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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4262 matches for " Abdel Karim Koumare "
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Dissection of the Common Femoral Artery at the Bamako Anatomy Laboratory  [PDF]
Babou Ba, Abdoulaye Kanté, Tata Touré, Moumouna Koné, Ousmane Ibrahim Touré, Cheikh Tidiane Diallo, Komlavi David Kouamenou, Abdel-Latif Issa-Touré, Gaoussou Simpara, Aboubacar Sidiki Fofana, Mahamadou Daou, Nouhoun Ongo?ba, Abdel Karim Koumare
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2019.74011
Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this work was to determine the dimensions of CFA before the birth of the deep thigh artery, describe the mode of termination of the CFA, search for CFA collaterals, and describe the anatomical variations of the CFA. Methodology: This was a prospective study conducted at the Anatomy Laboratory of the Faculty of Medicine and Odonto-Stomatology of Bamako. CFA arteries of 12 fresh corpses of adults include 9 men and 3 women. A total of 24 CFA arteries were dissected and photographed. Results: The mean length of CFA was 50.9 ± 12.55 mm (range: 31 and 93 mm). Its average diameter was 9.12 ± 1.17 mm (range: 7 and 12 mm). In 70.83%, the CFA artery ended without any particularity. There was 29.17% anatomic variation in the CFA termination mode. The CFA divided into 3 branches (trifurcation) in 25%. The 3 branches were in 20.83%, the FS and a common core to LFCA and AQ; in 4.17%, they were the SFA, the DFA and the MFCA. In 4.17%, it divided into 4 branches which are: the SFA, the DFA, the MFCA and a common core to QA and LFCA. The CFA gave as collateral: circumflex superficial iliac artery in 22 cases (91.67%), superficial epigastric artery in 19 cases (79.17%), upper external pudendal artery in 20 cases (83.33%), and lower external pudendal artery in 14 cases (58.33%). We noted in our series 9 anatomical variations at the collateral level of the CFA or 37.5%. The CFA gave birth to the following branches: the MFCA in 4 cases or 16.67%, the LFCA in 1 case or 4.17%, the QA in 1 case or 4.17%, and a common core to the QA and LFCA in 3 cases or 12.5%. Conclusion: The length of CFA is important. The variations of CFA are frequent and important to know in clinical and surgical practice.
Solving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimation Problem: An Artificial Neural Network Model  [PDF]
Abdel Karim Baareh
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.67042

Climate Pollution due to the Carbon Emission (CO2) from the different fossil fuels is considered as a great and important international challenge to many researchers. In this paper we are providing a solution to forecast the poison CO2 gas emerged from energy consumption. Four inputs data were considered the global oil, natural gas, coal, and primary energy consumption to build our system. In this paper, we used the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) as successful and powerful tool in handling a time series modeling problem. The proposed ANN model was used to train and test the yearly CO2 Emission. The data were trained from year 1982 to 2000, and tested for the year 2003 to 2010. From the results obtained we can see that ANN performance was Excellent and proved its efficiency as a useful tool in solving the climate pollution problems.

DSP Based Simulator for Speed Control of the Synchronous Reluctance Motor Using Hysteresis Current Controller  [PDF]
Abdel-Karim Daud, Basim Alsayid
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2013.55037

This paper presents the field oriented vector control scheme for synchronous reluctance motor (SRM) drives, where current controller followed by hysteresis comparator is used. The test motor has a star-connected wound stator and a segmental rotor of the multiple barrier type with an external incremental encoder to sense rotor position. The magnetic characteristics of this motor are described using 2D finite element method, which is used firstly for rotor design of SRM. The field oriented vector control, that regulates the speed of the SRM, is provided by a quadrature axis current command developed by the speed controller. The simulation includes all realistic components of the system. This enables the calculation of currents and voltages in different parts of the voltage source inverter (VSI) and motor under transient and steady state conditions. Implementation has been done in MATLAB/Simulink. A study of hysteresis control scheme associated with current controllers has been made. Experimental results of the SRM control using TMS320F24X DSP board are presented. The speed of the SRM is successfully controlled in the constant torque region. Experimental results of closed loop speed control of the SRM are given to verify the proposed scheme.

PV-Grid Tie System Energizing Water Pump  [PDF]
Sameer Khader, Abdel-Karim Daud
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2013.45047

This paper presents the behaviours of three-phase induction motor driving centrifugal pump under various solar irradiation levels, where the motor speed and torque depend on the source voltage and frequency, while the water-flow rate depends on the motor speed, density, and static head according to affinity flow. Matlab/Simulink model is proposed for studying the behaviours of these machines with respect to water flow capacity, motor current, electro-magnetic torque, and motor efficiency. The proposed photovoltaic with maximum power point tracking model based on observation and perturbation (O&P) maximum power tracking model is applied. The output voltage is regulated throughout Buck-Boost converter with purpose maintaining the output voltage at predetermined values. Since Induction motors are widely used in pump systems, the electromagnetic torque, water-flow rate are studied for various source frequencies. Comparison analysis is conducted for both motors with respect to water flow-rate, heads elevation, and motor current. In addition to that, the proposed system presents Photovoltaic-Grid (PV-Grid) Integrated model, where the power shortage required for normally operation of the pump is drawn from the electrical grid.

The Effect of Using Wastewater from Stone Industry in Replacement of Fresh Water on the Properties of Concrete  [PDF]
Nabil Joulani, Riyad Abdel-Karim Awad
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2019.102016
Abstract: This research presents an attempt of using wastewater from stone slurry waste in production of concrete. Several concrete mixtures were prepared by using tap water and stone slurry wastewater at different w/c ratios and replacement ratios of wastewater in substitute of tap water. Testing of concrete samples included slump, compressive strength, flexural strength and absorption. Test results showed reduction of workability (slump) at all w/c ratios and replacement ratios. The maximum compressive strength didn’t change significantly at w/c = 0.7 and 28 days of curing compared with compressive strength at w/c = 0.5 and 0.6. From linear regression of the experimental results, the results showed that at 20% replacement ratio of tap water with wastewater, the reduction in compressive strength was insignificant (not greater than 10% to 15%). Test results showed varying reduction of absorption at different w/c and replacement ratios, up to 62% at w/c = 0.5.
Impacts of Climate Change on Seasonal Residential Electricity Consumption by 2050 and Potential Adaptation Options in Alexandria Egypt  [PDF]
Mohamed Abdel Karim A. Abdrabo, Mahmoud Adel Hassaan, Hatem Abdelraouf
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2018.74035
Abstract: Climate change and associated more frequent, hot or cold, extreme/weather events, as well as increasing temperature may increase future residential demand for electricity for heating and cooling purposes. The paper in hand intends to assess potential impacts of increasing temperature attributed to climate change on seasonal residential electricity consumption in Alexandria city, Egypt. Additionally, it aims to identify and discuss potential soft and hard adaptation options to such impacts. For this purpose, seasonal changes in electricity consumption were investigated. For this purpose, data on monthly residential electricity consumption, population size and income levels at district level as well as maximum monthly temperature in Alexandria city, Egypt over the period 2007-2016 were collected. This is followed by developing a panel-data model to simulate influence of temperature on residential electricity consumption. It was found that there is a significant growth trend over the study period as well as considerable seasonal variation with summer season experienced significant increase in consumption. It was found that increasing temperature, under RCP 2.6 and RCP 8.5, may contribute to significant increase in residential summer electricity consumption by 2050. Different adaptation options to such an increase in consumption, both soft and hard, have been identified and assessed.
Corrosion Resistance of API5L X52 Carbon Steel in Sulfide Polluted Environments  [PDF]
Randa Abdel-Karim, Mohamed Ali Farag, Hafiz Abdel-Azim Ahmed, Saad El-Raghy
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2016.71005
Abstract: In the present work, the corrosion behavior of base and welded API5L X-52 carbon steel coupons in synthetic ground water solution NS-4 was studied. Subsequently, the morphology and composition of the corrosion product deposits were determined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Based on weight loss as well as Tafel’s measurements, increasing the sulfide ions content above 0.4 mM, had an inhibition effect on the corrosion behavior of carbon steel. According to EDAX analyses, increasing of sulfide concentration from 0.4 to 4 mM Na2S, the Fe/S ratio decreased from 12.02 at 0.4 mM to 2.6 at 4 mM Na2S.
Radiological Hazards for Marble and Granite Used at Shak El Thouban Industrial Zone in Egypt  [PDF]
Amany T. Sroor, Saher M. Darwish, Samia M. El-Bahi, Mohamed G. Abdel Karim
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.412A1005

The background level of radiation in the natural environment surrounds us at all times. Levels of natural occurring radioactivity in marble and granite used at Shak El Thouban industrial zone in Cairo, Egypt have been investigated using HPGe detector through gamma-ray spectrometry. The activity concentration of radionuclides in the 238U-, 232Th-series and 40K has been determined. The average activity concentration of 238U, 232Th and 40K for marble samples was 23.77 Bq/kg ranged from (10.91 to 45.4), 10.75 Bq/kg ranged from (5.46 to 23.61) and 520.43 Bq/kg ranged from (382.30 to 1132.41), respectively. The 238U, 232Th and 40K activity concentration for granite samples were 54.31 Bq/kg ranged from (12.04 to 106.34), 113.57 Bq/kg ranged from (23.91 to 270.36) and 7867.51 Bq/kg ranged from (2017.60 to 11436.91), respectively. Concerning the radiological risk, the radium equivalent activity, external and internal radiation hazard indices, the radiation level index and absorbed dose rate were evaluated. The mass exhalation rates of 222Rn and emanation coefficient have been also calculated. The mass exhalation rate of radon was found to be from 14.86 to 137.13 and 16.48 to 155.26 μBq/kg

Performance Evaluation of Edge Detection Using Sobel, Homogeneity and Prewitt Algorithms  [PDF]
Abdel Karim M. Baareh, Ahmad Al-Jarrah, Ahmad M. Smadi, Ghazi H. Shakah
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2018.1111032
Abstract: Edge detection considered as very important and fundamental tool in image processing. An image edge is a very sensitive place where the image information and details mostly placed on it. Different filters were used to detect and enhance these edges to improve the sharpness and raising the image clarity. The significance of this paper comes from the study, compare and evaluate the effects of three well-known edge detection techniques in a spatial domain, where this evaluation was performed using both subjective and objective manner to find out the best edge detection algorithm. The Sobel, Homogeneity and Prewitt algorithms were used on 2D gray-scale synthesis and real images in Jordan using C# programming language. According to the comparative results obtained using the three techniques, it was clearly found that Prewitt and Homogeneity algorithms performance were better than Sobel algorithm. Therefore, Prewitt and Homogeneity algorithms can be recommended as useful detection tools in edge detection.
Capacity Evaluation for IEEE 802.16e Mobile WiMAX
Chakchai So-In,Raj Jain,Abdel-Karim Tamimi
Journal of Computer Networks and Communications , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/279807
Abstract: We present a simple analytical method for capacity evaluation of IEEE 802.16e Mobile WiMAX networks. Various overheads that impact the capacity are explained and methods to reduce these overheads are also presented. The advantage of a simple model is that the effect of each decision and sensitivity to various parameters can be seen easily. We illustrate the model by estimating the capacity for three sample applications—Mobile TV, VoIP, and data. The analysis process helps explain various features of IEEE 802.16e Mobile WiMAX. It is shown that proper use of overhead reducing mechanisms and proper scheduling can make an order of magnitude difference in performance. This capacity evaluation method can also be used for validation of simulation models.
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