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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461230 matches for " A. Gagani "
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Key-Hole Notches in Isostatic Graphite: A Review of Some Recent Data
Filippo Berto, A. Gagani, Relly Victoria V. Petrescu and Florian Ion T. Petrescu
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2016, DOI: 10.3844/ajeassp.2016.1292.1300
Abstract: Fracture of the breakable isostatic graphite is concerned using the experimental and theoretically, the plates containing nicks holes key subject to varying degrees of mixed task. The main purpose of this work is a double one. In the first place, in order to offer a new set of experimental results on fracture of samples of graphite scored, with different values of the load mixed and radii notch and which may be helpful for researchers, as it enlarges the very limited data available; and secondly, to provide a criterion fracture of the polycrystalline graphite under the conditions mentioned above. The main purpose of this work is to offer a new set of experimental results (70 new data) on the fracture of the samples of the loose graphite of key holes, the different values of mixed loading, the tilt angle and radii notch and which may be of help as widens the very limited data available. By using the value of the average density of the stem of energy in a well defined, a criterion of fracture of the polycrystalline graphite under the conditions referred to above, it is proposed to predict the static resistance of the samples taken into account. The third part of the work deals with the analysis of the direction of initiation of fracture and spread of the crack in the early. The average value of the stem density of energy in a well defined is used to predict the static resistance of the samples taken into account. Good agreement is found between the experimental data for the tasks critical failure and the theoretical predictions based on average constant strain density of energy on the volume of the material.
A Review of the Fatigue Strength of Load Carrying Shear Welded Joints
Filippo Berto, Abedin Gagani, Relly Victoria V. Petrescu, Florian Ion T. Petrescu
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2017, DOI: 10.3844/ajeassp.2017.1.12
Abstract: In the study it is shown an overview of the latest results of two types of joints of the load carrying welded shear. Tests of fatigue have been carried out on the two solutions specific design features proposed and with the aim of improving the resistance of the joints under cycling loading. By hiring the 3D models, was determined Strain Energy Density (SED), in a volume of control which surrounds the lowest point of interest. All of the experimental results have been presented in short. The synthesis shows that all data are within the range of the scattering of the proposed previously in the specialized literature for steel construction welded.
Finite Element Analysis, 3d Model, Lap Joint, Notc h Stress Intensity Factors
Filippo Berto, Abedin Gagani, Raffaella Aversa, Relly Victoria V. Petrescu, Antonio Apicella and Florian Ion T. Petrescu
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2016, DOI: 10.3844/ajeassp.2016.1269.1291
Abstract: Fatigue is a process (succession of mechanisms) which under the action of time-varying strains or deformations modifies the local properties of a material. These can lead to the formation of cracks and eventual rupture of the structure. Fatigue is in particular characterized by an extent of variation in stress which may be well below the yield strength of the material. The main stages of fatigue failure of an assembly are the initiation of cracks (if defects are not already present in the material), the propagation of cracks and the final rupture. The parameters often used to predict the fatigue behavior and thus the number of cycles at break of a structure is: The amplitude of the stress (loading or imposed strain), its average value, the surface state and the medium In which the structure will be used. Even if the study of fatigue is based on theoretical considerations (in particular the mechanics of the rupture), it is essentially an experimental field. The characterization of a material, a part, an assembly, a structure, requires numerous tests and measurements. The work deals with multiaxial fatigue power of specimens which are notched and all made of 40CrMoV13.9. Circumferentially V-notched specimens and semicircular notched were tested under combined tension and torsion loading, both, in phase or out of phase. Geometry of symmetric axis of V notched issues has been characterized of a notch radius constant from (1 mm) and V-notch opening angle of 90°. The semicircular specimens were characterized by a constant notch tip radius. For both situations the net diameter sectional area was 12 mm. The results from multi-axial tests are discussed together with those obtained being all under loading pure torsion and tension by the issues notched having the same geometry. Altogether more than 120 new fatigue data are summarized in the present work. All presented fatigue data are first in terms of nominal amplitudes stress and then reanalyzed in terms of the mean value of the strain energy density evaluated over a finite size semicircular sector surrounding the tip of the notch.
Myofibril-Inducing RNA (MIR) is essential for tropomyosin expression and myofibrillogenesis in axolotl hearts
Chi Zhang, Pingping Jia, Xupei Huang, Gian Sferrazza, Gagani Athauda, Mohan P Achary, Jikui Wang, Sharon L Lemanski, Dipak K Dube, Larry F Lemanski
Journal of Biomedical Science , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1423-0127-16-81
Abstract: The Mexican axolotl, Ambystoma mexicanum, has proven to be a unique animal model in the study of cardiac development. The axolotl (a neotenous salamander) carries a naturally occurring recessive mutation, gene c, first discovered and characterized by Humphrey [1], which results in abnormal cardiac development in homozygous recessive "c/c" embryos. The mutant embryonic hearts develop, but fail to beat, making them distinguishable from normal embryonic hearts which start to beat at stage 35. The myocytes of the mutant hearts fail to form organized myofibrils and the embryos survive only to stage 42, the hatching stage, due to a lack of circulation.Among the various myofibril structural proteins, tropomyosin has been shown by SDS-PAGE [2], radio-immunoassay [3], 2D gel electrophoresis [4] and confocal microscopy of whole hearts to be drastically reduced in the mutants [5-7]. Interestingly, other myofibril structural proteins such as actin, myosin and myosin binding protein C, however, were found to be at or near normal levels in the mutant hearts [8-10].Using this animal model, Myofibril-Inducing RNA (MIR), a small bioactive RNA, was shown in previous studies to be able to restore tropomyosin protein synthesis, promote myofibrillogenesis, and initiate heartbeat in the mutant embryonic hearts in organ culture [11]. The MIR appears to function through its unique secondary structure since it is a non-coding RNA [7,11].In mammals, birds and amphibians, altogether four different types of tropomyosin genes have been identified: alpha gene (TPM1), beta gene (TPM2), gamma gene (TPM3) and TM4 type gene (TPM4) [12]. More recently, TM4, a cytoskeletal tropomyosin, also has been associated with growth and regeneration in response to injury, disease state and stress in skeletal muscle of mouse and humans [13]. Moreover, in zebrafish embryos, a heart specific isoform of TM4 is essential for normal myofibril formation and developing a heartbeat [14]. In addition, it has been found re
A Comparative Investigation of Lead Sulfate and Lead Oxide Sulfate Study of Morphology and Thermal Decomposition  [PDF]
S. A. A. Sajadi
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.22024
Abstract: The compound lead oxide sulfate PbSO4.PbO was prepared in our laboratory. The Thermal behavior of PbSO4 was studied using techniques of Thermogravimetry under air atmosphere from 25 to 1200°C. The identity of both compounds was confirmed by XRD technique. Results obtained using both techniques support same decomposition stages for this compound. The electron microscopic investigations are made by SEM and TEM. The compound is characterized by XRD and the purity was determined by analytical Methods. Also a series of thermogravimetric analysis is made and the ideal condition is determined to convert this compound to pure lead oxide.
Metal ion-binding properties of L-glutamic acid and L-aspartic acid, a comparative investigation  [PDF]
S. A. A. Sajadi
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.22013
Abstract: A comparative research has been developed for acidity and stability constants of M(Glu)1, M(Asp)2 and M(Ttr)3 complexes, which have been determined by potentiometric pH titration. Depending on metal ion-binding properties, vital differences in building complex were observed. The present study indicates that in M(Ttr) com-plexes, metal ions are arranged to the carboxyl groups, but in M(Glu) and M(Asp), some metal ions are able to build chelate over amine groups. The results mentioned-above demonstrate that for some M(Glu) and M(Asp) complexes, the stability constants are also largely determined by the affinity of metal ions for amine group. This leads to a kind of selectivity of metal ions, and transfers them through building complexes accompanied with glutamate and aspartate. For heavy metal ions, this building complex helps the absorption and filtration of the blood plasma, and consequently, the excursion of heavy metal ions takes place. This is an important method in micro-dialysis. In this study the different as-pects of stabilization of metal ion complexes regarding to Irving-Williams sequence have been investigated.
Determining the Basaltic Sequence Using Seismic Reflection and Resistivity Methods  [PDF]
A. Alanezi, A. Qadrouh
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32B004
Abstract:

This study was carried out in Harat Rahat (south of Almadinah Almonwarah) using seismic reflection and resistivity methods. The main objectives of this study are to determine the extent of the basaltic layer and to define the subsurface faults and fractures that could affect and control the groundwater movement in the study area. A 2D seismic profile was acquired and the result shows that the subsurface in the study area has a major fault. We obtained a well match when the seismic result was compared with drilled wells. As a complementary tool, the resistivity method was applied in order to detect the groundwater level. The results of the resistivity method showed that six distinct layers have been identified. The interpretation of these six layers show that the first three layers, the fourth layer, the fifth layer and the bottom of the section indicated various subsurface structures and lithologies; various basaltic layers, fractured basalt, weathered basement and fresh basaltic layers, respectively. It is obvious that the eventual success of geophysical surveys depend on the combination with other subsurface data sources in order to produce accurate maps.

Equilibria and Stability in Glycine, Tartrate and Tryptophan Complexes, Investigation on Interactions in Cu(II) Binary and Ternary Systems in Aqueous Solution  [PDF]
S. A. A. Sajadi
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials (OJINM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojinm.2014.41001
Abstract:

The acidity and stability constants of M(Gly)1, M(Ttr)1, and M(Trp)1 M: Cu2+, Cu(Bpy2)2+, and Cu(Phen3)2+ complexes, were determined by potentiometric pH titration. It is shown that the stability of the binary Cu(L), (L: Gly, Ttr, and Trp) complex is determined by the basicity of the carboxylate group on one side and amino group on the other side. It is demonstrated that the equilibrium, Cu(Ha4)2+ + Cu(L) \"\"Cu(Har)(L) + Cu2+, is displacement due to the well known experience that mixed ligand complexes formed by a divalent 3d ion, a heteroaromatic N base and an O donor ligand possess increased stability. The stability constants of the 1:1 complexes formed between Cu2+, Cu(Bpy)2+ or Cu(Phen)2+

Adaptive Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller for Grid Interface Ocean Wave Energy Conversion  [PDF]
Adel A. A. Elgammal
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications (JILSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jilsa.2014.62006
Abstract:

This paper presents a closed-loop vector control structure based on adaptive Fuzzy Logic Sliding Mode Controller (FL-SMC) for a grid-connected Wave Energy Conversion System (WECS) driven Self-Excited Induction Generator (SEIG). The aim of the developed control method is to automatically tune and optimize the scaling factors and the membership functions of the Fuzzy Logic Controllers (FLC) using Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms (MOGA) and Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO). Two Pulse Width Modulated voltage source PWM converters with a carrier-based Sinusoidal PWM modulation for both Generator- and Grid-side converters have been connected back to back between the generator terminals and utility grid via common DC link. The indirect vector control scheme is implemented to maintain balance between generated power and power supplied to the grid and maintain the terminal voltage of the generator and the DC bus voltage constant for variable rotor speed and load. Simulation study has been carried out using the MATLAB/Simulink environment to verify the robustness of the power electronics converters and the effectiveness of proposed control method under steady state and transient conditions and also machine parameters mismatches. The proposed control scheme has improved the voltage regulation and the transient performance of the wave energy scheme over a wide range of operating conditions.

Geochemical Characteristics and Chemical Electron Microprobe U-Pb-Th Dating of Pitchblende Mineralization from Gabal Gattar Younger Granite, North Eastern Desert, Egypt  [PDF]
Hassan A. A. Shahin
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2014.41003
Abstract:

Pitchblende mineralization was studied in the younger granite samples collected from Gabal Gattar, north Eastern Desert, Egypt using electron scanning microscope (ESM) and electron probe microanalyses (EPMA). This study revealed that this pitchblende contains significant Zr content reaching up to (66.80% ZrO2), which suggests that volcanic rocks were probably the source of such a deposit. High level emplaced high-K Calc-alkaline plutons as Qattar granite may have been associated with their volcanic equivalent emplaced in the surrounding area or now eroded. Lead content of the pitchblende mineralization is high and with moderate volcanics (up to 7.71% PbO). In contrast, it is low in ThO2, Y2O3 and REE2O3. High Zr and Pb content associated with pitchblende mineralization from Gattar granite indicates

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