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Lygaeoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) de Parques Nacionales Naturales (PNN) con nuevos registros para Colombia Lygaeoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) from National Natural Parks (NNP) with new records of Colombia
LAURA ALEXANDRA RENGIFO-CORREA,RANULFO GONZáLEZ OBANDO
Revista Colombiana de Entomología , 2011,
Abstract: Lygaeoidea es uno de los grupos más numerosos del suborden Heteroptera pero, a raíz de su diversidad, no hay hasta el momento en Colombia estudios que sinteticen la información taxonómica del grupo. La información taxonómica es crítica para poder adelantar otro tipo de estudios, incluyendo aquellos que apuntan a la conservación. Con el fin de mejorar la comprensión de este taxón, se presenta un listado de los géneros de Lygaeoidea para Parques Naturales de Colombia. Se listan 19 géneros de Lygaeoidea, distribuidos en seis familias. Craspeduchus xanthostaurus, Epipolops scudderi, Jalysus reductus, Melanopleurus infatus, Neoninus sp., Ninyas sp. Ochrostomus brasiliensis, Polychisme poecilus y Spilostethus pandurus constituyen nuevos registros para el país. Spilostethus pandurus constituye además el primer registro para el Neotrópico. Se proveen diagnosis, fotografías para los géneros encontrados y se mencionan los sitios de colecta en los Parques Nacionales. Lygaeoidea is one of the largest groups of the suborder Heteroptera but, due to their diversity, there are not taxonomic reviews of the group in Colombia. Taxonomic information is needed as a base line to allow other kind of studies, including those aimed at conservation. for improve understanding about this taxon, a list of the genera of Lygaeoidea Natural Parks of Colombia is provided. 19 genera of Lygaeoidea that belong to six families are listed. Craspeduchus xanthostaurus, Epipolops scudderi, Jalysus reductus, Melanopleurus infatus, Neoninus sp., Ninyas sp., Ochrostomus brasiliensis, Polychisme poecilus and Spilostethus pandurus are new records to Colombia. Spilostethus pandurus is also recorded for frst time in the Neotropic. Diagnosis, photographs for each genera and collecting places in the National Parks are provided.
New records of Heteroptera from Serbia (Insecta: Heteroptera, Tingidae)
Proti? Ljiljana
Archives of Biological Sciences , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/abs0502147p
Abstract: The Serbian fauna of Heteroptera is increased by four new species from the family Tingidae. These species are: Catoplatus fabricii (St l), Copium teucrii teucrii (Host), Derephysia cristata (Panzer), and Dictyla convergens (Herrich-Schaeffer). The paper also includes a summary of literature data on the heteropteran biology and distribution.
Phylogenetic analysis of the true water bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Nepomorpha): evidence from mitochondrial genomes
Jimeng Hua, Ming Li, Pengzhi Dong, Ying Cui, Qiang Xie, Wenjun Bu
BMC Evolutionary Biology , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-9-134
Abstract: Nine mitochondrial genomes of Nepomorpha and five of other hemipterans were sequenced. These mitochondrial genomes contain the commonly found 37 genes without gene rearrangements. Based on the nucleotide sequences of mt-genomes, Pleoidea is not a member of the Nepomorpha and Aphelocheiroidea should be grouped back into Naucoroidea. Phylogenetic relationships among the superfamilies of Nepomorpha were resolved robustly.The mt-genome is an effective data source for resolving intraordinal phylogenetic problems at the superfamily level within Heteroptera. The mitochondrial genomes of the true water bugs are typical insect mt-genomes. Based on the nucleotide sequences of the mt-genomes, we propose the Pleoidea to be a separate heteropteran infraorder. The infraorder Nepomorpha consists of five superfamilies with the relationships (Corixoidea + ((Naucoroidea + Notonectoidea) + (Ochteroidea + Nepoidea))).The true water bugs are grouped as the infraorder Nepomorpha, one of seven infraorders within the suborder Heteroptera (Insecta: Hemiptera) [1]. This group is of tremendous economic importance because all the members, except some Corixidae, are predators [2]. Extant water bugs have been grouped into 6 [3,4] or 5 superfamilies (Notonectoidea including Pleoidea) [2]. When molecular sequence data was combined with morphological characters to analyze the phylogenetic relationships of the true water bugs for the first time, a 7-superfamily classification system was proposed, containing a newly erected superfamily Aphelocheiroidea, which had formerly belonged to Naucoroidea (Table 1) [5].In these classification systems, the contents of Nepoidea, Corixoidea, and Ochteroidea are constant. Phylogenetic relationships proposed previously at the superfamily or family level within Nepomorpha are summarized in Figure 1. The works of China (1955) [6], Popov (1971) [7], Rieger (1976) [8], and Mahner (1993) [3] were based on morphological characters without algorithmic analysis. In their l
Comparative and phylogenomic studies on the mitochondrial genomes of Pentatomomorpha (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera)
Jimeng Hua, Ming Li, Pengzhi Dong, Ying Cui, Qiang Xie, Wenjun Bu
BMC Genomics , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-9-610
Abstract: Fifteen mitochondrial genomes of the suborder Heteroptera were sequenced. Gene rearrangements were found as follows: 1) tRNA-I and tRNA-Q switched positions in Aradidae, 2) tRNA-T and tRNA-P switched positions in Largidae and Pyrrhocoridae. Two recombination events were found in Alydidae and Malcidae. The other mt-genomes were organized in the same way as observed in Drosophila yakuba. The phylogenetic analyses of infraorder Pentatomomorpha based on the nucleotide sequence raised the hypothesis of (Aradoidea + (Pentatomoidea + (Pyrrhocoroidea + (Lygaeoidea + Coreoidea)))). The rearrangement of tRNA-T and tRNA-P also linked Largidae and Pyrrhocoridae together. Furthermore, the conserved sequence block in the unusual intergenic spacers between tRNA-H and ND4 favored the monophyly of Lygaeoidea. Tetranucleotide ATCA was inferred to be the initiation codon of ND2 in Cydnidae. No correlation was found between the rates of nucleotide substitution and gene rearrangement. CG content was significantly correlated with the nucleotide substitution rate of each gene. For ND1, there was a positive correlation (P < 0.01) between amino acids variations and hydrophobicity, but a negative correlation (P < 0.01) for ND6. No conserved sequence was found among the control regions and these regions were not always the most AT-rich region of the mt-genome.Heteropteran insects are extremely complex groups worthy of further study because of the unusual tetranucleotide initiation codon and their great mt-genomic diversity, including gene rearrangements and recombinations. The mt-genome is a powerful molecular marker for resolving phylogeny at the level of the superfamily and family. Gene rearrangements were not correlated with nucleotide substitution rates. CG content variation caused the different evolutionary patterns among genes. For ND1, in many polar or nonpolar regions the specific identity of the amino acid residues might be more important than maintaining the polarity of these region
Relevamiento de los Heteroptera (Insecta: Hemiptera) de las sierras de Tandil, provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina Survey of the Heteroptera (Insecta: Hemiptera) of the Tandil hills, Buenos Aires province, Argentina  [cached]
Pablo M Dellapé,Diego L Carpintero
Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales , 2012,
Abstract: Se presenta un listado de las especies de Heteroptera (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) recolectados y citados que habitan en las sierras de Tandil (Buenos Aires, Argentina). El listado procede de los datos presentes en la literatura y del material procedente de las tareas de muestreo desarrolladas por los autores en sectores serranos cercanos a la ciudad de Tandil. Se incluyen 134 especies distribuidas en 31 familias. El registro de Esuris terginus St l (Rhyparochromidae) constituye el primer registro del género y de la especie de la Argentina. A list of Heteroptera (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) species from Tandil hills (Buenos Aires, Argentina) is presented. The list gathers bibliographical information as well as material collected by the authors. A number of 134 species are included, distributed in 31 families. Esuris terginus St l (Rhyparochromidae) constitutes the first record of the genus and the species from Argentina.
Relevamiento de los Heteroptera (Insecta: Hemiptera) de las sierras de Tandil, provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Dellapé,Pablo M; Carpintero,Diego L;
Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales , 2012,
Abstract: a list of heteroptera (hemiptera: heteroptera) species from tandil hills (buenos aires, argentina) is presented. the list gathers bibliographical information as well as material collected by the authors. a number of 134 species are included, distributed in 31 families. esuris terginus st?l (rhyparochromidae) constitutes the first record of the genus and the species from argentina.
Lygaeoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) de Parques Nacionales Naturales (PNN) con nuevos registros para Colombia
RENGIFO-CORREA,LAURA ALEXANDRA; GONZáLEZ OBANDO,RANULFO;
Revista Colombiana de Entomología , 2011,
Abstract: lygaeoidea is one of the largest groups of the suborder heteroptera but, due to their diversity, there are not taxonomic reviews of the group in colombia. taxonomic information is needed as a base line to allow other kind of studies, including those aimed at conservation. for improve understanding about this taxon, a list of the genera of lygaeoidea natural parks of colombia is provided. 19 genera of lygaeoidea that belong to six families are listed. craspeduchus xanthostaurus, epipolops scudderi, jalysus reductus, melanopleurus infatus, neoninus sp., ninyas sp., ochrostomus brasiliensis, polychisme poecilus and spilostethus pandurus are new records to colombia. spilostethus pandurus is also recorded for frst time in the neotropic. diagnosis, photographs for each genera and collecting places in the national parks are provided.
Barcoding Bugs: DNA-Based Identification of the True Bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera)  [PDF]
Doo-Sang Park,Robert Foottit,Eric Maw,Paul D. N. Hebert
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018749
Abstract: DNA barcoding, the analysis of sequence variation in the 5′ region of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene, has been shown to provide an efficient method for the identification of species in a wide range of animal taxa. In order to assess the effectiveness of barcodes in the discrimination of Heteroptera, we examined 344 species belonging to 178 genera, drawn from specimens in the Canadian National Collection of Insects.
Higher Level Phylogeny and the First Divergence Time Estimation of Heteroptera (Insecta: Hemiptera) Based on Multiple Genes  [PDF]
Min Li, Ying Tian, Ying Zhao, Wenjun Bu
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032152
Abstract: Heteroptera, or true bugs, are the largest, morphologically diverse and economically important group of insects with incomplete metamorphosis. However, the phylogenetic relationships within Heteroptera are still in dispute and most of the previous studies were based on morphological characters or with single gene (partial or whole 18S rDNA). Besides, so far, divergence time estimates for Heteroptera totally rely on the fossil record, while no studies have been performed on molecular divergence rates. Here, for the first time, we used maximum parsimony (MP), maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) with multiple genes (18S rDNA, 28S rDNA, 16S rDNA and COI) to estimate phylogenetic relationships among the infraorders, and meanwhile, the Penalized Likelihood (r8s) and Bayesian (BEAST) molecular dating methods were employed to estimate divergence time of higher taxa of this suborder. Major results of the present study included: Nepomorpha was placed as the most basal clade in all six trees (MP trees, ML trees and Bayesian trees of nuclear gene data and four-gene combined data, respectively) with full support values. The sister-group relationship of Cimicomorpha and Pentatomomorpha was also strongly supported. Nepomorpha originated in early Triassic and the other six infraorders originated in a very short period of time in middle Triassic. Cimicomorpha and Pentatomomorpha underwent a radiation at family level in Cretaceous, paralleling the proliferation of the flowering plants. Our results indicated that the higher-group radiations within hemimetabolous Heteroptera were simultaneously with those of holometabolous Coleoptera and Diptera which took place in the Triassic. While the aquatic habitat was colonized by Nepomorpha already in the Triassic, the Gerromorpha independently adapted to the semi-aquatic habitat in the Early Jurassic.
New record and ecological notes of Phimophorus spissicornis (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Phimophorinae) in Colombia Nuevo registro y notas ecológicas de Phimophorus spissicornis (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Phimophorinae) en Colombia
DUVERNEY CHAVERRA-RODRíGUEZ,DIMITRI FORERO,NICOLáS JARAMILLO O,OMAR TRIANA CH
Revista Colombiana de Entomología , 2010,
Abstract: Phimophorus spissicornis, the enigmatic and exclusively Neotropical representative of the Phimophorinae (Heteroptera: Reduviidae), is recorded for the first time from Colombia. Six adult specimens and one nymph were collected in the municipalities of Vegachí and San Carlos, department of Antioquia. In both localities P. spissicornis was collected from palms (Arecaceae) in associatión with Rhodnius pallescens (Reduviidae: Triatominae). Phimophorus spissicornis was found on the axils of palm fronds of Attalea butyracea and Oenocarpus bataua. Dorsal habitus illustrations of the male, female, and late instar nymph of P. spissicornis are provided. Phimophorus spissicornis, el enigmático representante exclusivamente neotropical de Phimophorinae (Heteroptera: Reduviidae), se registra por primera vez para Colombia. Seis especimenes adultos y una ninfa fueron recolectados en los municipios de Vegachí y San Carlos, departamento de Antioquia. En ambas localidades P. spissicornis fue recolectado en palmas (Arecaceae) en asociación con Rhodnius pallescens (Reduviidae: Triatominae). Phimophorus spissicornis se encontró en las brácteas de las palmas Attalea butyracea y Oenocarpus bataua. Se presentan imágenes del hábito en vista dorsal para macho, hembra y último instar de P. spissicornis
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