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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 107129 matches for " 郭丽 "
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蹼颈的病因及整形外科治疗
The Reconstructive Surgical Technique and Cause of the Webbed
 [PDF]

, 刘林嶓
Hans Journal of Medical Cosmetology (HJMC) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/HJMC.2014.22002
Abstract:

目的:探讨蹼颈的病因及整复手术方法。方法:设计单个Z形皮瓣或两个连续Z形皮瓣整复牵拉畸形。结果:31例采用本法治疗全部获得成功,创口一期愈合。结论:蹼颈是某些疾病的合并症,其通过整形外科手术,效果确实、有效。
Objective: To investigate the reconstructive surgical technique and cause of the webbed. Methods: Single or double Z-type skin flaps were designed to transfer and correct severe contractive deformity. Results: All the procedures were successful. The wound healed in the first stage. Conclusion: Webbed is a complication of comorbidity. The therapeutic result of this operation is reliable and effective.

国家图书馆藏南宋浙本《管子》考略

图书情报工作 , 2009,
Abstract: ?现今保存最早的《管子》,是南宋绍兴年间具杨忱《序》的浙江刻本。此本经文征明、黄丕烈诸位藏书家之手,传至铁琴铜剑楼,现存于国家图书馆。避讳从赵氏宗室的远祖到宋仁宗;用字多保存古字古义,颇有古本风貌;内容上能够补充明初刘绩《管子补注》本的不足;文字上能够订正明刘绩本和赵用贤《管韩合刻》本的讹误,对赵用贤本的刊印具有重大影响。清代学者陆贻典对此本评价甚高,并用以校对明刻刘绩本。
亚临床甲状腺功能减退合并妊娠期糖尿病安阳市青少年网络成瘾现况及影响因素分析
Current situation and influencing factors on Internet addiction ??among adolescents in Anyang


- , 2016,
Abstract: 摘要:目的 了解安阳市青少年网络成瘾行为现况及其影响因素,为青少年网络成瘾的预防和干预提供依据。方法 采用分层整群抽样方法,对安阳市24所监测学校共5 040人进行问卷调查。SPSS17.0进行分析。结果 学生网瘾检出率3.8%,其中男生5.7%明显高于女生1.7%(χ2=56.887,??P??<0.01),性别、城乡、学段、母亲文化程度、学习成绩、玩电子游戏时间、孤独、抑郁、失眠等在网络成瘾和非网络成瘾学生间检出率存在差异( ??P??值均<0.01)。logistic回归分析显示,性别、绝望、失眠、喝饮料≥1次/d、玩电子游戏时间和是否网吧上网是网络成瘾的主要影响因素。结论 青少年网络成瘾现状不容乐观,需根据网络成瘾的影响因素,尽早采取有针对性的干预措施。??
黄芪茎叶总皂苷提取物的抑菌活性研究

- , 2019, DOI: 10.13982/j.mfst.1673-9078.2019.1.012
Abstract: 本文采用滤纸片法和倍比稀释法测定黄芪茎叶不同成分对6种供试菌的抑菌圈直径和最小抑菌浓度(minimal inhibitory concentration,MIC),分析了黄芪茎叶资源的抑菌活性,并通过测定大肠杆菌的生长曲线及菌悬液中大分子物质的含量,初步阐述了黄芪茎叶的抑菌机理。结果表明,黄芪茎叶总皂苷对6种供试菌均具有明显的抑菌活性,尤其是对大肠杆菌的MIC值可达12.5 μg/mL;黄芪茎叶总黄酮仅对2种供试菌具有明显抑菌活性,MIC值均为93.8 μg/mL;黄芪茎叶总多糖无抑菌活性。黄芪茎叶皂苷类提取物的加入可严重抑制大肠杆菌的生长,使菌悬液中核酸物质含量增大,表明黄芪茎叶皂苷可通过破坏菌体细胞膜的完整性、致使大分子物质外溢而发挥抑菌作用。本研究为黄芪茎叶作为一种天然防腐剂在食品保鲜与贮藏领域的应用提供了理论依据。
In this study, the antibacterial activity of the stems and leaves of Astragalus membranaceus (denoted as AMSL herein) was explored through testing the inhibition zone diameter and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of different components on six test bacteria by the filter paper method and double dilution method respectively. Besides, the antibacterial mechanism of AMSL was preliminarily described by measuring the growth curve of Escherichia coli and evaluating the influence of AMSL on the release of macromolecular substances in the suspension. The results showed that the total saponins of AMSL had obvious antibacterial activities against the six test bacteria, especially its effect on Escherichia coli with the MIC value of 12.5 μg/mL. The total flavonoids had significant antibacterial activities against only two test bacteria with the MIC values of 93.8 μg/mL, and the total polysaccharides had no activity. After the extract of AMSL saponins was added to the bacterial suspension, the growth of Escherichia coli was severely inhibited and the content of macromolecules such as nucleic acids in the bacterial suspension increased, indicating that the AMSL exerted bacteriostatic action mainly by destroying the integrity of the cell membrane which caused the macromolecular substances to overflow. This study provides a theoretical basis for the application of AMSL as a natural preservative in the field of food preservation and storage.
中医药院校图书馆学科馆员制度建立的探讨
The Universities of Chinese Medicine to Establish the Subject Librarian System
 [PDF]

, 春芳
Management Science and Engineering (MSE) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/MSE.2014.31B004
Abstract:

本文通过介绍学科馆员,以湖北中医药大学为例探讨了中医药院校实施学科馆员制度的必要性,为中医药院校实施学科馆员制度提供参考,为中医药院校在教学、科研、临床和学科建设等方面取得突破找到出路。

From the introduction of subject librarians to the case study of Hubei University of Chinese Medicine researching the necessity of Universities of Chinese Medicine to establish the subject librarians systems, the paper provides a reference of the implementation of the subject librarian system for Chinese medicine colleges and a breakthrough in teaching, research, clinic and academic building.



植物开花控制基因FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT)功能多样性的研究进展
Progress on the Multifaceted Roles of Flowering Control Gene FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT)
 [PDF]

, 黄先忠
Botanical Research (BR) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/BR.2014.36028
Abstract:
高等植物开花转变过程中,FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT)基因编码的蛋白产物是可以长距离转运的成花激素,是植物成花转变过程中的关键调控因子。目前研究发现,在一些植物中FT基因不仅可以促进植株成花,还表现出抑制植物开花的特性。同时,研究表明FT基因参与到控制植株坐果、营养生长、气孔开放、促进结薯和侧枝生长等发育过程。本文主要回顾了FT基因近几年的研究进展,为进一步深入了解和研究FT-like亚家族基因的功能提供了理论依据。
The FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) protein, a mobile signal recognized as a major component of florigen, has a central position in mediating the floral transition. Recent research showed that FT gene not only promoted flowering, but in some plants FT also showed the function of inhibition of plant flowering. At the same time the function of FT gene has also been identified as a major regulatory factor in a wide range of developmental processes, such as fruit set, vegetative growth, stomatal control, tuberization, and branches elongation. This article reviewed the latest pleiotropic functions of FT and its orthologs in plant development, providing a theoretical basis for further study about the function of FT-like gene sub-family.
病证结合多目标优化提高防治冠心病新药研究水平
王阶,
中国中药杂志 , 2015,
Abstract: 由于中医药在理论基础、应用方式和疗效评价标准上与现代医药学的差异,中药的安全性、有效性在某种程度上受到质疑,阻碍了中医药的发展和国际化进程。作者针对近年中药新药研究中常见的适应证定位不明确、工艺选择不合理、临床前药效学研究结果对拟定适应症的有效性支持力度不足、临床疗效中医特色和优势不突出等问题,结合防治冠心病中药新药研发体会,指出现代病证结合理论渗透在中药新药研发的各个阶段,为中药新药研发提供全方位指导。从现代病证结合理论促进防治冠心病中药新药适应症精确定位,为制剂工艺优化和质量控制提供目标导向,赋予临床前药效评价中医药特色,通过多目标优化提高临床疗效等几个方面阐释现代病证结合理论在研发现代中药新药过程中的应用价值,并结合相关学科的发展对今后中药新药研发方向进行了客观分析。
成分研究在中药研究中的作用
,王阶*
中国中药杂志 , 2009,
Abstract: 有效成分是中药治病疗疾的物质基础,是阐释中医药传统理论科学性的有力工具,但一味强调中药有效成分,忽略中药的“因证取效”特点,落入模仿跟踪西药研究的窠臼,不能促进中医药的发展。正确理解传统中药功效原理,借助于现代生物学先进技术,科学分析中药治疗有效病例,探索中药作用机制,揭示疾病发生机制,寻找作用物质,是中药研究的必有之路。
论中药复方药效研究
,王阶
中国中药杂志 , 2008,
Abstract: 中医药学与西医药学之间存在多种差异,在中医药理论指导下应用的中药有其自己的特点。辨证论治是遣方用药的基础,配伍用药是中药应用的主要形式,方证相应是中药取效的关键,整合调节是中药的作用方式。上述特点决定了中药药效评价不能照搬西药的方法和标准。运用现代技术和中药自身特点建立中药疗效评价方法和标准体系是正确评价中药疗效的关键。质量稳定是药效评价的前提,病证结合动物模型是疗效评价必不可少的工具,整合调节的作用方式要求药效指标的选择要多样化,避免主观误差的手段是利用数学模型和参数对数据进行科学分析,作用机制的阐明还需要规范的临床药理实验提供数据。
中医药干预动脉粥样硬化现状及研究思路
,王阶
中国中药杂志 , 2007,
Abstract: 动脉粥样硬化是心脑血管疾病的共同病理基础,斑块损伤、血栓形成是致残、致死性血管疾病的真正元凶,因此在动脉粥样硬化疾病的防治中稳定斑块、防止易损斑块损伤比阻止斑块增长更为重要。通过对中医药治疗动脉粥样硬化临床和实验研究现状的分析,指出其存在的问题,并从6个不同角度阐述了将现代研究成果和中医药传统理论相结合寻找稳定斑块治则和方药的思路。
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