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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 284 matches for " Aissata Traoré "
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A Survey of Arsenic Level in Tube-Wells in Bam Province (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Touridomon Issa Somé, Abdoul Karim Sakira, Alidou Kaboré, Aissata Traoré
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.514134
Abstract: Groundwater is a main source of water supply for populations in Burkina Faso where there is a serious problem for drinking water access. However, water quality has not been always followed regularly. Recent studies showed that more than 50% of drillings in Yatenga province (north of Burkina Faso) have an arsenic concentration above the recommended WHO requirement. Preliminaries studies conducted in Bam (Center North of Burkina Faso) showed high arsenic level in certain localities. This work presents for the first time data on a large scale evaluation that had been performed in all the localities of Bam province in other to have a better assessment of contamination scale. A total of 707 drilling water samples have been selected randomly in 9 communes and analysed for the arsenic level using atomic absorption spectrometry with hydride generation. The results showed that 11% of drillings have an arsenic concentration above the recommended WHO requirements with Rouko commune having the highest rate of high arsenic level (22%).
Severe Drug Eruption in Guinea Conakry  [PDF]
Mohamed Cissé, Thierno Mamadou Tounkara, Boh Fanta Diané, Mohamed Maciré Soumah, Moussa Keita, Fodé Bangaly Sako, Houleymatou Baldé, Aissata Dabo Camara, Alhousseine Doumbouya, Amara Camara, Fodé Amara Traoré
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2014.45045
Abstract: Severe drug reactions are defined as mucocutaneous complications secondary to systemic administration of drugs likely to be life threatening. Our work was designed to determine the evolutionary epidemiological and etiological characteristics of severe drug reactions to the Department of Dermatology Venereology, at Donka Teaching Hospital. A prospective descriptive study of all cases of severe drug reactions received at the Department of Dermatology Venereology of the Donka Teaching Hospital was conducted over a period of two years, from June 2009 to May 31, 2011. We identified 22 Stevens-Johnson syndrome, 13 Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis, 1 Stevens-Johnson syndrome Border Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis, 1 Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms and 2 Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis among 481 hospitalized patients, of whom 50 had consulted for drug reactions, that is to say, a frequence of 10.40%. The Stevens-Johnson syndrome accounted for 44%, the Stevens-Johnson syndrome Border Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis 2%, Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis 26%, Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms 2% and Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis 4% of drug reaction. The female sex was predominant (28 women vs. 11 men), that is to say 71.59% vs. 26.21 with a sex ratio of 2.55. The average age of our patients was 29.72 years; the range of ages 21 - 40 years was the most affected (51.28%) followed by 0 - 20 years (33.33%). The lethality rate was 9.09% (2/22) in the Stevens-Johnson syndrome and 53.85% (7/13) in the Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis. HIV infection was found in 17.95% (7/26) of our patients and 71.42% (5/7) of the deceased. The drug accountability was established in 79.48%; the most commonly implicated drugs in the Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis were sulfonamides followed by ARVs (nevirapine) and anti TB (isoniazid); in the SJS sulfonamides followed by salts of quinine and anti TB, the only case of DRESS was due to quinine. No drug was found in 20.52% (8 cases). HIV infection remains a poor prognostic factor. Our study shows the scarcity of Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms and Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis in our service.
Utilization of Health Services in the Burkina Faso Health System: Empirical Evidence of Health System Fragmentation and Integration  [PDF]
Ousmane Traoré
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.713139
Abstract:
In this paper, the utilization of health services in the context of health system fragmentation in Burkina Faso is analyzed using household living condition survey data. The methodology explores the relationships between population health risk factors and health services utilization. The results of the analysis highlighted eight reference care providers in the Burkina Faso health system; thus, the probability of service use in the first level of the system, assumed to be its point of entry, is significantly and negatively associated with age and sex, with a lower probability for female gender. As a whole, the health risk factors positively influence the probability of service use at the higher levels of the health system and in the private sector. The results suggest that utilization of the traditional health sector remains predominated by the elderly. These results thus suggest the need for coordination of care across the levels of the public healthcare sector, on the one hand, and the presence of interaction and integration between the traditional or private sector and the public sector, on the other hand.
Deterministic and Stochastic Schistosomiasis Models with General Incidence  [PDF]
Stanislas Ouaro, Ali Traoré
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.412229
Abstract:

In this paper, deterministic and stochastic models for schistosomiasis involving four sub-populations are developed. Conditions are given under which system exhibits thresholds behavior. The disease-free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable if R0 < 1 and the unique endemic equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable when R0 > 1. The populations are computationally simulated under various conditions. Comparisons are made between the deterministic and the stochastic model.


Vertical Price Transmission in Local Rice Markets in Cote d'Ivoire: Are Consumers Really Right?
Yaya KEHO,Aissata SOBIA CAMARA
Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development , 2012,
Abstract: This paper analyses vertical relationships between wholesale and retail prices in three local rice markets in C te d’Ivoire. The aim of the paper is to ascertain whether the popular complaint of consumers about the asymmetric price transmission holds true. Our empirical analysis makes use of threshold cointegration and error correction models and monthly data for the period 1990-1999. We found that wholesale and retail prices are cointegrated and increases in wholesale prices are passed on to retail prices more quickly than decreases.
Co-infection of Long-Term Carriers of Plasmodium falciparum with Schistosoma haematobium Enhances Protection from Febrile Malaria: A Prospective Cohort Study in Mali
Safiatou Doumbo equal contributor ,Tuan M. Tran equal contributor ,Jules Sangala,Shanping Li,Didier Doumtabe,Younoussou Kone,Abdrahamane Traoré,Aboudramane Bathily,Nafomon Sogoba,Michel E. Coulibaly,Chiung-Yu Huang,Aissata Ongoiba,Kassoum Kayentao,Mouctar Diallo,Zongo Dramane,Thomas B. Nutman,Peter D. Crompton,Ogobara Doumbo,Boubacar Traore
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003154
Abstract: Background Malaria and schistosomiasis often overlap in tropical and subtropical countries and impose tremendous disease burdens; however, the extent to which schistosomiasis modifies the risk of febrile malaria remains unclear. Methods We evaluated the effect of baseline S. haematobium mono-infection, baseline P. falciparum mono-infection, and co-infection with both parasites on the risk of febrile malaria in a prospective cohort study of 616 children and adults living in Kalifabougou, Mali. Individuals with S. haematobium were treated with praziquantel within 6 weeks of enrollment. Malaria episodes were detected by weekly physical examination and self-referral for 7 months. The primary outcome was time to first or only malaria episode defined as fever (≥37.5°C) and parasitemia (≥2500 asexual parasites/μl). Secondary definitions of malaria using different parasite densities were also explored. Results After adjusting for age, anemia status, sickle cell trait, distance from home to river, residence within a cluster of high S. haematobium transmission, and housing type, baseline P. falciparum mono-infection (n = 254) and co-infection (n = 39) were significantly associated with protection from febrile malaria by Cox regression (hazard ratios 0.71 and 0.44; P = 0.01 and 0.02; reference group: uninfected at baseline). Baseline S. haematobium mono-infection (n = 23) did not associate with malaria protection in the adjusted analysis, but this may be due to lack of statistical power. Anemia significantly interacted with co-infection (P = 0.009), and the malaria-protective effect of co-infection was strongest in non-anemic individuals. Co-infection was an independent negative predictor of lower parasite density at the first febrile malaria episode. Conclusions Co-infection with S. haematobium and P. falciparum is significantly associated with reduced risk of febrile malaria in long-term asymptomatic carriers of P. falciparum. Future studies are needed to determine whether co-infection induces immunomodulatory mechanisms that protect against febrile malaria or whether genetic, behavioral, or environmental factors not accounted for here explain these findings.
Child’s Congenital Heart Diseases: A Follow-Up of 101 Cases at Charles De Gaulle Pediatric Teaching Hospital (CDG-PTH) of Ouagadougou  [PDF]
Georges Kinda, Koudougou Jonas Kologo, Aimé Bama, Georges Rosario Christian Millogo, Salimata Traoré, Lassina Dao, Solange Ouédraogo Yougbaré, Aissata Kaboré, Sonia Kaboret, Kisito Nagalo, Laure Toguyéni Tamini, Relwendé Aristide Yaméogo, Fla Kouéta, Diarra Yé, Léonie Claudine Lougué Sorgho, Patrice Zabsonré
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103092
Abstract:
Introduction: The management of congenital heart diseases in countries with limited technical facilities poses real problems to practitioners. Yet, a good medical follow- up permits to improve these children’s life quality before any eventual surgery. Our study aims at examining the evolutionary and prognostic aspects of these congenital heart diseases in order to understand their evolution in our context. Materials and Methods: Our work is a continuation of a prospective, transversal and descriptive survey concerning all the children with congenital heart diseases in hospitalization or in consultation led from January 1st 2012 to December 31st 2012 in the Charles De Gaulle Center Pediatric Teaching Hospital (CDG-PTH) in Ouagadougou. Results: In 2012, we kept under observation 101 cases of congenital heart diseases representing 69.18% of the 146 cases of heart diseases with an impact of 0.79% of the 12,838 patients who were admitted at CDG-PTH. The interventricular septal defect occupied the first place of all malformative heart diseases with 43.56% of cases. The average age of patients at the moment of the diagnosis was 17 months old with extremes ranging from two (2) days old to fifteen (15) years old. The sex-ratio was 1.06. Throughout the follow-up of the children until the end of the six months’ survey, it was possible for us to meet again 52 patients, we had no longer been in touch with 22 patients and 27 were dead. At the moment of the diagnosis, surgical treatment was recommended for 63.37% of the patients (64 cases) and only 7.81% (5 cases) were operated. The complicated cases were: Eisenmenger syndrome (6 cases representing 5.94%). We recorded a rate of 26.73% of death. Conclusion: Congenital heart diseases are relatively common at CDG-PTH. The high rate of mortality noticed is due to the lack of heart surgery and catheterism units in our country.
An Observation of One Case of Adult Partial Atrio-Ventricular Defect  [PDF]
Georges Kinda, Koudougou Jonas Kologo, Aimé Bama, Georges Rosario Christian Millogo, Salimata Traoré, Lassina Dao, Solange Ouédraogo Yougbaré, Aissata Kaboré, Sonia Kaboret, Kisito Nagalo, Laure Toguyéni Tamini, Relwendé Aristide Yaméogo, Fla Kouéta, Diarra Yé, Léonie Claudine Lougué Sorgho, Patrice Zabsonré
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103091
Abstract:
The newborn with partial atrio-ventricular defect is born quickly normal without functional signs, and then cardiac insufficiency appears in the first weeks of life respiratory unrests. The spontaneous evolution makes itself toward a complication of the shunts left-right with cardiac insufficiency, Osler illness, the death or toward the pulmonary obstructive illness about 6 months old. In order to fear the evolutionary possibilities and debate difficulties of hold in charge in countries with limited resources such as Burkina Faso, we return a clinic observation of a case of partial atrio-ventricular defect in a sixty years old man.
Les chroniques de Fran ois Traoré : la crise du coton vue par un agriculteur burkinabé
Traoré F.
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement , 2006,
Abstract:
Assessing the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Informal Sector in Guinea, West Africa  [PDF]
Aissata Diallo, Zhonghua Yin, Mukete Beckline
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103290
Abstract:
This paper examines the characteristics and socioeconomic importance of the informal sector in Africa with particular emphasis on Guinea Republic. Specifically, it aims at identifying the main economic activities and how these create a positive financial force for local development. To attain this goal, we carried out a comprehensive review of published literature obtained through Research gate, Web of science, Google scholar and Mendeley. It was observed that though the informal sector drags behind developmental processes, it subsidizes unemployment for many urban poor and rural communities. The sector is also very prominent and constitutes a major source of financial returns for the state through taxes. The contribution to the developmental process through this sector can be achieved if appropriate management strategies are adequately implemented. This will also boost and increase government’s level of tax collections and enhance poverty alleviation in poor urban and rural communities.
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