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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 722373 matches for " A. M. Fran?óia "
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Children Safety Devices in Brazil—Why Do People Don’t Use Them after the Law?  [PDF]
S. C. V. Abib, A. M. Fran?óia, F. Ricci, M. V. B. Cezillo, B. R. Müller
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2014.43021

Introduction: Children safety car devices decrease injuries and death in children. A survey conducted in Brazil in 2009 revealed that only 36.1% of children safely transported. In 2010, a Brazilian law was implemented, obligating the use of safety devices. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of such devices after the law and the eventual reasons for non-use. Methods: A significant sample of Brazilian population aged 18 years or more, which normally carry children until 10 years old answered a survey between August 16 and 25, 2012. The study was conducted in two phases. The first one aimed to raise the proportion and profile of the target population, while the second investigated the children car safety device use (or not). Results: 622 interviews. Children’s transporters are young males (57%), living in a metropolitan area in the South region, concerned about safety and law supervision, with greater education level and income than non-transporters (31%) who are male with lack of information, living in a non-metropolitan area of the Northeast region that would be motivated to use the device by effective law fiscalization or threat of an accident. Conclusion: Two years after the law it is observed that education, income, age, gender and region of origin influence the use/non-use of the safety seats in Brazil. The accident threat and fiscalization are the main reasons for using the device, showing that the lack of information impairs the democratization of its use and the prevention culture has to be enhanced in the country.

Perfil antropométrico e sintomatologia anoréxica em adolescentes de escola pública = Anthropometric profile and anorexia symptomatology on public school adolescents
Márcia Cristina Pasinato Vergilio,Angela Andréia Frana Gravena
Acta Scientiarum : Health Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar adolescentes com presen a de sintomas de anorexia nervosa e distor o de imagem corporal em uma escola pública. A amostra compreendeu 58 adolescentes de ambos os sexos de 14 a 18 anos de idade. A avalia o do estado nutricional foi realizada por meio do índice de Massa Corporal (IMC). Para a verifica o de sintomas de anorexia nervosa e distor o de imagem corporal foram utilizados os questionários Teste de Atitudes Alimentares (EAT-26) e Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), respectivamente. De acordo com a avalia o do estado nutricional, 74,14% foram classificados com peso adequado. A análise do questionário BSQ mostrou que 24,24 e 4,00% dos adolescentes do sexo feminino e masculino, respectivamente, apresentaram distúrbio de imagem corporal. Segundo o EAT-26, 9,09% do sexo feminino e 8,00% dosexo masculino, respectivamente, classificaram-se com sintomas de anorexia. Observou-se, ainda, que 80,00% dos entrevistados, além de serem portadores de sintomatologia anoréxica, também apresentaram distúrbio de imagem corporal, sendo esta correla o estatisticamentesignificativa. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram presen a de sintomatologia anoréxica, bem como significativa presen a de distor o da imagem corporal, sendo as adolescentes as principais acometidas. Identify adolescents with a presence of symptoms of anorexia nervosaand body image distortion at a public school. The sample included 58 adolescents of both sexes, 14 to 18 years old. The nutritional status assessment was performed using the Body Mass Index (BMI). To investigate symptoms of anorexia nervosa and body image distortion, the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) were used, respectively. According to the nutritional status assessment, 74.14% were classified as having normal weight. The analysis of the BSQ showed that 24.24 and 4.00% of adolescentfemales and males had body image disturbance. According to the EAT-26, 9.09% of females and 8.00% of males were classified with symptoms of anorexia. It was also observed that 80.00% of adolescents, in addition to suffering from symptoms of anorexia, also had body image disturbance, which is statistically significant. The results showed the presence of symptoms of anorexia as well as a significant presence of body image distortion, with female adolescents as the most affected group.
Nilcéia Albuquerque Frana
Revista de História Regional , 2007,
Mulher e anticoncep??o: conhecimento e uso de métodos anticoncepcionais
Schor,ia;Ferreira, Andrea Felicissimo;Machado, Vera L.;Frana, Ana Paula;Pirotta, Kátia C. M.;Alvarenga, Augusta Thereza de;Siqueira, Arnaldo Augusto Franco de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2000000200008
Abstract: this article analyzes knowledge and use of contraceptive methods in women ages 10 to 49 years residing in the southern region of the city of s?o paulo in 1992. a total of 1,157 childbearing-age women were studied, focusing on variables that might define them as to: knowledge in the use of contraceptive methods and reasons for choosing a given method. we observed that 86% of the women referred knowledge of some contraceptive method, while the most common was the pill (95.3%), followed by condoms (92.6%). meanwhile, 14% of the interviewees denied knowledge of any contraceptive method. of the sexually active women (66.4%), 34.9% reported never having used contraceptive methods. of those who had, 35.3% used the pill, while 42.9% had resorted to sterilization. only 5.2% used condoms. despite the high level of knowledge concerning contraceptive methods, especially oral contraceptives and condoms, we observed limited use of same as compared to the high sterilization rate around the age of 27, thus leaving contraception limited to the pill and female sterilization.
Contraceptive use and associated factors among adolescents on Santiago Island - Cape Verde - Western Africa
Tavares, Carlos Mendes;Schor,ia;Frana Junior, Ivan;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292010000200010
Abstract: objective: to estimate the prevalence of contraceptive use and associated factors among adolescents attending public schools on santiago island, cape verde. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out with 368 sexually active adolescents aged 13-17years attending eight public elementary and high schools, randomly selected, on santiago island, cape verde, between january and march 2007. poisson regression with robust variance was used for the multiple analysis of risk factors, at a 5% level of significance. results: among 368 adolescents, 69.3% reported having used a contraceptive method during the last act of sexual intercourse. the most frequently used method were condom (94.9%) and pill (26.4%). factors significantly and positively associated with contraceptive use were: living in the capital (pr=1.23; ci95%: 1.07; 1.39); having dated and had sexual intercourse (pr =1.53; ci95%: 1.14;2.06); and having more than nine years of schooling (pr=1.19; ci95%: 1.02; 1.38). conclusions: more educated adolescents who studied in praia (the capital city) and were dating at the time of the study were more likely to use contraception. the high prevalence of condom use and the association between contraception use and years of schooling among adolescents may indicate that sexual and reproductive health policies have produced positive outcomes that may account for the decrease in hiv infection.
Factors associated with sexual initiation and condom use among adolescents on Santiago Island, Cape Verde, West Africa
Tavares, Carlos Mendes;Schor,ia;Frana Junior, Ivan;Diniz, Simone Grilo;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009000900011
Abstract: the current study focuses on factors associated with sexual initiation and condom use among teenagers on santiago island, cape verde, according to gender. this was a representative, probabilistic sample of 13-to-17-year-olds (n = 768) attending public secondary schools on santiago island in 2007. associations were tested by test of proportion, pearson's chi-square, or fisher's exact test and logistic regression. factors related to sexual initiation among boys were: age over 14 years, catholic religion, and alcohol consumption. for girls, the factors included: > 9 years of schooling and involvement in an affective-sexual relationship. unlike other sub-saharan countries, this study showed a high prevalence of condom use during initial sexual activity. adolescents are able to safely begin sexually active life if they have access to information, sex education, and other std prevention and contraceptive methods. this study provides insights on the development of policies to reduce the vulnerability of the young population to std/aids and the limits and challenges related to the promotion of condom use and sex education, focusing on unequal gender relations.
Resultados perinatais em gesta??es tardias
Gravena, Angela Andréia Frana;Sass, Arethuza;Marcon, Sonia Silva;Pelloso, Sandra Marisa;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342012000100002
Abstract: the objective of the present study was to compare perinatal outcomes in women aged 35 or older with women aged 20 to 34 years. this retrospective study was performed by reviewing the obstetric records of 1255 mothers who gave birth at the only hospital in sarandi-pr, from january 2007 to december 2008. the analyzed variables were: marital status, education, gestational age at birth, type of delivery, newborn birth weight, apgar score at one and five minutes and stillbirths. logistic regression showed that advanced maternal age was significantly associated with adverse outcomes such as cesareans (or 1.23, 95% ci 0.19-0.44) and 5-minute apgar scores below 7 (or 5.78 95% ci 0.74-0.76). these results are important to show the risk of complications in pregnant women aged 35 years or older, and the need to provide guidance to women who wish to postpone pregnancy.
Resultados perinatais nos extremos da vida reprodutiva e fatores associados ao baixo peso ao nascer
Sass, Arethuza;Gravena, Angela Andréia Frana;Pelloso, Sandra Marisa;Marcon, Sonia Silva;
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1983-14472011000200020
Abstract: the objective was to investigate perinatal outcomes in the extremes of reproductive age and verify the risk factors for low birth weight. this is a retrospective study was performed of deliveries in the city of sarandi, state of paraná, brazil, in 2008, by accessing data from the information system on live births. the 331 expectant mothers were subdivided into two groups: adolescents (10-19 years of age) and late-age mothers (35 years or older). rates of cesarean deliveries were significantly higher (66.1%) in mothers 35 or older than in adolescents (26.8%). regarding risk factors for low weight at birth, it was observed that this condition was strongly associated with prematurity and marital status. the perinatal outcomes of mothers 35 or older were not significantly different when compared to the results of the adolescents, confirming the occurrence of adverse results in both extremes of reproductive age, except for the incidence of cesarean delivery.
Mobilization of reserves and germination of seeds of Erythrina velutina Willd. (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae) under different osmotic potentials Mobiliza o de reservas e germina o de sementes de Erythrina velutina Willd. (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae) sob diferentes potenciais osmóticos
Renata Conduru Ribeiro Reis,Bárbara Frana Dantas,Claudinéia Regina Pelacani
Revista Brasileira de Sementes , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0101-31222012000400008
Abstract: Some environmental factors, including water availability, may influence seed germination. This study investigated the germination of E. velutina seeds submitted to different osmotic potentials and mobilization of reserves during water-stress. Scarified seeds were arranged in paper rolls and soaked in solutions of Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) prepared in osmotic potentials 0.0, -0.2, -0.4, -0.6, and -0.8 MPa and kept into a seed germinator, at 25 °C, and 12/12 h photoperiod (L/D), during 10 days. The percentage, mean time, mean speed, germination speed index; as well as the germination uniformity coefficient were assessed. During germination process the total soluble sugars, reducing sugars, soluble protein, and total amino acids were quantified in the cotyledon, hypocotyl and radicle of soaked seeds and cotyledons of quiescent seeds (control). There was influence of osmotic potential on E. velutina seed germination. The germination percentage remained at high levels until -0.6 MPa and above this osmotic potential there has been no germination. The mobilization of stored reserves of carbon and nitrogen in E. velutina seeds was also influenced by water-stress. There was sensitiveness between -0.2 and -0.6 MPa; however, the degradation and the mobilization of reserves was slower when the osmotic potential decreased. Alguns fatores ambientais podem influenciar a germina o, dentre eles a disponibilidade hídrica para as sementes. Este estudo investigou a germina o e a mobiliza o de reservas de sementes de E. velutina, submetidas a diferentes potenciais osmóticos. As sementes escarificadas foram embebidas em solu es de PEG preparadas em potenciais osmóticos de 0,0, -0,2, -0,4, -0,6 e -0,8 MPa, dispostas em rolos de papel e mantidas em germinador, a 25 °C e fotoperíodo de 12/12 h (L/E), durante 10 dias. Foi avaliado: porcentagem, tempo médio, velocidade média e índice de velocidade de germina o; e coeficiente de uniformidade de germina o. Durante a germina o foram quantificados: a úcares solúveis totais, a úcares redutores, proteínas solúveis e aminoácidos totais nos cotilédones, no hipocótilo e na radícula das sementes embebidas e nos cotilédones de sementes quiescentes (controle). Houve influência do potencial osmótico na germina o de sementes de mulungu. A porcentagem de germina o permaneceu em níveis elevados até -0,6 MPa; acima deste potencial n o houve germina o. A mobiliza o de reservas de carbono e nitrogênio em sementes de E. velutina também foi influenciada pelo estresse hídrico. Houve sensibilidade entre -0,2 e -0,6 MPa, no entanto, a degrada
Mulher e anticoncep o: conhecimento e uso de métodos anticoncepcionais
Schor Néia,Ferreira Andrea Felicissimo,Machado Vera L.,Frana Ana Paula
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2000,
Abstract: Neste estudo buscou-se fazer uma análise do conhecimento e do uso de métodos anticoncepcionais (MAC) entre mulheres de 10 a 49 anos residentes na Regi o Sul do Município de S o Paulo, no ano de 1992. Foram estudadas 1.157 mulheres em idade reprodutiva, tendo em vista variáveis que pudessem caracterizá-las quanto ao conhecimento de métodos anticoncepcionais (MAC), ao seu uso e ao motivo pelo qual optaram por determinado método. Verificou-se que 86% das mulheres desse universo referiram conhecer algum MAC, sendo a pílula o mais citado (95,3%) e, em segundo lugar, o condom masculino, que obteve 92,6% das respostas. Dentre as mulheres, 14% relataram n o conhecer nenhum MAC. Das mulheres pesquisadas, 66,4% têm vida sexual e, dessas, 65,1 % fazem uso de algum tipo de MAC. A pílula é usada por 35,3% das usuárias de MAC, enquanto que 42,9% est o esterilizadas. Quanto ao uso do condom masculino, apenas 5,2% referem o uso. Apesar do alto índice de conhecimento de MAC - sobretudo, a pílula e o condom masculino - constatou-se baixo uso dos mesmos associado à alta freqüência de mulheres esterilizadas, ficando a anticoncep o circunscrita à pílula e à esteriliza o feminina.
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