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TAKE ACTION NOW! Becoming a Legislative Advocate for Libraries
Emily Ford
In the Library with the Lead Pipe , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction If you work in a library, chances are you’ve seen or heard calls for you to become a library legislative advocate. You may have seen e-mails asking you to fill out a web form asking legislators to continue funding LSTA, or you may have recently seen e-mails about USA PATRIOT Act reforms. But [...]
The Scientist as an Advocate: When and When Not  [PDF]
Michael J. Wade, Urs Broderick Furrer
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2018.95030
Abstract: As most of us fundamentally know, there are times a scientist should and should not act as an advocate. As an individual, advocating for environmental preservation is almost required as a member of the world’s scholarly scientific community. However, when that same scientist is asked to offer opinion testimony as an expert witness within the parameters of a lawsuit filed within their particular legal system, there is no room for advocacy. Because it appears that the line an expert scientist must not cross is becoming ever more blurred, we intend to discuss when a scientist should and should not act as an advocate and the reasons that the line between advocate and impartial expert exists. In a legal setting such as a trial or an arbitration hearing, scientists are required to be qualified as an “expert” on the technical subject being considered by the trier of fact before rendering any opinions. Indeed, scientists, unlike all other witnesses, are permitted to present opinions regarding otherwise admissible evidence after being accepted by the Judge as a qualified expert in the field to which he or she intends to testify. However, while the scientist is permitted to present his or her opinions, the scientist is not permitted to advocate for a position or for their interpretation of the evidence presented in a courtroom trial or an arbitration hearing. Rather, those roles are reserved for the parties’ attorneys. Rather, it is the role of the scientist to solely offer opinions with respect to the evidence or facts which are the subject of the dispute. In doing so, the scientist is expected to act as disinterested scholar or teacher faithfully interpreting the data whatever it may reveal. In the eyes of established legal systems, such as the United States (U.S.) or United Kingdom (U.K.), were a scientist to attempt to become an advocate, rather than a scholar and teacher, that scientist’s opinions would no longer be based on fact but, rather, the interests of his or her client, thus damaging the scientist’s credibility. In doing so, the expert could potentially cause irreparable harm to his or her client’s case and his or her reputation.
O direito à informa??o e a manifesta??o da autonomia de idosos hospitalizados
Oliveira, Ana Claudia de;Fortes, Paulo Antonio de Carvalho;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62341999000100007
Abstract: it was carried out a study with the aim to analyse the autonomy of hospitalised elderly, based on the comprehension about their rights of information and the informed consent on proposals of diagnosis and terapheutics. the results showed patient's lack of information, dissatisfaction on the degree of information. it was also verified that the patient's family frequently acts as information intermediary between the health team and the patient. therefore, autonomy process of decision making was compromissed, as well as the informed consent of the elderly.
La corresponsabilidad como principio "condicionado" al logro de un acuerdo sobre la sociedad que se desea
Giraldo,Claudia Irene;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2009,
Abstract: introduction: the social situation of the colombian population in general, and the children in particular, is compromised. the permanent infringement of rights such as health, education, protection, especially regarding the children, is evident and entails important challenges for the colombian government and its institutions. objective: to reflect about children’s rights and implications that making them effective has for our country. method: analysis and formulation of social policies, aimed at promoting and facilitating the compliance with the coresponsibility principle, which entails the participation of the family as the key setting for the children’s protection and development, in alliance with the government and its institutions, and based upon principles of solidarity, redistribution and equity. conclusion: it is necessary to consider a desirable economic and political model that may benefit the children in our country, i.e., to reach an agreement regarding the society that we wish to have.
Scientific Research or Advocacy? Emotive Labels and Selection Bias Confound Survey Results
Jerome K. Vanclay
Ecology and Society , 2000,
Abstract: Robert Costanza presents four compelling visions of the future, but the language he uses to describe them is emotive and value-laden and may bias the survey results. The descriptions and analogies used may evoke responses from the survey participants that reveal more about their reactions to the description than their attitudes toward a given scenario. It is hypothesized that the use of more neutral language may lead to more support for the scenario involving "self-limited consumption with ample resources" that Costanza calls "Big Government." If this hypothesis is correct, then the skeptic's policy that Costanza appears to prefer has the additional advantage of always leading to the favored outcome, regardless of the state of the world.
Introduction: Opening a Dialogue on Migrant (Rights) Activism
Tanya Basok
Studies in Social Justice , 2010,
Snooki, Whale Sperm, and Google: The Unfortunate Extinction Of Librarians When They Are Needed Most
Margaux DelGuidice
In the Library with the Lead Pipe , 2012,
Abstract: “Google can bring you back 100,000 answers. A librarian can bring you back the right one.” — Neil Gaiman The night before I was scheduled to return to work after summer vacation I was lying in bed, staring at the ceiling trying to quiet my thoughts and reset my body into work mode. Unfortunately I [...]
The Politics of Data:Uncovering Whiteness in Conventional Social Policy and Social Work Research  [PDF]
Ann Curry-Stevens, Amanda Cross-Hemmer, Nichole Maher, Julia Meier
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2011.14024
Abstract: The implementation of a robust community based participatory research (CBPR) study in Multnomah County, Oregon, has detailed broad and deep racial disparities across 27 institutions and systems. The process of this research has led to the identification of numerous practices that misrepresent and negate the experiences and very identity of communities of color. The research draws from engagement with numerous databases from the Census Bureau, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and various administrative databases. The core issues at hand are population undercounts, understudy of the unique characteristics of these communities, inaccuracies in how data are codified and analyzed, and data collection efforts that are infused with white centrism and a colorblindness that renders issues minimized and the experiences of communities of color obscured. Collectively, we analyze this experience to suggest that much conventional policy research while wrapped in a cloak of objectivity is in fact a reproduction of whiteness that renders communities of color invisible, marginalized and misunderstood. The impact of these practices is to extend whiteness into the arena of policy research, and correspondingly extend dynamics of oppression and white centrism. The paper profiles each area of the policy research process that reflects and reinscribes whiteness and concludes with an articulation the reach of such conventional practice and outlines an avenue to reduce the influence of whiteness.
Changes in psychiatric nurse attitudes towards legal representation of inpatients at District Psychiatric Board hearings in Israel: a pilot study  [PDF]
Alexander Grinshpoon, Razek Khawaled, Tamar Levy, Paula Rosca, Alexander M. Ponizovsky
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2011.13019
Abstract: Aims: To compare the initial attitudes of nurses and other professional groups in a psychiatric hospital towards the legal representation (LR) of involuntary admitted psychiatric patients before District Psychiatric Boards (DPB), and to assess how these attitudes changed after LR had become an everyday routine practice in the hospital. Background: LR of hospitalized psychiatric patients before DPB has been introduced into mental health system worldwide, including Israel. Attitudes of psychiatric staff towards LR and their changes over time are a very important –though unstudied issue. Methods: Thirty seven psychiatric nurses employed in the Tirat Carmel Mental Health Center, Israel and 30 other mental health professionals (comparison group) completed the Attitudes to Legal Representation Questionnaire before LR has been instituted in the Center (November 1, 2006) and one year later. Baseline differences between the groups were tested using one-way ANOVA, and prepost differences in the attitude scores were tested by paired t-tests. Results: Baseline psychiatric nurses attitudes towards LR were significantly more negative than those of the comparison group [F67,3 = 6.87, p < 0.0001], but they significantly improved over the study period (t37 = 2.56, p = 0.015). Conclusion: Yearlong, routine exposure to the LR of involuntarily admitted psychiatric patients may attenuate negative nurse beliefs and attitudes towards LR of such patients at DPB hearings. The more positive attitudes may enhance the nurses’ ability to present information about patients without jeopardizing their human and civil rights, and help patients to attain a greater sense of control over their illness management and satisfaction with the services received.
Advocacy and Policy Change in the Multilevel System of the European Union: A Case Study within Health Policy  [PDF]
Nadia Carboni
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2012.23005
Abstract: Health policy is basically Member States’ competence. However, the European Union has recently raised a number of key questions facing both (pharmaceutical) industries and public health interests. By applying the Advocacy Coalition Framework, the paper sheds light on policy change within the European multilevel system. The analysis is based on a case-study strategy. Two processes in the pharmaceutical policy are taken into account: the “Pharma Forum” and the “Pharma Package”. They both concern “information to patient”—a controversial policy issue at the crossroad of competing pressures.
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