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Chandrashekar. K,Vinayak Meti,Saritha. M. K,Anil P Hogade
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy , 2013, DOI: 10.7897/2277-4343.04243
Abstract: Adherence to medication is defined as “the extent to which patients take medications as prescribed by health care providers”. Adherence rate is highest among patients with acute conditions, as compared with those with chronic conditions. Clinical trials report average adherence rates of only 43 to 78% among patients with chronic conditions. Adherence to medication is important because: poor adherence to medication regimen accounts for substantial worsening of disease, death and health care costs.
Periodontal Diseases in Pet Animals
Elif Dogan,Zafer Okumus,Latif Emrah Yanmaz
Veterinary Research , 2012,
Abstract: Periodontal disease is an inflammation of periodontal tissues that include gingiva, cementum, alveolar bone and periodontal ligament. They occur mostly in dogs and cats mainly due to a lack of oral hygiene. Therefore, care must be taken to minimize occurrence of these problems. Since periodontal diseases can occur as a complex in 4 stages, clinical symptoms should be carefully evaluated for effective treatment. This review study provides extensive information on etiology, epidemiology, treatment and prognosis of periodontal diseases in pet animals.
Essentials in Periodontal Regeneration  [PDF]
F. Haghighati,G. Saaveh
Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Various materials and techniques have been used in the treatment of periodontal disease to achieve regeneration of lost periodontal tissues including cementum, periodontal ligament (PDL) and alveolar bone. The composition, regenerative potential, application and therapeutic characteristics of several regenerative materials have been evaluated in the present study.
Taurodontism and Periodontal Management
Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh,Maryam Robati,Hojjat Yoosefimanesh
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjbsci.2010.330.333
Abstract: Taurodontism is a condition that found in teeth where the body of the tooth and pulp chamber is enlarged. Endodontic and periodontal treatment of these teeth is difficult and challenging. In this study, researchers discuss about periodontal problems of this condition.
Periodontal disease and systemic complications  [cached]
Rui Vicente Oppermann,Patricia Weidlich,Marta Liliana Musskopf
Brazilian Oral Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s1806-83242012000700007
Abstract: Periodontal diseases comprise a number of infectious and inflammatory conditions brought about by the interaction between supragingival and subgingival biofilms and the host inflammatory response. Periodontal diseases should be considered systemic conditions. This means that they are both modulated by the body's systems and play a role as a risk factor for systemic derangements. The current evidence supports some of these interactions, such as smoking as a risk factor for periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus, as both influenced by and influencing inflammatory changes in the periodontal tissue. Other potential associations are still being researched, such as obesity, hormonal changes, cardiovascular disease, and adverse outcomes in pregnancy. These, and others, still require further investigation before the repercussions of periodontal disease can be fully elucidated. Nevertheless, at the present time, the treatment of periodontal diseases-and, most importantly, their prevention-enables adequate intervention as a means of ensuring periodontal health.
Periodontal disease in smokers  [PDF]
Cerovi? Olivera,Bundalo Vera
Stomatolo?ki Glasnik Srbije , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/sgs0502103c
Abstract: Tobacco contains about 4000 different toxic substances from which almost 40 are proven to be cancerogenic. Nicotine, toxic alkaloid, is the most active substance in tobacco causing major number of harmful consequences for human organism as a whole, and for periodontal tissues as well. The aim of the paper was to show harmful effects of smoking on periodontal disease development, and to point out the problems caused by smoking during and after the periodontal treatment. Periodontal disease occurs in smokers more frequently as opposed to non-smokers. Typically, smokers have lower level of gingival inflammation, more excessive and accelerated loss of alveolar bone and epithelial insertion, deeper periodontal pockets and numerous gingival recessions. Along with that, smokers are carrying a decreased immune response that is expressed through various defense mechanisms. Smoking has negative impact on the outcome of conservative and surgical periodontal therapy. Effects of smoking on periodontal therapy success rate are requiring administration of antiseptic solutions and antibiotics throughout the treatment course. Every periodontologist must influence patients to stop smoking and thus act preventively on occurrence and progress of periodontal disease.
Role of Stress in Periodontal Disease  [PDF]
Rupasree G,Chava VK,Ramesh Reddy B V
Indian Journal of Dental Advancements , 2012,
Abstract: Psychological stress, if sustained over an extended period of time can have deleterious effects on the body representing an example of the mind-body interaction. Human and animal studies have shown that dental plaque bacteria are important for the development of gingivitis and periodontitis in both healthy and immunocompromised humans. As with many chronic infections the onset and progression of periodontal infections are clearly modified by local and systemic host conditions or risk factors that markedly affect the resistance of the host to infecting periodontal organisms. Psychological conditions, particularly psychological stress have been implicated as risk indicators for periodontal disease. This article reviews the current literature with emphasis on the potential role of psychological stress in periodontal disease progression.
Diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease  [PDF]
Kesi? Ljiljana,Petrovi? Dragan,Obradovi? Radmila,Ga?i? Jovanka
Medicinski Pregled , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/mpns0912534k
Abstract: Introduction. This review highlights the relations between diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease, as well as the pathogenic mechanisms which are still the subject of investigations. The possible pathogenic mechanisms important for developing periodontal disease in the diabetics are: vascular gingival changes, the disorders in the metabolism of the collagen, disorders in the function of the polimorphonuclear leukocytes and specific microbial flora in the parodontal pockets. Conclusion. It is clear that adequate early recognition and good treatment are very important and significant for treatment of diabetic periodontal disease.
Nicotine and periodontal tissues  [cached]
Malhotra Ranjan,Kapoor Anoop,Grover Vishakha,Kaushal Sumit
Journal of the Indian Society of Periodontology , 2010,
Abstract: Tobacco use has been recognized to be a significant risk factor for the development and progression of periodontal disease. Its use is associated with increased pocket depths, loss of periodontal attachment, alveolar bone and a higher rate of tooth loss. Nicotine, a major component and most pharmacologically active agent in tobacco is likely to be a significant contributing factor for the exacerbation of periodontal diseases. Available literature suggests that nicotine affects gingival blood flow, cytokine production, neutrophil and other immune cell function; connective tissue turnover, which can be the possible mechanisms responsible for overall effects of tobacco on periodontal tissues. Inclusion of tobacco cessation as a part of periodontal therapy encourages dental professionals to become more active in tobacco cessation counseling. This will have far reaching positive effects on our patients′ oral and general health.
Association of Periodontal Diseases with Genetic Polymorphisms
International Journal of Genetic Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.5923/j.ijge.20120203.01
Abstract: Periodontal diseases are multifactorial in nature. While microbial and other environmental factors are believed to initiate and modulate periodontal disease progression, there now exist strong supporting data that genetic polymorphisms play a role in the predisposition to and progression of periodontal diseases. Variations in any number or combination of genes that control the development of the periodontal tissues or the competency of the cellular and humoral immune systems could affect an individual's risk for disease. A corollary of this realization is that if the genetic basis of periodontal disease susceptibility can be understood, such information may have diagnostic and therapeutic value. This review aims to update the clinician about various genetic polymorphisms associated with periodontal diseases to aid in a better approach to the condition in the future.
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