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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10850 matches for " Ahmad Faudzi Mohd Yusoff "
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Epidemiology of smoking among Malaysian adult males: prevalence and associated factors
Hock Kuang Lim, Sumarni Mohd Ghazali, Cheong Chee Kee, Kuay Kuang Lim, Ying Ying Chan, Huey Chien Teh, Ahmad Faudzi Mohd Yusoff, Gurpreet Kaur, Zarihah Mohd Zain, Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamad, Sallehuddin Salleh
BMC Public Health , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-8
Abstract: A cross-sectional study among 15,639 Malaysian adult males aged 18 years and above was conducted using proportional to size stratified sampling method. The socio-demographic variables examined were level of education, occupation, marital status, residential area, age group and monthly household income.The prevalence of smoking among adult males in Malaysia was 46.5% (95% CI: 45.5–47.4%), which was 3% lower than a decade ago. Mean age of smoking initiation was 18.3 years, and mean number of cigarettes smoked daily was 11.3. Prevalence of smoking was highest among the Malays (55.9%) and those aged 21–30 years (59.3%). Smoking was significantly associated with level of education (no education OR 2.09 95% CI (1.67–2.60), primary school OR 1.95, 95% CI (1.65–2.30), secondary school OR 1.88, 95% CI (1.63–2.11), with tertiary education as the reference group). Marital status (divorce OR 1.67, 95% CI (1.22–2.28), with married as the reference group), ethnicity (Malay, OR 2.29, 95% CI ( 1.98–2.66; Chinese OR 1.23 95% CI (1.05–1.91), Other Bumis OR 1.75, 95% CI (1.46–2.10, others OR 1.48 95% CI (1.15–1.91), with Indian as the reference group), age group (18–20 years OR 2.36, 95% CI (1.90–2.94); 20–29 years OR 3.31 , 95% CI 2.82–3.89; 31–40 years OR 2.85 , 95% CI ( 2.47–3.28); 41–50 years OR 1.93, 95% CI (1.69–2.20) ; 51–60 years OR 1.32, 95% CI (1.15–1.51), with 60 year-old and above as the reference group) and residential area (rural OR 1.12 , 95% CI ( 1.03–1.22)) urban as reference.The prevalence of smoking among Malaysian males remained high in spite of several population interventions over the past decade. Tobacco will likely remain a primary cause of premature mortality and morbidity in Malaysia. Continuous and more comprehensive anti-smoking policy measures are needed in order to further prevent the increasing prevalence of smoking among Malaysian men, particularly those who are younger, of Malay ethnicity, less educated, reside in rural residential area and with lower
Inculcation of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in Arabic Language Teaching at Malaysian Primary Schools  [PDF]
Mohd Yusri Kamarudin, Nik Mohd Rahimi Nik Yusoff, Hamidah Yamat@Ahmad, Kamarulzaman Abdul Ghani
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.72030
Abstract: This study was aimed at identifying activities and teachers’ role in inculcating Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS). A total of 30 teachers among main trainers of the Arabic language (j-Qaf) in primary schools in Malacca were selected as the respondents for the study. Data was collected via a questionnaire developed based on the checklist for teaching creativity and critical thinking (Teacher Checklist for Creative and Critical Thinking Instruction-TC-C2TI) and analysed for frequency, percentage, and mean. Findings have shown that the teachers provide support for exploration activities and conduct experiments among their students. Support is often given by providing opportunities for the students to think, learn, and study.
Muslim consumers attitude towards islamic finance products in a non muslim country
Mohd. Effandi Yusoff,Ahmad Sharifuddin Shamsuddin
Jurnal Kemanusiaan , 2003,
Abstract: The focal point of Islamic banking is adhering to the Shariah Law, which prohibits the utilisation of Riba (interest). This banking approach has recently grown in popularity not only in Islamic countries, but has also embryonic in non-Muslim countries. Although these methods is not totally new or revolutionary as it has been written and practiced during the renaissance of the Islamic civilisation, it has yet to establish itself and be tested in the modern world as compared to the conventional banking. Muslims worldwide are still engaged in the "non-interest-free" system in financing their purchases especially those who are staying in the non-Muslim countries. There are many reasons why Muslims still engage in "non-interest-free" products. One of the reasons is the availability of Islamic financial product or non-interest bearing financial instruments offers by the banks. It is quite difficult to find such instruments, as most of them are not easy to get. To some extent, there are only few financial institutions which offer such products. This article attempts to examine the attitude of Muslims staying outside the Islamic world, particularly in the U.K., towards Islamic finance products and will explain whether there is demand for such products from the. It is found out that Muslims living in the U.K are very much willing to change their practices from indulging in the conventional system into the new system - the Islamic financial system.
Evaluation of School Based Assessment Teacher Training Programme  [PDF]
Mohd Azmi Mat Yusoff, Jamil Ahmad, Azlin Norhaini Mansor, Rahayu Johari, Kamisah Othman, Norlizah Che Hassan
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.74065
Abstract: This study employed the Kirkpatrick Evaluation Model to assess the reaction of in-service teacher training program on School Based Assessment (SBA) and its contribution towards teacher’s learn- ing (knowledge, skills and attitudes). Kirkpatrick evaluation model has four stages, namely the assessments of reaction, learning (knowledge, skills and attitudes), behavioural and outcomes. This study will discuss the first two stages of assessments that is reaction and learning (knowledge, skills and attitudes). This quantitative survey study used self-developed questionnaires, involving 1200 primary school teachers who had attended the in-service training programme. The respondents were selected randomly from the state of Selangor, Malaysia. The findings of the assessment on reaction which included five sub variables, was on average at a high level. Based on regression analysis: 1) three independent variables (reaction) contributed 21.7 percent to the variances of dependent variables (knowledge); 2) three independent variables (reaction) contributed 19.4 percent to the variances of dependent variable (skills); and 3) three independent variables (reaction) contributed 17.20 percent to the variance of dependent variable (attitudes). These findings suggest that the SBA teacher training program should be continued with strategic improvements to alleviate teachers’ knowledge, skills and attitudes to better improved the implementation of SBA program.
“To Participate or Not?”: Identifying the Factors Affecting University Students’ Participation in an e-Forum  [PDF]
Md Yusoff Daud, Fariza Khalid, Mazalah Ahmad, Mohd Jasmy Abd Rahman, Aidah Abdul Karim
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.718259
Abstract: Information and communication technologies (ICT), primarily computers and telecommunication networks, can be utilised as a means to cultivate thinking skills among students. Computer applications have been adapted or developed not only to facilitate critical thinking but also to help students to become reflective thinkers. In the Computer in Education (CIE) course, undergraduate students from the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, were exposed to collaborative learning through sharing activities in an e-forum via the Weebly application. This study was conducted to investigate the factors that contributed to their participation in the e-forum, as well as the hindrances. This study involved 113 first year students who took the course. Data were generated using open-ended questions posed in one of the forum topics. The data were then analysed descriptively using thematic analysis. The overall findings indicate a numbers of contributing factors leading to students’ participation in the e-forum. Among these factors incentives are given, such as bonus marks for those who showed the highest level of engagement in the e-forum discussions. In addition, students were driven by their own individual needs, i.e. to access new ideas, expand their knowledge and share experiences. This paper also discusses factors that hindered students’ level of participation in the e-forum.
Treatment of semi-aerobic landfill leachate using durian peel-based activated carbon adsorption- Optimization of preparation conditions
Mohamad Anuar Kamaruddin, Mohd Suffian Yusoff, Mohd Azmier Ahmad
International Journal of Energy and Environment , 2012,
Abstract: The treatability of semi-aerobic landfill leachate parameters using durian peel-based activated carbon (DPAC) was investigated. An ideal experimental design was conducted based on central composite design (CCD) using response surface methodology to evaluate individual and interactive effects of operational variables namely activation temperature, activation time and carbon dioxide (CO2) flow rate on treatment performance in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and colour removal efficiencies. The DPAC was prepared using physical activation method which consists of CO2 gasification. The adsorptions of COD and colour were described by Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. Based on the CCD, quadratic model was developed to correlate preparation variables to the two responses. The optimum DPAC preparation conditions were obtained using 800 °C activation temperature, 2.1 h activation time and 68.68 ml/s of CO2 flow rate. From the experimental work, the maximum removal of COD and colour obtained were 41.98 and 39.86%, respectively.
Influence of Elevational Habitat Changes on Non-volant Small Mammal Species Distribution and Diversity on Mount Nuang, Hulu Langat, Selangor, Malaysia
Zainab Batin,Shukor Md. Nor,Mohd. Yusoff Ahmad
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: Change in distributions, species diversity of non-volant small mammals, and habitat structure across an elevation transect at the south face of Mount Nuang, Hulu Langat, Selangor, Malaysia was studied. Elevation significantly influenced 33 out of 36 habitat variables. The same variables were analyzed using Principle Component Analysis (PCA) in which the ordinations of the first two component scores indicated that all elevational sites (except the 300 m) are arranged subsequently with a gradual continuous change from the lower to the top elevations. Scores of principal components 1 and 2 are correlated with altitudinal changes (PCA1, rs=0.807, p<0.001, N=250; PCA2, rs=0.317, p<0.001, N=250). Eigenvectors of the first two components indicates a decrease in canopy height, maximum tree height, counts of tree DBH>15CM and seedlings with increasing altitudes. Small mammal diversity and density (individuals ha-1) was found decreasing with increasing altitude. Biomass (g ha-1 ) was maximum at the mid-elevation and lowest at the foothill and at the peak of Mount Nuang. Certain individuals of non-volant small mammal species were unevenly distributed throughout the Mount Nuang.
Survival analysis of cholangiocarcinoma: A 10-year experience in Malaysia
Ahmad Ramzi Yusoff,Mohd Muzammil Abdul Razak,Yoong Boon Koon,R Vijeyasingam
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2012, DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i5.458
Abstract: AIM: To investigate the clinical features and survival of patients treated for cholangiocarcinoma in our institution and to analyze the factors affecting their survival. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study assessed patients diagnosed with cholangiocarcinoma between January 1997 and December 2007 at the University Malaya Medical Centre in Malaysia. The clinical data and associated outcomes were collected using a structured proforma. RESULTS: Of the 69 patients diagnosed with cholangiocarcinoma, 38 (55%) were male; mean patient age was 61 years. Twelve patients (17%) had intrahepatic, 38 (55%) had perihilar and 19 (28%) had distal tumors. Only 12 patients underwent curative surgery, including seven R0 resections. Only one patient died within 30 d after surgery. The overall median survival was 4 mo, whereas the median survival of R0 resected patients was 16 mo. The overall 1-, 2- and 3-year cumulative survival rates were 67%, 17% and 17%, respectively. Survival rates were significantly associated with curative resection (P = 0.002), intrahepatic tumor (P = 0.003), negative margin status (P = 0.013), early tumor stage (P = 0.016), higher tumor differentiation (P = 0.032) and absence of jaundice (P = 0.038). Multivariate analysis showed that tumor location was a significant independent predictor of patient survival. CONCLUSION: Curative, margin-negative resection of early stage, well-differentiated intrahepatic tumors is associated with improved patient survival.
Knowledge on Halal Food amongst Food Industry Entrepreneurs in Malaysia
Asyraf Hj. Ab. Rahman,Wan Ibrahim Wan Ahmad,Mohd Yusoff Mohamad,Zainab Ismail
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n12p216
Abstract: Food industry becomes one of the main sources of income for local community in Malaysia. Thus knowledge on halal food is so crucial to be studied. This paper tends to investigate some types of traditional halal food and to analyse the entrepreneurs’ knowledge on the subject. To meet these objectives, a set of questionnaire was then constructed to gather information on the issue. Using the non-probability sampling techniques, about 300 food industry entrepreneurs from the State of Terengganu and Kelantan were selected. The research indicates that there are 10 types of foods identified as traditional foods such as fish cracker, traditional Malay dessert, ketchup, fish sauce, chilli sauce, canned food, mee hoon, Malay traditional noodles, rice, and flying bread. Analysis on these traditional food industries shows that the most popular types of food industries out of 10 are rice dishes of its various kind followed by mee hoon and traditional Malay dessert as well as fish cracker. In addition, majority of the respondents have a good knowledge on halal food concept in Islam. More than half of the respondents have experiences and some exposure about halal food. Almost all of the respondents have a good knowledge on the concept of Al-Tayyibat (all kinds of lawful food) mentioned by the Quran. They were also able to differentiate between good and bad food as well as giving their full concerns over hygiene foods in terms of ways of preparing, processing and marketing.
Cell Rupture of Recombinant Escherichia coli using High Pressure Homogenizer
R. Ahmad-Raus,M. Mel,S.N. Mohd-Abdullah,K. Yusoff
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Cell rupture is one of the earlier steps in downstream processing which are required for the recovery of biological products that are located inside cells. Cells could be disrupted either by using chemicals or mechanical method. In this study, cell rupture was carried out by mechanical force using High Pressure Homogenizer (HPH). The aim of this study is to identify optimal conditions of HPH to disrupt the cell wall of recombinant Escherichia coli harboring nucleocapsid (NP) gene of Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV). The optimized conditions were achieved by manipulating the independent variables of HPH such as pressure, pump speed and number of cycles through an optimization process. The efficiency of the cell disruption was determined by estimating the percentage of cell rupture as well as the amount of NP protein released from the cell lysis. Through the means plot analysis of Minitab Software (Version 14.12), pressure was recognized as the main factor for achieving the highest cell rupture and the release of NP protein. The optimized conditions for obtaining the highest NP protein yield were by operating three cycles of cell rupture, homogenizer pressure of 800 bars and pump speed of 7 psi.
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