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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 408796 matches for " Ahmed M. Nabil "
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Investigations of Oxidant/antioxidant Status and Hemoglobin Biophysical Properties in Buffalo Calves with Special Reference to Inferior Preweaning Vitality
W.M. Ahmed,Ghada M. Nabil
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The present study aimed to investigate oxidant/antioxidants status and some biophysical properties of hemoglobin in preweaning buffalo calves in relation to their vitality. A total number of 253 buffalo calves (2-3 months old) were clinically examined, the vitality of these animals were recorded and blood samples were collected for determination of some oxidant-antioxidant values, as well as some hemoglobin biophysical properties. Results indicated that 38.74% of the examined calves showed preweaning inferior vitality as indicated by dullness, low growth rate, rough coat and signs of scoring. Inferior vitality calves have high malondialdehyde (MDA, p<0.001) and nitric oxide (NO, p<0.001) and low catalase (CAT, p<0.001), superoxide dismutase (SOD, p<0.001), ascorbic acid (p<0.01), glutathione reduced (GSH, p<0.001), total antioxidant capacity (TAC, p<0.001), zinc (Zn, p<0.01), copper (Cu, p<0.01), iron (Fe, p<0.05) and selenium (Se, p<0.001) in their blood. The electrical conductivity and derivatives of hemoglobin non significantly changed due to calf vitality. In conclusion, there is a tight relationship between oxidant/antioxidant status of buffalo-calves and their preweaning vitality.
Hall Effect on Peristaltic Flow of Third Order Fluid in a Porous Medium with Heat and Mass Transfer  [PDF]
Nabil T. M. Eldabe, Ahmed Y. Ghaly, Sallam N. Sallam, Khaled Elagamy, Yasmeen M. Younis
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2015.39141
Abstract: We investigated the influence of hall, heat and mass transfer on the peristaltic flow of MHD third order fluid under long-wavelength and low Reynolds number approximation. The governing equations are solved analytically with the appropriate boundary conditions by using perturbation technique. The formula of velocity with temperature and concentration is obtained analytically as a function of the physical parameters of the problem.
Analgesic Effect of Pre-Incisional Peritonsillar Infiltration of Ketamine for Post-Tonsillectomy Pain in Children  [PDF]
Nabil A. Sarhan, Mohammed A. Fatahalla, Mostafa E. M. Ahmed, Haitham A. M. Osman
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2018.76032
Abstract: Objective: Two different concentrations of ketamine 0.5 mg/kg, 0.25 mg/kg were applied to both tonsils perioperatively to check analgesic effect postoperatively in children. This study done at Department of anesthesia and otorhinolaryngology, faculty of medicine, Al-Azhar University hospitals, and the medical ethics committee. The study was conducted in the ENT operating theatre, Al-Azhar University Hospitals, from Jan. 2017 to June 2018. Methodology: We divided patients into 3 groups K1, K2 and S each group 25 patients, group K1 had 0.25 mg ketamine, group k2 had 0.5 mg ketamine and group S had normal saline as a control group. These groups assessed intraoperatively by Heart rate and main arterial pressure (MAP) were recorded at the intervals together with Ventilation parameters. Postoperative pain assessment by using Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale (CHEOPS). The sedative condition was assessed with the Wilson sedation scale at 5, 15, 30, and 60 min after entrance to the PACU. CHEOPES was recorded only when patient modified Wilson sedation score was one. Incidences of postoperative complications as: blood loss, dysphagia, nausea and vomiting were noted and demonstrated; hallucinations will be observed and recorded. Results: There were no significant differences among the groups regarding age, gender and weight. There were no significant differences among the groups with respect to the demographic data, duration of surgery or anesthesia, and intraoperative blood loss. As regarding hemodynamics, mean blood pressure was significantly lower in group (K1) than group S (control group) at 20 and 30 minutes after injection of ketamine and significantly lower in group (K2) than group S (control group) at 20 and 30 minutes after injection of ketamine with no difference between group (K1) and (K2). There was a significant statistical difference in analgesia duration per hours and frequency of analgesics used over 24 hours between three groups, the duration was longer in group (K1) and (K2) and frequency of analgesics used over 24 hours (P value < 0.05). Regarding postoperative complications, there was no significant statistical differences as regard nausea and vomiting, but the percentage of dysphagia is significantly higher in group S (control group) than group (K1) and group (K2). Conclusions: In our study, we found that preincisional peritonsillar infiltration of 0.25 mg/kg or 0.5 mg/kg of ketamine given at approximately three minutes before surgery provides efficient pain
A New Method for Fastening the Convergence of Immune Algorithms Using an Adaptive Mutation Approach  [PDF]
Mohammed Abo-Zahhad, Sabah M. Ahmed, Nabil Sabor, Ahmad F. Al-Ajlouni
Journal of Signal and Information Processing (JSIP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsip.2012.31011
Abstract: This paper presents a new adaptive mutation approach for fastening the convergence of immune algorithms (IAs). This method is adopted to realize the twin goals of maintaining diversity in the population and sustaining the convergence capacity of the IA. In this method, the mutation rate (pm) is adaptively varied depending on the fitness values of the solutions. Solutions of high fitness are protected, while solutions with sub-average fitness are totally disrupted. A solution to the problem of deciding the optimal value of pm is obtained. Experiments are carried out to compare the proposed approach to traditional one on a set of optimization problems. These are namely: 1) an exponential multi-variable function; 2) a rapidly varying multimodal function and 3) design of a second order 2-D narrow band recursive LPF. Simulation results show that the proposed method efficiently improves IA’s performance and prevents it from getting stuck at a local optimum.
A Study on Quark-Gluon Plasma Equation of State Using Generalized Uncertainty Principle  [PDF]
Nabil M. El Naggar, Lotfy I. Abou-Salem, Ibrahim A. Elmashad, Ahmed Farag Ali
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.44A003

The effects of Generalized Uncertainty Principle, which has been predicted by various theories of quantum gravity replacing the Heisenbergs uncertainty principle near the Planck scale, on the thermodynamics of ideal Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) consisting of two and three flavors are included. There is a clear effect on thermodynamical quantities like the pressure and the energy density which means that a different effect from quantum gravity may be used in enhancement the theoretical results for Quark-Gluon Plasma state of matter. This effect looks like the technique used in lattice QCD simulation. We determine the value of the bag parameter from fitting lattice QCD data and a physical interpretation to the negative bag pressure is introduced.

Fabrication of Congo Red/Oxidized Porous Silicon (CR/OPS) pH-Sensors  [PDF]
Abdel-Hady Kashyout, Hesham M. A. Soliman, Marwa Nabil, Ahmed A. Bishara
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2013.48A011

The fabrication of nano porous silicon, nPSi, using alkali etching process has been studied and carried out. The surface chemistry of anisotropic etching of n-type Si-wafer is reviewed and the anisotropic chemical etching of silicon in alkaline solution using wetting agents is discussed. Transformation of crystallographic plane of n-Si (211) to nPSi (100) has occurred on using n-propanol as wetting agent. The rate of pore formation was 0.02478 - 0.02827 μm/min, which was heavily dependent upon the concentration of the etchant containing wetting agents, allowing patterned porous silicon formation through selective doping of the substrate. A particle size of 15 nm for porous nano-silicon was calculated from the XRD data. Porosity of PS layers is about 10%. Pore diameter and porous layer thickness are 0.0614 nm and 16 μm, respectively. The energy gap of the produced porous silicon is 3.3 eV. Furthermore, the combination of PS with Congo Red, which are nanostructured due to their deposition within the porous matrix is discussed. Such nano compounds offer broad avenue of new and interesting properties depending on the involved materials as well as on their morphology. Chemical route was utilized as the host material to achieve pores filling. They were impregnated with Congo Red, which gave good results for the porous silicon as a promising pH sensor.

Tei Index versus Pro BNP as Predictors of Weaning Failure in Mechanically Ventilated Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients  [PDF]
Hesham M. El-Ashmawy, Tamer A. Helmy, Samier M. El-Awady, Doaa Hashad, Ahmed M. Nabil
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2015.53007
Abstract: Objective: This prospective cohort study was designed to assess the rule of myocardial performance (Tei) index and NT-Pro BNP serum levels in prediction of weaning failure in mechanically ventilated COPD patients. Methods: Forty patients with respiratory failure due to acute exacerbation of COPD were enrolled to this study. All patients underwent a comprehensive echocardiographic examination including tissue doppler imaging within first 12 hours of admission. NT-pro BNP serum levels were measured on admission. Patients were followed up for outcome of weaning failure. Results: Right ventricular Tei index was higher in patients with failed weaning in comparison to successfully weaned patients (mean 0.66 versus 0.36, P < 0.001), also left ventricular Tei index was higher in patients who failed to be weaned (mean 0.45 versus 0.36, P = 0.007). There was no difference in serum NT-Pro BNP between successfully weaned patients and patients with weaning failure. Right ventricular Tei index showed higher accuracy in predicting weaning failure than the left ventricular Tei index (AUC 0.932 versus 0.754), while serum NT-Pro BNP showed no discrimination in predicting weaning failure (AUC 0.556). Conclusion: Tei index was superior to NT-ProBNP in prediction of weaning failure in COPD patients.
Numerical Solution of MHD Boundary Layer Flow of Non-Newtonian Casson Fluid on a Moving Wedge with Heat and Mass Transfer and Induced Magnetic Field  [PDF]
Nabil T. El-Dabe, Ahmed Y. Ghaly, Raafat R. Rizkallah, Karem M. Ewis, Ameen S. Al-Bareda
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2015.36078
Abstract: The paper investigates the numerical solution of the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) boundary layer flow of non-Newtonian Casson fluid on a moving wedge with heat and mass transfer. The effects of thermal diffusion and diffusion thermo with induced magnetic field are taken in consideration. The governing partial differential equations are transformed into nonlinear ordinary differential equations by applying the similarity transformation and solved numerically by using finite difference method (FDM). The effects of various governing parameters, on the velocity, temperature and concentration are displayed through graphs and discussed numerically. In order to verify the accuracy of the present results, we have compared these results with the analytical solutions by using the differential transform method (DTM). It is observed that this approximate numerical solution is in good agreement with the analytical solution. Furthermore, comparisons of the present results with previously published work show that the present results have high accuracy.
Linear Connections and Curvature Tensors in the Geometry of Parallelizable Manifolds
Nabil L. Youssef,Amr M. Sid-Ahmed
Mathematics , 2006, DOI: 10.1016/S0034-4877(07)00020-1
Abstract: In this paper we discuss curvature tensors in the context of Absolute Parallelism geometry. Different curvature tensors are expressed in a compact form in terms of the torsion tensor of the canonical connection. Using the Bianchi identities some other identities are derived from the expressions obtained. These identities, in turn, are used to reveal some of the properties satisfied by an intriguing fourth order tensor which we refer to as Wanas tensor. A further condition on the canonical connection is imposed, assuming it is semi-symmetric. The formulae thus obtained, together with other formulae (Ricci tensors and scalar curvatures of the different connections admitted by the space) are calculated under this additional assumption. Considering a specific form of the semi-symmetric connection causes all nonvanishing curvature tensors to coincide, up to a constant, with the Wanas tensor. Physical aspects of some of the geometric objects considered are mentioned.
Extended Absolute Parallelism Geometry
Nabil. L. Youssef,A. M. Sid-Ahmed
Mathematics , 2008, DOI: 10.1142/S0219887808003235
Abstract: In this paper, we study Absolute Parallelism (AP-) geometry on the tangent bundle $TM$ of a manifold $M$. Accordingly, all geometric objects defined in this geometry are not only functions of the positional argument $x$, but also depend on the directional argument $y$. Moreover, many new geometric objects, which have no counterpart in the classical AP-geometry, emerge in this different framework. We refer to such a geometry as an Extended Absolute Parallelism (EAP-) geometry. The building blocks of the EAP-geometry are a nonlinear connection assumed given a priori and $2n$ linearly independent vector fields (of special form) defined globally on $TM$ defining the parallelization. Four different $d$-connections are used to explore the properties of this geometry. Simple and compact formulae for the curvature tensors and the W-tensors of the four defined $d$-connections are obtained, expressed in terms of the torsion and the contortion tensors of the EAP-space. Further conditions are imposed on the canonical $d$-connection assuming that it is of Cartan type (resp. Berwald type). Important consequences of these assumptions are investigated. Finally, a special form of the canonical $d$-connection is studied under which the classical AP-geometry is recovered naturally from the EAP-geometry. Physical aspects of some of the geometric objects investigated are pointed out and possible physical implications of the EAP-space are discussed, including an outline of a generalized field theory on the tangent bundle $TM$ of $M$
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