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OALib Journal期刊

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Prevalence and Characteristics of Peripartum Cardiomyopathy among Women with Cadiac Failure Referred for Echocardiography in a Tertiary Hospital in Northern Nigeria  [PDF]
Hadiza Saidu, Abdulwahab Kabir, Nkem Ndiche, Jamila A. Yau, Umar Abdullahi, M. S. Mijinyawa
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2018.63007
Abstract: Introduction: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a common clinical condition in northern Nigeria. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of PPCM among women with heart failure referred for echocardiography. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 401 women managed for heart failure referred for echocardiography between October 2016 and September 2017. Their reports were analyzed for demographic and echocardiographic parameters. Results: The mean age of the 401 individuals studied was 41.28 ± 16.25 years. The commonest cause of heart failure was PPCM, accounting for 256 (69.5%), followed by hypertension 79 (19.7%) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) 24 (5.9%). Conclusion: PPCM is a common and important cause of heart failure among women in Northern Nigeria.
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among male Kuwaiti adolescents aged 10 - 19 years  [PDF]
Abdulwahab Al-Isa
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.55124
Abstract:

Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity are high in Kuwait. Metabolic Syndrome is associated with both. It is expected to find the syndrome higher than in other countries. Objective: To assess the prevalence of MS using two different diagnostic criteria, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the National Cholesterol Education Program—Third Adult Treatment Panel Modified for age (NCEP-ATP III). Study design: A multi-stage random sample study. Methods: The analysis of data for this study was based on a sample of 303 male Kuwaiti adolescents, 10 - 19 years of age selected from intermediate and high schools. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical tests on blood samples were carried out. The IDF criterion requires waist circumference (WC) plus two of the following criteria: triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL), fasting blood sugar (FBS) and blood pressure (PB). The ATP III criterion requires three of the above parameters. The parameters mentioned must show increase in their values except for HDL which must show decrease in either criterion used. Results: Each of the two criterion revealed that the prevalence of MS was 14.8% and 19.5%, using the IDF and the ATP III criteria, respectively. HDL decreased in each of the two diagnostic criteria and the other four parameters increased, satisfying the diagnostic requirements of either criterion. Conclusions: Significant implications may be drawn from these results, especially when it comes to being at risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Topic: Echocardiographic Evaluation of Left Ventricular Systolic and Diastolic Function in Nigerians with Sickle Cell Disease  [PDF]
Hadiza Saidu, Abdulwahab Kabir, Jamila A. Yau, Ahmad M. Yakasai, Umar Abdullahi, Aisha M. Nalado, Baba Maiyaki Musa
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104527
Abstract:
Introduction: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is chronic, inherited haemoglobin disorder, associated with chronic tissue ischemia which may adversely affect any organ system. Chronic anaemia in SCD results in cardiac chamber dilatation with compensatory increase in left ventricular mass and varying degree of diastolic dysfunction that has been a strong independent predictor of mortality in patients with SCD. There is paucity of echocardiographic studies on adults Nigerians with SCD. This study therefore, aimed to assess left ventricular systolic and diastolic function among sickle cell disease patients in Kano State, North-Western Nigeria. Methods: The study was cross-sectional and comparative conducted at the SCD clinic and Medical/outpatient (MOP) clinic of Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital (MMSH), on eligible patients aged 13 years and above. One hundred patients with SCD (HbSS) were recruited as the study group while 100 non SCD (HbAA) patients, matched for age and sex served as controls. Left and right atrial and ventricular dimensions, left ventricular (LV) wall thickness, LV mass index and LV contractility variables were obtained. Parameters of LV diastolic function were also evaluated. Results: There were increases in the left atrial and left ventricular dimensions, left ventricular volumes and left ventricular mass (LVM) of the SCD patients. LV ejection fraction was equivalent, though there was evidence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in up to 36%. Conclusion: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction may complicate cases adults with SCD.
Comparing Socio-Demographic, Health-Related, and Biochemical Factors Associated with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) between Adolescents from Two Arab Countries  [PDF]
Abdulwahab Naser Al-Isa
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.68098
Abstract: Background: Studies related to socio-demographic, health-related, and biochemical factors are scarce among Arab adults and even more so among adolescents. Objectives: To compare the above factors between adolescents from two Arab countries. Methods: Two previous studies were done on some of the above factors. The similar factors in the two studies were compared with each other. The two Arab countries that came close to addressing these factors were Kuwait (K) and Egypt (E). Results: Anthropometric measurements were higher among K than E with the exception of Homa-IR, CRP, and homocysteine. All biochemical factors were higher among K than E. The IQ range for gender, age, WC, and area of residence were higher among E than K. The comparison between K and E with respect to the presence of one MetS or more was inconsistent. As the number of MetS increased, K showed higher values of the prevalence MetS than E for either gender or total sample. Conclusions: For individual comparable factors, results were inconsistent. However, with the presence of >1 MetS parameter, K showed consistently higher prevalence of MetS.
An assessment of billing electricity consumers via analogue meters in Kano, Nigeria, by Kano electricity distribution plc
L Abdulwahab
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: This paper assesses the perception of billing consumers via analogue meter in Kano Electricity Distribution Plc, Nigeria. Questionnaire survey was used to collect data from the consumers, frequency counts and percentages were used to analyze the generated data. The result of the study revealed that 38% of the Analogue meters were installed between eleven to twenty one years ago; hence the need for replacement of obsolete meters and periodic inspection of all consumers’ meters at least once in three months for proper reading is vital in order to achieve accurate billing. The study also revealed poor and unreliable power supply and most often the bills issued for the electricity consumption are based on estimates, thus contributing to poor consumers’ response to payments of electricity bills. Some suggestions that can facilitate the improvements of the operation of the Distribution Company were offered.
Studies on e-transaction using the technology of automatic eller machine by bank customers in north west geographical zone of Nigeria
L Abdulwahab
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: E-transaction is becoming prominent in banking operations in Nigeria with more Banks adopting this technology, in order to provide the growing population of customers with fast, accessible reliable and quality services; this paper analyses the attitude of customers toward the deployment and usage of Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) in Kano, Katsina and Jigawa States of Nigeria. Questionnaire survey was used to collect information from the respondents the data was analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques. The study revealed that the level of adoption of this technology is high among the middle aged respondents compared to the aged. By enhancing the deployment of proprietary hardware, software and communication protocol platform of adequate quality greater number of people might use ATMs because of the convenience and accessibility offered by the usage of this new technology.
Helicobacter Pylori: Prevalence and relationship with abdominal pain in school children in makkah city, western Saudi Arabia
Telmesani Abdulwahab
Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology , 2009,
Abstract: Background/Aim: The published data on Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) prevalence and its relationship with abdominal pain in Saudi Arabia is scarce. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of H. pylori and its relationship with chronic recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) among school students in Makkah City, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and fourteen school students, 103 at the intermediate level (grades 7-9) aged 12-15 years and 211 at the secondary level (grades 10-12) aged 15-18 years were tested for H. pylori. Urea breath test (UBT) was used for this purpose. Children with chronic RAP were identified as per the Apley criteria. Results: Overall, the UBT was positive in 86/314 (27.4%) students. It was positive in 45/103 (43.7%) intermediate school students and 41/211 (19.4%) secondary students. Out of the 55 students with chronic RAP, 40 (73%) were positive for H. pylori . Further, 62.9% and 82.1% were positive among the intermediate and secondary school students with RAP, respectively. The overall and specific odds ratios of RAP were 12.35 [95% confidence interval (C.I.) 6.30-24.22] and 10.40 (95% C.I. 1.75-11.73) for the intermediate school students and 22.69 (95% C.I. 7.99-64.44) for the secondary school students. Conclusion: The prevalence of H. pylori among the school children in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, is relatively low compared with developing countries. The prevalence was found to be higher among the younger age group. Further, there was a significant relation between H. pylori infection and RAP among the school students.
Mild Solutions for Nonlocal Impulsive Fractional Semilinear Differential Inclusions with Delay in Banach Spaces  [PDF]
Ahmed Gamal Ibrahim, Nawal Abdulwahab Al Sarori
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.47A008
Abstract: In this paper, we give various existence results concerning the existence of mild solutions for nonlocal impulsive differential inclusions with delay and of fractional order in Caputo sense in Banach space. We consider the case when the values of the orient field are convex as well as nonconvex. Our obtained results improve and generalize many results proved in recent papers.
Nutritional knowledge among Kuwaiti college students  [PDF]
Abdulwahab Al-Isa, Abdulhamied Alfaddagh
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.65063
Abstract:

Objectives: To assess the level of nutritional knowledge (NK) among male Kuwaiti college students and to correlate NK scores with different nutritional domains. Methods: A random sample of 378 students was asked to answer a questionnaire regarding socio-demographic and health-related factors and answer questions assessing their NK on different domains. Height and weight were measured. Results: NK was low. NK on sodium and carbohydrates was the highest, where those of protein and cholesterol were the lowest. Only older age, healthy dental status, and high academic achievement in high school were associated with high NK. NK scores of different nutritional domains were weekly correlated with each other. While the NK on cholesterol correlated with NK on all other domains. NK on calories/food intake correlated with less than half of the domains. Conclusion: NK was found to be low and interrelated. NK education should aim to improve NK especially in those groups with the lowest scores.

Comparing Emotional Creativity and Social Adjustment of Gifted and Normal Students  [PDF]
Hossien Jenaabadi, Afsaneh Marziyeh, Abdulwahab Mohammadi Dadkan
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2015.53010
Abstract: The present study aimed to compare emotional creativity and social adjustment of gifted and normal high school freshman students (first period) in Khash. This is a casual-comparative study. To this end, a total of 200 students, among which gifted students were selected using census method and normal students were selected applying multistage random sampling methods, were chosen. The subjects were evaluated using Averill’s Emotional Creativity Inventory (2013) and Sinha and Singh’s Social Adjustment Inventory (1993). To describe the obtained data, frequency table, mean and standard deviation were applied and for analyzing the data, independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used. The results indicated that there was a significant difference between gifted and normal students and also between male and female gifted students and normal students considering emotional creativity and its components. However, no significant difference was found with regard to social adjustment. The means of emotional creativity and components of novelty, effectiveness and authenticity of gifted students were higher than those of normal students. Moreover, the means of emotional creativity and components of novelty and preparedness of female gifted students and the means of components of effectiveness and authenticity of male gifted students were higher than other groups.
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