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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19387 matches for " Afaf Abdullatif Al Hashemi "
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Perspective of Elderly on Age-Friendliness of Services Provided in Primary Healthcare Centers of Dubai Health Authority: Focus Groups Discussions  [PDF]
Tamer Mohamed Farid, Amal Mohamad Saleh Abdulrahim Al Jaziri, Soha Abdelziz Abdelal, Anood Jamal Alshaali, Manal Mohammad Omran Taryam, Nahed Abdul Khaleq Monsef, Afaf Abdullatif Al Hashemi, Hamidah Saleh Al Shaibany
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2018.76011
Abstract: Primary Health Care Services Sector (PHCSS) of Dubai Health Authority (DHA) provides many services dedicated to seniors. However, there have been no studies to date that consulted the seniors themselves regarding these services. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the age-friendliness of outpatient clinic’s services provided in PHCSS from perspective of elderly service recipients. Methods: Three focus groups were designed. The focus groups included receivers of care (senior patients and caregivers for senior patients) and healthcare providers (physicians, nurses, administrators and medical record officers). The discussed topics in the focus groups were based on WHO’s recommended three domains of improvement for an age-friendly Primary Health Care (PHC): Information, education and training, community-based health care management systems, and the physical environment.
Body Mass Index and Health Related Physical Fitness in Saudi Girls and Adolescents Aged 8 - 15 Years  [PDF]
Zahra A. Al-Asiri, Afaf A. M. Shaheen
Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (OJTR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojtr.2015.34016
Abstract: Health related physical fitness (HRPF) is considered to be an indirect marker of a person’s health and wellbeing, reflecting the interplay and integration of many persons’ systems and body functions. Purpose: To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and HRPF in a national cross-sectional sample of Saudi girls and adolescents. Methods: Weight, height and four components of HRPF (body fat composition, strength and endurance, flexibility and cardio-respiratory fitness) were measured in three age groups [(8 - 10), (11 - 12) and (13 - 15) years]. Pearson correlation coefficient and regressions analysis using a non-linear quadratic model were used to evaluate the relationship between BMI and HRPF in three age groups. Results: The results revealed variable relationships among tests. Lower scores in body fat composition and cardio-respiratory fitness were associated with higher body mass indexes in each age group. Also lower scores in muscle strength and endurance were recorded in girls aged from 11 to 15 years. Relationships between BMI and flexibility differed among age groups. Conclusion: BMI significantly and differentially influenced individual HRPF, but effects varied with age. Higher body mass indexes were generally associated with lower HRPF. The level of HRPF determined by this study may serve as an indicator of potential health risks that overweight and obese children girls and adolescents faced.
Multiprocessor Scheduling Using Parallel Genetic Algorithm
Nourah Al-Angari,Abdullatif Alabdullatif
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2012,
Abstract: Tasks scheduling is the most challenging problem in the parallel computing. Hence, the inappropriate scheduling will reduce or even abort the utilization of the true potential of the parallelization. Genetic algorithm (GA) has been successfully applied to solve the scheduling problem. The fitness evaluation is the most time consuming GA operation for the CPU time, which affect the GA performance. The proposed synchronous master-slave algorithm outperforms the sequential algorithm in case of complex and high number of generations problem.
Multiprocessor Scheduling Using Parallel Genetic Algorithm
Nourah Al-Angari,Abdullatif ALAbdullatif
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Tasks scheduling is the most challenging problem in the parallel computing. Hence, the inappropriate scheduling will reduce or even abort the utilization of the true potential of the parallelization. Genetic algorithm (GA) has been successfully applied to solve the scheduling problem. The fitness evaluation is the most time consuming GA operation for the CPU time, which affect the GA performance. The proposed synchronous master-slave algorithm outperforms the sequential algorithm in case of complex and high number of generations problem.
ESSENTIAL OIL COMPOSITION AND ANTIMICROBIAL SCREENING OF LAUNAEA NUDICAULIS GROWN IN OMAN
Afaf Mohammed Weli et al.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , 2011,
Abstract: The essential oil of the aerial parts of Launaea nudicaulis was isolated using Clevenger's apparatus and analyzed by GC/MS instrument. Different extracts of the aerial parts of Launaea nudicaulis were tested for their activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Seventeen constituents were identified in the essential oil. The major constituents in the essential oil are limonene, Z-citral and E-citral. The three polar extracts (hydro alcoholic, Ethyl acetate and butanol extracts) showed good activity against Gram +ve and Gram-ve bacteria. On the other hand, non-polar extracts (petroleum ether extract and chloroform extract) did not show any antibacterial activity.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome among Medical Students and Interns in King Faisal University  [PDF]
Wissam Abdullatif Alsuwailm, Maryam Munahi AL-Qahtani, Anwar Abdullatif AL-Hulaibi, Marwah Abdulaziz AL-Hadi, Wala'a Tawfeeq Busa’ad, Sayed Ibrahim Ali, Somaia Abdelmohsen Shehabeldeen
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2017.711019
Abstract:
Background: One of the most highly prevalent costly gastrointestinal disorders is IBS. It is a consequence of emotional conflicts and stress. So people who are in medical education, they have highest percentage of IBS. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of IBS and its effects on the academic achievement among medical students of KFU, Al-Hasa, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among medical students and interns from August 2015 to September 2016 at (KFU) in Al-Hasa, Saudi Arabia. All participants were asked to complete a confidential self-administered questionnaire. Diagnosis of IBS was according to Rome III criteria. Results: 173 medical students completed the survey. The prevalence of IBS was 44.5%, with a high prevalence in females (31.8%). IBS was present significantly higher among students who experience emotional stress in the past 6-month (25.4%) and higher among students with a positive family history of IBS. Moreover, IBS was associated with a decrease in the academic performance among medical students (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The study revealed a high percentage of IBS among medical students and interns in KFU. Female gender, having emotional stress in the past 6 months and family history of IBS were the main predictors of IBS. However, the main predictor of IBS was in family history.
Spermatic Cord Knot: A Clinical Finding in Patients with Spermatic Cord Torsion
Abdullatif Al-Terki,Talal Al-Qaoud
Advances in Urology , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/310123
Abstract: Pertinent history taking and careful examination often taper the differentials of the acute scrotum; congruently the ability to diagnose acute spermatic cord torsion (SCT) when radiological adjuncts are not available is highly imperative. This observational study serves to present a series of 46 cases of spermatic cord torsion whereby we hypothesize the identification of a clinical knot on scrotal examination as an important clinical aid in making a decision to surgical exploration in patients with acute and subacute SCT, especially in centers where imaging resources are unavailable. 1. Introduction Reaching the confluence between clinical findings and imaging adjuncts remains a difficult task in diagnosing spermatic cord torsion (SCT) [1]. Awaiting a radiological diagnosis of SCT in a young patient with a high index of suspicion may lead to unnecessary delay especially in patients presenting in the intermediate stage of torsion, hence rapid assessment is mandatory, and salvaging the affected testis is the ultimate goal within the time window available and the present facilities. Previous studies have demonstrated loss of the cremasteric reflex to be 99% sensitive in patients with suspected torsion [2, 3], however, in the young patient in extreme pain and discomfort, eliciting such sign can be cumbersome. We present a series of cases, whereby upon clinical examination, SCT manifesting as a palpable cord knot distinct from the upper pole of the testes and epididymal head was observed, delineating the site of torsion of the cord: the spermatic cord knot. It is important to be able to demarcate the junction between the epididymal head and the cord where the knot will be felt. Following palpation of the testicle for lie, size, consistency, and to elicit tenderness, using a bimanual approach, the clinical knot is identified by starting at the epididymis and palpating its body up to the head, proceeding upward to palpate the spermatic cord for a semi-hard nodule, denoting the twisting of the cord (Figure 1). Figure 1: (a) Bimanual examination demonstrating normal findings. (b) Palpation at the junction of the spermatic cord and epididymal head whereby the clinical knot can be felt. 2. Methods and Materials: Case Series Available data from January 2009 to June 2011 on cases of acute scrotal pain presenting to our emergency department at Al-Amiri Hospital, Kuwait, was reviewed. Data on age (in years), duration of symptoms (in hours), site of pain, ultrasound use, presence of clinical knot on exam, and operative findings were extracted. The primary outcome was
ANALYZING THE PROFESSIONAL MORALS OF FACULTY MEMBERS IN SAUDI UNIVERSITIES
Huda Dulaijan Al-Dulaijan,Abdullatif Ibrahim Al-Hussein
Academic Research International , 2011,
Abstract: The moral part is considered one of the most prominent subjects the Islamic Shari’a has brought. The good morals are required from every individual. It is more required from the scientist and the teacher and it is more influential. Moreover, it is necessary for a call forthe moralistic commitment by the planters of pure nature and good morals in all heavenly religions, in the human cultures and in all the practical and scientific specializations.Causes to chose the topic were: a) Activating the sublime moralistic Islamic message forthe teaching staff member in the Saudi universities., b) Spreading the culture of the morals of profession of the teaching staff member in the Saudi universities according to the available scientific media and advancing the level of the moralistic treatment in university society, c) The treatment of some lacks of morals during the professional building of the teaching staff member under the shadow of the great development and the numerical width that the Saudi universities see., d) Realizing the moralistic and honorable competition in developing the personal constituents of the teaching staff members in the professional field. This is to make King Faisal University in Al-Hasa a pioneer in researching in this important field to strengthen the professional morals of the teaching staff member in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and in the whole world. Question of the study were: a) what are the important present practices of the profession of the teaching staff member in the Saudi universities?, and b) how can the suitable media for evaluating the moralistic practices of the teaching staff member be defined? The two questions are to be answered according to the qualifying and analyzing program through returning to the Shari’a and scientificsources. The medium of recording the notice and deduction should be used. Target group include those who are responsible for the higher education in the higher departments Research study in the professional morals of faculty members in Saudi universities,concluded with some recommendations to improve the situation.
Text Summarization Extraction System (TSES) Using Extracted Keywords
Rafeeq Al-Hashemi
International Arab Journal of e-Technology , 2010,
Abstract: A new technique to produce a summary of an original text investigated in this paper. The system develops manyapproaches to solve this problem that gave a high quality result. The model consists of four stages. The preprocess stagesconvert the unstructured text into structured. In first stage, the system removes the stop words, pars the text and assigning thePOS (tag) for each word in the text and store the result in a table. The second stage is to extract the important keyphrases inthe text by implementing a new algorithm through ranking the candidate words. The system uses the extractedkeywords/keyphrases to select the important sentence. Each sentence ranked depending on many features such as the existenceof the keywords/keyphrase in it, the relation between the sentence and the title by using a similarity measurement and othermany features. The Third stage of the proposed system is to extract the sentences with the highest rank. The Forth stage is thefiltering stage. This stage reduced the amount of the candidate sentences in the summary in order to produce a qualitativesummary using KFIDF measurement.
Obesity in Relation to Ovarian Response in IVF Treatment  [PDF]
Howaida Hashim, Mahmoud Gehad, Badawi Khalid, Fahad Al Salman, Samar Hassan, Afaf Felemban, Haya Al Fozan, M. Al Bugnah
Advances in Reproductive Sciences (ARSci) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/arsci.2018.62005
Abstract: Introduction: The effect of Body Mass Index (BMI), which reflects the woman’s obesity, in IVF treatment cycle, remains unclear. In 1997, the World Health Organization (WHO) provided authoritative refinements to the over-weight terminology and BMI cutoffs [1]. Objective: To verify the relationship between BMI and ovarian response in IVF treatment cycle. Design: Retrospective study. Materials & Methods: The study includes 2625 IVF treatment cycles performed in our IVF center in the period of 4 years. Patients were divided into five groups using the WHO criteria according to their BMI [2]. Cancellation rate, mean last E2 before hCG administration, mean endometrial thickness, mean duration of stimulation, number of eggs retrieved, fertilization rate, pregnancy and abortion rates were analyzed. The unpaired t-test was used in statistical analysis. Results: There was statistically significant less mean oestradiol level prior to hCG, less endometrial thickness and less number of simulation days as BMI gets higher. In contrast, there was a positive relationship between cancellation rate and higher BMI except with BMI >39 which was not, possibly due to lower number of patients available. But if we look at the cause of cancellation, it was 100% due to insufficient number of follicles obtained for this group (BMI >39). Also, days of stimulation are significantly lower for the same group of patients in comparison with the other groups. Retrieval, fertilization and pregnancy rates were not significant between all groups. Abortion rate gets significantly higher as BMI increased. Conclusion: Overweight affects ovulation, if we consider the cause of cancellation being insufficient number of follicles reflects the poor response. The fertilization and pregnancy rate were not affected once oocytes retrieved. The reduction of weight is an important part of infertility treatment in obese women with regards to the ovarian response and abortion rate in IVF cycle.
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