oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2020 ( 8 )

2019 ( 992 )

2018 ( 1265 )

2017 ( 1222 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 718317 matches for " 1 M.A. ROSMEIRA "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /718317
Display every page Item
COMPARISON OF HYDRODISTILLATION METHODS FOR EXTRACTION OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM BEACKEA FRUTESCENS AND EVALUATION FOR THE ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY
*1 M. HABSAH, 1 M. MUHAMMAD AMIN, 1 M.A. ROSMEIRA, , 1 ZULHELMI, 1 S. HAMDAN, 1 K.B. KU HALIM, 2 M.R. KAMIL
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management , 2008,
Abstract: Essential oils from the leaves of Beackea frutescens were extracted by using three hydrodistillation methods, the Dean-Stark (DS), Clavenger (C) and simultaneous steam distillation extraction (SSDE). The yield of essential oils for each method was 0.32 %, 0.40% and 0.83%, respectively. The essential oils were examined using gas chromatogram and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Twenty constituent of the essential oils were identified. The major compounds were terpinolene (22.33%), t- -bisabolene (10.12%), -cymene (9.85%), linalool (7.32%) and t-caryophyllene (6.06%), -bergamotene (2.42%), nerolidol (1.35%). The pure essential oils obtained and four emulsion samples which contained 0.2-0.5% of the essential oils shown antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. The inhibition zones were 10.5 -17.0 mm. The inhibition zone exhibited by the emulsion samples varied dependent on the percentage of the essential oil used.
The Distribution of Certain Heavy Metals Between Intestinal Parasites and the Fish Hosts in the River Nile at Assuit Province, Egypt
Shahat, M.A.1, Amer, O.S.O.1, AbdAllah, A.T.2, Abdelsater, N.1 and Moustafa, M.A.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: The present investigation was carried out on two species of freshwater fishes Oreochromis niloticus niloticus and Clarias gariepinus collected from EL-Ibrahimia and EL-Malah canals at Assuit province. Water samples were also collected for determination of some water quality parameters and the concentration of certain heavy metals including Cu, Cd and Pb. The results of water quality analysis indicated significant differences between the two selected sites. The examination of the intestinal parasites in both investigated fish species indicated that O. niloticus niloticus harbors one species of acanthocephalans, Acanthosentis tilapiae at the two investigated sites while, Clarias gariepinus was found harboring one species of nematodes, Paracamallanus cyathopharynx at site(1) and one species of trematodes, Orientocreadium lazeri at the two sites. The results also indicated that the mean concentration of the three heavy metals in water at site (1) are ranked as Cu > Cd > Pb, while at site (2) they are ranked as Cu > Pb > Cd with a highly significant difference (P<0.01) between the two investigated sites. The data also showed a differences between the fishes and their parasites from heavy metal ranking point of view, where it is ranked as Cu > Pb > Cd in both infected and uninfected fishes. In case of parasites heavy metals concentration at site (1) the investigated heavy metals are ranked as Pb > Cu > Cd in both Acanthosentis tilapiae and Orientocreadium lazeri, while they are ranked as Pb > Cd > Cu at site (2) in Acanthosentis tilapiae and Pb > Cu > Cd in Orientocreadium lazeri. Also, a significantly higher concentration of heavy metals was recorded in the parasites compared to their host fishes.
Responses of Selected Plants to Petroleum Contamination in Soils Around the Tehran Oil Refinery
A.A. Besalatpour,M.A. Hajabbasi,A.H. Khoshgoftarmanesh,M. Afyuni1
Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources , 2008,
Abstract: Total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) contaminations in soils may be toxic to human, plants and cause groundwater contamination. To achieve maximum TpH- reduction and to establish successfull stable vegetation cover in phytoremediation method, various criteria must be considered to choose the plants carefully. In this study, germination and subsequent growth of seven plants were tested in three soils with different petroleum contamination levels. Contamination treatments consisted of C0 (uncontaminated soil), C1 (1:1 w/w, uncontaminated: contaminated soil) and C2 (1:3 w/w, uncontaminated: contaminated soil). The experimental design was completely randomized split plots with three replications per treatment. The results showed that the presence of TPH in the soil had no effect on seed germination of agropyron, white clover, sunflower and safflower although canola seedlings were sensitive to these compounds and failed to produce dry matter yield (DMY) at the end of trial period. In contrast, seed germination of canola, puccenillia and tall fescue decreased in the petroleum contaminated soils. No reduction was found in DMY of puccenillia in contaminated soils (C1 and C2 treatments) compared to control; however, the presence of TPH proportional to the contamination levels, decreased dry weight of sunflower and safflower. This reduction in growth and dry weight for tall fescue and agropyron was also observed in C2 compared to C1 treatment. Therefore, it seems that though agropyron, white clover, sunflower and safflower germinated well and the presence of TPHs in the soil treatments had no effect on their seed germination, they grew poorly. In contrast, grasses had poor seed germination but their subsequent growth and establishment in the contaminated soils was acceptable for subsequent phytoremediation trials.
STUDIES ON THE EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CHEMOTHERAPY OF HAEMONCHOSIS IN SHEEP IN THE PUNJAB
Farhat Jabeen, Nazir Ahmad1, K.M. Ahmad1, M.A. Chaudhry and Shujait Ali1
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2000,
Abstract: A study was conducted to ascertain the incidence and seasonal pattern of haemonchosis in sheep raised in different divisions of the Punjab province. For this purpose, faecal samples from 10,000 sheep were collected from eight divisions of Punjab and examined for the presence of Haemonchus contortus ova. The overall infection of Haemonchus contort us in these sheep was found to be 54.77%. The highest incidence of the haemonclfosis (70.72%) was recorded in Rawalpindi, followed by 68.00% in Sargodha and around 66% in Gujranwala, D.G. Khan and Bahawalpur divisions. The lowest incidence of the disease (32.00%) was recorded in Faisalabad followed by 34.00% in Multan and 34.32% in Lahore diyisions. The month-wise prevalence of haemonchosis showed the highest incidence (89.55%) in the month of July, followed by 87.13% in August. The lowest prevalence of haemonchosis (20.02%) was observed in February, followed by 29.00% in March.
PREVALENCE OF COCCIDIOSIS IN BROILER CHICKENS IN FAISALABAD, PAKISTAN
M. M. Ayaz, M. Akhtar, C.S. Hayat, M.A. Hafeez and A. Haq1
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2003,
Abstract: A study was conducted during the period from October, 2000 to June, 2001 to record the prevalence of coccidiosis in broiler chickens in Faisalabad district. A total of 930 guts were collected and processed at Immunoparasitology Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. Seven species of Eimeria (E) viz. E. tenella (50%), E. maxima (40%), E. mitis (2%), E. praecox (0.8%), E. acervulina (4%); E. necatrix (2%) and E. brunetti (1.2%) were recorded. The overall prevalence of coccidiosis was found to be 37.95%.
Socio-economic Condition of Tobacco Industry Labour Family at Haragass, Rangpur, Bangladesh
1Mannan M. A,2Rahman S.M.Z,3Ali M.A
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of the study was to evaluate the socio-economic condition of tobacco industry labour family at Haragass, Rangpur district, Bangladesh. Fifty eight labour families were included in this study. A questioner was developed to interview the family with the help of Department of Sociology, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. The survey was emphases on the children education and labour, family income and pattern of land ownership. The families were selected by random sampling. The data were collected by direct interviewing the family members individually. Close observations were made about their housing and sanitation during interviewing and recorded. All family members including the children are involved in incoming and their combine weekly income is about BDT. 1360 i.e. USD. 26 (1 BDT= USD 53). Most of labour families are landless. Children usually go to the school as Government gives some subsidy to primary school going children. About sixty percent children are engaged with tobacco industry.
Studies on hybrid sterility in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under temperate conditions of Kashmir
S. Najeeb, A.G.Rather , M.A.Zargar, , F.A.Sheikh, S.M. Razvi1 , Badrul Hassan2, Gulzaffer1, M.A. Ahanger and N.A.Teeli
Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding , 2011,
Abstract: The inter sub- specific variability generated has been advanced at two experimental farms constituting two locationsin order to study for more promising although less frequent segregants and New Plant Types for two agro ecologiesof Kashmir. Besides intervarietal indica and intervarietal japonica variability has been evaluated at 4500 and 7500feet MSL respectively based on their different degree of tolerance to cold, biotic and abiotic stresses viz-a-viz theirgrowth duration in terms of earliness to flowering and maturity, the most important criteria for selecting a genotypefor agro ecology like Kashmir.
Prevalence of Fowl Cholera (Pasteurella multocida) in Commercial Broiler Breeder Flocks Maintained in Abbottabad and Mansehra
1Tahir B.,F.R. Durrani,M. Farooq,Z. Durrani,Sar Zamin,M.A. Khan,Riaz. A.
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: Morbid materials from 25 commercial broiler breeder farms located in Abbottabad and Mansehra districts were collected over one year period to investigate prevalence of Fowl cholera and study efficiency of various organs to be used as diagnostic tools for fowl cholera. Overall incidence of Fowl cholera was (0.80?0.26%) with a coefficient of variation of 231.45%, indicating significantly higher incidence (1.07?0.62%) in Mansehra than in Abbottabad (0.53?0.34%). Significantly (p<0.05) lower incidence of Fowl cholera was found in vaccinated (0.15?0.26%) than in non-vaccinated flocks (1.45?0.63%). Higher incidence (1.35?0.38%) of Fowl cholera was found in farms previously exposed to Fowl cholera disease as compared to those in which there was no previous incidence (0.25?0.29%). Fowl cholera was found positively (p<0.01) and significantly associated with flock age (b=0.074661?0.03389) but negatively associated with egg production (b=-16.24429?0.928103). Liver was found to be the best organ for diagnosis of Fowl cholera in broiler breeder flocks.
Callus Induction and Regeneration of Indigenous Garlic (Allium sativum L.)
M.A Salam,1M.R Ali,Md Eunus Ali,K.A Alam
American Journal of Plant Physiology , 2008,
Abstract: The experiment was conducted at plant Biotechnology Laboratory of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh to study the regeneration of garlic at various combinations and concentrations of growth regulators and also to develop an efficient protocol for regeneration of garlic via callus culture. Vigorously growing leaf discs of garlic strains were used as explants. The explants were collected from cloves germinated in a MS basal medium. Different combinations and concentrations of growth regulators like 2, 4-D, NAA and BA were used in MS medium to observe the callus induction, proliferation and organ formation. The highest callusing was recorded at the best concentration of 2, 4-D (1.0 mg L-1) in MS medium (71.42%). Highest regeneration and highest number of shoots per callus were found in combinations and concentrations of 1.0 mg L-1 NAA plus 1.0 mg L-1 BA (71.42%).
COST OF PRODUCTION, GROSS RETURN AND NET PROFIT IN COMMERCIAL EGG PRODUCTION
M. Farooq, Zahoor-ul-Haq1, M.A. Mian, F.R. Durrani and M. Syed
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2003,
Abstract: The present study was carried out in Chakwal, Pakistan by collecting data from randomly selected 109 flocks to investigate cost of production, gross return and net profit per layer. Majority of the buildings in the study area were rented therefore, rent per layer was added to the total cost of production instead of depreciation on building and equipments. Overall total cost of production, gross return and net profit per layer was Rs. 393.88 ± 5.36, 432.14 ± 8.01 and 38.26 ± 6.66, respectively. Rate of return over the invested capital was 27%. Mean feed cost per layer was Rs. 302.23 ± 5.01, including Rs. 10.27 ± 0.24, 29.19 ± 0.42 and 262.77 ± 5.08 for starter, grower and layer ration, respectively. Feed cost was the major component contributing 76.73% to the total cost of production. Average cost of labor, day-old chick, building rent, vaccination, therapy, miscellaneous item, electricity, bedding material and transportation was Rs. 19.90 ± 0.45, 19.75 ± 0.05, 16.25 ± 0.26, 12.80 ± 0.10, 10.90 ± 2.32, 4.35 ± 0.09, 3.15 ± 0.07, 2.65 ± 0.09 and 1.90 ± 0.08, respectively, contributing 5.05, 5.01, 4.13, 3.25, 2.77, 1.10, 0.80, 0.67 and 0.48 % to the total cost of production. Gross return from the sale of marketable eggs, culled eggs, spent/culled bird, empty bags and manure was Rs. 388.84 ± 7.91, 3.85 ± 0.01, 35.80 ± 0.23, 2.20 ± 0.04 and 1.45 ± 0.01, respectively, contributing 89.98, 0.89, 8.28, 0.51 and 0.34% to the total return. Determining the effect of different parameters on the cost of production and net profit, large flocks, Hisex strain, brood-grow and lay system of rearing, good hygienic conditions of the farm, normal stocking rate and cage system of housing wee found to give maximum gross return as well as net profit.
Page 1 /718317
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.