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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 391 matches for " Abdou Niang "
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Reflections on Islamic values and the use of Arabo-Islamic vocabulary in the Wakoki of Maazou Dan Alalo
Abdou Salam Niang
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2005,
Abstract: This paper proposes to reflect on the islamisation of Hausa poetry using the example of the wakoki (songs) of Maazou Dan Alalo. Maazou. Born between 1906 and 1910, at Kiyauka, Katsina in today's Nigeria, he died on 29 November 2002. Though not a griot by birth, he became the bard of the chief of his village and later court griot to the Sultan of Damagram (Zinder). Islam, introduced in African milieus and in their cultural expressions, generated new religious and linguistic elements, while also producing novelties in their artistic and literary creativity and productions. One example, in the case of Zinder and of Dan Alalo's wakoki, is the annexation of Islamic virtues in the praise songs of chiefs in Islamised African societies, in which political and religious time came to overlap. Islam was pressed into service to legitimise political rulers like the sultan. However, the sociocultural and political role of the griot took on a particular hue under colonial rule. Public amusement, panegyric of the great and wealthy took place in the overcast conditions of colonial occupation. In this context, Dan Alalo's wakoki allow a close-up view of colonial history as lived experience, complete with of a range of inside insights on social dynamics, including changes in the power pyramid, strategies of adaptation and preservation of the elite, of the community, and of people's dignity in particular. In this enterprise, the griot played – and was aware of playing – an invaluable role: in social commentary, censure and distraction. His multiple functions included providing a sense of continuity, protecting the dignity of local rulers and of the community as a whole, through the catharsis of humour, in particular.
Osseous Dysplasia Secondary Infection: A Case Report  [PDF]
Paul Niang, Abdou Ba, Babacar Tamba, Alpha Kounta, Mamadou Diatta
Surgical Science (SS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2018.93011
Abstract: Introduction: Osseous dysplasia is a benign tumor of the jaws predominantly occurring in melanoderm women. The pathogenesis remains unknown. Its often fortuitous discovery usually is in the fourth decade of life. Its treatment involves surgery. Our aim was to report a case of osseous dysplasia secondary infection in Senegal. Observation: The over sixty-year-old patient initially came for recurring old suppuration. A prior history of dental avulsions and self-medication was found out. The clinical features were predominant chronic osteitic manifestations. Its radiologic presentation suggested a florid form. The combination of spiramycin-metronidazole had to be given twice. The isolated sequestrum was enucleated and the anatomopathology confirmed the diagnostics. Discussion: The patient’s age conformed to late discovery due to silent progression and poor access to medical care. The prior iatrogenic avulsions can be explained by the absence of systematic radiological exploration and by the unawareness of the inconspicuous tumor. The clinical and radiological features at this stage of the osseous dysplasia secondary infection were typical. The treatment and the follow-up were dependent on the prevailing work conditions. Conclusion: The chronic osteitic manifestations are indicative of osseous dysplasia in elderly women in Senegal.
Acute Renal Failure in Adults in Dakar
El Hadji Fary,Diouf Boucar,Niang Abdou,Ndiaye Mohamed
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation , 1999,
Patterns of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney diseases in black Africans
Fary Ka Elhadj,Seck Sidy,Niang Abdou,Cisse Mouhamadou
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation , 2010,
Abstract: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is not well described in black Africans while some data suggesting the disease is exceptional in this race. A retrospective study of patients with ADPKD followed in nephrology department of a teaching hospital in Dakar (January 1, 1995 to December 31, 2005) was therefore undertaken. Prevalence of ADPKD was one in 250. Mean age was 47 ± 5 years with a predominance of male (57%). High blood pressure (HBP) was present in 68% of patients. Other renal manifestations were flank pain, hematuria and proteinuria. Majority of patients had impaired renal function at time of diagnosis. Extra-renal cysts were essentially found in liver (45.5%), pancreas and seminal vesicles. Main complications: ESRD (51%) occurred within a 6 year mean period, urinary tract infection (13%) and cerebral haemorrhage (2%). HBP control, in general needed 2 or more antihypertensive drugs. Fourteen patients died, ten patients had been on haemodialysis and four others died from uremic compli-cations. In conclusion, ADPKD in black African adults is not rare and probably underdiagnosed. Early HBP and ESRD are likely more frequent than in other races. Earlier ultrasound detection and strategies to preserve renal function should be offered to at-risk individuals to improve outcomes.
Kidney Lesions Associated with Systemic Vasculitis: Report of 25 Cases in Morocco
Abdou Niang,El Mustapha Fatihi,Ghislaine Medkoury,Khalid Zahiri
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation , 2001,
Abstract: In this retrospective study, we report 25 patients with renal injury caused by systemic vasculitis. These patients were hospitalized at the department of nephrology-hemodialysis in Ibn Rochd hospital from 1985 to 1998. The mean age of the patients was 36 years (range 3 to 57 years) with male predominance (68%). The clinical presentations included cutaneous purpura in 80% of the patients, arthritis in 60% and pulmonary hemorrhage in 20%. The renal injury manifested as abnormal urinary sediment in 20 of the study patients (80%), nephritic syndrome in 14 (56%), renal failure in nine (36%). Three patients (12%) had renal failure as the initial presentation followed by the other manifestations of vasculitis. The anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) have been checked in only six patients of whom four were positive. Henoch-Schonlein purpura was the most common clinical sign in 11 patients (44%) followed by Behcet′s disease in five (20%). The treatment was variable in type and duration but generally included corticoids alone or in combination with immunosuppressants. The prognosis of the renal injury was variable. The renal function remained stable in those with Henoch-Schonlein purpura, but was less favorable with the other etiologies with more predominance of renal failure and end-stage renal disease. This retrospective analysis of our experience is given to throw light on the pattern of vasculitis in our region.
Prevalence and the Risk Factors of Renal Insufficiency in the City of Saint Louis in Senegal  [PDF]
Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Mouhamadou Moustapha Cisse, Elhadji Fary Ka, Sidy Mohamed Seck, Maria Faye, Moussa Sarr, Ngoné Diaba Gaye, Alassane Mbaye, Abdou Niang, Boucar Diouf, Abdoul Kane
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2015.53013
Abstract: Background: The true scale of renal insufficiency (RI) in Sub-Saharan Africa remains unknown due to the lack of national registries. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological characteristics of renal insufficiency in urban areas in Saint Louis of Senegal. Materials and Methods: It is an observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study. The study was conducted during 27 days starting from 3 to 30 May 2010. All senegalese residents of Saint Louis (older than 15 years at the time of the study) in whom creatinine clearance was performed were included in the study. The sampling method used was a systematic random sampling, stratified cluster. The survey was designed by an expert comitee based on STEPS survey of the World Health Organization. RI was defined as a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 60 ml/min/1.73m2. Results: Among 1424 people initially selected a final selection of 1416 was made. The sex ratio was 0.45. The mean age was 43.4 ± 17.8 years. The overall prevalence of renal insufficiency according to MDRD (Modification of diet in renal disease) formula was 181 cases or 12.7%. The mean age of the people with renal insufficiency was 47.6 ± 17.4 years. Renal insufficiency was correlated to height blood pressure (p = 0.01) and Physical inactivity (p = 0.0001). The prevalence of renal insufficiency was higher in diabetics (71.4%) and obese people (66.6%) than in non-diabetics (64.9%) and non-obese people (56.5%), although the difference was not statistically significant. Dyslipidemia and smoking were not correlated to the risk of occurrence of IR. Conclusions: This study reports the increasing magnitude of RI and its risk factors in the city of Saint Louis in Senegal. It is imperative to establish à national prevention strategies to avoid the dizzying growth of this scourge.
Renal Cortical Necrosis: An Unusual Complication of Plasmodium malariae Malaria  [PDF]
Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Mouhamadou Moustapha Cissé, Sidy Mohamed Seck, Elhadji Fary Ka, Maria Faye, Aliou Ndongo, Cherif Dial, Younoussa Keita, Khodia Fall, Abdou Niang, Boucar Diouf
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2015.54015
Abstract: Renal cortical necrosis (RCN) is anecdotal in malaria. To our knowledge, RCN secondary to Plasmodium malariae has not yet been published. We report a case of severe malaria complicated by RCN. A 29 year old Senegalese patient was transferred to our department for anuria in a context of severe malaria. The diagnosis was RCN secondary to a severe Plasmodium malariae malaria. Physical examination showed anuria, anaemic syndrome, haemorrhagic syndrome and a generally impaired condition. There was a normocytic normochromic anaemia aplastic, thrombocytopenia leukocytosis of 11.580/mm3, serum creatinine of 12.45 mg/dl and blood urea of 252 mg/dl. The Plasmodium malariae had been shown to thick blood film with high parasite density. The molecular study was able to confirm the infestation of this parasite. Treatment consisted of four haemodialysis sessions and antimalarial molecules. Initial evolution was favourable with a recovery through diuresis and a partial improvement in renal function. Given the persistence of impaired renal function, a renal biopsy was performed. This confirmed the RCN. At last consultation, he had no symptoms and his last glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was 30 mL/min/1.73 m2.
Tuberculosis among Chronic Hemodialysis Patients: A Senegalese Single Center Experience  [PDF]
Mouhamadou Moustapha Cisse, Rachid El Kabouss, Yaya Kane, Sidy Mouhamed Seck, Ahmed Tall Lemrabott, Maria Faye, El Hadji Fary Ka, Ansoumana Diatta, Abdou Niang, Boucar Diouf
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2015.54017
Abstract: Summary: Tuberculosis is a common infectious disease in chronic hemodialysis due to alteration of the immune system associated with chronic kidney disease. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of tuberculosis in chronic hemodialysis patients and to identify its diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. Methods and patients: This was a descriptive retrospective study over a period of 20 years (1994-2014). It includes the records of periodic hemodialysis patients in the Nephrology Department of the Aristide Le Dantec University Teaching Hospital in Dakar which clinical symptoms and laboratory favor tuberculosis. Results: Of 258 chronic hemodialysis patients treated in Hospital Aristide Le Dantec hemodialysis center, 29 cases (11.4%) of tuberculosis disease are diagnosed. The mean age is 43.21 ± 12.48 years, and the sex-ratio is 0.8. The median time to onset of tuberculosis after initiation of hemodialysis is 22.86 ± 28.86 months. The diagnosis of tuberculosis is sure only in 17% of cases. Extra-pulmonary sites are found in 79% of cases. The average duration of treatment is 9.39 ± 1.64 months (6 - 13 months). Various treatment protocols are adopted. Mortality is 21%, 50% due to disseminated tuberculosis. Conclusion: The diagnosis of tuberculosis in the chronic hemodialysis patients is often difficult due to the atypical symptoms, the frequency of extra-pulmonary location and the lack of evidence of sure diagnosis.
Quality of Life of Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis in Dakar: A Senegalese Single Centre Experience  [PDF]
Kane Yaya, Cisse Mouhamadou Moustapha, Seck Sidy Mohamed, Lemrabott Ahmed Tall, Faye Maria, Hounsounou Christian, Diallo Kalilou, Ka El Hadji Fary, Niang Abdou, Diouf Boucar
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2016.62005
Abstract: Introduction: Measuring the quality of life (QOL) in recent years has become an indispensable tool in monitoring patients suffering from chronic diseases. We conducted this study to assess QOL of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis in Dakar, and to identify associated factors. Patients and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study which was carried out from 10 to 30 June, 2011 in the peritoneal dialysis unit at university hospital in Dakar. We included all patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of any age, who were on PD since at least six months and who gave their consent. The QOL was assessed using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short-Form 1.2 (KDQoL-SF). Results: Sixteen patients were included with a mean age of 50.25 ± 13.48 years and a sex-ratio of 1.27. Considering SF-36, the overall mean score (SMG) was 60.11 ± 15.96 with a Mean Physical Component Summary Scale of 53.66 ± 16.98 and a Mental Component Summary Scale of 70.85 ± 6.14. Concerning the KDQoL-SF, the global mean score was 61.83 ± 19.35 with a mean physical score of 50.55 ± 16.52 and a mean mental score of 62.52 ± 21.53. The mean dialysis specific dimension score was 62.52 ± 21.53 and the mean mental health score was 85.93 ± 12.06. Age, weight, level of instruction and social support were correlated with a worse QOL. Conclusion: This study showed an alteration of our PD patients’ QOL, particularly in their physical health. However, the number of patients included in the study is not enough to permit a formal conclusion.
Epidemiological Profile of Chronic Kidney Disease at the General Hospital of National Reference of N’Djamena (Chad)  [PDF]
Ibrahim Hamat, Guillaume Mahamat Abderraman, Zeinab Ma?ga Moussa Tondi, Mahamat Youssouf, Mouhammadou Moustapha Cisse, Fotclossou Tara, Elhaj Fary Ka, Abdou Niang, Boucar Diouf
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2016.63010
Abstract: Introduction: Chronic renal failure is a disease that affects many patients worldwide and increasingly in Africa. At the end of 2003, about 1.1 million people were suffering from End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) and were treated with periodic dialysis [12]. In Africa, CKF represents 2% to 10% of hospital admissions and is responsible for 4% to 22% of deaths [14]. So, this study is conducted for the first time in Chad, with the aims to determine the prevalence of CKD. Methods: This was a retrospective, descriptive and analytical study over a period of 12 months from April 29, 2011 to April 28, 2012. All patients with chronic renal failure regardless of etiology and stage of chronic kidney disease were included in the study. Chronic renal failure was defined as a glomerular filtration rate below 60 ml/min/1.73m (MDRD) for more than 3 months. This study was conducted in several departments of the National General Reference Hospital (NGRH) of N’Djamena. Result: Among 2039 inpatients, 195 patients had chronic renal failure, as a frequency of 9.6%. The average age of our patients was 51 ± 16.8 years, ranging from 11 to 85 years. Male predominance was noted to be 59% of men against 41% of women. We noted that high blood pressure accounted for 66.2% (N = 129) of cases, diabetes in 48.2% (N = 94), alcoholism in 28.7% (N = 56), smoking in 14.9% (N = 29) and the association alcoholism-smoking in 19.5% (N = 38). Hypertension was the leading cause of chronic renal failure (66.2%). All patients had a serum creatinine and creatinine clearance was assessed. Among them, we noted 57 patients (29%) with end-stage renal failure. The average calcium and phosphate serum were 1.8 mmol/l and 1.6 mmol/l, respectively. We noted that 120 patients as 61.5%, currently took herbal medicine. 48 out of 57 of our patients with ESRD as 24.6% of patients in the study had received replacement therapy (hemodialysis) with 12.5% of deaths. Conclusion: Chad, who compiled the first study with 195 patients at the General Hospital of N’Djamena National Reference over a period of one year has objectified a prevalence of chronic renal failure of 9.6%.
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