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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9260 matches for " Ahmed Tijani Bawah "
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Alcohol Consumption Is Associated with Hypogonadism and Decreased Sexual Function in Ghanaian Diabetics  [PDF]
Huseini Alidu, William K. B. A. Owiredu, Nafiu Amidu, Christian Kofi Gyasi-Sarpong, Peter Paul Mwinsanga Dapare, Ahmed Tijani Bawah, Arnold Togiwe Luuse, Emmanuel Barima Agyemang Prempeh
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2017.73009
Abstract: Introduction: Alcohol usage has largely been seen as a risk factor for the development of sexual dysfunction as well as erectile dysfunction. Others have reported that prolonged alcohol usage and abuse is compatible with normal sexual function in the absence of endocrinological problems as well as hepatic dysfunction. About seventy five (75) percent of alcoholics have various sexual difficulties with improvements in sexual functions occurring after treatment of alcoholism and psychosexual therapy. It is evident from the various reports over the years that mild and occasional alcohol usage is not as much implicated in the causation of SD and its other forms as heavy, addictive or dependent alcohol usage. Alcohol usage has also long been linked to hypogonadism, testicular atrophy as well as leydig cell toxicity. Alcohol induced hypogonadism has been reported to resolve after withdrawal of alcohol use. Since both diabetes and alcohol usage have been strongly associated with both hypogonadism and sexual dysfunction, it is logical to expect that diabetics who frequently consume alcohol will have a worsened hypogonadal state and sexual function. This research therefore seeks to provide evidence of an association between alcohol consumption in diabetics and a worsened sexual dysfunction in comparison to diabetics who did not consume alcohol. Methods: Type II diabetic patients attending the Diabetic Clinic at the Maamobi General Hospital between the periods of January 2010 and March 2011 were consecutively recruited for this study. Diabetics with other known endocrinological diseases and physical disabilities were excluded from the study. Sexual function was assessed using the GRISS-M. Early morning fasting samples were used in lipid and testosterone profile assays. Results: Study participants who consumed alcohol recorded higher levels of triglycerides and LDL-Cholesterol. They also recorded significantly lower levels of bioavailable testosterone. Furthermore they also recorded higher scores for impotence, premature ejaculation, non-sensuality and infrequency but lower scores for avoidance and were about six times more likely to be infrequent in their sexual activity in comparison with those who did not consume alcohol. Conclusion: Alcohol consumption among diabetic males is associated with hypogonadism and has an impact on several domains of male sexual function. Diabetic males should be advised to avoid alcohol abuse in order to facilitate the management of diabetes associated sexual
A Comparison of the Statutory Provisions of the United Kingdom (UK) Companies Act 2006 and Ghana’s Companies Act 1963 (Act 179), to the Rule in Foss v Harbottle  [PDF]
Alhassan Salifu Bawah
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2019.101009
Abstract: This paper adopts the comparative approach in its bid to compare the exceptions to the rule in Foss v Harbottle1 under the statutory provisions of the UK Companies Act 2006 (CA 2006), and Ghana’s Companies Act 1963 (Act 179). The rationale is to critically examine the differences and commonalities of the Companies Acts of both the UK and Ghana. The article argues that minority shareholders in Ghana are given more protection in terms of the avenues opened to them to bring actions against the company or the controlling majority shareholders as compared to what pertains in the United Kingdom.
Restrictive Foreign Sovereign Immunity in the United Kingdom (UK): A Welcome Development in International Commercial Transactions  [PDF]
Alhassan Salifu Bawah
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2019.101010
Abstract: The doctrine of absolute foreign State immunity to a great degree, appeared to stifle commercial transactions between contracting State parties and the private sector. Statute and earlier case law both attest to the absolute immunity of foreign States from the English courts’ jurisdiction. However, latter dicta of the English courts under the UK State Immunity Act 1978 (SIA 1978), successfully made a distinction between instances where a State’s actions were wholly of governmental character and some actions of the government that appeared commercial in nature, with basically features, similar to normal commercial transactions entered into by private individuals and companies. This paper, after a careful and painstaking overview of recent cases, concludes that the drift towards restrictive foreign State immunity by the English courts with respect to commercial transactions entered into by States, is a healthy development that carries the advantage of creating greater transparency, which in turn gives assurance to private individuals and companies that the State could be held liable for a breach of its commercial contractual obligations. Without this development, governments such as the Chinese government, which is basically operating as a “commercial/business conglomerate”, can argue State immunity in disputes involving commercial transactions entered into between the Chinese government and the private sector. This research, would in no small way, encourage private individuals and companies to enter into commercial transactions with sovereign States without hesitation, safe in the knowledge that the UK courts, are ready and willing to hold contracting State parties in commercial transactions, accountably.
Hydrogeochemical Assessment of Metals Contamination in an Urban Drainage System: A Case Study of Osogbo Township, SW-Nigeria  [PDF]
Moshood N. TIJANI, Shinichi ONODERA
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2009.13021
Abstract: With increasing urban population, attention had been focused on environmental degradation of urban drain-age system with respect to trace/heavy metal contaminations. Such concerns underlie the ever-increasing impacts of urbanization and industrial activities on urban watershed in the developing regions of the world, especially in areas with inadequate land-use plan and poor waste disposal and management practices. Hence, this study highlights the hydrogeochemical assessment of surface water and bottom-sediment samples from an urban drainage system in Osogbo Township, SW-Nigeria with respect to trace metals contaminations. The results show that the surface water samples have generally low TDS with average value of 362mg/l, while the average dissolved concentrations of the trace metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, As and Cr) vary from 0.01 to 0.5mg/l. Cu, Cr and As exhibit concentrations similar to the local background concentrations (LBC) in the pristine stream water with low single metal contamination factor (CF ≈ 1). Pb, Zn and Ni are 5 folds enriched with contamination factor (CF) of >5 indicating moderate to high contamination. For the sediment phase, the adsorbed concentrations of the trace metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, As, Cr and Co) vary between 0.1 to 3.1mg/kg. These represent about 1 to 3% of the respective total metal concentrations with average values of 18.2– 533.4mg/kg. Also low anthropogenic factor, AF (0.002 to 0.08) and mostly negative values (–5 to –15) of Mueller’s geo-accumulation index (Igeo) for adsorbed metal contents in the sediments suggest dominant geo-genic controls. However, the total metals concentrations in the sediment phase have high estimated AF of 1.1 to 9.3 and positive values of the estimated Igeo (0.9–2.0) and metal contamination index (MCI) of 2.5–8.3. All these suggest a medium to high level enrichment (of 2 to 10 factor) for most of the metals with respect to the local background concentration (LBC) in the basement bedrock units (with the exception of Cr and Ni). This is consistent with the preferential metal enrichment in the sediment phase as indicated by the estimated parti-tioning/distribution coefficient, Kd of >1 exhibited by the total metal concentrations in the stream sediment. Nonetheless, the correlated high peaks of electrical conductivity of the stream water samples and adsorbed concentrations of some trace metals within the urban stretches are indications of point source inputs of un-treated sewage into the drainage system.
Chemical Evolution of Groundwater in the Dindefello Plain Area in South-Eastern Senegal  [PDF]
Seybatou Diop, Moshood N. Tijani
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.619160
Abstract: This study was to clarify the main mechanisms of shallow groundwater mineralization in the Dindefello Plain Area. Water composition data obtained in this study were subjected to aqueous speciation calculations together with data plotting on key diagrams so as to create work assumptions. Hypothesized reaction models of the processes of chemical weathering of carbonates and silicate minerals under the carbon dioxide regime were proposed and tested by selecting two water sample analyses interpreted as “starting” and “ending” water composition along a hydrologic flow line, and then running the PHREEQC (version 2) batch modeling procedure, to simulate chemical balances and compositional variations of groundwater within the geochemical system. For the flow path data discussed here, there was close agreement between the model results and the observed hydrochemistry, and so the proposed geochemical evolution model was deemed reliable.
Balance Performance of Professional Footballers with Long-term Lower Limb Musculoskeletal Injury
OO Ogwumike, A Tijani
African Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Lower limb musculoskeletal injury (LLMI) is a common occurrence in athletes. Balance impairments have been implicated as contributory to poor balance performance following LLMI. It is usually expected that once the initial rehabilitation period is over, subsequent recovery should continue until the pre-injury state is reached. Some studies on certain physically-active individuals and amateur athletes have reported that this is usually not the case. This study therefore investigated balance performance (BPf) in professional footballers with longterm LLMI, the effect of limb dominance on BPf and comparison of BPf in injured footballers with their uninjured counterparts. A sample of 115 professional footballers – 104 males and 11 females, participated in the study and they consisted of two groups - injured group of participants (IGP) and uninjured group of participants (UGP). Balance performance (BPf) was assessed using the Stork balance stand test. The time in seconds for which the participant is able to stand on the ball of the foot of one leg is indicative of the BPf for that lower limb. The results indicated that poor balance performance was observed in the injured limb compared to the uninjured limb in IGP (P=0.000). BPf was poorer in the dominant limb of IGP compared with the dominant limb of UGP (P= 0.000). Time lapse since injury did not have any effect on BPf (P=0.868). It was concluded that balance problems persist in professional footballers with LLMI irrespective of time lapse since injury.
Diagnosis Study of the Louga-Ouarack-Ndoyene R31 Regional Road (Senegal)  [PDF]
Seybatou Diop, Meissa Fall, Adama Dione, Moshood N. Tijani
Geomaterials (GM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gm.2015.51004
Abstract: The degree of structural damage of the Louga-Ouarack-Ndoyene R31 regional road was surveyed using Lacroix deflectographe and geotechnical testing, in order to recommend possible rehabilitation measures aimed at maintaining the high level of service over the projected life span of the road. The data processing and interpretation were essentially based on the French standards and specifications, through which synthetic variables were generated with a qualitative significance and on the basis of which the extent of repairs and rehabilitation works to be undertaken were suggested. The decision grid thus produced, revealed road structure quality indices of mostly Q3, Q4, and Q5 types for a segment length of 36.954 km (equivalent to some 69.44% of the total road section), which justifies some major reinforcement works. The remaining part of the road section (nearly 30.56% with road quality indices ≤ Q2) is still in acceptable condition, requiring only some minor maintenance works. The rehabilitation costs were estimated to be of the order of 5,352,000,000 (five billion three hundred fifty-two million) CFA francs, based on local market price conditions.
Feasibility Analysis of MERIS as a Tool for Monitoring Lake Guiers (Senegal) Water Quality  [PDF]
Seybatou Diop, Souléye Wade, Moshood N. Tijani
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2016.81009
Abstract: ENVISAT/MERIS scenes of Lake Guiers covering the period 2003-2010 were processed for concentration retrieval of chlorophyll a (CHLa), suspended particulate matter (SPM) and colored fraction of dissolved organic matter (CDOM), i.e. the three main parameters relevant to the water quality management of the lake. Estimates in the range of 30 - 117 μg CHLa L-1 (average 62.13 μg·L-1), 0.10 - 29.0 mg SPM L-1 (average 22.01 mg·L-1), and 1.10 - 1.90 CDOM m-1 (average 1.33 m-1) were recorded, suggesting the possibility of occasional poor quality waters in some compartments of the lake. The values calculated as part of this study are consistent with literature data. On the basis of these estimates, interpretations were made as to the feasibility of applying MERIS data for synoptic environmental monitoring purposes. The data were subjected to statistical analysis, including regression analysis and significance tests. Estimates of CHLa and CDOM revealed some level of correlation, which suggests that phytoplankton biomass degradation may account for nearly 47% of the dissolved optical compounds CDOM. Notable areas of high CHLa and CDOM concentrations are found in the southern inshore zone, an environment with less water agitation. In contrast, SPM concentrations tend to increase in environments of very shallow water marked by high water turbulence and bottom mobility. However, it was not possible to fully assess the model performance and detection accuracy of the results due to lack of ground truths. Nonetheless, the results show concentrations that compared well with the insitu data from earlier studies and data reported elsewhere from other lacustrine systems. Therefore, it can be inferred from this study that MERIS data present a useful low-cost (i.e. cost effective and readily available) approach for environmental monitoring of Lake Guiers waters with excellent spatial coverage. In addition, the study highlighted the minimal effect of the so-called “bottom effect” on model predictions, despite the small depth of the lake.
Assessment of Current Status of Women Farmers in Japan Using Empowerment Indicators
Sarafat A. Tijani,Izumi Yano
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: This research assessed the current status of Japanese women farmers using universal measurement of women empowerment. Two prefectures, Hiroshima and Shimane were selected. Stratified sampling technique was used to select respondents from each village while structured questionnaire was employed to collect data on economic, social, familial, legal, mobility and political status of the respondents. The result shows that status of women farmers was improved in the recent time compared to years back. This was revealed in the favourable responses to some statement questions such as; freedom and participation in voting, relationship with husband, participation in outside work and freedom of movement. However, their status as unpaid workers on family farms, lack of freedom to borrow and lend, inability to express their mind over the children to mother-in-law were the prevailing items of their disempowerment. Classifying respondents on the overall empowerment shows that majority of them were highly empowered. Inferential analysis using t-test to compare women farmers past and present status shows a significant difference, t = 4.827, p = 0.000. Relationship between personal characteristics of women farmers and their present empowerment status using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) coefficient r shows negative correlation between age and all empowerment indicators. Also marital status has negative correlation with familial and legal empowerment while mother-in-law and familial empowerment were positively correlated. It therefore suggests that status of women farmer in Japan has improved, compare to their situation years back.
Accelerating reproductive and child health programme impact with community-based services: the Navrongo experiment in Ghana
Phillips,James F; Bawah,Ayaga A; Binka,Fred N;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862006001200010
Abstract: objective: to determine the demographic and health impact of deploying health service nurses and volunteers to village locations with a view to scaling up results. methods: a four-celled plausibility trial was used for testing the impact of aligning community health services with the traditional social institutions that organize village life. data from the navrongo demographic surveillance system that tracks fertility and mortality events over time were used to estimate impact on fertility and mortality. results: assigning nurses to community locations reduced childhood mortality rates by over half in 3 years and accelerated the time taken for attainment of the child survival millennium development goal (mdg) in the study areas to 8 years. fertility was also reduced by 15%, representing a decline of one birth in the total fertility rate. programme costs added us$ 1.92 per capita to the us$ 6.80 per capita primary health care budget. conclusion: assigning nurses to community locations where they provide basic curative and preventive care substantially reduces childhood mortality and accelerates progress towards attainment of the child survival mdg. approaches using community volunteers, however, have no impact on mortality. the results also demonstrate that increasing access to contraceptive supplies alone fails to address the social costs of fertility regulation. effective deployment of volunteers and community mobilization strategies offsets the social constraints on the adoption of contraception. the research in navrongo thus demonstrates that affordable and sustainable means of combining nurse services with volunteer action can accelerate attainment of both the international conference on population and development agenda and the mdgs.
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