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Pay Television Among Low-Income Populations: Reflections on Research Performed in the Rio de Janeiro Favela of Rocinha  [cached]
Bethany Lynn Letalien
Contemporanea : Revista de Comunica??o e Cultura , 2003,
Abstract: This paper presents the results of a study performed in Brazil's most notorious shantytown (or favela), Rocinha, located in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Over 150 residents with pay television subscriptions responded to questions regarding their television viewing habits before and since subscribing. The author contends that pay television was used primarily to gain better or increased access to Brazilian programming and a small number of particular types of foreign programming. She questions whether pay television viewership in Rocinha should be characterized as evidence of cultural imperialism and suggests that, in places such as Rocinha, where having access to only broadcast stations can effectively mean having access to a single television channel, it could be useful to extend conventional notions of the "digital divide" to include non-"interactive" media such as television.
Obesidade e pobreza: o aparente paradoxo. Um estudo com mulheres da Favela da Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Ferreira, Vanessa Alves;Magalh?es, Rosana;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000600027
Abstract: in recent decades the brazilian population has undergone intense changes in its nutritional conditions, especially with an increase in obesity. according to the national survey on health and nutrition in 1989, 32.0% of adults were overweight. however, distribution of the problem is not homogeneous. the highest prevalence occurs among poor women in the southeast. understanding this apparent paradox requires the search for approaches capable of overcoming simplistic interpretations about eating practices. thus, the objective of this study was to understand obesity combined with poverty, focusing beyond economic determinants on constraints of a cultural and symbolic nature. from this perspective, the study analyzed the daily lives of poor women who used a municipal health center and resided in the rocinha slum in rio de janeiro. the results showed the complexity of the relationship between obesity and poverty. cultural and material life aspects as well as different concepts of eating and the body proved to be fundamental elements for the analysis of the multiple facets of obesity in brazil.
Risco de infec o pelo HIV: como mulheres moradoras em uma favela se percebem na cadeia de transmiss o do vírus  [cached]
Pra?a Neide de Souza,Gualda Dulce Maria Rosa
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2003,
Abstract: O número de casos notificados de AIDS em mulheres, no Brasil, continua em progress o. Esse fato motivou a realiza o deste estudo que foi desenvolvido com abordagem qualitativa, tendo como referencial teórico a Antropologia Cultural e o método etnográfico para a coleta e a análise dos dados. Objetivou identificar a percep o de risco de infec o pelo HIV, de mulheres moradoras em uma favela localizada na cidade de S o Paulo, Brasil. Constou de entrevistas e de observa o participante do contexto. Os resultados mostraram que essas mulheres demonstram conhecimentos sobre AIDS e reconhecem as várias formas de transmiss o do HIV, bem como medidas de preven o pela via sexual. Verificou-se, também, que essas mulheres n o se vêem suscetíveis à infec o pelo HIV, por meio de seus parceiros, dependendo deles para se manterem saudáveis, bem com a sua família. Essa maneira de pensar e de agir pode estar contribuindo para a heterossexualiza o da AIDS no país.
DINaMICAS COMERCIAIS NO ESPA O INTRA-URBANO FAVELADO: O CASO DA ROCINHA  [cached]
Robson De Oliveira Lopes
Revista Tamoios , 2009,
Abstract: As favelas do Rio de Janeiro abrigam uma imensa popula o de trabalhadores e incluem também um grande número de atividades econ micas desenvolvidas por empreendedores, constituído principalmente moradores locais, o principal objetivo desse trabalho é analisar o desenvolvimento das rela es produtivas dentro do espa o intra-urbano favelado, utilizando como estudo de caso a Favela da Rocinha, está que é considerada a maior favela da América Latina. Palavras chave: Favela; Rocinha; Economia; Espa o Urbano. Abstract The slums of Rio de Janeiro harbor a vast population of workers and also include a large number of economic activities undertaken by entrepreneurs, consisting mainly local residents, the main objective of this study is to analyze the development of productive relations within the intra-urban slums, as a case study using the slum of Rocinha, is what is considered the largest slum in Latin America. Keywords : Slum; Rocinha; Economics; Urban Area
O corpo cúmplice da vida: considera??es a partir dos depoimentos de mulheres obesas de uma favela carioca
Ferreira,Vanessa Alves; Magalh?es,Rosana;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232006000200025
Abstract: the current article presents conclusions of a developed research in ensp/fiocruz, as part of a master degree course, about the relation between poverty and obesity from the symbolic structure seizure around the body. the research had as a goal examining the perception about the body of a fat women group living in a carioca slum, from the use of the qualitative methodology, using the technique of the semi-structured interview. the final researches in this work showed that among the rocinha women was in force proper standards of body that tied little esthetic attributes. the examined women noticed the obesity in a different way. it was felt through clinical symptoms as for example: "leg pains", "back pains", "lack of breath", "less disposition". it was still possible to observe that the fat body was sometimes valorous among the group, tied to work and the social condition. these results lead us to believe that the obesity assume proper outlines in the different contexts and social groups. for this reason we believe to be necessary the fulfillment of new research dates about the obesity theme in brazil.
Entre tapas e beijos: a favela turística na perspectiva de seus moradores
Freire-Medeiros, Bianca;
Sociedade e Estado , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69922010000100003
Abstract: rocinha is the paradigmatic touristic favela, with tours taking place regularly since the early 1990s and with 3,500 tourists visiting the site each month. what do the inhabitants of rocinha think about these tourists and their cameras? do they perceive this presence as something that humiliates and objectifies them or as a possibility of empowerment? the methodology included different strategies: field observation, participant observation in different tours, long interviews with qualified informants and semi-structured interviews with 175 inhabitants from rocinha. the article concludes that between the total approval of and unconditional disagreement towards the touristic practices, there are some nuances which should be carefully examined.
Insulinorresistencia en mujeres obesas afrovenezolanas
A Souki,C Cano,A Pi?a,ME Vargas
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacología y Terapéutica , 2003,
Abstract: RESUMEN Se ha demostrado que los factores genéticos se ven influenciados por la raza, donde las de origen africano presentan tendencia a poseer índice de masa corporal (IMC) elevado con perfil lipídico normal (HDL-c elevado y triacilglicéridos bajos). El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el grado de insulino-resistencia utilizando para ello el modelo matemático Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA) en 2 poblaciones venezolanas de origen africano. La muestra estuvo conformada por 72 mujeres afrovenezolanas de las poblaciones de Santa María (SM) y San José (SJ), Venezuela, con edades comprendidas entre 36 y 48 a os, a las cuales se les realizó historia médica y se les calculó el IMC para dividirlas en grupos de mujeres obesas y mujeres no obesas; se determinó glicemia, perfil lipídico y HOMA-IR. Al comparar el grupo de mujeres obesas de las dos poblaciones con las no obesas, no se observó diferencia estadísticamente significativa en la Glicemia (obesas 85,1 ± 3,5 SM y 83 ± 2,9 SJ; no obesas 77,3 ± 2,2 SM y 78,9 ± 2,8 SJ mg/dl), Colesterol Total (obesas 194,4 ± 13,4 SM y 190,1 ± 9,1 SJ; no obesas 184,4 ± 8.8 SM y 193,4 ± 7,4 SJ mg/dl), Triacilglicéridos (obesas 109,8 ± 16,3 SM y 114,8 ± 21,9 SJ; no obesas 64,9 ± 7,6 SM y 77,5 ± 10,8 SJ mg/dl), LDL-c (obesas 126,6 ± 14,8 SM y 126,9 ± 8,6 SJ; no obesas 115,5 ± 8,3 SM y 133,6 ± 11,4 SJ mg/dl) y HDL-c séricos (obesas 46,3 ± 4,0 SM y 40,2 ± 3,4 SJ; no obesas 55,5 ± 2,8 SM y 44,1 ± 2,3 SJ mg/dl). Igualmente no hubo diferencia significativa entre el HOMA IR del grupo de mujeres obesas de ambas poblaciones (3,3 ± 0,2 SM y 3.2 ± 0,1 SJ) y el del grupo de no obesas (2,8 ± 0,1 SM y 3,1 ± 0,1 SJ). En conclusión, los grupos de mujeres obesas de las poblaciones de Santa María y San José presentaron HDL-c deprimidas y HOMA IR sobre los límites normales. ABSTRACT It has been demonstrated that genetic factors can be influenciated by race, whereas people with African origin tend to have high body mass index (BMI) with normal lipid profile (high HDL-c and low triglyceride). The purpose of this study was to analyze insulin resistance through a mathematical model, Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA), in two Venezuelan communities with African origin. Seventy-two afrovenezuelan women from the populations of Santa María (SM) y San José (SJ), Zulia, Venezuela, with age between 36 and 48 years, were used. A medical chart was made along with BMI so that they could be divided into 2 groups: obese and lean; glycemia, lipid profile and HOMA IR were determined. Our results indicated that there was not significative different in glyce
A forma??o de professores e os currículos praticados em um movimento de educa??o popular na Rocinha
Silva, Rodrigo Torquato da;
Educa??o em Revista , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-46982008000200004
Abstract: this article looks into the network of collective actions that lend political and pedagogical meaning to sociability processes in rocinha shantytown. pré-vestibular comunitário da rocinha (pvcr), a community education movement based at rocinha, one of the largest shantytowns in latin america, prepares students for university entrance examinations. the core objective is to present pedagogical practices built on the pvcr experiences that shape a new teacher development/training perspective in a context where traditional teacher-student relation hierarchies are broken and reinvented from the emancipating power born in the conflicts of the adopted syllabus.
Estado nutricional, condi??es socioecon?micas, ambientais e de saúde de crian?as moradoras em corti?os e favela
Santos, Rosangela Bezerra;Martins, Paula Andrea;Sawaya, Ana Lydia;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732008000600006
Abstract: objective: the objective was to compare malnutrition rates among children aged from 6 months to 6 years living in tenements and shanty towns in downtown s?o paulo city and characterize the differences in the socioeconomic, environmental and health conditions of the two groups. methods: a cross-sectional study was done with 86 children living in tenements and 84 children living in shanty towns and their respective families. malnutrition was classified according to their height-for-age, weight-for-age and weight-for-height indices when compared with those of the national center for health statistics. z-scores < -1 and < -2 were used as the cut-off points of malnutrition. socioeconomic, environmental and health data were collected by administering a questionnaire during home visits. data were analyzed by applying the chi-square, student's t or mann-whitney tests. the significance level was set at 5%. results: mild malnutrition rate was two times higher in children living in shanty towns than in those living in tenements and moderate malnutrition rate was four times higher. regarding the analyzed variables, dwellers of shanty towns had lower incomes, spent less on food and had worse jobs and living and sanitary conditions (p<0.001). diarrhea was more frequent (p=0.003) and vaccination rates were lower (p<0.001) among children living in shanty towns. conclusion: the rate of malnutrition found for children living in the studied shanty town was higher than that found for children living in tenements. families living in shanty towns were considered extremely poor, with worse socioeconomic and environmental conditions than those living in tenements, evidencing aspects of urban poverty associated with childhood malnutrition.
Favela: representa o e exclus o  [cached]
José Henrique Mendes Crizostomo,Natalia dos Santos Silveira
Vértices , 2010,
Abstract: O presente artigo é fruto de uma pesquisa sócio-urbana desenvolvida no município de Bom Jesus do Itabapoana, situado no noroeste do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Partindo do conceito de favela buscamos, na localidade conhecida como Volta d’Areia, identificar se esta se caracteriza como favela ou apenas bairro pobre. Expomos os problemas identificados no campo de pesquisa e a forma como os moradores dessa localidade s o percebidos e caracterizados pelos cidad os que n o vivem nesta localidade. Shanty towns: representation and exclusion This article presents a study carried in the town of Bom Jesus do Itabapoana, located in the nortwestern area of the State of Rio de Janeiro. Starting with the concept of “shanty towns”, we aimed at verifying whether residents in the location known as “Volta d’Areia” consider it to be a shanty town or just a poor neighborhood. Problems identified in the observation are discussed as well as how these residents are perceived and characterized by people living in other areas of the city.
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