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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2284 matches for " Adolescents "
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"HI ADOLESCENTS": Revised psychosocial interview areas for adolescents  [PDF]
Abdulkarim S. Al-Makadma, Bara AlMakadma
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2012.24049
Abstract: For the past 3 decades adolescent healthcare providers have used HEADSS, which focuses on the psychological perspective, and hence, some modifications have been used by physicians thereof. This is a proposal to use \"HI ADOLESCENTS\", an acronym that expands on the psychosocial areas to be more inclusive and to address physical and spiritual aspects as well. We believe this will be effective with a larger spectrum of adolescents.
Deindustrialization, Class, and Adolescents: Changing Gender Attitudes in Middletown  [PDF]
Lisa Winters, Wanda Rushing, Martin Levin, Troy Blanchard
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2011.13014
Abstract: Scholars have become increasingly interested in the role that economic change plays in the processes of self and collective identification. Previous studies show that the process of deindustrialization in the United States had specific consequences for individuals with a “working class” labor force identity, particularly in regard to in-creased financial stability. Using the High School Surveys from Middletown III and IV, collected from local high school students in Muncie, Indiana in 1977, 1989, and 1999, we examine how local adolescents’ expecta-tions regarding school and gender were affected by deindustrialization. In this study, we put forth the following hypotheses: 1) the educational aspirations of adolescents will increase over time, 2) attitudes about gender roles will become less traditional over time, and 3) students will show a greater recognition of the utility of college education over time. Finding support for all hypotheses indicates that adolescent attitudes about education and gender are significantly affected by deindustrialization in the hypothesized direction.
Impact of Psychosocial Factors on the Adolescents’ Behaviour  [PDF]
Beatrice Olawumi Ajidahun
Creative Education (CE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2011.24057
Abstract: The study examined poverty, divorce and peer-pressure as correlates of behavioural problems among adolescents in Adekunle Ajasin University. A total number of 100 students were randomly selected from various Departments in the Faculty of Education. The research instrument titled: Adolescent Psychological Questionnaire (APQ) consisting of 18 items was administered to the adolescents in the Faculty. Four research hypotheses were formulated. The data were analysed using frequency count and Chi-Square statistics. Results showed that all the hypotheses tested were significant. This implies that poverty, divorce and peer-pressure were correlates of behavioural problems among adolescents in the Faculty of Education, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba- Akoko, Nigeria.
Epidemiology of exercise-related injuries among children  [PDF]
Ches Jones, Bart Hammig
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.49098
Abstract: The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of injuries from exercise not involving equipment among children 18 and under. Methods included a retrospective review of data for children birth to 18 years old from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance (NEISS) system of the US consumer Product Safety Commission for the years 2005-2009. A total of 5093 cases were identified and would result in an estimated 175,000 injuries in the US. The most common type of injury was a sprain/strain to the ankle (20%). Four out of five injuries were among children between 10 and 18. Injuries occurring at school accounted for 40% of the injuries. Exercise-related injuries are common among older children and often occur in schools or recreational environments but are usually minor. School officials and athletic personnel should make efforts to provide proper instruction on exercise activities and have resources to provide emergency care for injuries.
Adolescents’ Interpersonal Relationships with Friends, Parents, and Teachers When Using Facebook for Interaction  [PDF]
Shih-Hsiung Liu, Mei-Chun Yin, Tsung-Hsien Huang
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.45049
Abstract:

The purpose of the study is to investigate the adolescents’ interpersonal relationships with friends, parents, and teachers when using Facebook for interaction. A total of 740 junior high school students were invited to fill in a questionnaire and 673 questionnaires were available. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and paired-samples t-test. The analytic result confirms that adolescents with high frequency use of Facebook for interactions can expand their interpersonal relationships with friends than those who with low frequency use, regardless of real-life or virtual relationships. However, their real-life interpersonal relationships with parents may weaken if overly use Internet tools for interactions. Another finding, eliminating the factor of the time on Facebook use, reveals that the adolescents’ real-life interpersonal relationships are stronger than virtual interpersonal relationships, regardless of with friends, parents, and teachers. Combining the above two findings, it is worth noting that the real-life interaction with parents may reduce if overly use Internet tools for interactions. This study contributes to the literature by investigating the adolescents’ relationships with friends, parents and teachers and indicates the potential program when adolescents using Facebook use for interaction. This study, thus, further recommends that parents should be concerned their children about Facebook use.

Dyslipidemias and Related Factors in Brazilian Adolescents from Rural and Urban Areas  [PDF]
Daniela Alves Silva, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Juliana Faria de Novaes, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Ricardo Henrique Silva Santos
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.611146
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of dyslipidemias and related factors, in Brazilian adolescents from rural and urban areas. This is a cross-sectional study with 182 adolescents aged 10 to 13 years, students, residing in the rural and urban area of Brazil; grouped according to age, gender and socioeconomic class. Sexual maturation, physical activity, blood pressure, nutritional status and body composition were evaluated. Total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and serum triglycerides were dosed. The food frequency questionnaire was applied, quantifying energy, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, full fat and fibers. Bivariate and multiple analyses were carried out, by logistic regression. It was verified that 84.6% (n = 154) adolescents presented some lipid profile alteration. There was no difference in the lipid profile between adolescents for residence place. However, as for gender, it was noticed that girls presented higher levels of total cholesterol and HDL (p < 0.05). In addition, adolescents with excess weight and body fat showed lower HDL and higher triglycerides values compared with eutrophic and with those with appropriate body fat percentage (p < 0.05). In the multiple analyses, it was observed that gender and signs of sexual maturation were associated with total cholesterol; fiber intake remained associated with HDL and signs of sexual maturation with LDL (p < 0.05). For triglycerides the related factors were gender, nutritional status and protein intake (p < 0.05). The elevated prevalence of dyslipidemias found between adolescents from rural and urban areas reinforces the importance of monitoring these alterations and information as for the related risk factors, with programs for correction of changeable factors.
Prevalence and Predictors of Depression among Adolescents in Ido Ekiti, South West Nigeria  [PDF]
K. O. Oderinde, M. U. Dada, O. C. Ogun, N. S. Awunor, N. S. Awunor, H. K. Ahmed, A. B. Tsuung, S. T. Tanko, A. A. Yusuff
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2018.93017
Abstract: Background: Depression among adolescents has been recognized as a public health problem all over the world. In Nigeria, as in most developing countries, there is a need for more research on the epidemiology of adolescent depression as this will guide prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Objectives: The study sought to determine the one month prevalence and predictors of depression among a sample of in-school adolescents in a rural region in South West Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional descriptive survey among 540 secondary school students randomly selected from the six secondary schools in the study area using a Socio demographic Questionnaire and the Patient Health Questionnaire modified for Adolescents. Subsequently, a proportion of them were interviewed with the Kiddies Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia. Results: Data were analyzed using the SPSS version 17. Respondents were aged 10 - 19 years (mean age was 14.07 ± 1.84). The one month prevalence of depression among the study population was 16.3% (using weighting method). Logistic regression analysis showed that death of a mother (OR = 11.786, 95% CI, 1.990 - 23.184), being from a polygamous family (OR = 5.781, 95% CI, 3.253 - 24.371), low socioeconomic class (OR = 6.222, 95% CI, 4.705 - 23.379), having a single parent (OR = 2.236, 95% CI, 0.869 - 11.786), having witnessed frequent violence (OR = 12.411, 95% CI, 0.516 - 29.851) and positive history of sexual abuse (OR = 0.203, 95% CI, 0.003 - 0.529) were significantly and independently associated with depression in this sample of adolescents. Conclusion: The one month prevalence of adolescent depression within the study population is slightly higher than what has been reported in other parts of the world. Therefore, there is a need for government to design and implement policies which can help to prevent, detect early, and treat depression among youths especially in rural areas.
Partos vaginales y cesáreas en adolescentes: comportamiento entre 1993 y 2005 Hospital de Maternidad ?Rafael Calvo?, Cartagena (Colombia)
Monterrosa-Castro,álvaro; Arias-Martínez,Merizalde;
Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología , 2007,
Abstract: pregnancy in adolescents is becoming a growing problem, having profound personal and social implications. the 2005 national demography and health survey revealed that adolescents? general fecundity rate has increased, estimating a rate of 90 births 1,000 adolescents for 2005. objective: this work was aimed at describing birth frequency in adolescents over 13 years at the rafael calvo maternity hospital in cartagena, colombia. methodology: this was a cross-sectional study, using annual periods. records of females presenting vaginal or caesarean birth 1993-2005 were included. births following gestation greater than 28 weeks to full-term were included. age and birth route were evaluated. results: adolescent maternity increased from 22.7% in 1993 to 29.8% in 2005. the incidence of maternity in adolescents aged less than 15 has doubled, rising from 0.5% in 1993 to 1.3% in 2005. caesarean section incidence has increased in both adults and adolescents, but the magnitude of the increase has been significantly greater in females aged less than 20, rising from 11.5% in 1993 to 57.9% in 2005. conclusions: there has been increased frequency in adolescent pregnancy and maternity, especially in females aged less than 15.
Age-specific distribution of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) mucosal infection among young females  [PDF]
Annalisa Pieralli, Maria Grazia Fallani, Virginia Lozza, Serena Corioni, Manuela Longinotti, Massimiliano Fambrini, Carlo Penna
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2011.13018
Abstract: The goal of our study was to describe the age-specific distribution of HPV genotypes and related disease among females under the age of 25 years. A prospective cohort study was carried out. We enrolled 85 young females aged 16 - 25 years (30 aged 16 - 19 and 55 aged 20 - 25 years) referred to our colposcopic unit after a repeated abnormal Pap smear result. Every patient underwent an HPV DNA testing, a colposcopy and eventually a cervical biopsy. Participants were proposed to follow-up or treatment on request. Treatment was performed by destructive or excisional laser CO2 therapy. Data were analyzed by Fisher’s Exact test. The overall prevalence of low-risk HPV amounted to 80% among 16 - 19-year-old girls, while the overall prevalence of high-risk HPV was 85.5% among 20 - 25-year-old patients. The univariate analysis of chosen characteristics of HPV-disease demonstrates the statistically significative difference of this infection between the two groups of age (P < 0.005). We observed a particular age-specific stratification of HPV genotypes and related disease, which appeared to be characterized by a cut-off at the age of 20 years. According to our data, cervical screening program in Italy seems to start later than the beginning of HPV-related pathology.
Social distance toward schizophrenia among parents of adolescents  [PDF]
Hatsumi Yoshii, Yuichiro Watanabe, Hideaki Kitamura, Yiwei Ling, Kouhei Akazawa
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.47061
Abstract: Social distance toward schizophrenia is a reason for delays in receiving early treatment for the disorder. This study attempted to identify the factors underlying social distance. The participants were 2690 parents of adolescents. Factor analysis using a social distance scale identified two factors: private relationship and social relationship. Regression analysis revealed that gender, age, and participation in welfare activities for people with mental illnesses had independent effects on the factor private relationship (p < 0.05). These results suggest that women aged 40 - 49 years should be targeted for activities that attempt to counteract social distance and that they would benefit from taking part in public welfare activities for individuals with mental illnesses.
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