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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 167727 matches for " Adediran E. Alamu "
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Nutritional, Microbiological and Sensory Characteristics of Malted Soy-Kunu Zaki: An Improved Traditional Beverage  [PDF]
Aminat O. Adelekan, Adediran E. Alamu, Ngozi U. Arisa, Yetunde O. Adebayo, Abidemi S. Dosa
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2013.34053
Abstract:

The nutritional, microbiological and sensory characteristics of improved kunu-zaki produced from malted cereals enriched with malted soymilk at different substitution levels (0% - 30%) were investigated. Enrichment with soymilk and malting increased the protein, amino acid, ash and moisture content of the improved kunu-zaki. Malting resulted in a decrease in carbohydrate and fat content. The protein content of the malted samples ranged between 2.79% and 3.82% while that of unmalted was 2.36%. There was decrease in the concentration of phytic acid and trypsin inhibitor after malting but the concentration increased as soymilk was added. Microbiological analyses showed that microbial load of samples increased with the addition of soymilk. There was a significant difference (p < 0.05) in the sensory attributes, acceptability decrease with increase in soymilk addition because of the beany flavor.

Growth, Nutrient Uptake Efficiency and Yield of Upland Rice as Influenced by Two Compost Types in Tropical Rainforest-Derived Savannah Transition Zone  [PDF]
Oyeyemi Adigun Dada, Adeniyi Olumuyiwa Togun, James Alabi Adediran, Francis E. Nwilene
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.55040
Abstract:

Cultivating traditional upland rice cultivars on nutrient depleted soil causes poor and low yield. Little attention is paid to performance of inter-specific NERICA cultivars grown on nutrient deficient soil augmented with different types of compost. Therefore, field trials were conducted during 2010 and 2011 planting seasons in Ibadan to evaluate growth, dry matter, nutrient uptake efficiency and grain yield of upland rice grown on nutrient deficient soil augmented with different types of compost. There were nine treatments comprising of three upland rice cultivars: NERICA I, NERICA II and Ofada, two compost types applied at the rate of 8 t·ha-1: poultry dropping + maize stover (PDMC) and cattle dung + maize stover (CDMC) and control. The treatments were laid out in randomized complete block design and replicated three times. CDMC enhanced growth, nutrient use efficiency, dry matter and grain yield of upland rice cultivars. Performance of Ofada was better than NERICA cultivars. N (24.55 g), P (12.45 g) and K (35.41 g) uptake concentration and grain yield (5.45 t/ha) were highest in Ofada plots augmented with CDMC. Residual effect of compost on growth, yield and nutrient uptake efficiency of upland rice on nutrient deficient soil was marginal.

Wetland Farmers and Conflict Indices in Oyo State Fadama II Project
LO Alamu
International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research , 2007,
Abstract: Fadama land is otherwise called wetland. The land is characterized by the presence of water in the most parts of the year. One hundred and fifty wetland farmers were randomly selected for study between September 2004 and October 2005. The selection was done in such a way that all local government areas were represented. The study basically was on identifiable indices of conflicts and frequency of occurrence within and between groups. The causes of conflict were observed in the following decreasing order of occurrence; Trespassing, nomadic activities, land tenure, lack of adequate knowledge about the use of wetlands (LAK), inheritance. It was also noted that WITHIN group conflicts were far less in occurrence compared to BETWEEN group conflicts. It was also discovered that environmental conflict is highly indicative of social conflicts.
Estimating Load on the Spine Using Spinal Shrinkage
Salami O. ISMAILA,Oliver E. CHARLES-OWABA,Oguntola J. ALAMU,Olusegun G. AKANBI
Leonardo Journal of Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Changes in body height have been used as a measure of spine compression during loading. However, a gap exists in the literature as to the actual relationship that exists between spinal shrinkage and spine load as a result of load carrying or lifting. This study proposed a mathematical model for the relationship between spinal shrinkage and spinal load. The model was validated using some load carriers in a major market in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. The spinal shrinkages obtained from the study did not differ significantly from those calculated using the proposed model, thus suggesting that the model may be valid. The model established a relationship between load on the spine, spinal shrinkage, spine length and chest area.
Preparation of Dye Using Selected Local Materials
LO Alamu, AT Ajibola
International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research , 2007,
Abstract: Many plant species in Ogbomoso area of Oyo Stale. Nigeria produce juice that can permanently stick to clothing materials. A few of such plants were selected, namely Kola nitida. Cmelina arhorca. Prosopis africana. Tcctona grandis. Pteleopsis habeensis. Khaya scnegalensis. Azanza garkeana and Lamea liumilis. Juice from these plants were extracted and found to be useful dye agents for fabrics such as calico. Dyeing with Pteleopsis habeensis produced a peach-coloured fabric; Khaya scnegalensis gave a pinecoloured fabric while a combination of the juices of Pteleopsis habeensis and Kola nitida gave an Ivorycoloured fabric. These locally available dyes, if improved upon would be a basis for the development of a dye-producing industry, small or large scale that may also assist in alleviating poverty in Nigeria.
Enhancing Environmental Management through a Luxuriant Vegetative Improvement of Ixora Coccinea L. By Means Of Organic Manuring
L.O. Alamu
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Ixora flowers are strong hardy flowers of very great economic importance; they are ornamental plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design, projects, as house plants, for cut flowers and specimen display. It can be propagated through stem cuttings, layering, grafting and seeds. The experiment was carried out using 16 potted plants of Ixora coccinea raised in bowls arranged in 4 treatments with 4 replicates. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of organic manures on Ixora coccinea as an ornamental plant. The rate of application of each organic manure was 5tons per hectare. The organic manures used were, Sunshine; Tithonia and Cassava peel compost. They were so selected because of their abundance and are easy to prepare by florists. Reading obtained from parameters taken was analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The use of organic manure had a visible effect on the physical appearance of Ixora though data analysis did not show any significant difference. Considering the physical appearance and the luxuriant look of Ixora coccinea on the field, cassava peel compost in the treatment of Ixora coccinea plant is preferred to other treatments.
Agro-forestry practices and sustainable agriculture in yam producing communities of Niger state, Nigeria
Alamu L.O.
Journal of Environmental Science and Water Resources , 2013,
Abstract: In recognition of farmland burden in terms of land degradation, bulky nature of and unavailability of inorganic fertilizers as well as time constraint in the formation of organic fertilizers, there is the need to shift to agro-forestry practices. The practice will make room for arable crop production and forest/tree crop production. Four autonomous communities were studied in Niger State Nigeria. The communities are generally known for yam production. One hundred and twenty farmers were randomly selected for the study in Koro, Gwari, Kadara and Kambari communities. Thirty yam farmers were selected in each community using random sampling technique. One hundred and twenty farmers were studied in all. Results were analysed using simple percentages and pie charts. Results show that there is a high level of consciousness of agro-forestry among the farmers. Shrubs such as Gliricidia sepium and Cajanus cajan are common and they make a cumulative percentage of 35.0% of tree species used for agro- forestry practices. Fruit trees such as Citrus species make a cumulative percentage of 31.0% while other tree species used includes but not exclusive to Tectona grandis, Gmelina arborea and Terminalia species. It is recommended that youths and young farmers in the communities be more involved in agro-forestry practices of this nature for a sustainable practice to be ensured.
Chronic Ethanol Administration Reduces Neuronal Cells Population in the Lateral Geniculate Body and the Superior Colliculus of Adult Wistar Rats (Rattus norvegicus)
P.B. Fakunle,A.J. Ajibade,L.O. Ehigie,O.A. Alamu,E.A. Ashamu
Research Journal of Medical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjmsci.2012.56.60
Abstract: Alcohol abuse and misuse has been widely reported to impair vision with majority of information available implicating the retina but with very scanty literature laying emphasis on the visual relay centers. Hence, some effects of chronic administration of ethanol was studied on the neuronal cells population in the visual relay centers Lateral Geniculate Body (LGB) and Superior Colliculus (SC) of 40 adult Wistar rats of both sexes grouped into treatments T1 and T2 and controls C1 and C2. The treatment groups received 25% ethanol in 2% sucrose (ad libitum) for 6 weeks except T2 animals that were made to undergo an additional 2 weeks of ethanol withdrawal period while the control groups C1 and C2 received tap water and 2% sucrose solution, respectively for 6 weeks. At the end of administration, the animals were sacrificed and process for routine histological techniques and stained for nissl substances. Body weight loss was significantly (p<0.05) observed as well as significantly (p<0.05) reduced neuronal cells population of 47 and 40% for LGB and 42 and 38% for SC neuronal loss, respectively in treatment groups T1 and T2 compared to control group. Hence, these alterations may again underline visual imbalance associated with the malfunctioning of the visual relay center most especially in the maintenance of saccade and recoding of visual signals which are postretinal related functions.
Growth, Nodulation and Biomass Yield of Soybean (Glycine max) as Influenced by Bio-Fertilizers under Simulated Eroded Soil Condition
P.A. Babajide,W.B. Akanbi,L.O. Alamu,E.A. Ewetola,O.O. Olatunji
Research Journal of Agronomy , 2012,
Abstract: Green house experiments were conducted to determine the effect of different rhizobial and mycorrhizal species on growth, nodulation and biomass yield of soybean (Glycine max), grown under low fertile eroded soil condition in the South western Nigeria. It was a factorial experiment with 2 levels of soil (sterile and non-sterile), inoculation with Glomus clarum (with and without) and inoculation with either R25B or IRJ2180A rhizobial strain, while the control received no inoculation of any of the microbial strains. Each treatment was replicated 3 times and the trial was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Plant growth and biomass yield were significantly enhanced by arbuscular mycorrhiza in both sterile and non-sterile soil conditions, compared to the control. Combined inoculation of mycorrhiza with any of the rhizobial strains significantly improved plant growth and biomass production. The effect of the combined inoculation was particularly more effective with mycorrhiza + R25B rhizobium inoculation ,which had the highest values of plant height (68.8 cm), stem circumference (2.94 cm), number of leaves (39.0), shoot dry weight (16.1 g) and root dry weight (4.6 g), while the control had the least values of 33.2, 0.60 cm, 15.0, 4.4 and 1.6 g, respectively. Nodulation was equally enhanced by mycorrhizal and rhizobial inoculations under sterile and unsterile soil conditions. The percentage mycorrhizal root colonization values ranged from 4.0-42%. Root colonization was highest for mycorrhizal inoculated plants grown on sterile soil. Thus, dual inoculation of mycorrhiza + R25B rhizobium, may be beneficial to soybean production in the tropics, where nutrients particularly available P and total N are very low. Hence, a relatively low input technology, for improved soil fertility/productivity and sustainable arable, green manure and forage crops production.
Allelopathic Effects of Some Selected Tree Species on the Germination and Growth of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.)  [PDF]
M. O. Aleem, L. O. Alamu, O. S. Olabode
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2014.44037
Abstract:
The allelopathic effect of three tree species (Azardiracta indica, Vitellaria paradoxa, and Parkia bi-globosa) on germination and growth of cowpea was investigated in the Southern Guinea Savannah agro ecological zone of Nigeria. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three (3) replicates. Data were collected on germination, plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves, number of branches, root length, the above grand biomass and the below grand biomass and were subjected to statistical analysis using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) while the significant mean was separated using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at 5% possibility level. Results showed that the tree species brought about considerable inhibition in the germination of cowpea seeds and in its growth parameters. The statistical germination value of the cowpea seeds under the tree species had decreased value thus indicating that growth inhibitions were seriously felt. It was apparent that Parkia biglobosa (53.33) and Vitellaria paradoxa (60.00) had more inhibitory effect on cowpea seeds germinability than that of Azardiracta indica. (63.33) while all the treatments are lower than that of control (100). The tree species had similar inhibition capability in the cowpea plant height, stem circumference, number of leaves, above grand biomass and below grand biomass. However, in all treatment, statistic showed that there is no significant difference (p < 0.05) among the means.
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