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The Twilight of the Public Intellectual: Germany
Alison M. Lewis
PORTAL : Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies , 2004,
Abstract: This essay focuses on the questions of whether German unification resulted in a wholesale retreat of intellectuals from politics and engagement with social issues, as the rhetoric of failure would indicate, or whether the key debates of the period can be read instead as a sign that Germany is on the road to becoming a more 'normal' European nation. Before returning to these issuesat the end of this paper I first provide a broad historical and theoretical context for my discussion of the role of the concerned intellectual in Germany, before offering an overview of the respective functions of literary intellectuals in both German states in the post-war period. I then address a series of key debates and discussions in 1989 and the early nineteen-nineties that were responsible for changing the forms of engagement in intellectual debates in post-unification German society. I argue that the 1990s and early years of the new millennium hastened the disappearance of the writer as a universal intellectual and focused attention on the writer as an individualist and a professional. Today's youngest generation of writer in Germany is a specialist intellectual who intervenes in political and social matters from time to time but who is not expected to take a moral-ethical stance on most issues of national and international concern. S/he is one who frequently writes about personal subjects, but may also occasionally, as witnessed after September 11, turn his or her pen to topics of global concern as in terrorism and Islam. More often than not, however, writers now leave the work of commenting on political affairs to writers of the older guard and to other 'senior' specialist intellectuals.
The Twilight of the Public Intellectual: Germany
Alison M. Lewis
PORTAL : Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies , 2004,
Abstract: This essay focuses on the questions of whether German unification resulted in a wholesale retreat of intellectuals from politics and engagement with social issues, as the rhetoric of failure would indicate, or whether the key debates of the period can be read instead as a sign that Germany is on the road to becoming a more 'normal' European nation. Before returning to these issuesat the end of this paper I first provide a broad historical and theoretical context for my discussion of the role of the concerned intellectual in Germany, before offering an overview of the respective functions of literary intellectuals in both German states in the post-war period. I then address a series of key debates and discussions in 1989 and the early nineteen-nineties that were responsible for changing the forms of engagement in intellectual debates in post-unification German society. I argue that the 1990s and early years of the new millennium hastened the disappearance of the writer as a universal intellectual and focused attention on the writer as an individualist and a professional. Today's youngest generation of writer in Germany is a specialist intellectual who intervenes in political and social matters from time to time but who is not expected to take a moral-ethical stance on most issues of national and international concern. S/he is one who frequently writes about personal subjects, but may also occasionally, as witnessed after September 11, turn his or her pen to topics of global concern as in terrorism and Islam. More often than not, however, writers now leave the work of commenting on political affairs to writers of the older guard and to other 'senior' specialist intellectuals.
ARCHITECTURE AND ALGORITHMIC SUPPORT OF INTELLECTUAL CONTROL SYSTEM OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION Архитектура и алгоритмическое обеспечение интеллектуальной системы управления движением общественного транспорта
Kriger L. S.
Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University , 2013,
Abstract: The questions of development and use of intellectual systems for traffic control of public transport are considered in the article. The architecture of intellectual management system and its algorithmic support is also described
Information needs on intellectual capital in Spanish Public Universities  [cached]
Yolanda Ramírez Córcoles,Jesús F. Santos Pe?alver,ángel Tejada Ponce
Cuadernos de Gestión , 2012,
Abstract: In the current context of the so-called Knowledge-based Economy higher education institutions should give preferential attention to the new demands of stakeholders information. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the appropriateness of the universities incorporate information on intellectual capital in its current accounting information system. So, an empirical study has been designed to show the extent to which different accounting information users are demanding information on university intellectual capital for adequate decision making. To achieve this goal we designed a questionnaire that was sent to all members of the Social Councils in Spanish public universities. The results obtained from this research show a list of the intangible elements on which universities should provide information in order to satisfy the changing information needs of its users.
有机马克思主义的理论创新与主要缺陷
Theoretical Innovation and Main Defects of Organic Marxism
 [PDF]

杨富斌
- , 2017, DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2017.04.003
Abstract: 有机马克思主义的理论创新主要表现在,明确提出要以社会主义生态文明超越和替代资本主义现代工业文明,中国有可能率先在世界上实现并引领生态文明;明确提出文化嵌入式的马克思主义观,坚持马克思主义应当与时俱进,解决时代提出的问题;生态文明社会应坚持以共同福祉为目标的经济模式等。其主要理论缺陷则在于自称超越经典马克思主义,宣称经典马克思主义是“现代马克思主义”,有独断之嫌且言过其实;仅仅把怀特海过程哲学当作自己的哲学基础有失偏狭,也失去了唯物史观的强力支撑;指责马克思不加修改地接受了黑格尔的决定论历史观,不符合事实;坚持用有机教育等方式取代资本主义私有制,具有明显的乌托邦色彩。马克思主义中国化研究既要借鉴有机马克思主义的合理思想,也要特别注意克服其理论上的严重缺陷。
The theoretical innovation of organic Marxism mainly shows that it is necessary to surpass and replace the Modern industrial civilization of capitalism with socialist ecological civilization, and that it is possible for China to take the lead in realizing and leading the ecological civilization in the world. It puts forward the concept of culture embedded Marxism, insisting that Marxism should advance with the times and solve the issues raised by the times. It also insists that ecologically civilized society should adhere to the economic model aiming at realizing the common well-being. Its main theoretical shortcoming is that it claims that organic Marxism has surpassed the classic Marxism and that the classic Marxism is 'modern Marxism'. This statement is dogmatic and exaggerated. It is one-sided to take Whitehead's Process Philosophy as the only philosophical basis of organic Marxism, which also leads to the loss the strong support from historical materialism. It is not true to accuse Marxism of accepting Hegel's deterministic view of history without modification, and it remains a utopia to replace the capitalist private ownership with the so-called organic education. In the study of Marxism with Chinese characteristics, it is necessary to draw on the rational thoughts of organic Marxism and pay special attention to overcoming its serious theoretical defects
Marxism after Marxism  [cached]
Imre Szeman
Mediations , 2008,
Abstract: Imre Szeman reviews G ran Therborn’s From Marxism to Post-Marxism? The title is posed as a question, but the book leaves little doubt about the necessity of such a move. But would “post-Marxism” involve the abandonment of the insights of Marx and of the dialectic, or would it be better thought of as the refocusing of these very traditions on our own “bad new days”?
Intellect and Concept  [cached]
Gurpreet Rattan
The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication , 2010, DOI: 10.4148/biyclc.v5i0.288
Abstract: The connections between theories of concepts and issues of knowledge and epistemic normativity are complex and controversial. According to the general, broadly Fregean, view that stands in the background of this paper, these connections are taken not only to exist, but also to be fundamental to issues about the individuation of concepts. This kind of view fleshed out should clarify the nature and role of epistemic norms, and of different kinds of epistemic norms, in concept individuation. This paper takes up an aspect of this general task and tries to make explicit the nature and role of intellectual norms, and to argue that extant paradigms for theorizing concepts fail because they fail to recognize the nature and individuative relevance of intellectual norms.
Corporate Governance and Intellectual Capital: Evidence from Public and Private Universities  [cached]
Akma Hidayu Dol Abdul Wahid,Nor Asyiqin Abu,Wannoraini Abdul Latif,Malcolm Smith
Higher Education Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/hes.v3n1p63
Abstract: This study was conducted to examine the perception of academics towards intellectual capital (IC) and governance practice at two Malaysian universities: University A (a Public University) and University B (a Private University). It also examines the factors which contribute to the retention of qualified academics and the relationship between intellectual capital (IC) and corporate governance (CG) in universities. Analysis revealed that while CG was an important factor influencing the attraction and retention of academics and IC, the major factor that attracts academics to join universities was the opportunity provided for academic advancement. While the analysis demonstrated that both universities had implemented good governance processes, there remained weaknesses: University A (public) needed to put more effort into improving the transparency and accuracy of its information system, and in providing opportunities for academics to give feedback and suggestions; University B (private) was perceived to lack appropriate support for career development, and the conduct of academic research. The results suggest a positive relationship between IC and CG so that, the higher the CG the higher the IC retained by the university. This finding is supported by the 71.1 percent of respondents who indicated that they had no serious intention of leaving their current university.
有机马克思主义的出场语境和对资本主义替代选择的研究
The Formation Context of Organic Marxism and Its Exploration of An Alternative to Capitalism
 [PDF]

冯颜利,吴兴德
FENG Yanli
,WU Xingde

- , 2017, DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2017.04.001
Abstract: 有机马克思主义着力揭示生态危机的实质,赞赏中国特色社会主义发展,批判资本主义和现代性,并试图从理论上融通“中”“西”“马”哲学思想,从实践上寻找资本主义的替代方案,这是其出场语境。但是,从马克思主义立场、观点和方法来看,其理论存在背离马克思主义唯物史观、对资本主义批判不彻底等根本缺陷,对中国文化和中国特色社会主义的理解也是粗浅甚至错误的。因此,有机马克思主义不可能成为生态灾难与资本主义的替代选择。尽管如此,作为国外马克思主义研究的新概念,我们应在坚定“四个自信”的基础上,批判有机马克思主义的错误观点,吸收、借鉴其有益因素,以我为主、为我所用,发展21世纪中国马克思主义。
Organic Marxism reveals the nature of ecological crisis, praises the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics and criticizes capitalism and modernity, trying to integrate Chinese philosophy and Western philosophy with Marxist philosophy theoretically and looking for alternatives to capitalism in practice. This is the formation context of Organic Marxism. However, viewed from Marxist stand, viewpoint and method, there are fundamental flaws in its theory, which deviate from the Marxist historical materialism theory and are not thorough enough in their critiques of capitalism. In addition, it holds shallow and even incorrect understandings of Chinese culture and socialism with Chinese characteristics. For these reasons, Organic Marxism cannot become an alternative to the world ecological catastrophe or capitalism. But as a new concept of the Marxist studies in foreign countries, it requires us to stick to the 'four self-confidence' and criticize the erroneous view of organic Marx and draw lessons from its beneficial factors, so as to develop the Marxism with Chinese characteristics in the 21st century
The Future Neo-Industrial Society: A New View on the Intellect  [PDF]
Nina Pestriakova,Michael Pestriakov
Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Developing the concept about a priority of texnocratic young'sintelligence we make a new step to development of structure of apostclassical metaparadigm in sociology. In the scientific work givenbelow the “Theory of Neoindustrial society" and "Top Marxism" areintroduced for the first time.Following the rate of Postindustrial society, with its informationtechnologies, development of gene engineering, medicine, pharmacology,researches in the field of aeronautics and nanotechnology, the mankind tries to find the decision for Global problems of modern civilization, in addition, developing and updating models of the future. However, postulating the thesis about coming threat of a resource exhaustion and having break in the market, we does not pay attention to the factor whichcan solve or reduce danger of escalation of problems to a minimum, aswell as represents the resource of mankind which not used today, thesource for creation new and improvements of existing scientifically technological objects and for opening new both natural-science laws, and laws of ability to live and functioning of a society. It is a question of intelligence of young, its actualization, and increase of a role heuristic intellect (intellect of inventive thinking) in the modern world.
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