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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1658 matches for " AO Sekoni "
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Sexually transmitted infections: Prevalence, knowledge and treatment practices among female sex workers in a cosmopolitan city in Nigeria
AO Sekoni, OO Odukoya, AT Onajole, KA Odeyemi
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2013,
Abstract: Sexually transmitted infections constitute economic burden for developing countries, exposure to causative agents is an occupational hazard for female sex workers. Targeted interventions for this population can reduce the incidence and prevalence of sexually transmitted infections including human immunodeficiency virus, but barriers exists which can hinder effective implementation of such programs. This descriptive cross sectional study sought to assess the prevalence, knowledge and treatment practices of sexually transmitted infections among brothel based female sex workers Three hundred and twenty three consenting female sex workers were surveyed using pre tested, interviewer administered questionnaires. More than half of the respondents (54.2%) had poor knowledge of symptoms of sexually transmitted infections. Only 13.9% were aware that sexually transmitted infections could be asymptomatic. The self reported prevalence of symptomatic sexually transmitted infections was 36.5%. About half of those with sexually transmitted infectionss sought treatment in a hospital or health centre while 32.5% from a patent medicine vendor. Most respondents (53.8%) mentioned the perceived quality of care as the main reason for seeking treatment in their chosen place. More of the respondents with good knowledge of sexually transmitted infections reported symptoms compared to those with fair and poor knowledge. The knowledge of sexually transmitted infections among these female sex workers is poor and the prevalence is relatively high. Efforts to improve knowledge promote and encourage preventive as well as effective treatment practices must be made for this population. Résumé Les infections sexuellement transmissibles constituent un fardeau économique pour les pays en développement et l'exposition aux agents pathogènes est un risque professionnel pour les prostituées. Les interventions qui visent cette population peuvent réduire l'incidence et la prévalence des infections sexuellement transmissibles, y compris le virus de l'immunodéficience humaine, mais il existe des obstacles qui peuvent entraver la mise en oeuvre effective de ces programmes. Cette étude descriptive transversale a cherché à évaluer les pratiques de la prévalence, la connaissance et le traitement des infections sexuellement transmissibles chez les prostituées qui pratiquent leur métier dans des bordels. Trois cent vingt-trois prostituées consentants ont été interrogées à l'aide des questionnaires déjà testés et administrés par l’intervieweur. Plus de la moitié des interviewées (54,2%) avaient une mauvaise connaissance des sympt mes des infections sexuellement transmissibles. Seulement 13,9% étaient au courant que les infections sexuellement transmissibles peuvent être asymptomatiques. La prévalence des sympt mes d'infections sexuellement transmissibles auto signalés était de 36,5%. Environ la moitié de ceux qui sont atteints des infections sexuellement transmissibles ont recherché un traitement
Access to information technology and willingness to receive text message reminders for childhood immunisation among mothers attending a tertiary facility in Lagos, Nigeria
MR Balogun, AO Sekoni, IP Okafor, OO Odukoya, SS Ezeiru, BE Ogunnowo, PC Campbell
South African Journal of Child Health , 2012,
Abstract: Background. Effective communication is imperative for the delivery and receipt of adequate health care services. Aim. To determine access to information technology and willingness to receive short message service (SMS) text message reminders for childhood immunisation services among mothers in Lagos, Nigeria. Method. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, interviews using structured questionnaires were conducted with 399 mothers of children aged <5 years who brought their children to attend the immuno-prophylaxis and child welfare clinic of Lagos University Teaching Hospital during July and August 2011. Results. The age of the respondents ranged from 16 to 51 years with a mean of 31.1±4.7 years. Almost all (98%) were current owners of mobile phones, 68% had computer access, 66% were current users of the Internet though most used it occasionally and 65% had e-mail addresses. About three-quarters (77%) were willing to receive future SMS reminders about childhood immunisations although 67% preferred telephonic reminders to SMS and only 53% were willing to pay for the reminders. Respondents who were currently married and had at least a post-secondary education were more willing to receive SMS reminders. Conclusion. The mothers had better access to mobile phones than the Internet and were willing to receive SMS immunisation reminders. Future intervention strategies should explore payment mechanisms for SMS reminders, as there is an unwillingness to bear the cost by the respondents.
The Impact of Cross-Cultural Communication on Foreign Managers’ Leadership Style in China-Based International Organization  [PDF]
Ying Ao
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.49010
Abstract: In order to make a clear identification about which leadership style can be appropriate and effective for foreign leaders in China, a specific focus has put on the Chinese natives’ cultural values and its influence on foreign manager’s leadership styles. Six foreign leaders from two China-based international organizations in Chengdu and Shen-zhen were interviewed on several issues, including decision-making, conflict management and work distribution. A qualitative analysis has been conducted through theme categorization which responds that transformational leadership style can be effective and appropriate for foreign leaders to strengthen their relationship with Chinese employees.
On Practice of the Effect of Systematic Family Nursing Guidance on the Quality of Life of Elderly Patients with Implanted Cardiac Pacemaker  [PDF]
Xin Ao
Yangtze Medicine (YM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ym.2018.23018
Abstract: Objective: To inquire into the effect of systematic family nursing guidance on improving the Quality of Life for elderly patients with implanted cardiac pacemaker. Methods: 41 elderly patients in accordance with the corresponding requirements were studied after offering systematic family nursing guidance and surveyed through the questionnaires about the QOL (quality of life) respectively 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after leaving hospital. Results: Compared with that of 1 month and 3 months after the operation, the questionnaire scores for 6 months after the operation were found to have significant improvement, and the differences were statistically significant. Conclusion: Systematic family nursing guidance can effectively improve the QOL for elderly patients with implanted cardiac pacemaker, which makes them spend their old age in comfort and happiness.
Differential Evolution Using Opposite Point for Global Numerical Optimization  [PDF]
Youyun Ao, Hongqin Chi
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications (JILSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jilsa.2012.41001
Abstract: The Differential Evolution (DE) algorithm is arguably one of the most powerful stochastic optimization algorithms, which has been widely applied in various fields. Global numerical optimization is a very important and extremely dif-ficult task in optimization domain, and it is also a great need for many practical applications. This paper proposes an opposition-based DE algorithm for global numerical optimization, which is called GNO2DE. In GNO2DE, firstly, the opposite point method is employed to utilize the existing search space to improve the convergence speed. Secondly, two candidate DE strategies “DE/rand/1/bin” and “DE/current to best/2/bin” are randomly chosen to make the most of their respective advantages to enhance the search ability. In order to reduce the number of control parameters, this algorithm uses an adaptive crossover rate dynamically tuned during the evolutionary process. Finally, it is validated on a set of benchmark test functions for global numerical optimization. Compared with several existing algorithms, the performance of GNO2DE is superior to or not worse than that of these algorithms in terms of final accuracy, convergence speed, and robustness. In addition, we also especially compare the opposition-based DE algorithm with the DE algorithm without using the opposite point method, and the DE algorithm using “DE/rand/1/bin” or “DE/current to best/2/bin”, respectively.
Evaluation of Clinical Efficacy on Acute Pancreatitis Treated with Combination of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine: A Meta-Analysis  [PDF]
Jixiang Ao, Hui Long
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2018.94022
Abstract: Objective: Meta-analysis was conducted to assess whether combination of traditional Chinese and western medicine could enhance clinical outcomes compared to single western medicine in the treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP). Methods: This systematic review will include prospective and retrospective comparative studies in all languages and evaluate the clinical efficacy of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine versus single western medicine in treatment AP. Animal studies will not be considered. Published articles were acquired from Jan. 2001 to Dec. 2017 by a comprehensive search in Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database (CNKI), Chinese WANFANG database. Exclusion criteria were non-comparative studies, hybrid treatment. The main points include clinical efficacy; carefully evaluating and reviewing the literature and filtering the literature according to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Statistical analyses were performed using software Review Manager (Version 5.0). Publication biases of main results were examined by Stata 12.0. Results: 1262 cases of 1342 cases were effective and the effective rate reaches 94.04% in the group of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine, while 949 cases of 1223 cases were effective and its effective rate can be up to 77.60% in the group of single western medicine (P > 0.05%, I2 = 0%, Odds Ratio (OR) = 4.98, 95% CI = 3. 79 - 6.54, P < 0.01.). Conclusion: These results suggest that the therapeutic effects of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine on AP are better in treatment of AP than that of western medicine alone.
Nutrient Retention and Haematological Indices of Broiler Starters Fed Lablab Seed Meal as the Source of Protein
YA Bashar, HM Tukur, AA Sekoni, WA Hassan
Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Studies were carried out to determine the effect of feeding diets containing lablab seed meal (LSM) to replace groundnut cake (GNC) or full fat soya (FFS) as the major source of protein on nutrient retention and haematological parameters of broilers at the starter phase. Apparent crude protein, crude fibre and ether extract retentions (%) were highest (P<0.05) for broiler starters fed the LSM diet, while the retention of ash was similar (P>0.05) between those fed LSM and FFS diets, but significantly lower (P<0.05) for those fed the GNC diet. The retentions (%) of nitrogen free extract, calcium and phosphorus were highest (P<0.05) for starters fed LSM, while those fed FFS had values that were similar (P>0.05) to birds fed LSM or GNC. Most of the haematological parameters measured were similar amongst the treatments, except that packed cell volume (PCV) (%) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) (fl) were significantly lower (P<0.05) for broiler starters fed the GNC diet, while mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) (%) and Neutrophiles (%) were lowest (P<0.05) for those fed the LSM diet. All values were however within the normal ranges for healthy broiler starters. The results indicated that LSM can replace GNC and FFS in the diets of broilers at the starter phase, without compromising performance.
Results of Novidium (Homidium chloride) Chemotherapy on the Effects of [r Trypanosoma vivax Infection on Pregnancy and Reproduction in Yankasa (YK) and West African Dwarf [WAD] Ewes
E.K. Bawa,V.O. Sekoni
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: The objective of the study was to investigate the results of Novidium (Homidium chloride) (R) chemotherapy on the effects of Trypanosoma. vivax infection on pregnancy and reproduction in Yankasa (YK) and West African Dwarf (WAD) ewes, infected in their first, second and third trimester of pregnancy. Three groups of ewes, made up of six pregnant YK and six pregnant WAD ewes each, were assigned at random to first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy. A fourth group of three pregnant YK and three pregnant WAD ewes formed the controls for the study. The experimental ewes in the first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy, were infected by jugular vene-puncture with 2.0 mLof blood, containing 2x10 Trypanosoma vivax 6 on day 23, 52 and 102 of pregnancy respectively. The control ewes were not infected. Fourteen days post infection (pi), the experimental ewes in each trimester, were divided into two groups of 3 pregnant YK and 3 pregnant WAD ewes in each group. One group was treated with Novidium at 1.0 mg kgG body weight, while (R) 1 the other group remained untreated. Of the 3 YK and 3 WAD ewes in the treated and untreated groups in each trimester of pregnancy, 1 YK and 1 WAD ewe each from the second groups, were killed humanely at 21days pi and at the end of the first and second trimester of pregnancy. The results of the study showed that the infected YK and WAD ewes were susceptible to trypanosomosis. Very low foetal weights, partial and almost complete foetal resorption, abortions and mortality were observed in the infected-untreated YK ewes. While abortions of autolyzed foetuses, abortion of a live foetus and a case of dystocia were observed in the infected-treated YK ewes. Embryonic mortality and abortions were observed in the infected untreated WAD ewes, while delivery of healthy lambs and resumption of normal oestrus was observed in the infected-treated WAD ewes. The non-infected YK and WAD control ewes had normal gestation and delivery of lambs Chemotherapy completely ameliorated the pathogenic effects of T. vivax infection on pregnancy and gestation in the WAD ewes, leading to delivery of healthy lambs and resumption of normal oestrus and reproduction, in contrast to the YK ewes. The breed of ewe influenced the results of Novidium chemotherapy on the effects of T. vivax (R) infection on pregnancy and reproduction.
Stigma, medication adherence and coping mechanism among people living with HIV attending General Hospital, Lagos Island, Nigeria
Adekemi O. Sekoni,Obinna R. Obidike,Mobolanle R. Balogun
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: Background: People living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) experience some form of stigma which could lead to poor medication adherence.Objectives: This study assessed the various domains of stigma experienced by PLWHAs attending an HIV clinic at General Hospital, Lagos Island, their medication adherence patterns and their coping mechanisms for ensuring adherence to antiretroviral therapy.Method: A cross-sectional study design with a sample size of 200 was used. Respondents were selected using systematic random sampling. Interviewers administered structured questionnaires were used to collect information on the domains of stigma. Data was analysedusing EPI info . This was followed by a focus group discussion (FGD) with seven participants at the clinic using an interview guide with open-ended questions.Results: Overall, stigma was experienced by 35% of the respondents. Within this group, 6.6%, 37.1%, 43.1% and 98.0% of the respondents reported experiencing negative self image stigma, personalised stigma, disclosure stigma and public attitude stigma respectively. Almost 90% of the respondents were adherent. The FGD revealed that disclosure was usually confined to family members and the coping mechanism for achieving adherence was to put antiretroviral (ARVs) in unlabelled pill boxes.Conclusion: This study found that stigma was low and that the most common domain of stigma experienced was public attitude stigma. Medication adherence of respondents was good as a result of the coping mechanism, which involves putting ARVs in unlabelled pill boxes.
Capitalism, Globalisation and the Underdevelopment Process in Africa: History in Perpetuity
AO Olutayo, AO Omobowale
Africa Development , 2007,
Abstract: Since the incorporation of the Third World nations into the world capitalist system, the underdevelopment process seems to have commenced through the use of liberal economic principles. In spite of the obvious pauperisation of these nations, it seems as if there is no alternative even when indigenous governments are in control of affairs. This paper attempts to show why the underdevelopment process has persisted with capitalism entrenched in the garb of globalisation. It suggests that the way out is for the developing world to control and own their means of survival without which the underdevelopment process shall continue. Of utmost significance however is the need to control the intellectual domain.
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