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Benefits of aligning design and supply chain management
A Brun, S Bolton, C Chinneck
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: Supply Chain Management (SCM) is a cohort of tools and techniques supporting effective management of operations (logistics and production activities) along the whole supply chain. Demand Management (DM) is now a multifaceted discipline with tools and techniques that are used to align design with corporate strategy, manage quality and consistency of design outcomes across businesses, create new user experiences and differentiate organizations products and services against competitors. In this scoping paper, we argue that the role of a design and supply chain manager is distinctive but interconnected within front-end product-focussed manufacturing activities. It is at this stage that we believe DM and SCM should be better aligned in order to help firms to be more successful in their efforts to identify new product opportunities. This paper discusses the research findings from the review of five companies to help better understand current practices, identify emerging problems associated with the misalignment of DM and SCM, and to gain insights on the tangible benefits of better integration of DM and SCM within front-end activities. The paper concludes by establishing a clear and focussed future research territory informed by the case study findings.
Altruism and Pricing Strategy in Dual-Channel Supply Chains  [PDF]
Kuiran Shi, Feng Jiang, Qi Ouyang
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2013.34038
Abstract:

With the development of behavioral operational management, human behavior such as altruism, fairness and trust has received considerable attention. This paper studies the effect of altruism on retailer’s and manufacturer’s pricing strategy in two classic dual-channel supply chains by presenting Stackelberg game models. The analysis shows that the player’s altruism preference strongly affects their pricing strategies. The more altruistic one player is, the more profits the other player obtains. Moreover, the effect of manufacturer’s altruistic preference is larger than that of retailer’s. In addition, online price is always lower than offline price in dual-channel supply chain, which still holds true considering altruism. The results also reveal that the product web-fit has significant effect on the player’s optimal pricing strategies. The more compatible with online market the product is, the lower the retail price is set, and the more profit the manufacturer obtains whereas the less the retailer gets.

考虑利他偏好的低碳供应链决策
Decision-making in low-carbon supply chain considering altruism preference
 [PDF]

程茜,汪传旭,徐朗
CHENG Xi
, WANG Chuan-xu, XU Lang

- , 2018, DOI: 10.6040/j.issn.1671-9352.0.2017.267
Abstract: 摘要: 为研究供应链成员的利他偏好属性对低碳供应链决策和利润的影响,考虑由单一制造商和单一零售商组成的两级供应链,分别建立了完全自利、零售商具有利他偏好和制造商具有利他偏好下的低碳供应链决策模型,进一步分析了利他偏好和企业社会责任承担效应对利润的影响。结果表明,只有利他偏好系数较小的零售商才会愿意与完全自利型的制造商合作,无论是零售商还是制造商具有利他偏好,制造商均会提高碳减排率和社会责任绩效水平。此外,利他偏好属性可以实现利他效应,但无法实现利他利己的双重效应;而社会责任承担效应对利润的影响取决于利他偏好属性。
Abstract: To analyze the effect of altruism behavior of supply chain members on decision-making and profits of low-carbon supply chain, a two stage supply chain consisting of one manufacturer and one retailer was considered. We developed decision-making models under completely selfish preference, retailers’ altruism and manufacturers’ altruism and analyzed the impacts of altruism preferences and social responsibility effect on profits. It is shown that when the altruistic preferences of retailer is low enough, retailer is willing to cooperate with the selfish manufacturers. Either manufacturers or retailers are altruistic, manufacturers will invest in emission reduction and social responsibility so as to improve the rate of carbon reduction and the level of social responsibility performance. In addition, it can be found that altruism behavior of supply chain members can lead to altruism effect, but can not achieve the dual effects of altruism; and the impact of social responsibility on profits depends on the altruism preference
Who Is the Free Rider in the Drop-Shipping Supply Chain?
Li Feng,Tu Yijian,Guo Xiaolong
International Journal of Information Engineering and Electronic Business , 2011,
Abstract: In Drop-shipping supply chain, retailers get the customer orders and manufacturers carry out the orders. Are there any free riders while obtaining the customer order? If any, who could be the free riders? By comparing the decentralized and centralized decision making, we find that both manufacturers and retailers are possible to behave as free riders. Also, we study the contract designs to coordinate manufacturers and retailers in Drop-shipping supply chain, and we find that a combination of quantity discount and delivery reliability compensation mechanism as to guarantee manufacturers a safe delivery can achieve the bi-direction excitation, and finally the coordination of the supply chain.
Urgency in Managing the Risk in Supply Chain Amongst Indonesian Manufacturing Companies
Iwan Vanany,Suhaiza Zailani
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2010.199.208
Abstract: This study is an attempt to highlight steps to be taken by business organizations through supply chain risks management to make sustainable development a reality. This study is based on the exploratory study done to investigate the importance of supply chain risks management. The survey data was obtained from 10 manufacturing firms in Indonesia. The survey was conducted using structured interviews directed to the supply chain representative in each firm. The results indicate that most of the managers admitted that their respective companies could not fulfill the demand if disruption of supply chain risk occurs and therefore, it is necessary to manage the risks by developing supply chain risk strategies. In addition to this, companies should develop strategies that can mitigate the impact of these risks. Supply chain risks management, therefore can play significant role in achieving the triple bottom line of social, environmental and economic benefits and therefore, contributing to sustainable development of the society.
The Benefits of Simulated Coursework in Western Michigan University’s Undergraduate Supply Chain Program  [PDF]
Emma Stuba, Sime Curkovic, Bret Wagner
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.812125
Abstract: The demand for qualified supply chain professionals is growing more and more each year. Universities across the United States are working to prepare students entering the supply chain field as best they can. Experiential learning through simulated environments is one of the ways schools are working to get students job-ready day 1. The Integrated Supply Management program at Western Michigan University utilizes a simulation in the Production Management and Control course to give students inventory control and demand planning experience to better prepare them for their full-time careers. This paper describes the current skill set demands of new college graduates, and how experiential coursework attempts to develop those skills. It also describes the simulated course required by the supply chain program.
Supply Chain Integration, a Chain of Efficient Utilization of Information Technology: Its Benefits & Challenges  [PDF]
Regine Adele Ngono Fouda
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2012.24044
Abstract: Business renovation, effective utilization of information technology and the role of business process modeling are dealt in supply chain integration projects. The main idea is to show how the performance of supply chain can be improved with the integration of various tiers in the chain. Integration is preconditioned for efficient sharing and utilization of information between diverse companies in the chain.
SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT – AN APPROACH FOR MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES
VARANASI NARASIMHAM#1 , V.V.S. Kesava Rao #2 , P.S.Avadhani
International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: The Supply Chain Management has attracted much attention from both the Business managers and consultants, which has changed the traditional procurement and inventory planning. The developments in information technology, also have enabled major advances in information management and electronic commerce. The supply chain management is implemented in various business functions. However, most of the users of the supply chain are primarily the large organizations. The objectives of supply chain implementation are the cost reduction to yield higher profits, good relations among the partners etc. The large organizations have more negotiation power than their small supplier whereas the case is opposite with the small or medium scale enterprises. This paper deals with the characteristics of the medium scale enterprises, their negotiation power, customer business function, strong initiatives etc. The objective is to achieve the ultimate benefits for both the supplier and the operations enterprises.
Performance Determinants for Responsible Supply Chain Management in the European Emerging Countries  [PDF]
Mariana Cristina Ganescu,Mihaela Asandei,Andreea Gangone,Camelia Chiril?
Amfiteatru Economic , 2013, DOI: 1234567
Abstract: Starting from the premise that there are numerous institutional and national factors influencing the performance of responsible supply chain management, the present article seeks to measure and quantify performance of the European emerging states by creating an index of performance of responsible supply chain management and to identify the factors that influence responsible supply chain management. The acquisition of this index was based on our own measurement methodology, starting from two classes of determinants for responsible supply chain management, with eight measuring variables, through the content analysis of various reports published by the World Economic Forum. The analysis of the correlation matrix established the intensity of the links between the proposed measuring variables. The application of the regression method on the multifactor econometric model has shown that responsible supply chain management is positively influenced by the GDP per capita, public services to improve business performance, infrastructure quality and performance of environmental actions. The results of the study have revealed that performance of responsible supply chain management depends rather on the national and local policies to stimulate social responsibility practices than on the level of economic development. Most of the time, organizations are concerned with the accountability of responsible supply chain management voluntarily, being aware of the long-term benefits to their business.
Obstacles to Process Integration along the Supply Chain: Manufacturing Firms Perspective  [cached]
Tumaini Mujuni Katunzi
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n5p105
Abstract: Supply chain management has generated much interest in recent years for a number of reasons. Many managers now realize that actions taken by one member of the chain can influence the profitability of all others in the chain. Firms are increasingly thinking in terms of competing as part of a supply chain against other supply chains, rather than as a single firm against other individual firms. Many companies have successfully implemented supply chain concepts with spectacular results. Efficient supply chains have enabled these firms to compete better. What were the reasons for their successes? What were the obstacles these firms faced in their journeys to achieve integration in their networks? How were they able to overcome these obstacles? Using review of the literature, this article reveals the dominating factors motivating manufacturing firms to engage in supply chain management activities, the barriers they face upon implementation, the strategies or bridges used to overcome the barriers, and the benefits that are available to successful companies. The major barriers identified by this paper include; silo mentality, lack of supply chain visibility, lack of trust, lack of knowledge and activities causing the bullwhip effect.
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