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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 674966 matches for " A. Sétchéou "
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Several Dengue: About 2 Cases with Pulmonary Disease  [PDF]
Anhum Konan, M. H. Aké-Assi, B. Kouadio, T. K. F. Eboua, A. Sétchéou, G. Diarrassouba, Kouamé N’goran
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2018.84007
Abstract: The most widespread arbovirus in the world, dengue fever has been rampant since the 18th century. Since then, several epidemics have been documented in Asia, the Caribbean, South America and Africa. The authors report two cases of dengue fever in children aged six (6) and twelve (12) years respectively. The diagnosis of several dengue pulmonary was retained in these children, clinico-radiological and biological arguments. In addition to the hemorrhagic syndrome, the pulmonary symptomatology associated cough, dyspnea. Chest X-ray revealed bilateral and extensive alveolar interstitial radiological lesions. From a biological point of view, the positivity of dengue-specific IgM has confirmed arboviruses. From the diagnostic peculiarities of the cases observed, the authors suggest the search for factors associated with a primary dengue infection from several onsets to pulmonary manifestation in children. Indeed, this fringe of the population is no longer concerned with acute respiratory infections. In addition, the socio-cultural context of poverty, of pre-hospital therapeutic itinerary favoring traditional medicine, delays hospital care.
Apport de l’échographie transvaginale associée à l’hystérosalpingographie dans la recherche étiologique de l’infertilité féminine à Abidjan (C te d’Ivoire)
N Kouamé, A-M N’goan-Domoua, N Konan, A Sétchéou, O Tra-Bi, R-D N’gbesso, A-K Kéita
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2012,
Abstract: We performed hysterosalpingography (HSG) and transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) in 124 Ivorian women as part of an infertility evaluation. The aim was to investigate the causes of infertility and show the advantages of combining HSG and TVU as p[art of a comprehensive evaluation of infertility in African woman. TVU and HSG were normal in 35.5% of cases, while in 64.5% of cases, at least one disease was demonstrated. This included uterine pathology in 50.3%, tubal disease in 25.2%, ovarian pathology in 7.5% and peritoneal pathology in 7% of cases. Of all the diseases identified by the association HSG and TVU, 71.3% were found by TVU, while 61.5% were confirmed by HSG. TVU was more efficient in identifying uterine and ovarian pathologies while HSG excelled in tubal pathology. HSG and TUV had identical performances on the peritoneal pathology. The association HSG-ETV should be systematic in the full assessment of female infertility in sub-Saharan Africa (Afr J Reprod Health 2012; 16[4]: 43-49).
Epidemiological, Clinical and Etiological Aspects of Ascites in the Medicine Department at the Departmental University Hospital of Borgou  [PDF]
A. C. Dovonou, A. C. Alassani, K. Saké, S. Adè, C. A. Attinsounon, S. Ahoui, J. Degla, Tognon F. Tchégnonsi, D. M. Zannou, G. Adè, F. Houngbé
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2017.73006
Abstract: Goals: The study has been initiated in order to describe the epidemiological, clinical and etiological aspect of the ascites. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective and descriptive study on the patients with an ascite and followed at the medicine department of Borgou departmental teaching hospital. Results: A total of 190 patients have presented an ascite or a hospital prevalence at 3.93%. A male predominance has been observed with a sex-ratio at 1.7. The average age was 39.7 ± 13.9 years. The reason for consultation is dominated by the increase of the abdominal volume (69.5%). The ascite fluid is macroscopically yellow citrine. The cirrhosis (28.5%) and the heart diseases (18.6%) were the most encountered causes of the ascites. Conclusion: The etiologies of ascites are various and dominated by the hepatic cirrhosis and the heart diseases.
Febrile Convulsions in Infants at the Pediatrics University Hospital Center Charles de Gaulle of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
A. Kaboré, A. Diallo, H. Savadogo, S. A. P. Ouédraogo, K. Nagalo, S. Yougbaré, D. Yé
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2018.82022
Abstract: Context: Seizures rank high among the commonest emergencies encountered in Pediatrics. As far as the etiologies are concerned, the most frequently confronted cause is infectious diseases. Therefore, particularly in the present work context, febrile seizures have been inadequately investigated. The study aimed at assessing the prevalence of febrile convulsions in our pediatrics department. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was performed in the Pediatrics Medical Service Department of the Pediatrics University Hospital Charles de Gaulle of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso (West Africa). Infants from one and thirty months of age, hospitalized between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2012, were included in this study. Seizures are defined as those who accompany fevers above or equal to 38°C. However, the exclusions from the study included those infants recognized as epileptics; those with abnormal psychomotor development; those afflicted with encephalitis and meningitis; and children with hypoglycemia or dehydration with ionic disorders, as well as those infants who lacked lumbar puncture results. Data were analyzed using the Epi Info software version 3.5.1. Results: While the average age of the patients was 13 months, the average incidence of the febrile seizures was 2.5%. The seizures occurred all through the
Morphological Variability of Prosopis africana (Guill., Perrott. Et Rich.) Taub in Benin, West Africa  [PDF]
Houètchégnon Towanou, Gbèmavo D. S. J. Charlemagne, Ouinsavi Christine, Sokpon Nestor
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.67111
Abstract: The morphological variability of Prosopis africana in its natural range (which includes three climate zones: Guinean zone, Sudano-Guinean zone and Sudanese zone) of Benin was studied on the basis of forest inventory carried out in three different vegetation types (savannah, fallow and field). The data recorded in 139 plots of 1000 m2 each related to the diameter at breast height (1.3 m over the ground level), the bole height, the height to the first branch, crown height, the crown diameter, number of branches on each individual tree. In these plots, 143 sheets were used to determine the length of leaf, the pinna length, leaflets’ length, numbers of pinna, the number of leaflets, and the stalk diameter. In addition, 735 cloves were measured to determine the fruit pods’ diameter, pod length, the total fruit weight and number of seeds per fruit, the seed length, the weight of a seed, and pulp weight. Analysis of variance components shows that the variability of Prosopis is generally greater among individuals than within vegetation types and climatic zones. Discriminant analysis showed that of the 19 morphometric characters seven (7) in the vegetation types and twelve (12) in climate zones revealed a statistically significant discriminating pattern r (prob. <0.0001). From ascending cluster of 481 P. africana trees measured, 10 morphogroups were depicted on the basis of 19 morphometric characteristics (R2 = 52.6%).
The Haemorrhoids’ Pathology: Epidemiological, Diagnostic, Therapeutic and Evolutionary Aspects  [PDF]
A. Coulibaly, R. Kafando, K. S. Somda, C. Doamba, M. Koura, C. C. Somé, T. Ouédraogo, S. Traoré
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2016.611037
Abstract: Background: Hemorrhoidal disease is most frequently encountered in proctology affection; it is defined by signs or symptoms attributed to hemorrhoids. Its pathogenesis is based on old theories and vascular mechanical which are nevertheless based on the current therapeutic approach. General Aim of the Study: To study haemorrhoids’ pathology in order to improve its management. Methodology: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of two (2) years from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2013. Data were collected from outpatients records in hepato-gastroenterology and digestive surgery services at “Polyclinique Notre Dame de la Paix” in Ouagadougou (2294 files). Results: 140 cases of haemorrhoids were recorded during our study period. The frequency was 6.1% of consultations. Males predominated with 75.71% of patients (sex ratio = 3.12). The average age was 39.58 years. Civil servants were most affected by this disease (60%). Rectal bleeding was the most common reason of consultation (52.14%). The crown shape was predominated (59%). The frequency of external haemorrhoids was the highest (65.71%) and stage 4 (40.79%) was the most represented. Anal fissure was the proctologic pathology, the most associated to haemorrhoids (17.14%). Medical treatment concerned 89.28% of patients with 69.6% of favorable short-term evolution. No instrumental treatment was performed. Surgical treatment consisted of 10.71% of patients and the technique used was the Milligan-Morgan performed under spinal anesthesia. The postoperative complications were mainly represented by anal intense pain and acute urinary retention. The healing period of wounds was on average 6 weeks. Conclusion: The hemorrhoid has often underestimated in our regions. The instrumental treatment is nonexistent and should take an important place; it must be an indication before surgery.
Osteosynthesis Results of Tibia Plateau Fractures at the Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital Center  [PDF]
S. C. Da, M. N. Dabiré, A. S. Korsaga, J. I. A. Ouédraogo, H. Kafando, S. Tinto, B. Sagnon, M. Tall
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2018.810039
Abstract: The sophistication of the implants allows the extension of the surgical indications for tibia plateau fractures. These fractures, which are often comminuted, are caused by a high velocity trauma, making treatment difficult. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the indications for osteosynthesis of tibia plateau fractures in the orthopaedic-traumatology department of the Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital, in order to evaluate the results for their better management. Patients and Methods: it was a 5-year retrospective study of the records of patients with tibia plateau fracture operated and hospitalized in our department. The anatomical-clinical and therapeutic aspects collected from the complete files were analysed. A cortico-cancellous graft was performed in 67.4% of cases. The results were evaluated according to the criteria of Merle d’Aubigné and Mazas [1]. Road traffic accidents (97.4%) were the predominant etiology, involving mainly motorcycles (97.8%). Results: Spino-tuberository and uni-tuberository fractures were the most common. The average consolidation time was 12.5 weeks. One urinary infection, 3 superficial suppurations, 3 vicious calluses and 2 equipment dismantlings were the main complications. Our results were excellent and good in 91.3% and fair in 6.5%. Osteosynthesis of tibial plateau fractures provides excellent results and remains the most appropriate procedure to treat these fractures. Conclusion: reduce the operating time, modernize the technical platform, will allow stable osteosynthesis and early functional rehabilitation to optimize their results.
Survey on the Knowledge, Attitudes, Primary Prevention Practices and Screening of Skin Cancers in Albinos in Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Smaila Ouédraogo, Nayi Zongo, Nina Korsaga-Somé, Seraphine Marie Suzanne Kaboré, Edgar Ouangré, Maurice Zida, A. S. Ouédraogo, Aboubacar Hierrum Bambara, Augustin Touzoula Bambara, Si Simon Traoré, Pascal Niamba, Adama Traoré, Ahmadou Dem
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2016.711081
Abstract: The objective is to study the knowledge that albinos have on skin cancers, and their attitudes in terms of primary prevention and the screening practices for skin cancers in Burkina Faso. Methods: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive KAP study conducted from May 18th to July 7th 2015. It involved albinos aged at least 12 years. Their general knowledge, prevention attitudes and screening practices were considered. Results: All the responding albinos had already heard about skin cancers. Their main source of information was health workers (65.6%). They were showing at least two risk factors (99.2%) but only 68.3% affirmed having already undergone screening for skin cancer. Ignorance of the existence of screening was the main obstacle to it (16/26). The prevention means used was sun avoidance, the use of cream and protection clothing respectively in 84%, 41.5% and 51.2%. The skin lesions found were hyperpigmented macules (77.8%) then actinic keratosis (40.7%) and finally cheilitis (35.8%). We detected 4 cases of skin cancers confirmed by biopsy. Conclusion: Risk factors are frequent. Participation to screening is still insignificant. A lot is still to be done to extend the protection means. A good awareness-raising campaign and the accessibility to protection means remain for all, the best defense in the fight against skin cancers in albinos.
Obstetrical Vacuum Deliveries: Clinical Aspects and Fetal Prognosis in Regional Teaching Hospital of Ouahigouya  [PDF]
I. Ouédraogo, A. Dembele, D. P. Kain, S. R. Sib, H. Zamane, S. Kiemtoré, Y. A. Sawadogo, A. Ouattara, S. Y. Kaboré, D. Sourgou, B. Tieba-Bonané
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.82016
Abstract: Objective: To determine the frequency of obstetrical vacuum deliveries in the service of obstetrics and gynecology of regional teaching hospital of Ouahigouya and then to assess fetal outcomes. Patients and Methods: It was about a cross sectional and descriptive retrospective data collection from 1st January 2014 to 31st December 2016 in the service of obstetrics and gynecology of regional teaching hospital of Ouahigouya. Patients who had vacuum delivered in the service with single pregnancy, at least 34 weeks gestation age and summit presentation and had a useful medical folder were included in our study. The data were collected and the analysis used epi-info software version, 2010 Word and excel. The results were presented in percentage for qualitative variables and in means standard deviation for quantitative variables. Results: We have collected 6233 deliveries from 1st January 2014 to 31st December 2016, out of which 312 were done by using obstetrical vacuum giving a frequency of 5.0%. The mean age of patients was 23.5 ±
HIV infection and mycobacterium tuberculosis drug-resistance among tuberculosis patients in Burkina Faso, West Africa
L Sangaré, S Diandé, G Ouédraogo, A.S Traoré
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare the drug-resistance patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains among pulmonary tuberculosis patients, according to their HIV serostatus, in Burkina Faso. Tuberculosis (TB) patients were classified in new and previously treated cases by using a structured questionnaire. Susceptibility testing to isoniazid, streptomycin, rifampicin and ethambutol was done by the proportion method. Association between HIV-serostatus and drug-resistant TB was assessed with χ2 tests, and the statistical significance was set to P<0.05. Of 316 (249 new, 67 previously treated) patients included in the study, 68.7% were males and 28.8% were HIV-positive; females (36.4%) were more infected than males (25.3%), (P=0.04). The average age of the patients was 37.24±12.76 years [11-75years]. Most of the patients infected with HIV were aged from 15 to 44 years and were females, (P=0.01). In the new cases of TB, the difference between HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients was not statistically significant neither for the MDR-TB (P=0.40), nor for the resistant-TB to any drug (P=0.26). However, the difference was significant for the resistance to isoniazid and streptomycin alone (P=0.04). Among the previously treated patients, although there was more MDR-TB and more resistance to any drug in HIV-negative patients than among HIV-positive patients, these differences also were not statistically significant (P=0.54 and P=0.63, respectively). This study found no significant difference between TB/HIV-negative and TB/HIV-positive patients according to the resistance patterns to anti-TB medications, excepted the resistance to isoniazid in new cases and to isoniazid and streptomycin in all patients took globally. These results encourage the collaboration between the programs against TB and HIV to prevent rapid diffusion of drug-resistant TB and high mortality in patients living with HIV/AIDS as recommended by the World Health Organization.
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