OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721




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匹配条件: “ Ahmad E. Aboshaiqah” ,找到相关结果约175104条。
Correlates of Depression among Patients Diagnosed with Chronic Illnesses in Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Ahmad E. Aboshaiqah
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.615222
Abstract: Background: Depression contributes to an increased medical morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic medical illnesses. The purpose of this study was to investigate correlates of depression among patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross sectional survey using 412 patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses has been used to collected data in regards to depressive symptoms, psychological distress, coping, and life satisfaction. Results: 25.2% of the patients reported that they had moderate to severe depressive symptoms, and about 13.8% of them had mild level of depression. Psychological distress and life satisfaction were significant correlates with depressive symptoms (r = 0.33, 0.54, p < 0.001), while coping strategies is not. The results also showed that there is a significant and negative correlation between patients’ age and depression score (r = 0.17, p ≤ 0.001). Regarding gender differences, the analysis showed that there was no significant difference between male and female patients in their depressive symptoms (t = ﹣0.69, p = 0.488). Conclusion: implication for clinical practice and research discussed.
Psychological Wellbeing of Saudi Patients Diagnosed with Chronic Illnesses  [PDF]
Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour, Ahmad E. Aboshaiqah, Imad N. Thultheen, Wisam M. Salim
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.61006
Abstract: Patients’ psychosocial status interferes with their ability to manage their physical needs independently affecting health care outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological wellbeing of patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses in Saudi Arabia. A cross sectional survey using 412 patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses has been used to collected data in regards to depressive symptoms, psychological distress and life satisfaction. 17.5% of the patients reported that they had moderate to severe depressive symptoms, and about 50% of them had high level of life satisfaction, moderate level of psychological distress. There were significant association between patients’ age and depression (r = .17, p = .003), while no significant correlation with life satisfaction and psychological distress (p > .05). Positive and significant correlation found between period of diagnosis and life satisfaction (r = .16, p = .010), and negative and significant correlations with psychological distress (r = -.13, p = .029). Also patients were different in the level of life satisfaction relation to medical diagnoses (F5412 = 2.74, p = .019). Patients with chronic illness are in need for psychological care, and periodic psychological screening is one step toward maintaining their psychological wellbeing.
Psychosocial Correlates of Motivation for Academic Accomplishment among University Students  [PDF]
Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour, Shaher H. Hamaideh, Saleh N. Azzeghaiby, Salah I. Hanouneh, Ahmad E. Aboshaiqah
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2015.41001
Abstract: Motivation has been a concept of interest for behavioral and cognitive scientists for its significant contribution to human behaviors and conducts. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between intrinsic motivation to academic accomplishment (IMTA) and psychosocial wellbeing among university students in Jordan. Methods: cross sectional correctional design utilized to collect data from 218 university students in regards to motivation to academic accomplishment, social support, life satisfaction, optimism, and depressive symptoms. The results showed that university students in Jordan had low moderate level of IMAT, and that IMAT had positive association with perceived social support from family (r = 0.17, p < 0.05), life satisfaction (r = 0.14, p < 0.05), and optimism (r = 0.19, p < 0.001). None of the psychosocial factors were found to be significant predictor of IMATA, while age group and working status were significant ones (p < 0.05). Moreover, there was significant difference in IMTA in regards to age groups showing that 1st and 2nd year’s students had higher IMTA than their counterparts in higher academic levels. Implication for mental health counselors at the students’ health services and centers were discussed.
Competency Based Nursing Curriculum: Establishing the Standards for Nursing Competencies in Higher Education  [PDF]
Olfat A. Salem, Ahmad E. Aboshaiqah, Murad A. Mubaraki, Isabelita N. Pandaan
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104952
Competency is the basic standard for all healthcare professionals when providing care to recipients. The practice of good nursing begins primarily in the study of the nursing program and in the preparation of a nurse with high efficiency in nursing skills. This paper presents the concept of nursing competencies for Saudi nursing and its importance in implementing the national transition program 20/30, and the nursing competencies framework related to the graduate of the Bachelor of Nursing and the methods used in response to the needs of the academic and educational environment, and the stages to develop a competency-based approach.
An Overview of theLaboratory Diagnostic Procedures of Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-Azar)
Fakhar, M.,Ahmad Pour, E.
Medical Laboratory Journal , 2013, DOI: http://www.goums.ac.ir/mljgoums/index.php?&slct_pg_id=10&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Abstract: Visceral leishmaniasis (Kala-azar) is a systemic infection disease that can be diagnosed by some invasive procedures such as splenic, liver biopsy or bone marrow aspiration, whichare determined as the gold standards for diagnosing of this disease. At present, a variety of noninvasive tests having different specificities and sensitivities are available for the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis. Direct agglutination test (DAT) can be an appropriate and applicable method provided that proper antigens are prepared. The rapid rK39 strip test (for detection of antigen) can be used for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), which is suitable for acute forms of disease in the field. Other tests, such as rapid KATEX strip test (for detection of antigen) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which are recently recommended for diagnosis and prognosis of visceral leishmaniasis, are the simple, inexpensive and easily available under field conditions.This review article focuses on different, novel and current procedures for the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis.Key words: Laboratory diagnosis,visceralleishmaniasis, Kala-azar,rk39, Katex, PCR
Role of Green Tea Extract Against Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity in Rats
Ahmad Ayaz,Haque S E
International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Science , 2011,
Abstract: Tea consumption leads to a significant increase in the antioxidant capacity of blood. This study was aimed to evaluate the role of green tea extract (GTE) in Doxorubicin (DOX) induced myocardial infarction (MI). In this study 64 albino Wistar rats weighing between 120-150g were distributed into eight groups comprising of eight animals in each group. Animals were sacrificed on 31st day and estimation of Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and Creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) were estimated in blood and Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), reduced glutathione (GSH), and Superoxide dismutase (SOD) were estimated in heart tissue. Histopathological studies were performed for the heart tissue of all the groups. Group II showed a significant increase in activity of marker enzymes such as CPK, LDH in blood, and a decrease in GSH and SOD with the increase in TBARS, in the heart tissue. Group V-VIII however showed reversal of this effect, as evident by the significant increase in the activities of marker enzymes, improvement of the antioxidant status by decrease in lipid peroxidative products and increase in the antioxidant enzymes and non-enzymatic antioxidant. Group III and IV however showed no significant effects. Among the three doses of GTE, 200 mg/kg was found to be more pronounced and was similar to that of Vit. E (100mg/kg) taken as a standard drug. The result of our study thus shows the preventive role of GTE in DOX- induced MI in rats.
The reflector problem and the inverse square law
Cristian E. Gutierrez,Ahmad Sabra
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: We introduce a model to design reflectors that take into account the inverse square law for radiation. We prove existence of solutions, both in the near and far field cases, when the input and output energies are prescribed.
Aspherical lens design and imaging
Cristian E. Gutierrez,Ahmad Sabra
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We design freeform lenses refracting an arbitrarily given incident field into a given fixed direction. In the near field case, we study the existence of lenses refracting a given bright object into a predefined image. We also analyze the existence of systems of mirrors that solve the near field and the far field problems for reflection.
Some generalized difference sequence spaces of invariant means defined by Orlicz functions
Ahmad H. A. Bataineh,Laith E. Azar
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 2005, DOI: 10.1155/ijmms.2005.1713
Abstract: We define the sequence spaces [wθ,M,p,u,Δ]σ, [wθ,M,p,u,Δ]σ0, and [wθ,M,p,u,Δ]σ∞ which are defined by combining the concepts of Orlicz functions, invariant means, and lacunary convergence. We also study some inclusion relations and linearity properties of the above-mentioned spaces. These are generalizations of those defined and studied by Savaş and Rhoades in 2002 and some others before.
Targeting the Anti-Apoptotic Protein c-FLIP for Cancer Therapy
Ahmad R. Safa,Karen E. Pollok
Cancers , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/cancers3021639
Abstract: Cellular FLICE (FADD-like IL-1beta-converting enzyme)-inhibitory protein (c-FLIP) is a major resistance factor and critical anti-apoptotic regulator that inhibits tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), Fas-L, and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis as well as chemotherapy-triggered apoptosis in malignant cells. c-FLIP is expressed as long (c-FLIP L), short (c-FLIP S), and c-FLIP R splice variants in human cells. c-FLIP binds to FADD and/or caspase-8 or -10 in a ligand-dependent and-independent fashion, which in turn prevents death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) formation and subsequent activation of the caspase cascade. Moreover, c-FLIP L and c-FLIP S are known to have multifunctional roles in various signaling pathways, as well as activating and/or upregulating several cytoprotective signaling molecules. Upregulation of c-FLIP has been found in various tumor types, and its downregulation has been shown to restore apoptosis triggered by cytokines and various chemotherapeutic agents. Hence, c-FLIP is an important target for cancer therapy. For example, small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) that specifically knockdown the expression of c-FLIP L in diverse human cancer cell lines augmented TRAIL-induced DISC recruitment and increased the efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents, thereby enhancing effector caspase stimulation and apoptosis. Moreover, small molecules causing degradation of c-FLIP as well as decreasing mRNA and protein levels of c-FLIP L and c-FLIP S splice variants have been found, and efforts are underway to develop other c-FLIP-targeted cancer therapies. This review focuses on (1) the functional role of c-FLIP splice variants in preventing apoptosis and inducing cytokine and drug resistance; (2) the molecular mechanisms that regulate c-FLIP expression; and (3) strategies to inhibit c-FLIP expression and function.

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