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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3580 matches for " AM Baiyeroju "
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Blepharoptosis in Ibadan, Nigeria
AM Baiyeroju, OM Oluwatosin
West African Journal of Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: Objective: To look into the cases of blepharoptosis in our environment as well as find out the causes and effects of the ptosis. Design: Prospective clinic study and prospective cluster sampling method of school children. Setting: University College Hospital, Ibadan and 3 schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. Subject: Over a 5 year period, all patients who presented with blepharoptosis at the University College Hospital were recruited for the study. During the same period, a school survey was also done to find out the prevalence of blepharoptosis among school children. Results: Twenty five cases of blepharoptosis were found during the 5 year period. Fifty two percent of the patients were found to be less than 16 years of age while only 8% were over 50 years of age. There was a 1:1 male to female ratio with majority of them (68%) having only one eye affected. The most common cause of blepharoptosis was found to be congenital, accounting for 56% of the patients. The prevalence in the school survey was found to be 1.2% higher than the incidence of 0.5% found in the eye clinic. Conclusion: Blepharoptosis is not an uncommon ocular problem. A detailed assessment of the cause, amount of ptosis and levator functions helps to determine the most appropriate surgical technique which would give the best functional and cosmetic result
Demographic and clinical profile of patients with juvenile onset open angle glaucoma in southwestern Nigeria
O Komolafe, O Olawoye, O Fafowora, A Ashaye, AM Baiyeroju
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2011,
Abstract: Background: This was a non-comparative, retrospective review of patients diagnosed with juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG) in the eye clinic of a tertiary hospital in southwestern Nigeria. Objective: To document the demographic characteristics, clinical features and treatment outcome of the patients diagnosed with JOAG. Materials and Methods: Data were extracted from the clinical record of patients diagnosed with JOAG in the eye clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, between January 2001 and December 2005. Such data included the basic demographic data, the clinical characteristic of the patients and the outcome of their treatment. Results: Twenty-nine patients were reviewed, which represents 3.4% of all newly diagnosed glaucoma patients seen in the out-patient section of the eye clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, over the period reviewed. Eight (27.6%) patients were aged 20 years and below. The mean age was 25.1 ± SD 6.0 years. Eighteen (62.1%) had visual acuity of 6/18 or worse in the better eye at the time of presentation. The mean intraocular pressure (IOP) of the patients at presentation was 32.3 ± SD 15.2 mmHg. Eight (27.6%) patients defaulted within 6 months of presentation. The mean IOP for the 21 patients who were followed up on treatment for a mean period of 9.6 months was 17.0 ± SD 6.0 mmHg. Conclusion: Most patients with JOAG in this review presented with advanced form of the disease. Early detection through parent-driven school eye health program and community-based case detection could help in reducing the scourge arising from JOAG among our population.
Risk factors for road traffic accidents among drivers of public institutions in Ibadan, Nigeria
CO Bekibele, OI Fawole, AE Bamgboye, LV Adekunle, R Ajav, AM Baiyeroju
African Journal of Health Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Recent studies have shown an increase in the rate of road traffic accident (RTA). Identifying the risk factors for this problem may provide a clue to possible effective intervention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for self reported RTA among drivers of educational institutions and make suggestions to promote safer driving. A cross sectional population study of motor vehicle drivers from the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan was undertaken between December 2003 and January 2004. The study comprised of 99 motor vehicle drivers. 67 (67.7%) were from the College of Medicine, and 32 (32.3%) from the UCH. Response rate was 97.1%. All were males, aged 38 to 60 years, mean 50.1 + (SD= 4.8 years). The prevalence of self reported RTA was 16.2%. The cause of road traffic accidents included, mechanical fault (50%), bad road (12.5%). RTA prevalence was higher among older drivers (OR=1.7, 95%CI=0.5-5.9; P>0,05), drivers who had part time jobs (Odds ratio 2.6, 95% CI 1.1-6.3; X2 =4.5, P=0.03), and drivers with visual impairment (OR=1.6, 95% CI=0-9, X2 0.49, P > 0.05). The prevalence of RTA was lower amongst drivers who did not take alcohol, cola nut and other CNS stimulants while driving (OR 0.9, 95% CI=0.3-2.3, P >0.05). Regular maintenance of official vehicles and examination of drivers\' eyes are recommended. Drivers should be discouraged from drugs and part jobs so as to ensure that they have enough time to rest and therefore prevent fatigue related RTA. African Journal of Health Sciences Vol. 14 (3-4) 2007: pp. 137-142
Patency of the Ductus Arteriosus in Newborns: Experience in a Special Care Baby Unit
SI Omokhodion, AM Baiyeroju-Agbeja, VO Adegboye, A Adeyemo, IA Lagunju
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2001,
Abstract: A prospective cohort study of infants admitted into the Special Care Baby Unit, University College Hospital, Ibadan, has revealed a 24.5 per cent prevalence of patency of the ductus arteriosus (PDA) among 97 infants, who were admitted over a six-month period. The major factor predisposing to PDA was prematurity (p=0.014). A higher incidence of PDA (35 per cent) was found among the preterm infants, and of these preterm infants, the very low birth weight (VLBW) infants were found to be more highly susceptible to PDA (p = 0.028). The mean birth weight of the preterm infants who developed PDA in the study was 1447g, while that of those preterm infants without PDA was 1835g. There was no relationship between the sex of the infants and the development of PDA. A strong association was however, found between respiratory distress and PDA (p<0.001). Nine of the hospital mortalities recorded occurred in the preterm infants and more than half of them (55.5 per cent) had PDA. Thus, prematurity is a risk factor for PDA and the presence of a PDA appears to increase the risk for mortality for such infants. Evidence for PDA should be sought in all premature infants and prompt and aggressive management of those infants who show signs of decompensation from PDA is recommended to reduce mortality from this disease. Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics 2001; 29:61. pp. 61-67
Tear function and abnormalities of ocular surface: Relationship with subjective symptoms of dry eye in Ibadan, Nigeria
Bekibele C,Baiyeroju A,Ajaiyeoba AI,Akang EEU
Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the relationship between tear function and ocular surface abnormalities with subjective symptoms of dry eye. Methods: Patients with various ocular irritation symptoms suggestive of dry eye were examined for tear break up time (TBUT), Schirmer′s test 1, and Rose Bengal staining pattern. They were compared with a group of asymptomatic healthy subjects. Results: There were 63 subjects, mean age 43.8 years (+/-14.7 years) with various complaints of dryness presenting as having irritation or foreign body sensation. A group of 17 asymptomatic subjects, mean age 42.1 years (+/-12.7 years) were studied as controls. There were 22 (34. 9 %) males and 41(65.1%) females in the symptomatic group while the control group had 4 (23.5%) males and 13(76.5%) females. Ocular irritations included itching 38(60.3%), pricking and itching 10 (15.9%). Mean Shirmer′s test values were lower for symptomatic subjects (mean 14.5mm +/-12.3 right eye; 14.9mm +/-12.4 left eye), compared to the controls (23.0mm +/-13.4 right eye; 17. 9mm +/-13.4 left eye) P=0.02, for right eye and 0.4 for left. The mean TBUT were also lower amongst the symptomatic subjects (10.5 seconds, right eye and 10.1 seconds left eye), while for controls mean TBUT was 12.7 seconds right eye and 12.1 seconds left eye (P=0.2). Fifty -six out of 126 (46.8%) eyes of all symptomatic subjects compared to 7 out of 34 (20.6%) eyes of asymptomatic subjects had positive staining of conjunctiva with rose Bengal (p=0.06). For subjects with itching as the primary symptom 44.7% of them as opposed to 23.5% of the controls were likely to stain positive with rose Bengal, (sensitivity of itching as screening tool for dry eye was 81% , specificity 38.2%). Itching and pricking sensation together (sensitivity 46.2% and specificity improved to 65%). Rose Bengal grades were also inversely correlated with mean Schirmers values (Pearson correlation -0.429; P = 0.001) and TBUT (Pearson correlation -0.316, P=0.005). Conclusion: Itching and other ocular irritation symptoms may be indicative of underlying abnormal tear function and ocular surface damage, their presence calls for further examination for tear deficiency and prompt institution of treatment for dry eye.
Managing eye health in young children
Aderonke Baiyeroju,Richard Bowman,Clare Gilbert,David Taylor
Community Eye Health Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Children are brought to us with a range of conditions, usually when their parents or carers notice something is wrong. This article focuses on the more challenging complaints in babies and young children, who are the most difficult to assess. This is not an exhaustive list of presenting complaints or examination techniques, but it will give a starting point.
Hunter syndrome: Case report and review of literature
A Ogunbiyi, A O Adeyinka, S O Ogah, A M Baiyeroju
West African Journal of Medicine , 2006,
Abstract:
Focal dermal hypoplasia: a case report and review of literature
AO Ogunbiyi, IO Adewole, O Ogunleye, JO Ogunbiyi, OO Ogunseinde, A. Baiyeroju-Agbeja
West African Journal of Medicine , 2003,
Abstract: A 14 year old girl was seen in the clinic with a huge vulvar wart, and warts on both tonsils. She also had poikiloderma. She had bony abnormalities, which included lobster claw abnormality of the right foot, a right cervical rib, and the right clavicle was lower than the left. There were fine parallel vertical radio-opaque lines in the distal femoral tibial metaphyses bilaterally (osteopathia striata). A diagnosis of Focal dermal hypoplasia was made. The huge vulvar wart and the warts on the tonsils were excised. She recovered promptly and she was discharged home.
Experimental evaluation of beef breed utilization strategies
AM Carter
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1980, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-12-1-117a
Abstract:
Valoración del consumo de masas orgánicas durante la actividad deportiva
Witriw,AM;
Diaeta , 2011,
Abstract: the evaluation of organic mass consumption and energy expenditure incurred during certain events was carried out by applying the balance method designed by newburgh lh and modified by gilder h. this method is proposed to be applied in individual sporting events such as marathons, cycling and tennis. the method has been validated by means of indirect calorimetry. the formulas are detailed in excel format.
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