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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4947 matches for " Abdul Rauf Memon "
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Hepatitis B and C prevalence among the high risk groups of Pakistani population. A cross sectional study
Abdul Rauf Memon, Kashif Shafique, Ashraf Memon, Agha Umer Draz, Mohammad Uzair Abdul Rauf, Salahuddin Afsar
Archives of Public Health , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/0778-7367-70-9
Abstract: This cross sectional study was carried out in Karachi, from January 2007 to June 2008.HBsAg and Anti HCV screening was carried out in blood samples collected from four vulnerable or at risk groups which included injecting drug users (IDUs), prisoners, security personnel and health care workers (HCWs). Demographic information was recorded and the possible mode of acquisition was assessed by detailed interview. Logistic regression analysis was conducted using the STATA software.We screened 4202 subjects, of these, 681 individuals were reactive either with hepatitis B or C. One hundred and thirty three (3.17%) were hepatitis B reactive and 548 (13.0%) were diagnosed with hepatitis C. After adjusting for age, security personnel, prisoners and IV drug users were 5, 3 and 6 times more likely to be hepatitis B reactive respectively as compared to the health care workers. IDUs were 46 times more likely to be hepatitis C positive compared with health care workers.The prevalence of hepatitis B and C was considerably higher in IDUs, prisoners and security personnel compared to HCWs group. Hepatitis C is more prevalent than hepatitis B in all these risk groups. Prevalence of hepatitis C increased with the increase in age. Use of unsterilized syringes, used syringes, body piercing and illicit sexual relations were found to be important associated risk factors for higher prevalence of Hepatitis B and C in these groups.
Water-Pipe Smoking and Albuminuria: New Dog with Old Tricks
Iqra Ishtiaque, Kashif Shafique, Zia Ul-Haq, Abdul Rauf Shaikh, Naveed Ali Khan, Abdul Rauf Memon, Saira Saeed Mirza, Afra Ishtiaque
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085652
Abstract: Water-pipe (WP) smoking is on rise worldwide for the past few years, particularly among younger individuals. Growing evidence indicates that WP smoking is as harmful as cigarette smoking. To date, most of the research has focused on acute health effects of WP smoking, and evidence remains limited when it comes to chronic health effects in relation to long-term WP smoking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between WP smoking and albuminuria in apparently healthy individuals. This analysis was conducted on data of a population-based cross-sectional study—the Urban Rural Chronic Diseases Study (URCDS). The study sample was recruited from three sites in Pakistan. Trained nurses carried out individual interviews and obtained the information on demographics, lifestyle factors, and past and current medical history. Measurements of complete blood count, lipid profile, fasting glucose level, and 24-hour albuminuria were also made by using blood and urine samples. Albumin excretion was classified into three categories using standard cut-offs: normal excretion, high-normal excretion and microalbuminuria. Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between WP smoking and albuminuria. The final analysis included data from 1,626 health individuals, of which 829 (51.0%) were males and 797 (49.0%) females. Of 1,626 individuals, 267 (16.4%) were current WP smokers and 1,359 (83.6%) were non-WP smokers. WP smoking was significantly associated with high-normal albuminuria (OR = 2.33, 95% CI 1.68-3.22, p-value <0.001) and microalbuminuria (OR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.18-2.58, p-value 0.005) after adjustment for age, sex, BMI, social class, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. WP smoking was significantly associated with high-normal albuminuria and microalbuminuria when analysis was stratified on hypertension and diabetes mellitus categories. WP smoking has a strong association with albuminuria in apparently healthy individuals. More research is warranted to evaluate the temporality of this association between WP smoking and albuminuria.
Areca nut chewing and systemic inflammation: evidence of a common pathway for systemic diseases
Kashif Shafique, Saira Saeed Mirza, Priya Vart, Abdul Rauf Memon, Moin Islam Arain, Muhammad Farooq Tareen, Zia Ul Haq
Journal of Inflammation , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1476-9255-9-22
Abstract: This was an observational cross sectional study carried out on areca nut chewers and healthy individuals in Karachi, Pakistan. Participants were selected from a region of the city by invitation request sent from door to door. Information was collected regarding the socio-demographic profile and the pattern of use, and a blood sample was obtained to measure the level of C-reactive protein (CRP). We carried out multiple logistic regressions to investigate the association between socio-demographic profile, areca nut chewing and CRP levels.We carried out final analysis on 1112 individuals of which 556 were areca nut chewers and 556 were the age, gender and area matched controls. Areca nut chewers had a significantly higher proportion of men (15.1%, n?=?84) who had an elevated CRP (>10?mg/dl) as compared to controls (5.2%, n?=?29). Multivariate analyses showed that areca nut chewers had significantly higher odds of an elevated CRP (OR?=?3.23, 95% CI 2.08-5.02, p value <0.001) as compared to controls. Increase in amount of areca nut consumption had a significant dose–response relationship with systemic inflammation (p for trend <0.001). Further analysis revealed that areca nut chewers with tobacco additives were two times more likely to have an elevated CRP as compared to raw areca nut users. These associations remained unchanged after adjustments for age, BMI and years of full time education.Areca nut chewing has a significant association with systemic inflammation. Further work is required to confirm that systemic inflammation is the main pathway by which areca nut use increases the risk of systemic diseases.
DENTAL HEALTH AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS DENTISTRY
Abdul Rauf
The Professional Medical Journal , 2001,
Abstract: Asummary of sociological data collected during a socio-dental survey conducted in Quetta District(Balochistan) selected as having fewer than the national average number of persons. Oralconditions were considered under five headings Oral hygiene, periodontal health, dental decay andFluorides Prostheses. It was found that the number of persons having poor oral hygiene, the gumswere un-healthy decayed teeth were present. Dento-facial anomalies were recorded. The cause of missingteeth was assessed with reference to broken teeth or cracked teeth as stated by the subjects. The number ofpersons without dentures decrease with increasing age. The data collected during interviews from adultsindicated that no dental treatment health services were available in the community. An attempt has beenmade in this present Survey to study and report on the dental health the dental services and the attitudestowards dental health and dental services.
DENTAL MANAGEMENT
Abdul Rauf
The Professional Medical Journal , 2000,
Abstract: This scientific Article throws adequate light on hepatitis and human immuno deficiency virus (HIV)infections in dental patients and is based on actual observations and the experiences of persons havingbiological and clinical knowledge about theses infections. Due to one reason or the other the epidemics ofthese diseases continues to grow. There is a probability that more and more dentists will be treating theinfected persons in future. Because early manifestations of above diseases are often oral, the dentist may bethe first health care provider to identify chances associated with the risk of viral hepatitis and the humanimmunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. The study is a review on pathogenesis including theimmunological response, spread, prognosis etc and recommendations to control the spread of infections asthese apply to the dental professionals. This article provides an understanding of some concepts involvedin the infection so that future findings and trends can be applied by the endodontist in different clinicalsituations.
PERI-APICAL INFECTION IN THE PRESENCE OF ANTIBIOTIC THERAPY
Abdul Rauf
The Professional Medical Journal , 2001,
Abstract: A case is described in which endodontal lesion may extend to periapical areas to initiate aninflammatory response. A difficult diagnostic and treatment challenge to the clinician andtreatment often requires a combined endodontal and therapeutic efforts. This reports histologicaland bacteriological document; the presence of multi drug resistant enterococci in periapicalinfection during endodontal treatment with antibiotic therapy.
ADVANCED CARCINOMA PROSTATE
Abdul Rauf
The Professional Medical Journal , 2001,
Abstract: Bilateral ureteric obstruction and renal failure in advanced prostatic cancer is a rare event. In thisstudy, eleven men with advanced carcinoma of prostate and having bilateral ureteric obstructionand renal failure were studied. Group A patients were newly diagnosed and had no previoushormonal manipulation while Group B patients had previous orchidectomy done. Group A patientsunderwent bilateral orchidectomy done as a definitive treatment in addition to some form of urinarydiversion as required. Group B patients had dialysis, upper urinary diversion and ureteroneocystostomy.Patients of carcinoma prostate with bilateral ureteral obstruction and renal failure who had no previoushormonal manipulation had better survival as compared to those who had previous hormonal manipulation.
Letter 2
Rauf Abdul
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 1993,
Abstract:
Ring Opening of Epoxy Fatty Esters by Nucleophile to Form the Derivatives of Substituted β-Amino Alcohol  [PDF]
Himani Varshney, Aiman Ahmad, Abdul Rauf
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.49A1004
Abstract:

The nucleophilic ring opening of epoxy fatty esters was carried out using the amino-1,2,4-triazole to yield substituted derivatives of β-amino alcohol. The synthesis of the substituted beta amino alcohols has been achieved by refluxing equimolar quantities of long chain epoxy esters (epoxy fatty esters) and 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole in dichloromethane to yield following compounds, methyl 10-(4'-amino-1',2',4'-triazole)-11-hydroxy undecanoate (V), methyl 9-(4'-amino-1', 2',4'-triazole)-10-hydroxy octadecanoate (VI), methyl 9-(4'-amino-1',2',4'-triazole)-10,12-dihydroxy octadecanoate (VII), methyl 12-(4'-amino-1',2',4'-triazole)-9,13-dihydroxy octadecanoate (VIII). Epoxides of esters of fatty acids were obtained by reaction of esters of fatty acids with mchloroperbenzoic acid. All the newly synthesized compounds were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectrometry.

Extraction, Identification and Antioxidative Properties of the Flavonoid-Rich Fractions from Leaves and Flowers of Cassia angustifolia  [PDF]
Abdul Qayoom Laghari, Shahabuddin Memon, Aisha Nelofar, Abdul Hafeez Laghari
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.28100
Abstract: Flavonoids identification, total flavonoids content and antioxidant activity of the extracts from the leaves as well as flowers of Cassia angustifolia were determined. Five different extraction techniques were used for the extraction of flavonoids from leaves and flowers. Total flavonoid contents (TFC) in the extracts were determined by UV-visible spectrophotometry. Individual flavonoids were identified and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detection and electrospray ioniza- tion tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS). It has been examined that aqueous ethanol (70%) fractions of C. angustifolia flowers and leaves are highly rich in flavonoids and microwave extraction is the best method for the extraction of individual flavanoid constituents (1 - 9) as well as total flavonoid contents. It was also found that compound 8 was absent in the leaves and compounds 2 and 5 could not be identified. The extracts of C. angustifolia flowers and leaves show strong antioxidant activity.
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