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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 785902 matches for " A. K. M. Akther Hossain "
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Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of Ba2Ni2–xZnxFe12O22  [PDF]
Sajal Chandra Mazumdar, A. K. M. Akther Hossain
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2012.24030
Abstract: Y-type hexagonal ferrites with the nominal chemical composition Ba2Ni2-xZnxFe12O22 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.6 with a step of 0.1) have been synthesized by the conventional solid state reaction method and sintered in the temperature range 1150℃-1250℃ to study their structural and magnetic properties. The aim of the present work is to increase the magnetic properties of Y-type hexaferrites by Zn substitution. X-ray diffraction analysis confirms the formation of the hexagonal phase. The effect of chemical composition on the lattice parameter, density and porosity is studied. The lattice parameter increases with Zn substitution. The density increases with Zn substitution up to a certain level and after that density decreases. The ac magnetic properties of the hexaferrites sintered at temperature 1200℃ are characterized within the frequency range 100 kHz -120 MHz. The real part (μi') of the complex initial permeability for different compositions indicates that μi' decreases with increase in frequency. The permeability increases with the increase in Zn content, reaches a maximum value and then decreases with further increase in Zn content. Magnetization has been measured using the Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) magnetometer. The saturation magnetization is observed to be maximum at x = 0.1 and then decreases with Zn content for x > 0.1. From the M-H curve it is clear that at room temperature the polycrystalline Ba2Ni2-xZnxFe12O22 compositions are in ferrimagnetic state.
Magnetic Hysteresis and Complex Initial Permeability of Cr3+ Substituted Mn-Zn Ferrites  [PDF]
F. Alam, M. L. Rahman, M. H. R. Khan, A. K. M. Akther Hossain
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.514122

The impact of Cr3+ ion on the magnetic properties of Mn0.50Zn0.50CrxFe2-xO4 (with x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5) has been studied. Ferrite samples were synthesized by combustion method and sintered at various temperatures (1250°C, 1300°C and 1350°C). The structural properties were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction patterns and indicated that the samples possess single phase cubic spinel structure. The lattice parameter decreases with the increase in Cr3+ content, as the ionic radius of Cr3+ ion is smaller than that of Fe3+. The average grain size (D), bulk density (ρB) and initial permeability μidecreases with increase

Structural and Magnetic Properties of Mn0.50-xZn0.50CuxFe2O4  [PDF]
Farhad Alam, Mohammad H. R. Khan, Hari N. Das, Akther A. K. M. Hossain
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2013.412106

Mn0.50-xZn0.50CuxFe2O4 (where x = 0.0 - 0.3) ferrites have been synthesized by auto combustion method. X-ray diffraction patterns reveal that all compositions are of single phase cubic spinel structure. The lattice parameter decreases with the increase in Cu2+ content obeying the Vegard’s law. The bulk density, average grain size, initial permeability, Néel temperature and saturation magnetic induction of Mn0.50-xZn0.50CuxFe2O4 increased with increasing Cu2+content. It is observed that both density and initial permeability increase with increasing sintering temperature. The maximum initial permeability is found to be 1061 which is almost four times greater than that of the parent composition. The resonance frequency of all the samples shifts towards the lower frequency as the permeability increases with Cu2+ content. It is observed from B-H loops of Mn

Correlations of Structural, Dielectric, Magnetic and Magnetoelectric Properties of Ca1-xSrx(Fe0.5Ta0.5)O3 Multiferroic Ceramics  [PDF]
M. K. H. Bhuiyan, M. A. Gafur, M. N. I. Khan, A. A. Momin, A. K. M. Akther Hossain
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2017.81005
Abstract: Conventional solid state reaction technique was used to synthesize Ca1-xSrx(Fe0.5Ta0.5)O3 multiferroic ceramics (where x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5). Powder of ingredients was mixed thoroughly in stoichiometric amount and calcined at 1150°C for 5 h. Disk and toroid shaped samples prepared from each composition were sintered at 1450°C for 5 h. The XRD analysis confirms that all compositions are single phase cubic perovskite structure. The theoretical and bulk density increases with increase of Sr content, which may be attributed to the fact that the atomic weight and density of Sr are larger than those of Ca. The average grain size increased with increasing Sr content up to x = 0.2, and then decreased with further increase of Sr content. Frequency dependent dielectric constant shows usual dielectric dispersion at lower frequencies due to Maxwell-Wagner type interfacial polarization. The higher values of real and imaginary part of impedance at lower frequencies are also due to the fact that all kinds of polarization mechanism are present and increase with Sr content indicating the enhancement property of the composition. The continuous dispersion on increasing frequency contributes to the conduction phenomena. Two semicircles correspond to the grain boundary and grain resistance separately. The complex modulus analysis reveals the polaron hopping and negligibly small contribution of electrode effect. The continuous dispersion on increasing frequency may be contributed to the conduction phenomena. The ac conductivity, σac, was derived from the dielectric measurement and it increases with increase of frequency for all the compositions and can also be explained on the basis of polaron hopping mechanism. At higher frequencies conductive grains are more active, and thereby increases of hopping of charge carrier contribute to rise in conductivity. The real part of initial permeability increased with increasing Sr content up to x = 0.2, and then decreased further increasing the Sr content. Firstly, it increased due to the higher values of grain size, and then decreased with the Sr content due to the lowering the grain size. The saturation magnetization, Ms, increases for x = 0.2 and then decreases with increasing Sr content due to the pore acted as a pinning centre of electron spin; thereby Ms decreases also due to the grain size which is well supported by the permeability results. The decrease of magnetoelectric voltage
A Low Cost Two-Tier Architecture Model For High Availability Clusters Application Load Balancing
A B M Moniruzzaman,Syed Akther Hossain
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: This article proposes a design and implementation of a low cost two-tier architecture model for high availability cluster combined with load-balancing and shared storage technology to achieve desired scale of three-tier architecture for application load balancing e.g. web servers. The research work proposes a design that physically omits Network File System (NFS) server nodes and implements NFS server functionalities within the cluster nodes, through Red Hat Cluster Suite (RHCS) with High Availability (HA) proxy load balancing technologies. In order to achieve a low-cost implementation in terms of investment in hardware and computing solutions, the proposed architecture will be beneficial. This system intends to provide steady service despite any system components fails due to uncertainly such as network system, storage and applications.
An Experimental Study of Load Balancing of OpenNebula Open-Source Cloud Computing Platform
A B M Moniruzzaman,Kawser Wazed Nafi,Syed Akther Hossain
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: Cloud Computing is becoming a viable computing solution for services oriented computing. Several open-source cloud solutions are available to these supports. Open-source software stacks offer a huge amount of customizability without huge licensing fees. As a result, open source software are widely used for designing cloud, and private clouds are being built increasingly in the open source way. Numerous contributions have been made by the open-source community related to private-IaaS-cloud. OpenNebula - a cloud platform is one of the popular private cloud management software. However, little has been done to systematically investigate the performance evaluation of this open-source cloud solution in the existing literature. The performance evaluation aids new and existing research, industry and international projects when selecting OpenNebula software to their work. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the load-balancing performance of the OpenNebula cloud management software. For the performance evaluation, the OpenNebula cloud management software is installed and configured as a prototype implementation and tested on the DIU Cloud Lab. In this paper, two set of experiments are conducted to identify the load balancing performance of the OpenNebula cloud management platform- (1) Delete and Add Virtual Machine (VM) from OpenNebula cloud platform; (2) Mapping Physical Hosts to Virtual Machines (VMs) in the OpenNebula cloud platform.
Virtual Memory Streaming Technique for Virtual Machines (VMs) for Rapid Scaling and High Performance in Cloud Environment
A B M Moniruzzaman,Kawser Wazed Nafi,Syed Akther Hossain
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: This paper addresses the impact of Virtual Memory Streaming (VMS) technique in provisioning virtual machines (VMs) in cloud environment. VMS is a scaling virtualization technology that allows different virtual machines rapid scale, high performance, and increase hardware utilization. Traditional hypervisors do not support true no-downtime live migration, and its lack of memory oversubscription can hurt the economics of a private cloud deployment by limiting the number of VMs on each host. VMS brings together several advanced hypervisor memory management techniques including granular page sharing, dynamic memory footprint management, live migration, read caching, and a unique virtual machine cloning capability. An architecture model is described, together with a proof-of-concept implementation, that VMS dynamically scaling of virtualized infrastructure with true live migration and cloning of VMs. This paper argues that VMS for Cloud allows requiring significantly reduced server memory and reducing the time for virtualized resource scaling by instantly adding more virtual machines.
Three Dimensional Numerical Modeling of Flow and Pollutant Transport in a Flooding Area of 2008 US Midwest Flood  [PDF]
Xiaobo Chao, A. K. M. Azad Hossain, Yafei Jia
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2013.22012
Abstract: This paper presents the development and application of a three-dimensional numerical model for simulating the flow field and pollutant transport in a flood zone near the confluence of the Mississippi River and Iowa River during the US Midwest Flood in 2008. Due to a prolonged precipitation event, a levee along the Iowa River just upstream of Oakville, Iowa broke, and the small town was completely flooded for a couple of weeks. During this period, the high water level in the flood zone reached about 2.5 metersabove the ground, and wind was the major force for the flow circulation. It was observed that some pollutants were leaked from the residential and farming facilities and transported into the flood zone. Leaking of pollutants from these facilities was reported by different news media during the flood and was identified using high resolution satellite imagery. The developed 3D numerical model was first validated using experimental measurements, and then applied to the flood inundated zone in Oakville for simulating the unsteady hydrodynamics and pollutant transport. The simulated pollutant distributions were generally in good agreement with the observed data obtained from satellite imagery.
A Finite Element Analysis on MHD Free Convection Flow in Open Square Cavity Containing Heated Circular Cylinder  [PDF]
Sheikh Anwar Hossain, M. A. Alim, S. K. Saha
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2015.51003
Abstract: The problem of Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) free convection heat transfer in a square open cavity containing a heated circular cylinder at the centre has been investigated in this work. As boundary conditions of the cavity, the left vertical wall is kept at a constant heat flux, bottom and top walls are kept at different high and low temperature respectively. The remaining side wall is open. Finite element analysis based on Galerkin weighted Residual approach is used to visualize the temperature distribution and fluid flow solving two-dimensional governing mass, momentum and energy equations for steady state, natural convection flow in presence of magnetic field in side an open square cavity. A uniformly heated circular cylinder is located at the centre of the cavity. The object of this study is to describe the effects of MHD on the thermal fields and flow in presence of such heated circular cylinder by visualization of graph. The investigations are conducted for different values of Rayleigh number (Ra) and Hartmann number (Ha). The results show that the temperature field and flow pattern are significantly dependent on the above mentioned parameters.
Numerical Modeling of Sediment Transport and Its Effect on Algal Biomass Distribution in Lake Pontchartrain Due to Flood Release from Bonnet Carré Spillway  [PDF]
Xiaobo Chao, Yafei Jia, A. K. M. Azad Hossain
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2016.49006
Abstract: In order to protect the city of New Orleans from the Mississippi River flooding, the Bonnet Carré Spillway (BCS) was constructed from 1929 to 1936 to divert flood water from the river into Lake Pontchartrain and then into the Gulf of Mexico. During the BCS opening for flood release, large amounts of freshwater, nutrients, sediment, etc. were discharged into Lake Pontchartrain, and caused a lot of environmental problems. To evaluate the environmental impacts of the flood water on lake ecosystems, a two-dimensional numerical model was developed based on CCHE2D and applied to simulate the flow circulation, sediment transport and algal biomass distribution in Lake Pontchartrain. The effect of sediment concentration on the growth of algae was considered in the model. The numerical model was calibrated using field measured data provided by USGS, and then it was validated by the BCS Opening Event in 1997. The simulated results were generally in good agreement with filed data and satellite imagery. The field observation and numerical model show that during the spillway opening for flood release, the sediment concentration is very high, which greatly restricts the growth of algae, so there is no algal bloom observed in the lake. After the closure of BCS, the sediment concentration in the lake reduces gradually, and the nutrient concentration of the lake is still high. Under these conditions, numerical results and satellite imagery showed that the chlorophyll concentration was high and algal bloom might occur.
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