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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12482 matches for " 尹天子 "
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自我文化效应的评估方法述评
A Review on Research Methods of the Effect of Culture on Self
 [PDF]

天子
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2016.65080
Abstract:
文化是影响心理现象的一个重要因素,文化对自我的影响是研究者比较关注的问题。探讨自我文化效应的研究方法主要有静态研究取向,包括问卷调查和情境抽样等方法,动态研究取向主要采用文化启动的研究范式,文化神经科学取向将认知神经科学技术与静态、动态的研究方法相结合。未来需关注多方面的文化因素从纵向进行变迁研究,并对自我包含的各个领域进行系统全面的考察。
Culture is an important influence factor of psychological phenomenon. The effect of culture on self is an issue of researchers’ common concern. Methods used to explore the effects of cultural on self mainly include static orientation which includes the methods of questionnaire and situation sam-pling, and dynamic research orientation which mainly adopts cultural priming paradigm. Cultural neuroscience orientation combines the cognitive neuroscience technology with static and dynamic research methods. In the future we need to focus on various cultural factors from the view of social culture changes. Self is a comprehensively psychological system, we need to strengthen our studies to other fields of self-system.
具衣认知:具身认知研究的新视角
Enclothed Cognition: The New Perspectives on Embodied Cognition
 [PDF]

张琪, 天子, 冉光明
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2015.56044
Abstract:
本研究的2个实验分别考察了具衣认知理论相关的两个方面。研究1考察了被试实际穿上医师服、书写医师服特点以及观看医师服三种启动条件下个体的注意瞬脱程度,结果发现实际穿上医师服被试较其他两组的注意瞬脱程度更低。而在研究二中,其中一组被试只穿上医师服;而另两组被试除穿上一件医师服外,其身份认同还被操控,分别为医师认同组和病人认同组,结果显示只穿医师服组与医师认同组被试间的注意瞬脱程度无显著差异,而均显著低于病人认同组。因此本研究表明:具衣认知效应是一种启动抽象概念的最佳方式,其他启动方式都无法超过身体体验的作用。综上所述,这些数据表明具衣认知理论和具身认知理论的不同以及相关身份的重要性。
The two studies of our present research inspect two aspects of enclothed cognition. Study 1 dem-onstrated that participants in the wearing-a-doctor’s-coat condition had shorter duration and lower degree of attentional blink than participants in writing characteristics or seeing pictures of doctor’s coat conditions. In Study 2, one group of participants wear a doctor’s coat; and the other two groups of subjects not only wear a doctor’s coat, but also their identity be manipulated, they are physician identification group and patient group respectively. There were no significant differences between participants in the wearing-a-doctor’s-coat condition and participants in the iden-tifying-with-doctors condition in the duration and the degree of attentional blink, while participants in these two conditions had shorter duration and lower degree of attentional blink than participants in the identifying-with-patients condition. Thus this study showed that enclothed cog-nition effect was the best way to start a kind of abstract concepts, other way could not be more than the body experiences. Taken together, these data indicate the difference between enclothed cognition and embodied cognition and the importance of associated identity.
大学新生幽默感和适应性的相关研究
A Research on the Correlation of Humor and Adaptability in University Freshmen
 [PDF]

杨雪, 天子, 傅丽萍
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2016.61006
Abstract:
本研究采用多向度幽默感量表和中国大学生适应量表,对320名大学新生进行调查。目的在于研究当代大学新生幽默感和适应性的现状特点以及两者之间的关系。研究结果表明:(1) 在幽默感的笑的倾向维度上女生得分显著高于男生;在幽默理解维度上城镇大学新生得分显著高于农村大学新生;在社交幽默维度、幽默理解维度及总平均分上,独生子女得分显著高于非独生子女得分;(2) 在人际关系适应、校园生活适应、择业适应、满意度维度及总平均分上,城镇大学新生显著高于农村大学新生;在人际关系适应维度、校园适应维度、择业适应维度、情绪适应维度、满意度维度和总平均分上,独生子女明显高于非独生子女;在择业适应维度上女生得分显著高于男生;在择业适应得分上文科学生明显高于理科学生;(3) 经相关分析,幽默感和适应性之间存在显著的正相关,幽默感对适应性有正向的预测意义。
Humor Scale and the Adaption Scale of China University Students were used to investigate 320 freshmen in this study. The aim was to explore the status quo and characteristics of university freshmen in a sense of humor and adaptability, and the relationship between those of them. The results showed that: (1) with respect to the sense of humor, the girls’ score was significantly higher than boys’ in the tendency of laugh dimensions; the score of the urban freshmen was significantly higher than that of the rural freshmen in humor understand dimension; the score of the one-child fresh-men was higher than that of the non-one-child freshmen in social and humor understand dimensions and the total average; (2) with respect to the adaptability, the score of urban freshmen was significantly higher than that of rural freshmen in interpersonal adaptation, campus adaptation, career choice adaptation and satisfaction dimensions, as well as the total scores of adaptability; and the score of the one-child freshmen was significantly higher than the that of the non-child freshmen in interpersonal adaptation, campus adaptation, career choice adaptation and satisfaction emotional adjustment adaptation dimensions and the total score; girls’ score was significantly higher than boys’ in career adaptation; the liberal arts students’ score was significantly higher than science students’ in career choose adaptation; (3) according to the correlation analysis, there was a significant positive correlation between the sense of humor and adaptation, and a sense of humor is a positive predictor for adaptability.
从自尊的文化差异说起
黄希庭,天子
心理科学 , 2012,
Abstract: 在不同的文化背景中,自尊既有相似性,也有差异性。在东西方文化中,自尊在其根源性、包容性及表达性等方面均存在差异。树立文化差异性与普遍性的意识,加强对自尊文化差异的研究对于科学地认识社会心理现象和学科建设都具有重要意义。未来可以从自尊的内涵、自尊研究的内容及研究方法等方面开展自尊的中国化研究。
动态面孔表情优势效应的心理机制及神经基础
张琪,天子,冉光明
心理科学进展 , 2015,
Abstract: ?动态面孔表情优势效应是指较静态面孔表情而言,个体在识别动态的面孔表情时表现出较好的识别能力。动态面孔表情优势效应的心理机制主要涉及增强的构形加工、补偿角色和面孔模仿能力。此外,该优势效应的神经网络则由核心的神经网络和扩展的神经网络组成,前者主要负责早期的知觉编码和刺激的运动加工,而后者与个体的面孔模仿能力、刺激的动态表征等有关。今后的研究应集中在完善延伸的神经网络、拓展其心理机制;开展动态面孔表情优势效应的发展性研究;考察面孔表情的刚性运动特征;注重在虚拟现实环境下研究动态面孔表情的优势效应。
心理疾病内隐污名述评
王晓刚,天子,黄希庭
心理科学进展 , 2012,
Abstract: ?心理疾病内隐污名是个体无法内省或精确识别的与心理疾病有关的痕迹,它潜在地调节着个体对心理疾病患者的观念和行为。心理疾病内隐污名的主要测量方法包括内隐联想测验、简式内隐联想测验、启动任务和生理心理测量。当前该研究领域集中在内隐污名的成分、公众内隐污名、自我内隐污名、去污名化评估等方面。未来研究可从心理疾病内隐污名的构成与结构、认知神经基础、测量整合和本土化等角度做进一步探讨。
文化影响自我解释的神经机制
杨帅,黄希庭,王晓刚,天子
心理科学进展 , 2012,
Abstract: ?自我解释是指个体如何思考自我及其与他人的关系。在集体主义-个人主义维度下,东西方人分属于典型的相依性-独立性自我解释:自我参照任务中,东亚人的自我和重要他人(如母亲)均表征于内侧前额叶皮质(mpfc),西方人的自我和重要他人分表征于不同脑区;偶发任务和词-音不一致任务中,相依性自我解释程度分别调节p3和n400的活动;文化启动任务中,双文化被试可通达相应的自我解释。社会脑假设、文化-基因协同进化论和神经-文化交互作用模型对此进行了阐释。未来应研究中国人的关系自我,尤其是探索本土化的理论和研究方法。
背景任务刺激间的时距对前瞻干扰效应的影响
袁宏,袁祥勇,天子,陈幼贞,黄希庭
心理学报 , 2011,
Abstract: 前瞻记忆是指形成和保持一个意向直到合适的情境或时间再执行的一种记忆任务。由于在执行背景任务的过程中保持和提取前瞻意向, 使成功执行前瞻记忆任务与加工背景任务之间存在着相互影响。保持前瞻记忆意向对背景任务的反应时和正确率有影响的现象称之为前瞻干扰效应。本研究通过操纵背景任务刺激间时距的两个实验, 考察了背景任务刺激间时距长度对时间性前瞻记忆和事件性前瞻记忆干扰效应量的对比关系的影响。结果发现随着背景任务刺激间时距缩短, 两类前瞻记忆干扰效应量的对比关系发生了变化, 且在背景任务刺激间时距长度不同的情况下执行时间性前瞻记忆任务时, 被试查看时钟的策略也有差异。提示了时间性前瞻记忆任务与事件性前瞻记忆任务认知加工机制上的不同。
背景任务刺激间的时距对前瞻干扰效应的影响
袁宏,袁祥勇,天子,陈幼贞,黄希庭
心理学报 , 2011,
Abstract: ?前瞻记忆是指形成和保持一个意向直到合适的情境或时间再执行的一种记忆任务。由于在执行背景任务的过程中保持和提取前瞻意向,使成功执行前瞻记忆任务与加工背景任务之间存在着相互影响。保持前瞻记忆意向对背景任务的反应时和正确率有影响的现象称之为前瞻干扰效应。本研究通过操纵背景任务刺激间时距的两个实验,考察了背景任务刺激间时距长度对时间性前瞻记忆和事件性前瞻记忆干扰效应量的对比关系的影响。结果发现随着背景任务刺激间时距缩短,两类前瞻记忆干扰效应量的对比关系发生了变化,且在背景任务刺激间时距长度不同的情况下执行时间性前瞻记忆任务时,被试查看时钟的策略也有差异。提示了时间性前瞻记忆任务与事件性前瞻记忆任务认知加工机制上的不同。
Neural Mechanism of Cultural Influences on the Self-construal
文化影响自我解释的神经机制

YANG Shuai,HUANG Xi-Ting,WANG Xiao-Gang,YIN Tian-Zi,
杨帅
,黄希庭,王晓刚,天子

心理科学进展 , 2012,
Abstract: Self-construal refers to how people think about themselves and their relation to others.From collectivism-individualism perspective,East Asians and Westerners are respectively typical interdependent-independent self-construal.In self-reference task,significant others(e.g.mother) and self were represented in the same brain area,which is medial prefrontal cortex(MPFC),for East Asians but not for Westerners.In oddball task and word-voice incongruity task,degree of interdependence modulates the brain response of P3 and N400 respectively.Corresponding self-construal can be accessible for bicultural subjects in culture priming.Some theories could explain the influence process,such as social brain hypothesis,culture-gene coevolutionary theory,and neuro-culture interaction model.Future researches should focus on Chinese relational self,especially on the development of native theories and methods.
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