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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 148515 matches for " Ai F "
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Alcohol and prescription drug safety in older adults
Zanjani F, Hoogland AI, Downer BG
Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DHPS.S38666
Abstract: lcohol and prescription drug safety in older adults Original Research (578) Total Article Views Authors: Zanjani F, Hoogland AI, Downer BG Published Date February 2013 Volume 2013:5 Pages 13 - 27 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DHPS.S38666 Received: 29 September 2012 Accepted: 15 November 2012 Published: 25 February 2013 Faika Zanjani,1,2 Aasha I Hoogland,1 Brian G Downer1 1Department of Gerontology, 2Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA Background: The objectives of this study were to investigate older adults' knowledge of prescription drug safety and interactions with alcohol, and to identify pharmacists' willingness to disseminate prescription drug safety information to older adults. Methods: The convenience sample consisted of 48 older adults aged 54–89 years who were recruited from a local pharmacy and who completed surveys addressing their alcohol consumption, understanding of alcohol and prescription drug interactions, and willingness to change habits regarding alcohol consumption and prescription drugs. To address pharmacist willingness, 90 pharmacists from local pharmacies volunteered and answered questions regarding their willingness to convey prescription drug safety information to older adults. Results: Older adults reported low knowledge of alcohol and prescription drug safety, with women tending to be slightly more knowledgeable. More importantly, those who drank in the previous few months were less willing to talk to family and friends about how alcohol can have harmful interactions with prescription drugs, or to be an advocate for safe alcohol and prescription drug use than those who had not had a drink recently. Pharmacists reported that they were willing to convey prescription drug safety information to older adults via a variety of formats, including displaying or distributing a flyer, and directly administering a brief intervention. Conclusion: In this study, older adults were found to have inadequate knowledge of prescription drug safety and interactions with alcohol, but pharmacists who regularly come in contact with older adults indicated that they were ready and willing to talk to older adults about prescription drug safety. Future research should focus on interventions whereby pharmacists disseminate prescription drug safety information to older adults in order to improve healthy prescription drug and alcohol behavior and reduce medical and health costs associated with interactions between alcohol and prescription drugs.
Alcohol and prescription drug safety in older adults
Zanjani F,Hoogl,AI,Downer BG
Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety , 2013,
Abstract: Faika Zanjani,1,2 Aasha I Hoogland,1 Brian G Downer11Department of Gerontology, 2Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USABackground: The objectives of this study were to investigate older adults' knowledge of prescription drug safety and interactions with alcohol, and to identify pharmacists' willingness to disseminate prescription drug safety information to older adults.Methods: The convenience sample consisted of 48 older adults aged 54–89 years who were recruited from a local pharmacy and who completed surveys addressing their alcohol consumption, understanding of alcohol and prescription drug interactions, and willingness to change habits regarding alcohol consumption and prescription drugs. To address pharmacist willingness, 90 pharmacists from local pharmacies volunteered and answered questions regarding their willingness to convey prescription drug safety information to older adults.Results: Older adults reported low knowledge of alcohol and prescription drug safety, with women tending to be slightly more knowledgeable. More importantly, those who drank in the previous few months were less willing to talk to family and friends about how alcohol can have harmful interactions with prescription drugs, or to be an advocate for safe alcohol and prescription drug use than those who had not had a drink recently. Pharmacists reported that they were willing to convey prescription drug safety information to older adults via a variety of formats, including displaying or distributing a flyer, and directly administering a brief intervention.Conclusion: In this study, older adults were found to have inadequate knowledge of prescription drug safety and interactions with alcohol, but pharmacists who regularly come in contact with older adults indicated that they were ready and willing to talk to older adults about prescription drug safety. Future research should focus on interventions whereby pharmacists disseminate prescription drug safety information to older adults in order to improve healthy prescription drug and alcohol behavior and reduce medical and health costs associated with interactions between alcohol and prescription drugs.Keywords: aging, alcohol, drug, pharmacist, prescription drugs, safety
Study on Undergraduates Employment Ideological Education Practice  [PDF]
Lirong Ai
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.63029
Abstract: The critical solution to the employment of graduates with difficulties in finding a job, which is initially contributed to the stresses and strains of the career guidance in higher vocational colleges, is to solve the problem of ideological and political education the graduates should have. This paper analyzed the data from a survey, taken in a vocational college in Hubei Province in China, on what kinds of problems and why the graduates with difficulties in finding a job might suffer from in their minds. And then the reasonable comments and proper suggestions were presented to solve the problem in higher vocational colleges in China under the guidance of related theories of Chinese and Western ideological and political education.
Look at Neutrino Oscillations in Space-Like Continuum  [PDF]
Xiaobai Ai
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2018.97087
Abstract: Based on the special theory of relativity in space-like continuum, the pre-sent author points that if there exist tachyons in nature, they should be neutral point-like particles with lepton appearance, which are very much like our early understanding about neutrinos before. The author also points that an alternative explanation for neutrino oscillations may be the conversion between mass-less neutrinos with different flavors expressed in different “lowest limited momentum” during their flight journey, which originates from that the argument in the squared sine function of the probability of neutrino oscillation may be less than zero, which is mathematical foresight and may not be ignored.
Available Face-Changing Effect  [PDF]
Xiaobai Ai
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2018.912138
Abstract: Based on mathematical foresight and beyond the mainstream inertial thinking pattern, the author believes that if neutrinos were really tachyons, the mystery of neutrinos might be solved. Fortunately, the space-like theory of special relativity reveals that there would exist an observable effect i.e. a “face-changing effect”, not oscillation, which was just related to the superluminal motion. As long as the motion velocity of an electron anti-neutrino was greater than c2/v, where v was the instantaneous thermal motion velocity of its mother neutron at the time of β-decay, a corresponding electron neutrino formed from the face-changing would be observed on the journey. Therefore, a special and easy way to judge the physical nature of neutrinos may be suggested the reactor neutrino experimental groups all over the world, in addition to the current studies involving the disappearance mode of \"\", to add a new experimental search after ve in the \"\" current, to see whether a few ve neutrinos would exceed the background counting. “Yes” result would reveal the neutrinos being tachyons, and “no” would be not.
Two Physical Constraints upon the Motions of Celestial Bodies  [PDF]
Xiaobai Ai
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2019.103023
Abstract: There exist two physical constraints upon the motions of celestial systems. Constraint 1 reveals during collapse or explosion motion of celestial bodies that there would be an unattainability upper limit for their compact intensity (total mass M/scale size R), which arises from the Lorentz invariance of the time-like metric in local four-dimensional continuum in Einstein’s theory of special relativity. Constraint 2 points that the average mass density of nucleon would be an unsurpassed upper limit for bulk normal matter in nature, which arises from Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. A very important effect is that the combination of these two physical constraints would prevent the formation of black holes.
The Effects of Nitrogen Fixation Activity and Phytohormone Production of Diazotroph in Promoting Growth of Rice Seedlings
F. Keyeo,O. Noor Ai`shah,H.G. Amir
Biotechnology , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to observe the influence of diazotroph inoculation on growth of paddy plants under greenhouse conditions. Diazotroph are the most studied and well known Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) that are able to promote plant growth via Biological Nitrogen Fixation (BNF) and phytohormone production. A total of four diazotrophic bacteria inocula were used for the experiment which include Azospirillum brasilense (Sp7), Herbaspirillum seropedicae (Z78), Enterobacter sp. (L2) and Gluconacetobacter sp. (L15). All four strains were able to fix nitrogen with the same ability but produces phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in different concentration. The inoculation effects were tested on paddy plants (Oryza sativa) variety MR220. The rice seedlings were planted in non-sterilized soil and grown under aerobic conditions. Growth of the host plants was measured on parameters such as plants dry weight, plants height, root elongation and total leaf chlorophyll and protein content. Results showed that following inoculation, overall plant growth observation for plants inoculated with L2 and Control positive (+100% N fertilizer) showed better plant growth compared to plants inoculated with L15, Sp7, Z78 and Control negative (+Sp7K). Plants inoculated with Sp7 and Z78 both showed inferior growth compared to Control negative due to excess amount IAA supplied by the inoculants that suppresses the plant growth. Results also showed promising effect of L2 inoculants, to promote rice growth through optimal phtyhormone (IAA) production activity plus the added benefit through successful fixed nitrogen intake by the plant that was provided by L2 via BNF.
A Case Report of Carina and Right Main Bronchus Resection and Reconstruction with Left Thoracic Incision
Xiangning F,Bo AI,Ni ZHANG,Wei SUN
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer , 2010,
Abstract:
Construction of nested space-filling designs
Peter Z. G. Qian,Mingyao Ai,C. F. Jeff Wu
Statistics , 2009, DOI: 10.1214/09-AOS690
Abstract: New types of designs called nested space-filling designs have been proposed for conducting multiple computer experiments with different levels of accuracy. In this article, we develop several approaches to constructing such designs. The development of these methods also leads to the introduction of several new discrete mathematics concepts, including nested orthogonal arrays and nested difference matrices.
The Empirical Research of Relationship between Consumption and Income for Chinese Urban Residents  [PDF]
Fangfang Hou, Kefeng Ai
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.56026
Abstract: This paper studied the clustering analysis of panel data, the specification test of panel data model and its parameter estimation. By carrying out clustering analysis on panel data, we finally decided to study the relationship of Chinese urban residents’ eight income levels between consumption and income from 2007 to 2012. Based on analysis of covariance in panel data model, we built the variable coefficient panel data model and then estimated the model parameters. In this work, we can identify the relationship between consumption and income in recent years. According to the estimation results, we drew the conclusion that income disparities have important influence on urban residents’ consumption behavior.
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