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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 29720 matches for " Adriana Luiza;Ferreira "
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Adriana Ferreira Silva,Leandro Cesasar Godoy,Maria Luiza Souza Franco,Michele Ferreira Assssis
Ciência Animal Brasileira , 2010,
Abstract: This study evaluated the effect of smoking and the presence of aromatic herbs on the quality of freshwater prawns muscle (Macrobrachium rosenbergii), through the analysis of sensory characteristics and proximate composition. Fifty-five freshwater thermally stunned prawns, with average weight of 33.9 ± 13.49g, were used. After cephalothoraxes and carapaces removal, the freshwater prawns were washed, weighed, identified, immersed in brine solution (20%) and then smoked at a temperature of 50 to 90°C. The experimental design was completely randomized with two treatments (T1 = smoked freshwater prawns with herbs; T2 = smoked freshwater prawns without herbs), with 25 experimental units per treatment. After smoking, samples were frozen (-18 C) for proximate composition analysis and portions were sensorially evaluated by 40 tasters based on a simple stimulus method. The smoked freshwater prawns showed medium values of crude protein (44.72%), total lipids (1.39%) and ashes (3.04%) comparatively higher than the values of the in natura freshwater prawns (16.80%, 0.30% and 0.89%, respectively). The aromatic herbs did not affect significantly the proximate composition of smoked freshwater prawns and their use did not interfere on the sensory characteristics evaluated. The smoked freshwater prawns had a good acceptance by the taster.
Use of licit and illicit drugs at the university of Alfenas
Fiorini Jo?o Evangelista,Alves Adriana Luiza,Ferreira Luciano Resende,Fiorini Celso Maia
Revista do Hospital das Clínicas , 2003,
Abstract: This paper reports the study of drug consumption carried out within the population of undergraduate students from 2 colleges of Alfenas, in the state of Minas Gerais state. Both licit and illicit drugs were studied, including alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, cocaine, heroin, crack, inhalants, glue, tranquilizers, stimulants, and others. METHODOLOGY: The research included a wide bibliographical search and the application of a questionnaire to approximately 23% of the students (total of 6500 students). RESULTS: A total of 1500 students participated in this investigation. The results demonstrated that there was a significant consumption of both licit and illicit drugs. The pattern of drug consumption in the research sample was similar to other investigations conducted in Brazil and in other countries. DISCUSSION: It was observed that 55% of the university students use drugs. However, the most surprising finding was that most of the students (88%) answered "yes" to the inquiry, "Have you already tried any type of drug, including alcohol and cigarettes?" The students revealed that they had taken drugs even prior to the admission to the university. The results suggest clearly that the university environment does not necessarily represent the starting point for student drug consumption.
Incidência de tuberculose e taxa de cura, Brasil, 2000 a 2004
Bierrenbach,Ana Luiza; Gomes,Adriana Bacelar Ferreira; Noronha,Elza Ferreira; Souza,Maria de Fátima Marinho de;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102007000800005
Abstract: objective: to describe the geographical distribution of tuberculosis incidence rates based on a set of epidemiological and operational indicators from information system database. methods: data from the sistema de informa??o de agravos de notifica??o (brazilian information system for tuberculosis notification) were collected after removal of improper repeat records and record linkage. tuberculosis incidence rates were estimated according to geographical unit, age group, sex, clinical manifestation and treatment schedule and standardized for population age group distribution based on 2000 population census. results: in 2004, in brazil, tuberculosis incidence rate was 41 per 100,000 inhabitants and 74,540 new cases were notified. of these, 52.8% were pulmonary tuberculosis with positive bacilloscopy, 24.1% were under supervised treatment, 63.5% were from state capitals or metropolitan areas, and 54.9% were cured cases (complete treatment). after records with missing outcome data were excluded, cure rates were 72.4% for new cases, 47% for new hiv-positive cases, 64.9% for relapses, 64.5% for transfers in/out, and 40% for returns after default. cure rate for new cases under supervised treatment was 77.1%. a higher proportion of records with missing outcome information was seen in recent years. conclusions: different incidence rates and treatment outcomes were found in different brazilian states. to reach the 85% cure goal for new cases and to increase cure in hiv-positive and defaults cases additional efforts are needed by the brazilian national tuberculosis program, including scaling up the directly observed therapy strategy.
Tendência da mortalidade por tuberculose no Brasil, 1980 a 2004
Bierrenbach,Ana Luiza; Duarte,Elisabeth Carmen; Gomes,Adriana Bacelar Ferreira; Souza,Maria de Fátima Marinho de;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102007000800004
Abstract: objective: to analyze the current profile and trends of tuberculosis mortality in brazil between 1980 and 2004. methods: descriptive study of tuberculosis as underlying or associate cause of death based on secondary data from the brazilian mortality information system. results: an irregular reduction in the number of tuberculosis deaths and mortality rates along the study period, from 5.8 in 1980 to 2.3 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004, was seen. an accelerated reduction in mortality trend was seen until 1985 mostly in the states of rio de janeiro and s?o paulo. there was a trend towards mortality occurring in older ages. in 2004, 4,981 tuberculosis cases were notified as underlying cause of death in brazil but it would increase by 50% if tuberculosis as associate cause and tuberculosis sequelae as underlying cause of death were added. in 2004, the highest mortality rates were found in the states of pernambuco (5.4) and rio de janeiro (5.0) and in state capitals such as recife (7.7) and belém (5.8). conclusions: given the well-known association between tuberculosis and aids, the impact of aids epidemic indirectly reflects on the mortality trends of tuberculosis.
Esporos de Clostridium botulinum em mel comercializado no Estado de S?o Paulo e em outros Estados brasileiros
Ragazani, Adriana Valim Ferreira;Schoken-Iturrino, Ruben Pablo;Garcia, Gisela Rojas;Delfino, Tammy Priscilla Chioda;Poiatti, Maria Luiza;Berchielli, Silvina Pelicano;
Ciência Rural , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782008000200016
Abstract: infant botulism has been affecting children under one year of age in several regions of the world and honey has been identified as one of the most important source of this food borne disease. despite this, there are scarce data about botulism among children in brazil, specially the type commercial food most implicated in this pathology. this study aimed at investigating the presence of spores of clostridium botulinum in honey commercialized in brazil. one hundred of honey samples commercialized in six different brazilin states (sp, mg, go, ce, mt, sc) were searched for the presence of spores of clostridium botulinum, using thermal shock followed by the inoculation in cooked meat medium (difco?) and incubation in anaerobic conditions. the positives cultures were analyzed by gram stain and seeded in reinforced clostrideo agar (difco?) and sulfito polimixina sulfadiazina -sps (difco?) plates, which were incubated in anaerobic conditions in order to pick up the colonies of this bacteria. the positive colonies were submitted to toxicity test by inoculation in susceptible mice and to biochemical characterization. clostridium botulinum colonies producing actively toxins were detected in 7% of the commercial honey samples, highlighting the relevance of this microorganism for public health due to the high potential risk of honey commercialized in these brazilian regions to cause infant botulism, specially in children under one-year old.
Experiência educativa com grupos de aten??o à crian?a em Mariana-MG
Lopes, Fellype Rodrigues Freitas;Figueiredo, Adriana Maria de;Costa, Ana Luiza Leite;Nascimento, Gustavo Ferreira do;Silva, Lucas Leandro Araújo;Nascimento, Renato Gomes de Souza;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Médica , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-55022012000200025
Abstract: introduction: the focus of the experiment discussed here was health education, as one of the activities of a group under the educational program for health work (pet-saúde) at the federal university in ouro preto (ufop) in partnership with the mariana municipal health department, through the municipal childcare program. objectives: the objective was to improve interaction between he alth workers and the population through participatory leisure-time activities involving the children's mothers. methods: a literature search was conducted to enable the development of group dynamics, with support from the ufop educational toy collection. results: group dynamics were developed, with interactive games and rounds of discussion for evaluation. conclusion: collaboration between health workers and the population, traditionally based on the dichotomy between technical expertise and grassroots knowledge, can benefit from actions that take into account the establishment of interfaces for dialogue and exchange of knowledge, such as those introduced by the group with the support of the popular education methodology.
Calpain Dysregulation in Alzheimer’s Disease
Adriana Ferreira
ISRN Biochemistry , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/728571
Calpain Dysregulation in Alzheimer’s Disease
Adriana Ferreira
ISRN Biochemistry , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/728571
Abstract: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by the presence of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the neocortex and hippocampus of AD patients. In addition, a marked decrease in synaptic contacts has been detected in these affected brain areas. Due to its prevalence in the aging population, this disease has been the focus of numerous studies. The data obtained from those studies suggest that the mechanisms leading to the formation of the hallmark lesions of AD might be linked. One of such mechanisms seems to be the dysregulation of calcium homeostasis that results in the abnormal activation of calpains. Calpains are a family of Ca2+-dependent cysteine proteases that play a key role in multiple cell functions including cell development, differentiation and proliferation, axonal guidance, growth cone motility, and cell death, among others. In this paper, we briefly reviewed data on the structure of these proteases and their regulation under normal conditions. We also summarized data underscoring the participation of calpains in the neurodegenerative mechanisms associated with AD. 1. Introduction Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the aging population. This disease develops over time and leads to significant cognitive deficits affecting memory, insight, judgment, abstraction, and language functions [1]. AD affects more than 5 million people in the United States and this number is projected to rise to 35 million by 2050 [2, 3]. This estimate underscores both the scope of this health care issue for the society as a whole and the need for the development of therapeutic options for these patients. The diagnosis of this neurodegenerative disease relies on the presence of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in affected brain areas at autopsy. These AD hallmark lesions are the results of the pathological deposition of proteins normally present throughout the brain. Senile plaques are composed of extracellular deposits of beta-amyloid (Aβ) derived by proteolytic cleavage from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) [4–10]. Neurofibrillary tangles, on the other hand, are intracellular bundles of self-assembled tau proteins [11–38]. The formation of both senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles is associated with progressive and irreversible degeneration of neuronal processes and the loss of synaptic connections [39–50]. Initially, multiple studies focused on defining the characteristics of AD and on the analysis of the composition of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. More recently, data have been obtained on the
Análise sensorial de caldos e canjas elaborados com farinha de carca?as de peixe defumadas: aplica??o na merenda escolar
Godoy, Leandro Cesar de;Franco, Maria Luiza Rodrigues de Souza;Franco, Nilson do Prado;Silva, Adriana Ferreira da;Assis, Michele Ferreira de;Souza, Nilson Evelázio de;Matsushita, Makoto;Visentainer, Jesuí Vergílio;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612010000500014
Abstract: this work evaluated the acceptance of soups and broths prepared with aromatized meals made from smoked fish carcasses. the species of fish used for smoking were nile tilapia , carp, and pacu. the carcasses were washed, labeled, weighted, immersed in a solution of brine with aromatic herbs, and smoked. the smoked product was crushed to obtain the meal, which was used to cook the soups and the broths . portions of meals, broths and soups were sampled by 40 tasters based on a simple stimulus method, which evaluated characteristics such as aroma, flavor, color, texture, aspect, and general acceptance. considering the three species of fish used to prepare the meals, there were not significant differences (p > 0,05) in the products general acceptance. soups made with these meals had an excellent acceptance , and so no notable differences in the evaluated attributes were found . the broth made with pacu carcass meal was rated the lowest comparing to the other broths. therefore, aromatized meals can be used to supplement products destined to human consumption. they can be also used to supplement school meals improving the nutritional quality of children's meal. such utilization would give a noble destination to residues, which can cause serious impacts if discarded in the environment.
Efeito do alecrim na defuma??o da carne de r? (Rana catesbeiana): características sensoriais, composi??o e rendimento
Assis, Michele Ferreira;Franco, Maria Luiza Rodrigues Souza;Stéfani, Marta Verardino;Franco, Nilson Prado;Godoy, Leandro Cesar;Oliveira, Ana Cláudia;Visentainer, Jesui Vergilio;Silva, Adriana Ferreira;Hoch, Amanda Lilian Vieira;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612009000300016
Abstract: this work studied the effect of rosemary on the quality of smoked frog meat (rana catesbeiana) through the analysis of sensory characteristics, centesimal composition, and processing performance. the carcasses were immersed in a solution of brine (20%), in the proportion of 2:1 (volume of brine/weight), soaked in olive oil and smoked at a temperature range from 50 to 90 °c. the experimental delineation was entirely casual with 2 treatments (t1 = frog carcass with rosemary; t2 = frog carcass without rosemary) with 16 repetitions. for the statistical analysis, the saeg 2004 program, with 5% of significance was used. the smoked carcasses presented medium values of rude protein (28,39%), total lipids (5,13%), and ashes (2,79%) comparatively higher than the values of the in natura carcasses (23,41; 2,29, and 0,85%). the rosemary did not affect the centesimal composition. the frog carcasses smoked with rosemary presented better acceptance concerning aroma. the rosemary did not affect the results of the other sensory characteristics. frog meat can be smoked with and without rosemary since it does not interfere in the product acceptance.
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