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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 58934 matches for " Adriana Souza;Oliveira "
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Comparing Resistant Microorganisms Isolated from Patients and Environment in an Intensive Care Unit  [PDF]
Quésia Souza Damaceno, Robert Iquiapaza, Adriana C. Oliveira
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2014.41006
Abstract:

Background: Recently, the probable involvement of surfaces from the hospital environment as a disseminating source of resistant bacteria has been highlighted. The aim of the study was to compare resistant microorganisms isolated from inanimate surfaces, equipments and patient blood culture samples in an Intensive Care Unit from Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed from July to October 2009. Data sources were microbiologic samples from environment and patient blood culture. Duplicate samples were obtained by swabs from up to seven different touch sites around two different patients in four different days. Jointly with the environmental samples, bacterial isolates from an adult ICU patients’ routine blood cultures were obtained from hospital laboratory. The samples were identified, tested for sensitivity and compared by rep-PCR test to verify similarity. Results: Difference among the averages of Colony Forming Units was found within the environment samples (p < 0.004). In the environment were identified antibiotic resistant microorganisms such as Vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecalis, imipenem and ciprofloxacin Pseudomonas aeruginosa and multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. Similarities (60% -80%) were established among environmental and blood culture samples. Conclusion: The environmental sampling showed different averages of contamination of the surfaces and equipment. The similarity among the bacterial isolates of patients’ blood cultures and environmental samples reinforces the hypothesis of the horizontal transference of pathogens.

Epidemiological Characteristics, Resistance Patterns and Spread of Gram-Negative Bacteria Related to Colonization of Patients in Intensive Care Units  [PDF]
Quésia Souza Damaceno, Jacques Nicoli, Adriana Cristina Oliveira
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2015.51002
Abstract: Our aim was to determine the epidemiological characteristics, the resistance patterns and the spread of Gram negative bacteria related to colonization of patients in adult Intensive Care Units. Methods: A prospective cohort of patients colonized and/or infected with Gram negative bacteria was conducted at two adult ICUs from hospitals in Brazil (April 2012 to February 2013). Nasal, groin and perineum swabs were performed. Samples were incubated on MacConkey and cetrimide agar (48 h at 37) and identification tests (Vitek-BioMérieux), antibiogram (Bauer-Kirby method), Carba NP test, Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and sequencing were performed. The patterns of resistant microorganisms were compared by rep-PCR (Diversilab). Results: There were 53 cases of colonization. In these cases, we identified imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (51%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (32%), Klebsiella pneumoniae ESBL (38%) or imipenem resistant (5.6%). The use of antimicrobials and medical devices were related to colonization (p < 0.05). The resistance patterns expressed by Klebsiella
Epidemiologia e controle de infec o hospitalar em uma unidade pediátrica
Rafael Souza Silva, Adriana Cristina Oliveira
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2008,
Abstract: This research aimed at determining the pediatric patients profile at a School- Hospital, according to the variables sex, age, patients lenght-of stay, colonizing/infecting microorganisms, nosocomial infections (NI) and patiens outcomes. This was a prospective and descriptive epidemiological study developed in 2006 to which a database was developed in the SPSS program so as to type datas and analysed them afterwards. It was identified 668 patients, from whom, 53,7% were male, global avarage age was 5,1 years old and lenght-of-stay avarage was 10,1 days. It was colonized by resistant microorganisms 4,2% of the patients and 7,5% developed NI, being sepsis them most recurrent and Staphylococcus epidermides and Candida albicans the most evident microorganisms. There were 98,5% of discharge and 1,5% of deaths. This study reinforces the needing for continuous/active NI surveillance programes and the identification of (re) emergence of resistant bacterias so as to direct NI prevention and controle measures by those microorganisms.
Infec??es relacionadas à assistência em saúde e gravidade clínica em uma unidade de terapia intensiva
Oliveira, Adriana Cristina;Paula, Adriana Oliveira;Iquiapaza, Robert Aldo;Lacerda, Ana Clara de Souza;
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-14472012000300012
Abstract: this study was aimed at verifying the relationship between the severity illness index and the occurrence of healthcare associated infections. a prospective cohort was conducted in an intensive care unit of a university hospital, between august 2009 and february 2010. the average severity index score was used to evaluate the severity of illness. data was collected by active surveillance and processed in spss. univariate analysis was carried out, statistical significance when p<0,05 and confidence interval of 95%. the severity illness index was related to the occurrence of healthcare associated infection, as well as the length of stay in the intensive care unit, patient type, use of invasive procedure, antimicrobials, colonization and patient outcome (p<0,05). the occurrence of infections was also a predictive factor for the occurrence of death (p=0,000). these findings reinforce the idea that the occurrence of healthcare associate infections is a complex multifactorial chain, with emphasis on the clinical severity of the patient.
Química de igarapés de água preta do nordeste do Amazonas - Brasil
Horbe, Adriana Maria Coimbra;Oliveira, Liliam Gleicy de Souza;
Acta Amazonica , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0044-59672008000400020
Abstract: the present study analyzed ph, eh, electric conductivity, chloride, silica, phosphate, k, na, ca, mg, fe, zn, ni, co, mn, pb, cu, cr, li and cd in draining waters making part of smaller creeks located in the northeastern amazonas state. the waters have black colour, are predominantly acid and slightly reductive and have low content in dissolved elements. otherwise they are chemically heterogeneous and reflect the geological environment. the sio2, na and k are the most abundant dissolved constituents, especially on the drainages farther north belonging to uatum?, urubu basins and canoas stream, which drain the rocks of água branca and mapuera intrusive suite, iricoumé group and prosperan?a, nhamundá, manacapuru, pitinga formations. smaller streams, which drains alter do ch?o formation sediments, exclusively, are the most diluted ones. the analysed trace elements present very low concentrations.
Superfícies do ambiente hospitalar como possíveis reservatórios de bactérias resistentes: uma revis?o
Oliveira, Adriana Cristina de;Damasceno, Quésia Souza;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342010000400038
Abstract: the main objective of this study is to identify, in the literature, articles about the occurrence of contamination from inanimate surfaces and a possible dissemination of resistant bacteria in the hospital environment. a bibliographic survey was performed with articles published in the databases lilacs, medline, science direct, scopus and isi web of knowledge, between 2000 and 2008. twenty-one articles were selected and analyzed. the analyzed studies highlighted the presence of bacteria on monitors, bed grids, tables, faucets, telephones, keyboards and other objects. there was a prevalence of staphylococcus aureus resistant to methicillin, clostridium difficile, acinetobacter baumannii and enterococcus resistant to vancomycin, being the predictive factor the previous occupation of patients colonized by these microorganisms. there was a similarity observed among the isolated strains of colonized and/or infected patients and the strains of the environment by molecular typification. these evidences reinforce the need for knowledge and control of the sources of pathogens in the hospital environment.
Desafios do cuidar em saúde frente à resistência bacteriana: uma revis o
Adriana Cristina de Oliveira,Rafael Souza da Silva
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2008,
Abstract: A resistência bacteriana é considerada um problema de saúde pública mundial, realidade para a qual têm sido propostas diversas iniciativas de controle. Assim, a contínua emergência de microrganismos resistentes nas institui es de saúde constitui-se um grande desafio mobilizando órg os nacionais e internacionais de vigilancia e controle epidemiológicos. Para tanto, objetivou-se descrever a resistência bacteriana, seus mecanismos de ocorrência e estratégias de preven o e controle. Tratou-se de uma revis o crítica da literatura junto às bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE e SciELO, entre 1997 e 2006. Identificaram-se 138 artigos, sendo 20 utilizados na elabora o do trabalho, em fun o dos critérios de inclus o. Discutiu-se riscos inerentes aos pacientes, mecanismos de transmiss o e dissemina o da resistência, além dos desafios e estratégias relacionadas ao cuidar. Ainda, mereceram aten o a educa o dos profissionais, dimensionamento de recursos humanos, cultura microbiológica de vigilancia e implementa o de medidas de isolamento por contato para pacientes infectados/colonizados por microrganismos resistentes e higieniza o das m os. Acredita-se que a compreens o desta realidade ratifica a necessidade de participa o e co-responsabiliza o dos profissionais da saúde no processo de controle desta situa o, contemplando práticas individuais e coletivas, institucionais e nacionais, a comunidade e a sociedade visando a reformula o das políticas públicas.
Avalia??o da atividade eletromiográfica com ou sem o uso de diversos tipos de cal?ado, em diferentes planos de locomo??o
Moraes, Geraldo Fabiano de Souza;Antunes, Adriana Papini;Rezende, Elaine Souza;Oliveira, Poliana Cardoso Ribeiro de;
Fisioterapia em Movimento , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-51502012000300006
Abstract: introduction: it is very common women's complaints of discomfort in the lumbar region, caused by the use of high heeled shoes. objective: the objective of this study was to evaluate the electromyographyc activity of the muscles of the leg and spine associated with different types of shoes and barefoot, in various plans of locomotion, before and after fatigue. materials and methods: this is a cross-sectional study, in which was used a sample of convenience with 15 young women, aged between 18 and 35 years, sedentary. the examined muscles were tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius medialis and lateralis and erector spinae. the muscular activity was assessed during locomotion on flat surface, up and down stairs and in an inclined surface. the shoes were high-heeled, small heeled, snickers, slipper, and it was also made an evaluation in barefoot. results: the results of electromyographyc analysis showed that the muscles of the leg had greater electromyographyc activity in the position of pre-fatigue of the lower limbs and erector spinae in the post-fatigue of the lower limbs, in most of the conditions and situations. conclusion: adaptive conditions associated with regular use of high heels has been widely questioned in relation to the incidence of injuries. in post-fatigue of the lower limbs, there was a decline in the activities of the muscles of the leg and increased recruitment of the erector muscles, justified by the need for greater stability of the spine and pelvis during the locomotion of young women.
Uso de diferentes tipos de cal?ados n?o interfere na postura ortostática de mulheres hígidas
Moraes, Geraldo Fabiano de Souza;Antunes, Adriana Papini;Rezende, Elaine Souza;Oliveira, Poliana Cardoso Ribeiro de;
Fisioterapia em Movimento , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-51502010000400007
Abstract: introduction: in the last years women began to wear high-heeled shoes to become more beautiful. however, this habit also triggered several negative effects on the musculoskeletal system. one of the most prevalent aspects is women with complaints of discomfort in the lumbar region for the use of high-heeled shoe. authors described that there may be a relation between attitude and the present discomfort, often associated with muscular fatigue and increase the ground reaction forces during the use of such footwear. there are controversies in the literature about the effect of using high-heeled shoes for women in postural changes and overload on the spine and body segments. objective: the purpose of this study was to verify if different types of shoes are able to significantly modify the biomechanics through static postural evaluation. methodology: fifteen sedentary women were subjected to a static evaluation posture with the use of the software for postural evaluation. variance analysis for repeated measures was used to investigate differences between the shoes in all variables postural analyzed. the significance level was α equal 0,05. results: the results showed no significant difference in static position with the types of shoes and barefoot. conclusion: it was concluded that the shoes did not interfere in static position of this sample.
BIóPSIA PULMONAR EM BEZERROS COM BRONCOPNEUMONIA INDUZIDA PELA Mannheimia haemolytica PULMONAR BIOPSY IN CALVES WITH BRONCHOPNEUMONIA INDUCED BY Mannheimia haemolytica
Daniel Pessoa Gomes da Silva,José Paes Oliveira Filho,Adriana Souza Coutinho,Andreza Pimenta de Oliveira
Ciência Animal Brasileira , 2009,
Abstract: Com o propósito de avaliar a seguran a, a eficácia diagnóstica da biópsia pulmonar e comparar a possível ocorrência de complica es decorrentes da técnica, entre bezerros sadios e com broncopneumonia induzida, utilizaram-se dez bezerros (G1) sadios e vinte bezerros portadores de broncopneumonia, divididos em quatro grupos de cinco bezerros (G2 a G5), os quais foram biopsiados 12, 24, 48 e 72 horas após a inocula o com Mannheimia haemolytica, respectivamente. A presen a de crepita o grossa, som submaci o à percuss o e as altera es radiográficas auxiliaram no diagnóstico da broncopneumonia e localizaram a área pulmonar a ser biopsiada nos grupos G2 a G5. As altera es microscópicas, visualizadas nos animais do grupo G2 a G5, foram as de broncopneumonia fibrinopurulenta. Nos bezerros do grupo G1 as altera es relacionadas à técnica foram: tosse, epistaxe, dispneia mista, taquipneia e taquicardia. Cinco (25%) bezerros com broncopneumonia desenvolveram hemotórax após a biópsia e as altera es relacionadas à técnica foram: taquipneia, taquicardia, tosse, dispneia mista, apatia, mucosas pálidas e decúbito. Conclui-se que a biópsia pulmonar permite o diagnóstico de broncopneumonia em bezerros, contudo as complica es decorrentes da técnica limitam o seu uso apenas nas situa es em que os métodos convencionais n o tenham possibilitado o diagnóstico. PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Bezerros, biópsia pulmonar, broncopneumonia, Mannheimia haemolytica. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and diagnostic efficacy of lung biopsy and to compare the possible occurrence of complications due to this technique in healthy calves and in calves with bronchopneumonia. Thirty Holstein calves were divided into a group of ten healthy animals (G1) and into four experimental groups (G2 to G5) of five calves each submitted to lung biopsy at 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after intratracheal inoculation of Mannheimia. haemolytica, respectively. Lung crackles, dull sound on percussion of the lung area, and radiographic abnormalities were helpful in localizing the site for biopsy in group with bronchopneumonia. The microscopic abnormalities consisted of fibrinous bronchopneumonia these groups. In the calves of group G1, the alterations resulting from the procedure were cough, epistaxis, dyspnea, tachypnea, and tachcardia. Five calves (25%) with bronchopneumonia presented hemothorax after biopsy as well as tachypnea, tachycardia, cough, dyspnea, apathy, pale mucous, and decumbence. It was concluded that lung biopsy allowed to the diagnosis of bronchopneumonia in calves, however the severe
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