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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 141 matches for " Adalecio;Foresti "
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Desenvolvimento e exigências térmicas de Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) em ovos de Bonagota cranaodes (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
Fonseca, Fabiana L. da;Kovaleski, Adalecio;Foresti, Josemar;Ringenberg, Rudiney;
Neotropical Entomology , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2005000600011
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the development of trichogramma pretiosum riley on eggs of bonagota cranaodes (meyrick) under different temperatures. b. cranaodes eggs were maintained under seven constant temperatures (14, 18, 20, 22, 25, 28 and 30oc), 70 ± 10% r.h. and, 14 h l. forty replicates with 20 parasitized eggs each were kept in glass tubes (8.5 x 2.5 cm) covered with a plastic film. the method of hyperbole was used to calculate the temperature threshold (tb) and the thermal constant (k). the tb obtained was 11.9oc and to thermal constant was 153,4 dd. the most favorable temperature range was from 25oc to 30oc, at which the shortest egg-adult development period and the highest survivorship were observed.
Efeito de dietas artificiais para a alimenta??o de adultos de Bonagota cranaodes (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), em laboratório
Fonseca, Fabiana Lazzerini da;Manfredi-Coimbra, Silvana;Foresti, Josemar;Kovaleski, Adalecio;
Ciência Rural , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782005000600001
Abstract: adults of bonagota cranaodes (meyrick) (lepidoptera: tortricidae) were maintained in cages of transparent pvc without food, with water, and fed with honey solution at 10% and with honey solution at 10% + 25% of beer only with water and without feeding to evaluate their fecundity, longevity and viability of eggs in growth to (25±1°c and 70±10% of ru). the longevity of females and males was longer and number of eggs/female were obtained in the mean substratum composed of honey at 10% (17,75 days, 17,35 days and 14,07 eggs/posture) and honey at 10% + 25% of beer (18,25 days, 18,20 days and 12,71 eggs/posture). the viability of the eggs and the duration of the embryonic period was similar in all the treatments. the mean with honey at 10% + 25% of beer, presented effects similar to the mean composed with honey at 10% regarding to the longevity, fertility and viability of eggs of b. cranaodes. however, due to the lower cost, the diet based only in honey represents the best choice in laboratory for maintenance rearing of this insect.
Efeito de dietas artificiais para a alimenta o de adultos de Bonagota cranaodes (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), em laboratório
Fonseca Fabiana Lazzerini da,Manfredi-Coimbra Silvana,Foresti Josemar,Kovaleski Adalecio
Ciência Rural , 2005,
Abstract: Adultos de Bonagota cranaodes (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) submetidos a tratamentos com água, solu o de mel a 10%, solu o de mel a 10% + 25% de cerveja e sem alimento foram mantidos em gaiolas de PVC transparente para avaliar a fecundidade, longevidade e viabilidade de ovos em laboratório a 25?1degreesC e 70?10% de UR. Maior longevidade de fêmeas e machos e número de ovos/fêmea foram obtidos nos substratos compostos de mel a 10% (17,75 dias, 17,35 dias e 14,07 ovos/postura) e mel a 10% + 25% de cerveja (18,25 dias, 18,20 dias e 12,71 ovos/postura). A viabilidade dos ovos e a dura o do período embrionário foram semelhantes em todos os tratamentos. O substrato alimentar mel a 10% + 25% de cerveja, apresentou efeitos semelhantes ao substrato composto de apenas mel a 10% sobre a longevidade, fertilidade e viabilidade dos ovos. Entretanto, devido ao menor custo, a dieta a base de mel apresenta melhor potencial de utiliza o para manuten o da cria o do inseto em laboratório.
Arnaldo Sarti,Eugenio Foresti
Holos Environment , 2009,
Abstract: This paper presents and discusses the potential for use of pilot-scale anaerobic sequencing batch biofilm reactors (ASBBR) for the treatment of industrial wastewater containing high sulfate concentration. The pilot-scale ASBBR reactor (total volume=1.2 m3) containing biomass immobilized in inert support (mineral coal) was operated at sulfate loading rates varying from 0.15 to 1.90 kgSO4-2/cycle (cycle of 48h) corresponding to sulfate concentrations of 0.25 to 3.0 gSO4-2.L-1. Domestic sewage and ethanol were utilized as electron donors for sulfate reduction. The mean sulfate removal efficiencies remained in the range of 88 to 92% in the several sulfate concentrations obtained from 92 operational cycles. As post-treatment unit for the generated effluents by the sulfate reduction was used another reactor ASBBR in pilot-scale (total volume=385,0 L) with same inert support for biomass immobilization and different granulometry. The mean COD removal (mean influent=1450 mg.L-1) achieved 88% and total sulfide concentrations (H2S, HS , S2 ) remained in the range of 41 to 71 mg.L-1 during the 35 operational cycles of 48 h. The results demonstrated that the use of ASBBR reactors is an alternative potential for the sulfate removal and as post-treatment of generated effluent. = Este trabalho apresenta e discute o potencial de uso de reatores anaeróbios operados em bateladas seqüenciais com biomassa imobilizada (ASBBR), em escala piloto, no tratamento de água residuária industrial contendo elevadas concentra es de sulfato. No ASBBR, com volume total de 1,2 m3, preenchido com carv o mineral (meio suporte) foram aplicadas cargas de sulfato de 0,15 a 1,90 kg/ciclo com dura o de ciclo de 48 h, correspondendo, respectivamente, às concentra es de sulfato no afluente de 0,25 a 3,0 g.L-1. O esgoto sanitário e etanol foram usados como doadores de elétrons para a redu o do sulfato. As eficiências médias na redu o de sulfato ficaram entre 88 e 92% nos 92 ciclos operacionais. Como pós-tratamento dos efluentes gerados pela redu o de sulfato empregou-se outro reator ASBBR com volume total de 385,0 L e mesmo meio suporte para imobiliza o da biomassa, mas com diferente granulometria. A remo o média de DQO (valor médio afluente: 1450 mg.L-1) foi de 88%, enquanto as concentra es de sulfetos totais (H2S, HS , S2 ) mantiveram-se entre a faixa de 41 e 71 mg.L-1 nos 35 ciclos operacionais de 48h. Os resultados obtidos permitiram concluir que o uso de reatores ASBBR constitui-se em potencial alternativa tanto para a remo o de sulfatos, como no pós-tratamento dos efluentes gerados.
Acoustophoretic Waltz: a Contactless Exothermal Reaction
Daniele Foresti,Dimos Poulikakos
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1063/1.4893545
Abstract: The fluid dynamics video shows the acoustophoretic handling of a metal sodium chunks and a water droplets before, during and after mixing. The violent exothermal reaction between solid and liquid introduces an additional phase (hydrogen gas). We developed a unique concept for using ultrasound to stably levitated and move along a plane multiple objects in air, independently from their electromagnetic nature and aspect ratio. This contactless material handling can be extended to hazardous, chemical or radioactive samples.
A Multimodal Learning System for Individuals with Sensorial, Neuropsychological, and Relational Impairments
Sergio Canazza,Gian Luca Foresti
Journal of Sensors , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/564864
Abstract: This paper presents a system for an interactive multimodal environment able (i) to train the listening comprehension in various populations of pupils, both Italian and immigrants, having different disabilities and (ii) to assess speech production and discrimination. The proposed system is the result of a research project focused on pupils with sensorial, neuropsychological, and relational impairments. The project involves innovative technological systems that the users (speech terabits psychologists and preprimary and primary schools teachers) could adopt for training and assessment of language and speech. Because the system is used in a real scenario (the Italian schools are often affected by poor funding for education and teachers without informatics skills), the guidelines adopted are low-cost technology; usability; customizable system; robustness. 1. Introduction Learning systems providing user interaction within physical spaces have been carried out over the years. However the high cost and the high complexity of the technologies used have always implied that their use by pupils in real context was limited to occasional visits or short periods of experimentation. Our aim is to provide an interactive multimodal environment (developed in C++) that can be integrated with the ordinary educational activities within the school. For this purpose, we use common technologies—such as webcams, microphones, and Microsoft Kinect sensors—in order (i) to provide tools that allow teachers to adapt or create autonomously the educational activities content to be carried out with the system and (ii) to implement a user interface for the management software that does not require specific computer skills. Our system implements the five different types of interaction stated by Moreno and Mayer [1]: (1) dialogue, (2) control, (3) manipulation, (4) search, and (5) navigation. Indeed, these five levels are very familiar during the everyday learning activity. Here are some examples: (1) a comparison/oral discussion in which the exchange of information is not unilateral, but the opportunities to the students to ask questions and express their opinions are given influencing the content of the lesson; (2) oral exposure in which the student has the ability to control the speed and to stop the explanation in order to benefit from the educational content at their own pace; (3) a scientific experiment that leaves the possibility for the student to test different parameters and see what happens; (4) the ability to independently seek information on a certain subject within a
Concentra??o e tempo de libera??o do ferom?nio sexual sintético de Bonagota cranaodes (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) na cultura da macieira
Kovaleski, Adalecio;Botton, Marcos;Nakano, Octavio;Vilela, Evaldo F.;Eiras, álvaro E.;
Neotropical Entomology , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2003000100006
Abstract: the effect of five dosis of the synthetic sex pheromone of bonagota (=phtheochroa) cranaodes (meyrick) (a 9:1 blend of e,z 3,5 dodecanyl acetate and z9 hexadecenyl acetate) and the duration of the synthetic pheromone under field conditions were evaluated in a commercial apple orchard in vacaria, rs, brazil. no significant differences were observed among concentrations ranging from 0.25 to 3.0 mg per rubber septum. delta traps baited with two virgin females were ca. four times more attractive than those baited with the synthetic sex pheromone at the dosis of 3 mg per septum. rubber septa containing this amount of synthetic sex pheromone remained attractive for 120 days. comparing number of males captured in traps baited with the synthetic pheromone and males captured in traps with virgin females during seven months, a significant and positive correlation is observed, demonstrating that the seasonal variations in b. cranaodes population density are detected using the synthetic sex pheromone in delta traps.
Seletividade de agrotóxicos usados na cultura da macieira a Neoseiulus Californicus (McGregor) (Acari: Phytoseiidae)1
Meyer, Geraldine de Andrade;Kovaleski, Adalecio;Valdebenito-Sanhueza, Rosa Maria;
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-29452009000200011
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the side effects of the main pesticides used in adult and immature neoseiulus californicus (mcgregor) (acari: phytoseiidae). the tests were carried out in the laboratory by using the contact and residual spraying method on the leaf surface. it was tested tebufenozide, phosmet, methidation, chlorpyrifos, abamectin, fenpyroximate, pyridaben, captan, mancozeb (two concentrations) and dithianon. to calculate the total effect (e%) on the adults, it was evaluated the mortality, oviposition and viability of eggs, and for the immature ones, only the mortality. the results of e% were assessed 96 hours after the spraying. the products were classified considering the total effect (e%) of toxicity proposed by the iobc/wprs. phosmet, tebufenozide and methidation were innocuous; abamectin, fenpyroximate, chlorpyrifos, captan, mancozeb (two concentrations), and dithianon were slightly harmful, and pyridaben was moderately harmful to the n. californicus adults. as the pesticide selectivity for the immature ones, it was verified that abamectin and pyridaben were moderately harmful, and the others were innocuous. the treatment with 320 g.a.i./100l of mancozeb was the most harmful to n. californicus. no product has been classified as harmful to n. californicus, showing tolerance to these pesticides. these results allow a choice and a more adequate handling for the pesticides used in commercial orchards of apple trees, so that the presence of this mite predator has ability to control red mite.
A tritrophic signal that attracts parasitoids to host-damaged plants withstands disruption by non-host herbivores
Matthias Erb, Nicolas Foresti, Ted CJ Turlings
BMC Plant Biology , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-10-247
Abstract: The parasitoid Cotesia marginiventris strongly preferred volatiles of plants infested with its host S. littoralis. Overall, the volatile emissions induced by S. littoralis and E. variegatus were similar, but higher levels of certain wound-released compounds may have allowed the wasps to specifically recognize plants infested by hosts. Expression levels of defense marker genes and further behavioral bioassays with the parasitoid showed that neither the physiological defense responses nor the attractiveness of S. littoralis infested plants were altered by simultaneous E. variegatus attack.Our findings imply that plant defense responses to herbivory can be more robust than generally assumed and that ensuing volatiles convey specific information about the type of herbivore that is attacking a plant, even in complex situations with multiple herbivores. Hence, the results of this study support the notion that herbivore-induced plant volatiles may be part of a plant's indirect defense stratagem.Predators and parasitoids are important natural enemies of herbivorous insects. By reducing the abundance of herbivores, they can help protect plants from damage. Parasitoids in particular can use herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) as host-searching cues [1,2]. Such volatile-mediated tritrophic interactions have a considerable potential to shape ecosystem dynamics [3], but it remains unclear to what extend the plant signals are emitted by the plant to specifically attract natural enemies of herbivores [4]. If HIPVs are indeed emitted by the plant to attract the third tropic level, specificity of the signals should be an important aspect of the interactions [5]. This is particularly relevant under natural conditions, where plants are often attacked by non-hosts or by multiple herbivores simultaneously. While specialist parasitoids can distinguish between plants attacked by hosts and plants attacked by non-hosts using HIPV cues [6], the impact of non-hosts feeding on the same p
Cytotaxonomic diagnosis of Trichomycterus diabolus (Teleostei: Trichomycteridae) with comments about its evolutionary relationships with co-generic species
Torres, Rodrigo A.;Oliveira, Claudio;Foresti, Fausto;
Neotropical Ichthyology , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-62252004000300003
Abstract: the karyotype and the ag-nor location of a sample of trichomycterus diabolus collected in the córrego hortel? (botucatu, s?o paulo, brazil) are described. the species exhibited 2n=56 chromosomes (42 metacentrics, 12 submetacentrics and 2 subtelocentrics) and the nucleolus organizing region located near to the centromere on the long arm of the largest metacentric pair. the presence of 2n=56 chromosomes in t. diabolus is an interesting characteristic since until now all cis-andean species karyotyped presented 2n=54 chromosomes while almost all trans-andean species presented different diploid numbers. the possible origin of this unexpected karyotypic form is discussed.
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