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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 785273 matches for " A. K. M. Mominul Islam "
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Efficacy and Economics of Different Need Based Nitrogen Management Approaches in Winter Rice  [PDF]
Nilufar Akhtar Jahan, Sabina Yeasmin, Md. Parvez Anwar, Md. Ariful Islam, Hamidur Rahman, A. K. M. Mominul Islam
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2018.913189
Abstract: This experiment aimed to study the efficacy of different nitrogen (N) management approaches in winter rice. The experiment consisted of two rice varieties: 1) BRRI (Bangladesh Rice Research Institute) dhan29-an inbred and 2) Dhanigold-a hybrid, and eight N management approaches: 1) BRRI recommended N (control), 2) Soil analysis based N management, 3) N application based on Agro-ecological zone, 4) 20 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤35 SPAD (Silicon photon activate diode) value, 5) 30 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤35 SPAD value, 6) 20 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤3.0 LCC (leaf colour chart) value, 7) 30 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤3.0 LCC value and 8) Urea Super Granule. Between two varieties, hybrid Dhani gold produced higher grain yield (6.67 t·ha-1) than the inbred BRRI dhan29. Application of 20 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤3.0 LCC value gave the highest grain yield (7.10 t·ha-1), whereas the lowest grain yield (5.92 t·ha-1) was found from the SPAD approach with 20 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤35 SPAD value. In case of treatment interaction highest grain yield (7.34 t·ha-1) was found in BRRI dhan29 coupled with 20 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤3.0 LCC value with 18 kg·N·savings·ha-1 over control, maximum gross income (146,800 BDT·ha-1) and net benefit (142,120 BDT·ha-1), which was statistically identical with the grain yield from the interaction of Dhani gold and 30 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤3.0 LCC value but required 42 kg·extra·N·ha-1 (over control). The lowest grain yield (5.19 t·ha-1) was found when Dhanigold was coupled with 30 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤35 SPAD value, while the 20 kg·N·application·ha-1 at ≤35 SPAD value gave moderate yield (6.87 t·ha-1) with considerable higher gross (139,600 BDT·ha-1) and net (136,090 BDT·ha-1) incomes than the control (gross: 121,000 and net: 115,600 BDT·ha-1). The results reveal that 20 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤3.0 LCC value appeared as the promising practice for inbred BRRI dhan29, and 30 kg·N·ha-1 at ≤35 SPAD value for hybrid Dhanigold in terms of yield, N use efficiency and economic benefit of winter rice.
Competitiveness of Winter Rice Varieties against Weed under Dry Direct Seeded Conditions  [PDF]
A. N. M. Atikur Rahman, A. K. M. Mominul Islam, Md. Altamas Arefin, Md. Rashedur Rahman, Md. Parvez Anwar
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/as.2017.812101
Aerobic rice or dry direct seeded rice is highly vulnerable to weeds because of lack of “head start” over weeds and standing water layer to suppress weeds. The risks of chemical control and the huge cost involvement in mechanical control demand an eco-friendly and cost-effective integrated weed management. Weed competitive rice cultivar may be considered as a viable tool for integrated weed management. In these circumstances, an experiment was designed to evaluate weed competitiveness of some selected winter rice varieties under aerobic soil conditions. The study was conducted during dry season (February to June) 2016 at the Agronomy Field Laboratory and Weed Management Laboratory, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. Fourteen rice varieties namely, BRRI dhan28, BRRI dhan29, BRRI dhan47, BRRI dhan50, BRRI dhan55, BRRI dhan58, BRRI dhan59, BRRI dhan67, Binadhan-5, Binadhan-6, Binadhan-8, Binadhan-10, BRRI hybrid dhan3 and Agrodhan-14 were grown under weedy and weed-free conditions. Plots with no rice were also maintained to observe the natural growth of weed in absence of rice. The experiment was conducted with split-plot design with three replications. Weeding regime was allocated in main plot and rice variety was allocated in sub-plot. Results showed that rice varieties varied widely in their yield performances and weed competitiveness. Among rice varieties, BRRI dhan59 allowed the minimum weed growth (19.2 g m-2) while Binadhan-5 allowed the maximum weed growth (62.8 g m-2). Grain yield ranged from 1.85 t ha-1 (BRRI dhan55) to 3.92 t ha-1 (Binadhan-5) under weed-free condition and between 0.41 t ha-1 (BRRI dhan55) and 2.06 t ha-1 (BRRI dhan59) under weedy condition. Weed inflicted relative yield loss ranged from 43.4% to 82.1% among the varieties. BRRI dhan59 allowed the least yield penalty (43.4%) while Binadhan-5 had the maximum yield penalty (82.1%) due to weed competition. Although Binadhan-5 is the most productive variety (3.92 t ha-1) for aerobic culture but its weed inflicted relative yield loss is higher (82.1%) than many other varieties with low yield potential. On the other hand, BRRI dhan59 appeared as the most weed competitive variety (only 43.4% relative yield loss) with productivity of 3.84 t ha-1. Therefore, weed competitive variety should be considered as a vital tool while designing integrated weed management system for aerobic rice.
Allelopathy of Medicinal Plants: Current Status and Future Prospects in Weed Management  [PDF]
A. K. M. Mominul Islam, Sabina Yeasmin, Jamal Ragheb Said Qasem, Abdul Shukor Juraimi, Md. Parvez Anwar
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/as.2018.912110
Abstract: An attempt has been made in this article to accumulate and elucidate the literatures about the allelopathic potentiality of medicinal plants, and its role on the development of bio-herbicides for eco-friendly weed management strategies to conserve bio-diversity and ecological balance. This review paper has been prepared by comprehensive studies of various published research articles, books and proceedings available in the world literature. The farmers of different countries use several weed management techniques in order to minimize the deleterious effect of weeds. Among them most commonly used practice is application of herbicides due to its high efficacy and cost effectiveness, less time-consuming nature, flexibility and easy accessibility, and more rapid out return. Although use of synthetic herbicides in the crop fields has increased the crop production as well as the productivity by reducing the weed infestation, over time it causes a number of environmental hazards. Hence, to avoid these detrimental effects of synthetic herbicide, a lot of efforts have been dedicated by the researchers to search the novel natural plant products mainly allelochemicals and try to apply them as a tool for the development of bio-degradable natural herbicides. This paper intended to reflect the current state of allelopathic medicinal plants and their potentiality to develop eco-friendly and natural product-based herbicides for sustainable agriculture, and to invite further debate on this issue.
A.K.M. Aminul Islam,Marin Sultana,Sabina Yeasmin,A.K.M. Mominul Islam
Poljoprivreda (Osijek) , 2011,
Abstract: An experiment was conducted aiming to find out the seed production potentiality of 19 local and exotic onion cultivars. The analysis of variance showed significant differences among the genotypes for all characters except sprouting percentage, number of flowers per umbel and number of umbel per bulb. Maximum number of days to 50% bolting (52.67) was exhibited by the genotype G2 and minimum by G6 (27.00 days). The larger bulb size after harvest was obtained from G14 and G19 (18.11 g). Genotypes G4 and G11 required the maximum (16.66) and the minimum (9.00) days for 100% sprouting, respectively. The highest stalk length was found in the genotype G1 (67.23 cm) and the lowest in G8 (38.47 cm). Maximum number (5.75) of stalk was produced by the genotype G7 and minimum number (2.09) of stalk by the genotype G11. The genotype G1 produced the highest number of seeds per umbel (1395.92) and seed yield per plant (4.29 g). The lowest (0.45 g) seed yield per plant and maximum bulb weight was obtained by the genotype G8.
A.K.M. Mominul Haque TALUKDER
Ege Academic Review , 2012,
Abstract: In the accepted age of the “knowledge or information worker,” information exchange and communication clarity are essential in the coordination of effort and control of organizational processes. Indeed, some researchers have reported that the bedrock of the effective implementation of any quality initiative (QI) within an organization involves the redefinition of both traditional boundaries and the communications channels that exist within an organization. The present research investigates various antecedents of supportive communication affecting customer satisfaction within employees. Result showed significant difference between managerial (MEs) and non-managerial (NMEs) employees in all the variables irrespective of active listening and defensiveness. The study reveals that MEs underscore on humanized leadership, teamwork, recognition vis-à-vis to NMEs to augment the level of customer satisfaction. Findings indicate that MEs are more assertive about long term implications of supportive communication than NMEs. The research also discloses NMEs’ reluctance about supportive communication rather they are more interested in outright rewards and productivity. The findings recommend that incorporating these dimensions may render service organization with the potent to enhance customer satisfaction significantly.
Structural, Elastic, Electronic and Optical Properties of a New Layered-Ternary Ta4SiC3 Compound
M. S. Islam,A. K. M. A. Islam
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.physb.2010.10.067
Abstract: We propose a new layered-ternary Ta4SiC3 with two different stacking sequences ({\alpha}- and {\beta}-phases) of the metal atoms along c axis and study their structural stability. The mechanical, electronic and optical properties are then calculated and compared with those of other compounds M4AX3 (M = V, Nb, Ta; A = Al, Si and X = C). The predicted compound in the {\alpha}-phase is found to possess higher hardness than any of these compounds. The independent elastic constants of the two phases are also evaluated and the results discussed. The electronic band structures for {\alpha}- and {\beta}-Ta4SiC3 show metallic conductivity. Ta 5d electrons are mainly contributing to the total density of states (DOS). We see that the hybridization peak of Ta 5d and C 2p lies lower in energy and the Ta 5d-C 2p bond is stronger than Ta 5d-Si 3p bond. Further an analysis of the different optical properties shows the compound to possess improved behavior compared to similar types of compounds.
Ab Initio Investigation of Nitride in Comparison with Carbide Phase of Superconducting InX (X = C, N)
M. Roknuzzaman,A. K. M. A. Islam
ISRN Condensed Matter Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/646042
Ab Initio Investigation of Nitride in Comparison with Carbide Phase of Superconducting InX (X?=?C, N)
M. Roknuzzaman,A. K. M. A. Islam
ISRN Condensed Matter Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/646042
Abstract: The structural, elastic, electronic, thermal, and optical properties of superconducting nanolaminates Ti2InX (X?=?C, N) are investigated by density functional theory (DFT). The results obtained from the least studied nitride phase are discussed in comparison with those of carbide phase having value half as that of the former. The carbide phase is found to be brittle in nature, while the nitride phase is less brittle. Elastic anisotropy demonstrates that the c-axis is stiffer in Ti2InN than in Ti2InC. The band structure and density of states show that these phases are conductors, with contribution predominantly from the Ti 3d states. The bulk modulus, Debye temperature, specific heats, and thermal expansion coefficient are obtained as a function of temperature and pressure for the first time through the quasiharmonic Debye model with phononic effects. The estimated values of electron-phonon coupling constants imply that Ti2InC and Ti2InN are moderately coupled superconductors. The calculated thermal expansion coefficient is in fair agreement with the only available measured value for Ti2InC. Further the first time calculated optical functions reveal that the reflectivity is high in the IR-visible-UV region up to?~10?eV and 12.8?eV for Ti2InC and Ti2InN, respectively, showing these to be promising coating materials. 1. Introduction The so-called nanolaminates (or MAX) phases since their discovery by Nowotny [1] have attracted a lot of interest among the research community due to their remarkable properties having attributes of both ceramic and metal [2–24]. Ceramic attributes include lightweight, elastically rigid, and high temperatures strength, whereas metallic attributes show the phases to be thermally and electrically conductive, quasiductile, and damage tolerant. Currently there are about 60 synthesized MAX phases [3]. Out of these only seven low- superconductors have so far been identified. These are Mo2GaC [4], Nb2SC [5], Nb2SnC [6], Nb2AsC [7], Ti2InC [8], Nb2InC [9], and Ti2InN [10]. The X-ray diffraction, magnetic, and resistivity measurements discovered that Ti2InX (X = C, N) are superconductors [8, 10] with superconducting temperatures of 3.1 and 7.3?K, respectively. In fact Bortolozo et al. [10] in 2010 showed unambiguously that Ti2InN is the first nitride superconductor belonging to the family. Among the ternary phases almost all the studies are concerned with carbide properties, but a very limited work on nitrides which was discovered in 1963 by Jeitschko et al. [12]. This nitride crystallizes in the same prototype structure as carbides
New Superconducting RbFe2As2: A First-principles Investigation
M. Aftabuzzaman,A. K. M. A. Islam
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1016/j.physc.2009.12.040
Abstract: RbFe2As2 has recently been reported to be a bulk superconductor with Tc = 2.6 K in the undoped state, in contrast to undoped BaFe2As2 with a magnetic ground state. We present here the results of the first-principles calculations of the structural, elastic and electronic properties for this newest superconductor and discuss its behaviour in relation to other related systems. Keywords: RbFe2As2, Electronic structure; Elastic constant; Superconductivity. PACS: 74.70.Dd, 74.10.+v, 74.20.Pq, 75.25.Ld
High pressure Ca-VI phase between 158-180 GPa: Stability, electronic structure and superconductivity
M. Aftabuzzaman,A. K. M. A. Islam
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/23/10/105701
Abstract: We have performed ab initio calculations for new high-pressure phase of Ca-VI between 158-180 GPa. The study includes elastic parameters of mono- and poly-crystalline aggregates, electronic band structure, lattice dynamics and superconductivity. The calculations show that the orthorhombic Pnma structure is mechanically and dynamically stable in the pressure range studied. The structure is superconducting in the entire pressure range and the calculated Tc (~25K) is maximum at ~172 GPa, where the transfer of charges from 4s to 3d may be thought to be completed.
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