]
Akio Makishima
International Journal of Analytical Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography (IJAMSC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijamsc.2013.12012

A new, simple and fast separation method for Fe using an extraction chromatographic resin, Aliquat 336 (commercially available as TEVA resin) has been developed. A one milliliter column containing 0.33 mL TEVA resin on 0.67 mL CG-71C was used.Iron was adsorbed with 6mol·L-1 HCl + H2O2 on TEVA resin, and recovered with 2 mol·L-1HNO3. The recovery yield and total blank were 93.5 ± 6.5% and 6 ng, respectively. Theseparation method is simple, and takes < 2 hours. For evaluation of the Fe separation, Fe isotope ratios were measured by a double-spike method employing multicollector inductively coupled plasma source mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) with repeatability of 0.06‰ (SD) for the standard solution and ~0.05‰ for the silicate samples. Therefore, the column chemistry developed in this study is a viable option for Fe isotope ratio measurement by MC-ICP-MS.

Influence of Pressure on Germination of Garden Cress, Leaf Mustard, and Radish Seeds at Various Temperatures  [PDF]
Akio Shimizu, Jun Kumakura
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2011.23050
Abstract: The effects of hydrostatic pressure (0.1 - 400 MPa) and temperature (4°C, 25°C, and 35°C) on the germination of three types of seeds (garden cress, leaf mustard, and radish) were studied. The normal germination rate of the three types of seeds was decreased at high hydrostatic pressure, and germination time tended to be delayed. Pressure and temperature had two types of effects on seed germination. Germination of garden cress and leaf mustard seeds was more resistant to pressure at lower temperature. Conversely, germination of radish seeds was most pressure-sensitive at low temperature, and germination drastically decreased with treatment at 50 MPa and 4°C. Generally, pressure and temperature effects on protein structure and enzyme activity have been classified into two types, “hillside”-like (pressurization decreases the stable temperature range) and “tongue”-like (stabilizing effect of moderate pressure against heat denaturation). Therefore, the type of temperature-pressure effects on germination of garden cress and leaf mustard seeds is classified as “hillside”-like and that of radish seeds is classified as “tongue”-like, similarly to the generally observed effects on protein denaturation.
Dynamic Monopoly with Demand Delay  [PDF]
Akio Matsumoto, Ferenc Szidarovszky
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.42022

This study analyses the dynamics of nonlinear monopoly. To this end, the conventional assumptions in the text-book monopoly are modified; first, the complete information on the market is replaced with the partial information; second, the instantaneous information is substituted by the delay information. As a result, since such a monopoly is unable to jump, with one shot, to the optimal point for which the profit is maximized, the monopoly has to search for it. In a continuoustime framework, the delay destabilizes the otherwise stable monopoly model and generates cyclic oscillations via a Hopf bifurcation. In a discrete-time framework, the steady state bifurcates to a bounded oscillation via a Neimark-Sacker bifurcation. Although this has been only an introduction of delay into the traditional monopoly model, it is clear that the delay can be a source of essentially different behavior from those of the nondelay model.

RETRACTED: Functional Perpetual Resilience in Japanese Adults with Type 1 Diabetes: A Grounded Theory Study  [PDF]
Ikuko Nishio, Masami Chujo, Hideaki Kataoka
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.614177

Short Retraction Notice

This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.

Editor guiding this retraction: Prof. Peter Walla (EiC of PSYCH)

The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked \"RETRACTED\".

Design and Characterization of Nano-Displacement Sensor with High-Frequency Oscillators
Akio Kitagawa
Journal of Sensors , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/360173
Abstract: The circuitry of a capacitive nanometer displacement sensor using the ring oscillator has been analyzed and characterized. We focus on the sensitivity of the sensor to detect the nanometer displacement or strain. The displaced target object must be conductive and the medium around the target object must be an insulator or a vacuum. The sensitivity in the range of L < 1 μm is enhanced with decreases in the size of the sensor electrode, and using a higher free-running oscillation frequency can increase sensitivity. The proposed sensor, which converts the displacement of the target object to the oscillation frequency, was fabricated with CMOS 350 nm technology, and the sensitivity was estimated at 8.16 kHz/nm. The results of our study indicated that the presented sensor has enough sensitivity to detect the nanometer displacement of the target object at a distance within 1 μm from the surface of the sensor electrode.
Electron Spin Resonance Measurement with Microinductor on Chip
Akio Kitagawa
Journal of Sensors , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/813636
Abstract: The detection of radicals on a chip is demonstrated. The proposed method is based on electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy and the measurement of high-frequency impedance of the microinductor fabricated on the chip. The measurement was by using a frequency sweep of approximately 100 MHz. The ESR spectra of di(phenyl)-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)iminoazanium (DPPH) dropped on the microinductor which is fabricated with CMOS 350-nm technology were observed at room temperature. The volume of the DPPH ethanol solution was 2 μL, and the number of spins on the micro-inductor was estimated at about 1014. The sensitivity is not higher than that of the standard ESR spectrometers. However, the result indicates the feasibility of a near field radical sensor in which the microinductor as a probe head and ESR signal processing circuit are integrated.
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