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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 478068 matches for " A Ali "
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Ultrastructural Identification of the Basal-Granulated Cells in the Duodenum of Albino Rat  [PDF]
Ali Hassan A. Ali
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2014.47041
Abstract: The fine structure of the crypt epithelium of the duodenal mucosa in albino rats was studied to represent the types and distribution of the basal-granulated or endocrine cells. Twenty male animals were used. Perfusion-fixation was made and samples of duodenal mucosa were taken and processed to prepare epon-embedded specimens for examination by a transmission electron microscope. Cells containing membrane-bound granules were seen in the crypt epithelium. They were identified to be basal-granulated cells. Six different types of such cells were demonstrated. All of the cells were of the closed type. The possible functional significance of these closed cell types was discussed. Correlation among the distributions of such cells in the intestine of albino rat might enable the physiologists, internists and other research workers to study several biologically active peptides with well-established functions other than those which have long been investigated.
Hepatoprotective Effect of Green Tea Extract against Cyclophosphamide Induced Liver Injury in Albino Rats  [PDF]
Ali Hassan A. Ali
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2018.62002
Abstract: Background: Green tea intake is accompanied with a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease, cancer and neurodegenerative disorders; hence green tea extract has been included as dietary supplement along with other supplements and multivitamins. Aim of the Work: Studying the effect of cyclophosphamide administration on the liver of adult male albino rats and the possible protective role of green tea extract. Material and Methods: The current study was carried out on 45 adult male albino rats. They were divided into three equal groups (each included 15 rats). Group I (control group) was injected intraperitoneally with normal saline at a dosage of 0.5 mg/kg body weight twice weekly for 9 weeks. Group II was injected intraperitoneally with cyclophosphamide (CP) (150 mg/kg/day) for two weeks. Group III: rats received green tea extracts orally (50 mg/kg/day) for three weeks, and then continued for further two weeks concomitantly with intraperitoneally cyclophosphamide (CP) injected (150 mg/kg/day). Results: Rats exposed to cyclophosphamide (CP) showed several histological and histochemical changes in their liver. These changes were improved by using green tea. Conclusion: The present work showed that green tea had preventive and therapeutic effect upon livers of albino rats after they were exposed to CP.
Positioning with Wide-Area GNSS Networks: Concept and Application  [PDF]
Tarig A. Ali
Positioning (POS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/pos.2012.31001
Abstract: The use of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) for positioning has revolutionized the way location data is be- ing collected. The NAVigation System with Time And Ranging Global Positioning System (GPS), which is a principal component of the global navigation satellite system (GNSS); is a satellite-based radio navigation system that provides positions of points of interest and time information to users. GPS positional accuracy can be improved by using differential corrections obtained through a technique called Differential GPS (DGPS), which is known to provide the most accurate positioning results. Differential correction can be applied in real time at the data collection phase or in the of- fice, at the post-processing phase. DGPS is generally used for positioning purposes through static or kinematics GPS surveys. In static GPS surveys, one receiver is placed at a point whose coordinates are known and the other receiver is placed over a point whose coordinates are desired. In kinematic surveys, one receiver remains at one point (base station) normally with known coordinates, and the other receiver (rover) moves from point to point in the project area. Kinematic surveys in which points positions are computed on-the-fly (OTF) are known as real-time kinematic (RTK). RTK surveys provide real-time locations of points of interest needed in many applications. Positioning with wide-area GNSS networks is basically based on the DGPS and RTK concepts. Observables from a network of a finite number of GPS receivers over an area are processed by a server at a central location (network server) and made available to the users of the network later or in real-time through radio-based, satellite, or wireless communications. This article provides a review of the concept and application of positioning with wide-area GNSS networks.
An Error Modeling Framework for the Sun Azimuth Obtained at a Location with the Hour Angle Method  [PDF]
Tarig A. Ali
Positioning (POS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/pos.2012.32004
Abstract: Sun observations provide a robust way for determining the geodetic or true azimuth at a location. Azimuth is generally defined as the angle in the plane measured from the meridian’s north (or south) to the location of the line of interest. It is common to use the north azimuth; also referred to as “azimuth”, especially in civilian surveying applications. The astronomic meridian is obtained through astronomic observations of the Sun or North Star (Polaris) and it is important since it provides one instance of the geodetic or true meridian. There are two methods for determining the sun azimuth; the first is known as the hour angle method and the other is called the altitude method. The hour angle method requires the determination of accurate time while altitude method requires accurate vertical angle. The hour angle method is more popular because it is more accurate, can be performed at any time of day and is applicable to the sun, Polaris and other stars. In this article, an error modeling framework for the errors result in the process of determining the sun azimuth using the hour angle method; namely random errors, is presented. A Gauss-Markov model is used to represent the errors in the true azimuth estimation process. Six sets of sun observation for azimuth data; three with telescope direct and three reverse, including horizontal circle’s readings and time were collected and used in order to estimate the true azimuth of a line in a study area in central Orlando, Florida, United States.
Compression of LiDAR Data Using Spatial Clustering and Optimal Plane-Fitting  [PDF]
Tarig A. Ali
Advances in Remote Sensing (ARS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ars.2013.22008

With the advancement in geospatial data acquisition technology, large sizes of digital data are being collected for our world. These include air- and space-borne imagery, LiDAR data, sonar data, terrestrial laser-scanning data, etc. LiDAR sensors generate huge datasets of point of multiple returns. Because of its large size, LiDAR data has costly storage and computational requirements. In this article, a LiDAR compression method based on spatial clustering and optimal filtering is presented. The method consists of classification and spatial clustering of the study area image and creation of the optimal planes in the LiDAR dataset through first-order plane-fitting. First-order plane-fitting is equivalent to the Eigen value problem of the covariance matrix. The Eigen value of the covariance matrix represents the spatial variation along the direction of the corresponding eigenvector. The eigenvector of the minimum Eigen value is the estimated normal vector of the surface formed by the LiDAR point and its neighbors. The ratio of the minimum Eigen value and the sum of the Eigen values approximates the change of local curvature, which determines the deviation of the surface formed by a LiDAR point and its neighbors from the tangential plane formed at that neighborhood. If the minimum Eigen value is close to zero for example, then the surface consisting of the point and its neighbors is a plane. The objective of this ongoing research work is basically to develop a LiDAR compression method that can be used in the future at the data acquisition phase to help remove fake returns and redundant points.

Optimal Convergence Analysis for Convection Dominated Diffusion Problems  [PDF]
M. A. Mohamed Ali
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2013.13004

In classical mixed finite element method, the choice of the finite element approximating spaces is restricted by the imposition of the LBB consistency condition. The method of H1-Galerkin mixed finite element method avoids completely the imposition of such a condition on the approximating spaces. In this article, we discuss and analyze error estimates for Convection-dominated diffusion problems using H1-Galerkin mixed finite element method, along with the method of characteristics. Optimal order of convergence has been achieved for the error estimates of a two-step Euler backward difference scheme.

Partial Quality Assessment of 60Co-Teletherapy Machine Performance  [PDF]
Mohammed A. Ali Omer
Open Journal of Radiology (OJRad) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojrad.2015.54032
Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the performance of 60Co-teletherapy unit at Radiation and Isotopes Center in Khartoum, using the common tools used for quality control (Front pointer, Graphic paper, Pin, Non-screen film, meter and Check plate). The collected and analyzed data revealed that: there was a difference between the calculated theoretical field size (FS) and the measured one relative to the change of SSD; and the average FS shift was 0.9 cm relative to the standard one, while the machine isocenter was almost fixed at 0° with a shift of 0.003 cm, which was within the standard limit (0.2 cm). The diaphragm isocenter showed a shift of ±0.36 cm (i.e. in clock and anti clock wise) in average relative to standard limit (±0.3 cm) and the couch vertical isocenter (CVI) relative to the SSD changes was exceeded the standard limit (0.2 cm) by a factor of 0.9 cm. Also the SSD determined by the optical distance indicator was greater than the actual SSD (determined by Front pointer and measured by scale meter) by an average of 0.8 cm; which exceeded the limit (0.3 cm) by an average factor of 0.5 cm. The study also showed that the penumbra profile (1.5 cm) was less than the actual specified for 60Co-teletherapy machine, while the radiation beam was so homogeneous across the field size.
Effect of Severe Temperatures and Restraint on Instability and Buckling of Elliptical Steel Columns  [PDF]
F. Ali, A. Nadjai
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2018.81004
Abstract: This paper presents the findings of an experimental research to investigate the performance of axially restrained elliptical hollow (EHS) steel columns subjected to severe hydrocarbon fire. The test programme involved 12 steel columns presenting 2 oval sections 200×100×8mm and 300×150×8mm and yielding 2 slenderness?λ?= 51 and 33. The 1800mm columns were tested under loading ratios ranging between 0.2 and 0.6 of the ultimate strength determined using EC3 and under axial restraint degree ranging from 0 to 0.16.? The obtained results of axial displacements, lateral displacements, measured restraint forces, and high temperatures are presented in the paper. It was found that introducing restraint to the columns with elliptical section produces high restraint forces which reduce the time to lose lateral stability. This is more evident in cases of lower load ratios than the higher load ratios. The numerical study presented in this paper involved building a finite element model to simulate the columns behaviour in fire. The model was validated using the test results obtained from unrestrained and restrained columns fire tests. The model demonstrated good agreement in the prediction of failure times and failure mechanisms of local and overall buckling. The FEM model was then used to conduct a parametric analysis involving factors of slenderness, restraint and loading. The conclusions drawn for this
Minimal Invasive Technique for Correction of Bowlegs in Children  [PDF]
Ali Zein A. A. Alkhooly
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2012.23023
Abstract: Clinical, experimental and histopathological studies were done on sixteen patients and four rabbits. Clinical material includes sixteen patients with bowlegs deformity, their ages ranged between 2 - 7 years and experimental material includes four rabbits each of them 5 weeks of age. Hemicircumferential periosteal release was done on rabbits (only one leg and the other leg is a control one) after ten weeks histopathological study to the proximal tibia was done on the operated and the non operated sides also hemicircumferential periosteal release was done on the patients at the proximal tibia on the medial side.growth changes occur in the tibia of the experimental animals and histopthological changes were observed at the growth plate adjacent to the divided periosteum and the clinical results on the patients were encouraging and correction of bowlegs occur within 6 - 8 months after operation.
Catalyst Free Synthesis of Pyridine-2,6-bis(2-bromo-propane-1,3-dione) and Pyrdine-2,6-bis(N-arylthiazoline-2-thiones)  [PDF]
Korany A. Ali, Mohamed A. Elsayed, Eman Ali Ragab
Green and Sustainable Chemistry (GSC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gsc.2015.51006
Abstract: We have described herein a catalyst-free preparation method of pyridine-2,6-bis(N-alkylthiazoline-2-thiones) (4a-i) by the reaction of primary amines, CS2, and pyridine-2,6-bis(2-bromo-1,3- dicarbonyl) derivatives (2a-c) in water. Also, we have described a catalyst free, green chemistry protocols to monobromination of pyridine-2,6-bis(2-bromo-1,3-dicarbonyl) derivatives with high yield, using NBS as a brominating agent, that led to eco-friendly isolation and purification proce-dures. Furthermore, we have studied the reactivity of pyridine-2,6-bis(2-bromo-1-methyl-pro- pane-1,3-dione) (2a) towards thiourea to afford 2,6-bis(5-benzoyl-2-aminothiazol-4-yl)pyridine (9).
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