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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 21 matches for " Biotechnologies "
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O nascimento da bioética e a constitui??o do biopoder
Roque Junges,José;
Acta bioethica , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S1726-569X2011000200003
Abstract: the birth of bioethics is associated to several persons and facts of the north american context. but this is only the surface of its origin. the article aims to show that bioethics is linked with the emerging of the management of life through the biopower with its biopolicy dynamics. the way to reach this objective is to check the authors, as foucault, agamben, negri and hardt, who analysis deeply its configurations, which are the true cause of bioethics. therefore the model of ethics appropriated to bioethics is the critical hermeneutics of the biopolicy dynamics. it consists in a critical analisis of the facticity of these dynamics in its social and cultural context and in discourses constructed to its justification through the methodology of thbe depth hermeneutic proposed by thompson. a concrete example of this result is the analysis of the right to health crossed by tecnosemiological and biopolitical agencies of the biothecnology companies.
Corporeidade e biotecnologias: uma crítica fenomenológica da constru??o do corpo pelo construtivismo e pela tecnobiomedicina
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232007000200014
Abstract: this article argues that the body model advocated by different versions of social constructivism has an astonishing affinity with the body in biotechnologies. both discourses, that of the social constructivism and that of techno-biomedicine, claim that the body is a construction and both insist in recognizing its total malleability and accessibility, contradicting its materiality. therefore, the discourse of constructivist thought cannot serve as a biotechnological discourse critical instance, as their advocates intend. it will be argued that a phenomenological body has an ethical-emancipating potential that can function as a biotechnological discourse critical instance.
Biodiversidad agrícola, Biotecnología y bioética en la lucha contra el hambre y la pobreza
Esquinas Alcázar,José T.;
Revista Latinoamericana de Bioética , 2009,
Abstract: in this article we will concentrate ourselves in a type of natural resources: the agricultural biological diversity; a group of technologies: the biotechnologies; and a form to make decisions on moral bases: the bioethics. we will identify challenges, potentials and risks which we faced in these areas to feed the humanity. and we will conclude with a positive example of how the international community, through the food and agriculture organization fao, has known to consider these challenges, negotiating and approving with ethical criteria an international legal frame to increase the potential and to reduce the risks: the international treaty on fitogenetic resources for agriculture and the food, that is called to contribute decisively to the construction of a sustainable planet and without hunger.
The evolution of the Solanum tuberosum L. neoplantles cultivated in vitro on cuture media supplimented with bioactive magneto-fluidic nanocomposites
Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Fascicula Biologie , 2007,
Abstract: During the last decades the bioactive magnetofluid nanocomposites proved both their unique performances and their high potential. Everywhere nanotechnologies gain ground being economic systems having a controlled period of the induced effect, of the planed biodegradation and of the used quantities. Nanotechnologies are applied in biology. They are of beneficed effects in plant and animal protection. The bioactive magnetofluid nanocomposites used for plants are applied in the vegetation phase by means of spraying. The nanocomposites are also elements of the culture media for the inducing of the calus and the regeneration of plants belonging to the species Chrysanthemum, Lilium regale, Mamillaria, Triticale and Solanum tuberosum L. TiO2 nanocrystals are used for the sterilization of the spaces where cereals are kept and for destroying the fungi from the seeds. The goal of the experiments was to test the reaction of different types of explants when cultivated in vitro on media supplemented with bioactive magnetofluid nanocomposites.
Desenvolvimento sustentável "made in Quebec": políticas de prote??o ao meio ambiente e biotecnologias
Bibeau, Gilles;
Sociologias , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-45222011000100009
Abstract: to a certain extent, the technical-scientific advances have allowed us to "tame" nature. this essay examines the situation of the governmental environmental policies, especially that of the state of quebec, which adopted the law of sustainable development in april 2006. in this line of argument, this article considers the changes in the context of the recent advances in biotechnology, which give us an unprecedented power over nature, life and human beings. the diverse forms of intervention, from the governments of canada and quebec, are indicative of an increase in the active presence of the state, not only in the traditional sectors, but also in the bio-industry, in which the government intervenes more and more. the challenges, consequences and issues of this reality will be addressed from the perspective of a new humanism.
Modern Technologies in Medicine
B.E. Shakhov,E.D. Bozhkova
Sovremennye Tehnologii v Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: A development of practical public health in all the times wasn’t possible and full-blooded without a parallel development of medical science. The applied and scientific research constituents of medicine are mutually supplementing ones: the actual questions of clinical picture frequently initiate investigations in the corresponding direction; sometimes the scientific achievements permit to optimize the used methods or create the new ones of diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of the different diseases.The main directions of a medical science development for the last decades are highlighted. One of the main aspects of modern medicine is an aggregate of many disciplines, which is reflected not only in the scientific research work development, dealing simultaneously with several medical fields, but in the scientific direction forming with the medicine, biology, physics, chemistry, informatics and other science branch achievement attraction.A special attention is paid to introduction into public health of the information technologies, which are used both for organization and methodical question solution and creation of the new treatment-and-diagnostic methods directly. A great number of elaborations, as it was expected, are dedicated to optimization of the diagnosis and treatment methods of the most prevalent diseases: cardiovascular, oncologic ones.An important aspect of the present medicine is a possibility of investigations at the molecular and submolecular levels, which permits to regard the disease development mechanisms and accomplish a medical process quite differently.All the enumerated aspects define a variety of modern medical technologies, a creation and introduction of which is a priority direction of a state policy for the nearest years.
Bioethics networks and reproduction technologies: theoretical and methodological controversies - DOI: 10.3395/reciis.v1i2.87en
Rosa Maria Leite Pedro,Júlio Cesar de Almeida Nobre
RECIIS : Electronic Journal of Communication, Information & Innovation in Health , 2007,
Abstract: The object of this paper is to discuss some of the theoretical and methodological controversies surrounding the emerging field of bioethics, especially focusing on reproduction biotechnologies, attempting to give some examples of its implications as a network of controversies. Initially, it presents the new reproduction biotechnologies in terms of the effect which they are producing on our understanding about human nature and life, as well as the context of the emergence of bioethics, traditionally conceived of as a critical and analytical example of the relationship between technology and humanity. As an alternative way of explaining these relationships, it outlines the aspect of bioethics as a network effect, in which the technology-society hybrid is shown both in the building of bioethical norms and in the instabilities which challenge these norms. As a way of understanding this heterogeneous and complex network, Controversy Analysis is proposed as a methodological tool. In order to illustrate the richness of such perspective, a brief empirical study is presented, in which an attempt is made to track controversies articulated around the relations between bioethics and reproduction biotechnologies, with a specific focus on stem cell research, as published by the on-line media from January of 2004 until July of 2006, raising questions about subjects such as: life, humanity, artifice and autonomy.
Plant molecular farming: Opportunities and challenges
Valkova Rumyana,Apostolova Elena,Naimov Samir
Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society , 2013, DOI: 10.2298/jsc121105158v
Abstract: The modern human life is impossible without products derived from the classical, contemporary biotechnology. However, large scale production of biotechnology wares opens a discussion about the economic impact, waste management, biosafety, and bioethical issues. Plant molecular farming offers a relatively inexpensive option for yielding of many valuable products and demonstrates number of advantages over the classical technologies, but also brings the question of further development perspectives, hazard identification and risk assessment. This review is focused on those two questions: opportunities offered and challenges faced by modern plant molecular farming systems.
Corpo e vida: a crítica de Hannah Arendt à modernidade científica
Heuer, Wolfgang;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312010000200011
Abstract: this paper analyzes the categories of body and life in hannah arendt's thought in the context of criticism that the author makes of modern scientific approach. from the presentation of some core aspects of arendt's criticism, it discusses to what extent this criticism can be useful in contemporary discussion of biological and biotechnological world. finally, it tries to show the radical thinking of the author about life in the body and its relationship to the concept of body and life of traditional chinese medicine.
Genetics and biotechnologies in Italian mass media
Mini Silvio
JCOM : Journal of Science Communication , 2005,
Abstract: S everal researchers operating in the sociological field have recently theorised that genetics and biotechnologies are at the core of the public perception of science. The present study aims at verifying empirically whether or not this is mirrored in Italian mass media, as well as at analysing the topics most frequently present in Italian newspapers and the economic and editorial reasons behind the results of editorial choices. Besides, it provides statistics about the major Italian newspapers published in the last third of 2002. This period has been chosen because some important news was published in December: it consequently offered the chance to carry out a long-term analysis as well as a study of the most important differences - in content and editorial lay-out - between scientific articles which are published in the appropriate sections inside the newspaper and those which make the front page. Ours are going to be purely quantitative considerations; but, from the point of view of the content, the data are sufficient to identify various narrative currents. These currents could be the object of further research on the frames used to contextualize the news and the reasons (anthropological, socio-cultural and editorial) for the way they are used by editorial staffs.
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