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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 126 matches for " Aboubacar Sidiki Fofana "
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Identificación de especies microbacterianas en Cuba
Mederos,Lilian María; Fofana,Aboubacar Sidiki; Perovani,Ma. Angeles; García,Grechen;
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacología y Terapéutica , 2007,
Abstract: the increase of environmental or opportunistic mycobacteria (eom) infections is coincident in many cases with the decrease of tuberculosis infections and increase of human immunodeficient virus (hiv). overall in developed countries where there is a global increase of eom incidence and mycobacteriosis are more frequently mainly in immunodeficient patients. eighty strains received in the national laboratory of reference and research for tuberculosis from the different epidemiology and hygiene provincial centers were studied in order to know the species interesting in cuba since clinical point of view. the results shows mycobacterium species belonging to group iii and iv as more frequently isolated, they were mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, mycobacterium fortuitum, mycobacterium chelonae y mycobacterium malmoense this study are useful in mycobacteriology laboratories since it is possible to know the predominant species in the population and to establish an efficacy surveillance particularly in ¨immunodeficient¨ patients which are the most susceptible to these infection.
Identificación de especies microbacterianas en Cuba
Lilian María Mederos,Aboubacar Sidiki Fofana,Ma. Angeles Perovani,Grechen García
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacología y Terapéutica , 2007,
Abstract: El aumento de las infecciones producidas por micobacterias ambientales u oportunistas (MAO) coincide en muchos casos con el declive de la infección tuberculosa y el incremento de la infección por el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). Sobre todo en los países desarrollados donde se está produciendo un aumento global de la incidencia de enfermedad por MAO, y las micobacteriosis principalmente en pacientes inmunodeficientes cada vez son más frecuentes. En este trabajo se estudiaron 80 cepas recibidas en el Laboratorio Nacional de Referencia e Investigaciones de TB y Micobacterias procedentes de diferentes Centros Provinciales de Higiene y Epidemiología, con el fin de conocer el comportamiento en nuestro país de las especies de interés clínico. Encontramos que al clasificar las micobacterias aisladas según los grupos establecidos por Runyon los siguiente: los grupos con mayor frecuencia fueron el Grupo III y el Grupo IV, por especie las de mayor por ciento de aislamiento fueron: Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium chelonae y Mycobacerium malmoense. Estos estudios son de gran utilidad en los laboratorios de Micobacteriología, pues de esta forma se puede llegar a conocer cuales son las especies predominantes en la población y poder establecer una eficaz vigilancia sobre este tipo de infecciones sobre todo en pacientes ¨inmunodeficientes¨, grupo más sensibles a estas infecciones. The increase of environmental or opportunistic mycobacteria (EOM) infections is coincident in many cases with the decrease of tuberculosis infections and increase of human immunodeficient virus (HIV). Overall in developed countries where there is a global increase of EOM incidence and mycobacteriosis are more frequently mainly in immunodeficient patients. Eighty strains received in the National Laboratory of Reference and Research for Tuberculosis from the different Epidemiology and Hygiene Provincial Centers were studied in order to know the species interesting in Cuba since clinical point of view. The results shows mycobacterium species belonging to Group III and IV as more frequently isolated, they were Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium chelonae y Mycobacterium malmoense This study are useful in Mycobacteriology Laboratories since it is possible to know the predominant species in the population and to establish an efficacy Surveillance particularly in ¨immunodeficient¨ patients which are the most susceptible to these infection.
Dissection of the Common Femoral Artery at the Bamako Anatomy Laboratory  [PDF]
Babou Ba, Abdoulaye Kanté, Tata Touré, Moumouna Koné, Ousmane Ibrahim Touré, Cheikh Tidiane Diallo, Komlavi David Kouamenou, Abdel-Latif Issa-Touré, Gaoussou Simpara, Aboubacar Sidiki Fofana, Mahamadou Daou, Nouhoun Ongo?ba, Abdel Karim Koumare
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2019.74011
Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this work was to determine the dimensions of CFA before the birth of the deep thigh artery, describe the mode of termination of the CFA, search for CFA collaterals, and describe the anatomical variations of the CFA. Methodology: This was a prospective study conducted at the Anatomy Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine and Odonto-Stomatology of Bamako. CFA arteries of 12 fresh corpses of adults include 9 men and 3 women. A total of 24 CFA arteries were dissected and photographed. Results: The mean length of CFA was 50.9 ± 12.55 mm (range: 31 and 93 mm). Its average diameter was 9.12 ± 1.17 mm (range: 7 and 12 mm). In 70.83%, the CFA artery ended without any particularity. There was 29.17% anatomic variation in the CFA termination mode. The CFA divided into 3 branches (trifurcation) in 25%. The 3 branches were in 20.83%, the FS and a common core to LFCA and AQ; in 4.17%, they were the SFA, the DFA and the MFCA. In 4.17%, it divided into 4 branches which are: the SFA, the DFA, the MFCA and a common core to QA and LFCA. The CFA gave as collateral: circumflex superficial iliac artery in 22 cases (91.67%), superficial epigastric artery in 19 cases (79.17%), upper external pudendal artery in 20 cases (83.33%), and lower external pudendal artery in 14 cases (58.33%). We noted in our series 9 anatomical variations at the collateral level of the CFA or 37.5%. The CFA gave birth to the following branches: the MFCA in 4 cases or 16.67%, the LFCA in 1 case or 4.17%, the QA in 1 case or 4.17%, and a common core to the QA and LFCA in 3 cases or 12.5%. Conclusion: The length of CFA is important. The variations of CFA are frequent and important to know in clinical and surgical practice.
Spinal Cord Injuries without Visible Bone Lesions: Analysis of Four Consecutive Cases  [PDF]
Magatte Gaye, Sarah Ntshindj Mutomb, Amadou Ndiasse Kasse, N’famara Sylla, Sagar Diop, Alvin Nah Doe, Aboubacar Sidiki Sangharé, Mouhamadou Habib Sy, Youssoupha Sakho
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2018.83012
Abstract: Objectives: Interest of this study is to report four cases of spinal cord injuries without bone lesion. Evolution of the injured patients according to the initial clinic assessment at admission and the treatment performed are discussed. Materials and Methods: From January to December 2016, we performed a retrospective study at the Neurosurgery Department of Hospital General Grand Yoff of Dakar. Four patients were followed for spinal cord injury without visible bone lesions. We analyzed the clinical, radiological, therapeutic and evolutionary data. Trauma caused by stabbing was excluded. Results: In a year, 83 cases of spinal trauma with neurological deficit were hospitalized in the department. Among them, 4 had spinal cord injuries without visible bone lesions. The average age was 31.7 years with extremes ranging from 14 to 47 years. The sex ratio of male/female was 3. We have recorded 2 cases of road traffic accidents, 1 case of fall from height and 1 case of sports accident. On the neurological level, we found 3 cases of tetraplegia, and 1 brachial monoplegia. Computed tomography in all patients was normal. All of them benefited from magnetic resonance imaging that showed spinal cord injury. All patients were under conservative treatment. One patient fully recovered, two partially and one passed away. Conclusion: In presence of any post traumatic myelopathy case, the absence of disco-vertebral lesions should bring to mind the SCIWORA as well as indicate the realization of magnetic resonance imaging.
Consent and Quality of Information for Patients in Laparoscopic Surgery at the Academic Hospital Point “G” (Mali)  [PDF]
Souma?la Keita, Madiassa Konate, Mamadi Coulibaly, Abdoulaye Kante, Traoré Amadou, Diarra Mamadou Salia, Marius Sanou, Aboubacar Sidiki Sangare, Lamine Soumare, Sekou Koumare, Oumar Sacko, Brahima Dicko, D. Kanikomo, Zimogo Zié Sanogo
Surgical Science (SS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2018.912058
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the quality of the information provided to patients for their consent to be operated laparoscopically in the “A” surgery service of Point “G” University Hospital in Bamako (Mali). Methodology: The study was transversal, descriptive and prospective from November 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017 (14 months). It was performed at the general and laparoscopic surgery department of the Point “G” University Hospital in Bamako. Laparoscopically operated patients in scheduled or emergency programm whom consented the study and answered the questions before and after the surgical procedure were included. Results: One hundred patients were retained. The sex ratio was 4.2 for women. The surgery was scheduled in 93% (programmed surgery) of cases versus 7% (urgent surgery). Gynecological and obstetric surgery was performed in 54%, digestive surgery in 43% and laparoscopic exploration in 3%. The information was provided by surgeons, anesthetists, fellowship and students in respec-tively 63%, 6%, 11% and 9%. The reflection period before consenting to the act was greater or equal to 3 days in 90%. The media used were found to be suitable in 62%. The information was considered satisfactory preoperatively in 54% and postoperatively in 88%. Patients wanted additional information on post-surgery outcomes in 21%. Conclusion: The establishment of an information system and a free and informed consent form is a prerequisite for the quality of care in laparoscopic surgery.
The Impact of Health Expenditure on the Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa  [PDF]
Badamassi Aboubacar, Deyi Xu
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.73046
Abstract: This paper examined the nexus between health care expenditure and economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa over the period 1995-2014. We use the system General Method of Moments (GMM) technique to estimate the results. The findings reveal the existence of a positive and a statistically significant relationship between the two variables, precisely; health expenditure has a significant impact on the economic growth of the region. Regarding the control variables, while the effect of official development assistance on economic growth is insignificant, foreign direct investment, the active population and gross domestic savings appear as key determinants of economic growth in the region. Additionally, the results show that health care is a necessity rather than a luxury in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is therefore necessary to develop effective and efficient health care programs, increase health expenditure, make an effective use of the young population and create better environment for foreign direct investment in order to foster economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Les jeunes dans la rébellion du nord de la C te d’Ivoire : les raisons de la mobilisation
Fofana, Moussa
Afrika Focus , 2011,
Abstract: Le conflit armé qui a éclaté en C te d’Ivoire le 19 septembre 2002 a conduit à la partition du pays entre le Nord et le Sud. La rébellion des Forces Nouvelles qui contr le la moitié nord du pays a justifié son action par la dénonciation de l’exclusion et des injustices sociales dont les nordistes seraient les victimes. Cette rébellion a été rejointe par de nombreux jeunes originaires du Nord. Cette étude basée sur les études de cas et biographies de 22 jeunes combattants de la rébellion et des entretiens avec leurs leaders montre les raisons justifiant leur engagement. Elle questionne leurs perceptions du conflit et analyse les rhétoriques de la justification. Il ressort que dans l’ensemble des cas, l’engagement a pour but la reconnaissance de leur citoyenneté qui passe par l’acquisition de cartes d’identités. Le sentiment victimaire né de l’exercice de la violence légale par les forces de l’ordre, la vengeance, le besoin de sécurité ou encore l’attrait pour le métier des armes nourrissent les motivations qui conduisent à l’enr lement des jeunes. L’étude montre aussi l’existence d’un environnement s’appuyant sur la parenté, un discours culturel et la mobilisation de la mémoire ancestrale collective qui ont favorisé l’adhésion des jeunes nordistes au mouvement rebelle. Au-delà des expériences individuelles, l’étude découvre, non une armée ethnique mais plus une organisation à base identitaire engagée dans la renégociation violente de son appartenance nationale.
Asymptotic normality of recursive estimators under strong mixing conditions
Aboubacar Amiri
Statistics , 2012,
Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to estimate the regression function by using a recursive nonparametric kernel approach. We derive the asymptotic normality for a general class of recursive kernel estimate of the regression function, under strong mixing conditions. Our purpose is to extend the work of Roussas and Tran [17] concerning the Devroye-Wagner estimate.
Does Trade Openness Matter for Economic Growth in Niger?  [PDF]
Badamassi Aboubacar, Deyi Xu, Amadou Maiga Ousseini
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.49115
Abstract: The trade openness is one of the most important determinants of a country’s relative level of economic health. It plays a vital role for most free market economies in the world. This research is an attempt to investigate, particularly, the impact of the trade openness on the economic growth in Niger; and generally, the relationship between all the variables under study. Four (4) variables namely real economic growth rate represented by real gross domestic product growth rate (GDPGR), trade openness (TRDOP), real exchange rate (REEXR) and foreign direct investment (FDI) have been considered in the model. The paper used time series data covering the period from 1980 to 2013 as well as time series methods for the econometric analyses. The results show that there exists a long term relationship between all the variables; the independent variables affects the economic growth in the short-run; only the trade openness and the real exchange rate influence economic growth unidirectionally; except foreign direct investment (FDI), all the variables have explanatory power on economic growth in Niger. The implication of this study is that the trade openness has been efficient to spur the economic growth in Niger over the period of study. Therefore, it is a key indicator which the government should care about.
Foreign Aid’s Effect on Economic Growth, New Results from WAEMU’s Countries  [PDF]
Badamassi Aboubacar, Deyi Xu, Amadou Maiga Ousseini
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.53049
Abstract: This study investigates whether foreign aid (AID) has a significant influence on economic growth in WAEMU’s (West African Economic and Monetary Union) countries. We use two (2) types of aid data: aggregate aid and disaggregate aid (aid in education, aid in agriculture, aid in trade policies and regulations and humanitarian aid) to run two (2) different regressions. Both the within-dimension and between-dimension estimators reveal that in the long run, the effect of AID on economic growth is heterogeneous across sectors and aid in agriculture, aid in trade policies and regulations as well as aid in education encourages economic growth.
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