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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 537457 matches for " A.O Babalola "
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Proximate Composition and Mineral Profile of Snail Meat from Different Breeds of Land Snail in Nigeria
O.O. Babalola,A.O. Akinsoyinu
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Four different breeds of snail, Archachatina Marginata (AM), Achatina Achatina (AA), Achatina Fulica (AF) and Limicolaria species (LM) were analyzed for proximate composition and mineral profile of the snail flesh (foot or edible potion). Proximate analysis of the snail flesh revealed that moisture was highest in LM (84.91%) and least in AM (73.67%). The crude protein contents of the breeds were significantly different from one another (p<0.05). The values ranged from 19.53% for AM to 5.86% for LM. The ash and ether extract of AM and AA were significantly higher (p<0.05) than that of AF, while LM had the least. AF had the highest Nitrogen Free Extract (NFE) while the least was observed in AM. The NFE and ether extract (fat) contents were generally low. The result of the mineral profile showed that AM recorded highest value (mg/100 g) in Calcium (126.40), Iron (2.29), Phosphorous (22.91), Magnesium (25.01) and Copper (1.03) while LM had the least values of 36.20, 0.72, 8.98, 5.28 and 0.29 respectively. These values across breeds for all the minerals analyzed were significantly different (p<0.05) from one another with the following trend AM>AA>AF>LM. There was no detection of lead and mercury in any of the samples. The result of the study showed that the African giant land snail, Archachatina marginata, apart from having size advantage is the favoured breed based on its nutritional superiority.
Proximate, Mineral and Biochemical Evaluation of the Haemolymph of Growing Snails Fed Fresh Lettuce Waste, Whole Lettuce, Pawpaw Leaves and Cabbage Waste
O.O. Babalola,A.O. Akinsoyinu
Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Disease states in experimental animals are usually accompanied by biochemical alterations. Thus a good working knowledge of reference values of some biochemical constituent of the haemolymph of snails (Archachatina marginata) is needed as reference point for future researchers on snail. It is also necessary to determine whether these values could be influenced by diets. Thirty six experimental snails of mean weight of 125.64±2.35g were randomly distributed into 4 dietary treatments of Pawpaw Leaves (PL), Whole Lettuce (WL), Lettuce Wastes (LW) and Cabbage Wastes (CW). Nine snails were used as control animals to determine the reference values. They were fed ad libitum for 60 days. Parameters determined were, proximate composition, mineral profile, total protein, albumin, globulin, albumin:globulin, alanine amino transferase (ALT) and aspartate amino transferase. There was significant (p<0.05) reduction in crude protein of haemolymph from 24.14 to 21.20% for snails fed LW. The increase in ash from 0.79 to 0.84 in snails fed LW was significant. There were significant increases in all the minerals analyzed in all the treatment groups with Calcium recording the highest concentration of 170 mg/mL. There was also significant (p<0.05) decrease in albumin and albumin:globulin when snails were fed the experimental diets. Values obtained for the enzymes, ALT and AST between treatments were similar. The study established that the feedstuffs were safe for their consumption and could not lead to any tissue damage. Values of 165 unit/l for AST, 11 units/l for ALT, total protein, 7.1 g/dl, globulin, 3.9 g/dl, albumin, 3.2 g/dl, and albumin:globulin, 0.82 could serve as reference values.
Chemical and Organoleptic Characterization of Pawpaw and Guava Leathers
O.A. Ashaye,S.O. Babalola,A.O. Babalola,J.O. Aina
World Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: An investigation was carried out to evaluate the chemical and organoleptic properties of pawpaw and guava leathers. Guava leather was significantly higher in protein (2.67%) and fat (1.37%) than other samples. There was no significance difference in the crude fibre of pawpaw (2.4%) and guava (2.67%) leathers. This was also observed in the ash contents with pawpaw leather having (2.67%) and guava leather (2.87%). Guava leather is significantly higher in fruitiness smell and overall acceptability. Guava leather showed better compositional attributes.
Compositional Attributes of the Calyces of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)
S.O. Babalola, A.O Babalola, O.C. Aworh
Journal of Food Technology in Africa , 2001,
Abstract: In this study, chemical and mineral composition of the calyces of green, red and dark red roselle were evaluated. There was no significant difference in crude protein of green (17.9%) and red (17.4%) coloured roselle calyces. Crude fibre (11.2%), ascorbic acid (86.5mg/100g) and sodium (9.5mg/100g) contents of green coloured calyx were significantly higher than other calyx samples. However, dark red calyx was significantly higher in ash (6.8%) and potassium (2320mg/100g) contents than the other two calyces. Also, there was no significant differences in calcium, magnesium and zinc contents of red and dark red coloured roselle calyces at P Roselle calyces appeared to be cheap source of vegetable protein, fat and minerals therefore its consumption should be encouraged. The Journal of Food Technology in Africa Volume 6 No.4, 2001, pp. 133-134 KEY WORDS: Roselle calyces, chemical analysis.
Numerical Computations to Produce Cokeable Coal Blends at The Ajaokuta Steel Plant, Nigeria  [PDF]
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2007, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2007.62010
Abstract: A mathematical model and its associated numerical search algorithm has been developed for routine coal blending to include local coals for cokemaking at the Nigerian blast furnace-based Ajaokuta Steel Plant. A typical binary blend proposed using the model includes 28.38% and 29.00% of the ash- laden Lafia and non-caking Okaba coals, respectively. The proposed blends satisfy basic chemical and mechanical strength requirements at the lowest cost per ton of coal. The blending calculations showed that only low ash, low sulphur, medium volatile and high vitrinite reflectance prime grade coals such as the UK Ogmore should be imported for blending with the ash-laden medium coking Lafia coal. When the proposed blends are successfully confirmed with bench and pilot scale carbonization tests, cokemaking at Ajaokuta will be conducted with substantial savings in foreign exchange.
Effects of Stamped Charging on the Strength of Coke from the Weakly Caking Australian Agro-Allied Coal Blend Mixed with Coke Breeze  [PDF]
A.B. Adahama, A.O Adeleke, A.O. Olulana, S.A. Ibitoye
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2008.74027
Abstract: The weakly caking Australian Agro-Allied coal sample mixed with 7% un-reactive coke breeze was subjected to stamped charging prior to carbonization for 22 hours in a 250kg pilot plant to improve the resulting coke strength. The coal was carbonized with a bulk density of 1,000kg/m3 and heating flue temperature of 1,340℃. The screen distribution analysis and the micum tests conducted on the coke gave M10 and M40 of 15.90% and 73.20%, respectively. These results show that the Agro-Allied coke produced is inferior to the coke from a normal top charged counterpart with M10 and M40 indices of 15.40% and 78.20%, respectively and do not satisfy the requirements for the blast furnace ironmaking process. These results thus suggest that the stamped charging coking improvement method designed for high caking, high volatile coals may not be able to improve the strength of coke resulting from a weakly caking, medium volatile coal mixed with coke breeze.
A determina??o espectrofotométrica do cobalto pelo método da 2,2'dipiridil cetoxima (II) - escolha do solvente e estudos sobre a extra??o do composto
Jacintho, A.O.;
Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz , 1975, DOI: 10.1590/S0071-12761975000100023
Abstract: this paper belongs to a series of articles about the 2,2'-dipyridyl ketoxime method for the espectrophotometric determination of cobalt. it presents a study on the extration procedure of the color compound formed by using chloroform or dichloromethane. it was established that the former is more efficient than the latter one. the region of maximum absorption of the color compound in chloroform is between 375 and 390 nm. on the other hand, 3.0 ml of the solvent, is sufficient for the extration of the water-soluble chelate obtained from 5.0 micrograms of cobalt, with a shaking time of 15 seconds. the color compound is stabile both in contact with the solutions (120 minutes) and after extration with chloroform (180 minutes).
A determina??o espectrofotométrica do cobalto pelo método da 2,2'-dipiridil cetoxima (I) - estudos sobre o reativo, pH e tamp?o
Jacintho, A.O.;
Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz , 1975, DOI: 10.1590/S0071-12761975000100019
Abstract: the initial studies are presented, relative to the experimental part of the method of the 2,2'-dypiridyl ketoxime, for determination of cobalt. the preparation technique of the reagent from the corresponding ketone was presented. the use of 1.0 ml of the 1% reagent solution in 80% ethyl alcohol was suggested, for the determination of up to 10 micrograms of cobalt. the above solution was tested until 90 days after it's preparation, and no alteration was detected. the best ph conditions, for the formation and extration of the colored compound is between 7.0 and 8.0. among several buffer solutions used, the most efficient was the one prepared with sodium citrate 1 molar, triethanolamina (1+2), in the proportion of 2:1, after ascertaining the ph at 7,8 with 30% citric acid. studies about solvents, effects of several ions and the application of the method to plant analysis, will be presented later.
A determina??o do cobre pelo método calorimétrico do dietilditiocarbamato de sódio
Jacintho, A.O.;
Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz , 1967, DOI: 10.1590/S0071-12761967000100033
Abstract: a study is made on several aspects of the spectrophotometric method for the determination of copper by sodium diethyldithiocarbamate (ddc-na). from this work could be observed that: a) the ideal amount of reagent a 1% of (ddc-na) aqueous solution, was 1 ml and it was observed that the reagent keeps well until 40 days after its preparation. b) the absorbancy of the copper diethyldithiocarbamate (ddc-na) solutions, to a certain limit is independent of the amounts of edta na2. but, in the absence of edta-na2 the amounts of copper added where not recovered, when working with pure solutions. c) among the solvents used, carbon tetrachloride was considered the most appropriate. d) ddc-cu in ccl4 shows maximum absorption in the wave lenght range 430-435 milimicrons. the greatest sensibility was obtained with filters numbers 42 and 44 (klett-summerson). e) interferences of the ions studied were eliminate, by the use of edta-na2 only. f) in this procedure, the ddc-cu is stable until 45 minutes. g) the method obeys beer's law in the range of 5-50 ppm, and shows good accuracy. h) the recommended procedures for the determinations of total copper both in plants and soils by the ddc-na, are considered efficients.
A determina??o espctrofotométrica do cobalto pelo método da 2,2' dipiridilcetoxima (III): .efeito de diversos íons, remo??o das interferências
Jacintho, A.O.;
Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz , 1976, DOI: 10.1590/S0071-12761976000100003
Abstract: in the spectrophotometric determination of cobalt with 2,2'-dipyridyl ketoxime, the effects of several ions were studied. among tre ions studied, only cupric nichelous, ferric and manganous cations interfered. the interference caused by cupric, nichelous and ferric cations was iliminated by a second extraction of the colored compound with a 2n hydrochloric acid solution. the interference, of the manganous cation, disappear when cobalt is determined in the presence of other ions.
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