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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 18026 matches for " Abd. Razak Bin Zakaria "
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The Closer Bridge towards Islamic Studies in Higher Education in Malaysia and Indonesia  [PDF]
Abd. Rachman Assegaf, Abd. Razak Bin Zakaria, Abdul Muhsein Sulaiman
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.326149
Abstract: The transformations of Islamic higher education in Indonesia have occurred since the establishment of STI to PTAIN, then IAIN and UIN. It has tremendous impact on the implementation of models of Islamic studies. At early stage of development, Islamic higher education in this country tends to follow a normative-idealistic approach of Islamic studies due to the huge influences of many Middle Eastern graduates. However, changes of Islamic studies approach come to exist when the Western graduates bring non-scriptualistic methodologies and multidisciplinary approach in Islamic studies. If compared to Malaysia, the two poles of Eastern or Western and Islamic or non-Islamic higher education types have been integrated with the paradigm of Islamization of knowledge. Recent development indicates that Malaysian and Indonesian universities have intensified their mutual cooperation through U to U or G to G Memorandum of Understanding. There are several ways of encounters, namely teacher (or lecturer) and student exchanges, literature line, bilateral cooperation, and informal factors. With the closer link between the two people of these countries, the bonds between Islamic studies connecting the two countries have become closer.
Inclusive Pedagogy Literacy among Academic Community at Institute of Teacher Education, Kuala Lumpur  [PDF]
Munira Mohsin, Abd Razak Zakaria
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.52011
Abstract: This study aimed to explore Inclusive Pedagogy Literacy among the academic community at the Institute of Teacher Education (Institut Pendidikan Guru). The focus of the study is the application of Inclusive Pedagogy in teaching and learning in the classroom. The samples were chosen among the lecturers at the Institute of Teacher Education through purposive sampling based on their involvement in their major teaching specialization for the subject of special education, language specialization, music studies, physical education and sports science, Islamic education and visual arts education. Qualitative methods involving interview techniques, observation and reflection of teaching have been fully utilized in data collection. Data were analyzed by inductively to get the theme in line with the objectives of the study. The findings showed that the elements such as the ability of students, provision of equal learning opportunities, the active involvement of students, and the diversity of students’ capability are the themes to taking into account by the respondents. Implications of the findings of the study suggest that the inclusive pedagogy literacy among the academic community is in a position to provide added value to students’ knowledge. Awareness of inclusive pedagogy will help in preparing students as a novice teacher to be able to formulate a coherent activity based on clinical experience and effective teaching.
Stress and Depression, Low Religiosity, Social Injustice and Insufficient Rehabilitation Outcomes as Predictors of Frequent Relapse in Drug Dependence  [PDF]
Lee Ching Yin, Abd Razak Zakaria
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.411016
This study was executed to identify stress and depression, low religiosity, social injustice and insufficient rehabilitation outcomes as predictors of frequent relapse in drug dependence among drug addicts in Malaysia. 240 samples were randomly selected from the Cure and Care Rehabilitation in the Serendah district to participate in the survey. The questionnaire was designed to collect information about the participants’ demographics including frequency of relapse in drug dependence and the regularity of perceived stress and depression, low religiosity, social injustice and insufficient rehabilitation outcome after being released from detention. The finding shows a combination of stress and depression, insufficient rehabilitation outcome and social injustice increases 2.57 times of the chance of frequent relapse in drug dependence.
Future Projection on Patriotism among School Students Using Delphi Technique  [PDF]
Saedah Siraj, Abd. Razak Zakaria, Norlidah Alias, Dorothy Dewitt, Ponnei Kannan, Jeyanthy Ganapathy
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.326158
Abstract: To date, past studies on projection of future education in Malaysia show that patriotism of the local secondary school students (in short, students) is yet to be conducted but currently studies are conducted on technology applications on both local curriculum content and teaching and learning, future curriculum of the local secondary school, future agro-science subject, and future moral of the Malaysian students. Benefiting from Delphi technique of Abraham Kaplan, this study attempts to see what the experts’ projections are on students’ spirit of patriotism in Malaysia, the impacts of spirit of patriotism on students’ culture developments and curriculum implementation in the nation.
Metaphors Used by Malaysian Teachers-in-Training: Implications for Language Teacher Education  [PDF]
Zuwati Hasim, Tunku Mohani Tunku Mohtar, Roger Barnard, Abd Razak Zakaria
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.49B015

Over the past 20 years, there has been increasing interest in exploring what language teachers believe (Borg, 2006). Often these beliefs are expressed in terms of metaphors (Richards, 1998; Woodward, 1991), but there has been little recent research connecting the two strands. The present study is based on the personal reflections of a group of 72 trainee teachers in a Malaysian University after a three-month practicum in local high schools. In these reflections, as well as currently fashionable constructs such as facilitator and motivator, these students often described their perceptions of the role of the language teacher using various metaphors. The wide range of metaphors volunteered by these trainee teachers were coded into various categories, such as terms relating to facilitating, mentorship, entertaining and kinship. This presentation will discuss a number of these, and also quote some of the trainees’ comments in support of their chosen metaphor, which thereby revealstheir underlying beliefs about teaching and learning. Relating their professional activity to other roles illuminates not only what teachers themselves believe, but also reinvigorates notions of (language) teaching itself. One of the implications of this study is that teacher educators, both in the specific setting and in relatable contexts elsewhere, can incorporate such metaphors into their programmes and in this way reimagine, refine and redefine the role of the language teacher for the benefit of their students, and themselves.

Ang Ling Weay,Abd Hadi Bin Abd Razak
International Journal of New Computer Architectures and their Applications , 2011,
Abstract: Evolution of communication technologies at present gives impetus to researchers and practitioners by simply put the computer-mediated communication tools on their telementoring application without really understand its potential benefits. This causes several issues and challenges confronting existing telementoring program which are: (a) miscommunication due to lack of nonverbal cues, (b) the need of competency in written communication and technical skills, and (c) document recording, retrieving and reviewing. Thus, in this paper, the focus is the design and development of Online Instructional Consultation (OICon) system for student and lecturers of higher education institutions. Hybrid modes of synchronous and asynchronous communication that provide nonverbal and verbal cues are incorporated in Online Instructional Consultation (OICon) system to compensate the identified issues and challenges. We also focus on recording, retrieving and reviewing of recorded consultation document and management is also emphasized. The multimedia communication components from e-consultation model of financial and telemedicine context are adapted. The general structure, modules of OICON system, multimedia communication components, and communication server are illustrated and the potential benefits of OICon system are presented.
Differentiation Strategies of Internet Retailing (Unique, Value and Return): A Focused Web Evaluation into Airline Service Provider
Mohd Zulkeflee Bin Abd Razak,Azleen Ilias,Rahida Abdul Rahman
International Business Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v2n2p40
Abstract: Differentiation is defined as the process of adding a set of meaningful and valued differences to distinguish the company’s offering from competitors’ offerings (Kotler, 2003, p. 315). Karl Cluck of Razorfish, recommends that “online marketers must enhance the user’s online experience in order to entice potential customers to buy” (“New York E-Commerce,” 2000, p. 1). A company can differentiate itself by creating a unique customer experience such as superior customer service and in turn, brand the experience. Through experience branding, ‘firms can greatly improve their ability to retain customers, target key customers segments and enhance network profitability’ (Vincent, 2000, p.25). The internet interactivity allows companies to respond more quickly to customer requests. Moreover, the ever-increasing speed of the Internet allows companies to communicate more quickly with current and potential customers, which is essential to retaining current customers and attracting new ones. The main purpose of the case study is to review and evaluate AirAsia’s website by applying Seven Unique Differentiation Strategies to Online Businesses (site environment/ atmospherics, making the intangible tangible, building trust, efficiency and timely order processing, pricing, CRM and enhancing the experience). In this study, qualitative data from AirAsia website was analyzed and discussed through proposed concise list of Seven Unique Differentiation Strategies to Online Businesses by Strauss and Frost, 2006. The study is expected to improve the differentiation of organization’s image and service information availability and accessibility on the Web in future. Finally, Researches agree to look into further the changes that should be made to enhance the Air Asia website evaluations and that changes are pertaining to virtual tours, appealing the 3-D images, immediate customer response and better “On Time Acknowledgement” for AirAsia CRM.
Zarina Binti Zakaria,Suhana Binti Zakaria,Abd Hamid Bin Khalid,Mohd Azlan Bin Mohd Ishak
BIOTROPIA : the Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Biology , 2010,
Abstract: The objectives of the present work were to study the capability of pomelo's floral tissues to produce callus and to investigate the influence of plant growth regulators on callus induction and development. Various parts of flower namely petal, sepal, style, ovary, pistil and cup base were cultured onto Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium supplemented with different levels of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 6-Furfurylaminopurine (kinetin). It was found that different parts of flowers favored different levels of hormone for callus induction. The highest formation of callus were obtained from petal and sepal cultured on MS media supplemented with 1.5 mg/l kinetin. A 50 ± 2.3%explants from style and pistil had initiated callus when cultured on MS media supplemented with 0.05 mg/l and 0.10 mg/l BAP, respectively. On the other hand, sucrose agar (SA) media alone had managed to induce callus formation from almost every part of the flowers with a success rate between 7.69 ± 0.32 to 50 ± 3.18%. The uncut part of flowers initiated high percentage of callus (14.6 ± 0.35%) as shown in the study on petal.
Set Semiterbuka dan Semitertutup Kabur
Abu Osman bin Md. Tap,Izzah bte Abdullah,Abd. Razak bin Salleh
Matematika , 1992,
Abstract: Sifat semiterbuka dan semitertutup kabur dikaji untuk mengisi kekosongan yang belum diliputi oleh pengkaji lain setakat ini. Selanjutnya titik semitumpukan kabur ditakrifkan dan sifatnya dikaji.
Mutagenic Potential of Medicinal Polyherbal Preparations  [PDF]
Mohd Fuat Abd Razak
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2019.711002
Abstract: Extracts of twelve medicinal polyherbal preparations in powder form sold at retail shops were tested for mutagenicity using Ames in vitro test. Five of the polyherbal preparations were found to be mutagenic (p ≤ 0.05) at 250 μg/ml. Two mutagenic preparations comprised of traditionally used medicinal plants with no mutagenicity property being reported. However, one polyherbal preparation which contained one mutagenic plant was found not mutagenic. Under the conditions of this study, it can be concluded that some polyherbal preparations were potentially mutagenic and mutagenicity of polyherbal preparation cannot always be deduced from the mutagenicity status of each individual plant components of the polyherbal preparations.
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