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Jovica Jovanovi?,Milan Jovanovi?,Mirjana Aran?elovi?
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis , 2004,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the epidemiolog ical characteristics of traumatic occupa tional injuries in rubber industry workers registered in the period between the 1993 and 2003. The occupational accidental work-place in juries are most frequent among young, less experienced workers. The injuries in occupational acci dents are most fre quent in May, on Mon day, between 8 am and 10 am. The most common type of occupational injuries were closed fractures, open fractures and dislocated fractures. Upper and lower extremities were the most frequently injured parts of the body in occupational injuries. These injuries resulted in 70.4 ± 5.8 days per injured worker, which is higher than in the literature data. These findingsare important for the control and prevention of occupational injuries in rubber industry.
Global estimates of traditional occupational risks
Jukka Takala
SJWEH Supplements , 2005,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Globalization has made many of the traditional occupational safety and health risks worse due to the large number of new worker generations that have been exposed to hazards that are well known and documented. This is, in particular, the case in developing countries and economies in transition. For a better picture for national and international decision making, globally available data sources were studied and analyzed. METHODS: Employment figures, reported fatal accident rates, mortality data on different diseases and injuries, and attributable fractions identified in the literature for diseases shown to be related to work were used to analyze global occupational accident data and information available on work-related diseases covering most countries. RESULTS: A midpoint of 2.2 million was estimated for fatalities occurring worldwide annually due to work-related factors. The most significant problems identified were work-related cancer (in particular, in industrialized countries), occupational accidents (rapidly industrializing countries), work-related cardiovascular diseases, work-related communicable diseases (tropical developing countries), and work-related lung diseases in countries where mining is a major activity (such as China, Vietnam, South Africa, and the like). In addition, 270 million nonfatal occupational accidents and 160 million work-related diseases were estimated to occur every year. CONCLUSIONS: While estimates can be gradually improved by adding new national information on exposures and exposed populations, these estimates can be a benchmark for such further work.
Jovica Jovanovic,Milan Jovanovic
Acta Medica Medianae , 2004,
Abstract: The aim of that paper is to examine the nature of the injury problem in relation to age and sex of the victims, to estimate the type and consequences of occupational injuries, particularly in terms of lost working days and to identify the way in which they occur. Male workers have a slightly higher injury rate than female workers. Leading causes of injuries over the examined ten years period were: being struck by flying or falling objects, collision and being compressed by mechanical or other objects and equipment. These injuries resulted in an average of 69.1± 10.9 lost workdays per injured worker. The sprains and lacerations were statistically significant and more frequently presented in female than in male workers. Ruptures of internal organs, fractures and ruptures and tears of joints and ligaments resulted in 100 or more lost workdays for each worker. The number of days off work rose proportionally to the age of the victims. Chemical industry presents one of the more hazardous industry. These results are important for the control and prevention of occupational injuries.
Recent Trends in Occupational Injuries and Diseases in Argentina: A Panel Data Approach  [PDF]
Valentina Viego, Nicolas Sagui
Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine (ODEM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/odem.2015.34007
Abstract: Occupational injuries pose major public health and development related problems. However, efforts towards identification of determinants of labor incidents among salaried workers are still scarce in developing countries. This study aimed to identify sector and time effects on occupational accidents and diseases among Argentinean workers during 2004-2013. A negative binomial panel data model is estimated based on official data on injuries and fatalities in workplaces collected by the Board of Occupational Risks. Business cycle and profitability indicators are used as explanatory variables. Estimations also are adjusted by sector and time effects. Argentina business cycle tends to be negatively related with occupational injuries rates. In contrast, accidents at work reported tend to exhibit longer losses in working days. We also find a positive relationship between profitability and fatal injuries. These results may suggest incentives for under reporting and lower investments in safety by more profitable activities, which can imply some level of endogeneity between profit rate and occupational injuries.
Occupational Injuries of Veterinarians
Fereydoun Aghazadeh,Ashish Nimbarte
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: The Focus of this paper is on the occupational hazards faced by the veterinarians. It contains a literature review and analyses the injury/illness data. The data includes one year of the AVMA (American Veterinary Medicine Association) workers compensation claims for four different classes of veterinarians (equines, large animals, mixed-small animals, and exclusively small animals). The data reveals a large number of injuries occur in the veterinary profession, and also the monetary implications are substantial. Veterinarians who deal with exclusively small animals are at a higher risk and their practice involves dealing with a larger number of cases. For all the four classes of veterinarian, major causes of injury are due to slips, trips, falls and animal lifting. Regarding various cost associated with different injuries, no specific trend is found. Cost varies significantly for similar injuries from class to class.
Occupational Injuries Admitted to the Emergency Department  [cached]
Bekir Da?l?,Mustafa Serinken
Journal of Academic Emergency Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: In trauma patients who were admitted to the emergency services, occupational accidents have a significant place because of the social problems and high costs effects.Materials and Methods: This 18-month period study on patients who were admitted to the Emergency Services in Pamukkale University Hospital were evaluated prospectively.Results: During the study 538 occupational accident cases appliedand these cases composed 1.6% of applications to emergency services. The frequency of accidents in the age group 25-34 in male workers was determined and the maximum occurs between 08:00-10:00 hours, Monday (21.0%) and Saturday (17.8) was determined to increase the frequency. The most commonly physically affectedarea was the upper extremity (hand and fingers 65.3%) injuries, and cutting, penetrating and abrasion types injuries were most commonly determined Both workers and the workplace source were noted as reasons for the occupational accidents (62.5%), workers are sourced due to negligence, while the workplace was the source due to not providing protective measures in the first place. Conclusion: Most of the injuries associated with occupational accidents result in presentation to Emergency Departments. The data in Emergency Departments may help reveal details of occupational injuries and prevent workplace-related accidents.
Occupational risks in professionals of health in barreiras city, state of Bahia  [PDF]
Luciane Cristina Joia,Eder Batista Regis,Samira Cristina Jóia
Revista Saúde.Com , 2009,
Abstract: During work activities, the professional of health is exposed to occupational risks in their work place. This compromises directly or indirectly in health condition. The aims of the study were to report the main concern and vulnerability of occupational risks, and to describe the main conducts adopted by the professionals of health in Barreiras city/ BA. It was done a descriptive and exploratory field research with and hospital workers (public and privates) that were exposure to work accidents. An interview was done to data collection, and a semi-structured script (adapted to Barreiras city/BA) was used. It was observed that the most of interviewees had difficult to understand the safe equipments importance, however the most of them reported knowledge about procedures, use and conduct. It is necessary to highlight that everyday contact with risks in work place; it could be a decrease of perception in the necessity to adopt safety behavior
Percepción de los riesgos de su puesto de trabajo de los médicos internos residentes de un hospital secundario Occupational risks perception in medical internal residents of a secondary hospital  [cached]
M. Reyes Martín-Prieto,M. Fe Gamo,M. Josefa Ruiz-Figueroa
Educación Médica , 2011,
Abstract: Introducción. La formación sanitaria especializada ('residencia') es un período crucial para el desarrollo profesional posterior. Pretendimos objetivar cuáles son los riesgos que más preocupan a los residentes de nuestro hospital y compararlos con los resultados de la evaluación de riesgos realizada en sus puestos de trabajo para poder plantear estrategias que nos ayuden en nuestra práctica diaria. Sujetos y métodos. Estudio descriptivo en la población de 83 residentes que se incorporaron al hospital durante los a os 2005-2007. Se obtuvieron los datos de una encuesta, revisando sus historias clínico-laborales y la evaluación de riesgos. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de estas variables, se compararon los resultados de la encuesta con la evaluación por los técnicos y se analizó la posible asociación de la percepción del riesgo con la especialidad o el a o de residencia mediante el programa estadístico Stata. Resultados. Los riesgos más referidos son las radiaciones ionizantes y los psicosociales, seguidos de los biológicos y ergonómicos, aunque varía a lo largo de la residencia. Existen discrepancias muy significativas entre lo que refieren los encuestados y la evaluación de riesgos de los técnicos. Conclusiones. La percepción de los riesgos laborales en los residentes no se corresponde con las condiciones de trabajo objetivadas por los técnicos en la mayoría de los riesgos valorados por diferentes razones. Desarrollar un programa formativo específico para este colectivo les ayudaría a tener un conocimiento más realista. Algunos riesgos requerirían una reevaluación por la parte técnica tomando en consideración la percepción de la situación de riesgo. Introduction. The medical specialized training 'residence' is a critical period for the later professional development. We tried to determine which risks the residents perceive in their activities and to compare them with the risk evaluation developed in their jobsites, to design oriented strategies that help us in daily practice. Subjects and methods. We have implemented a descriptive study whose targeted population was 83 residents who entered in the hospital along the period 2005-2007. Data was obtained through a survey specifically designed and their clinical occupational files -including the risk evaluation-. We have made a descriptive analysis of personal perception and technical evaluation data and verified its relationships with some theoretical determinant factors like year of residence or medical specialty. Results. The risks mainly perceived by residents are: ionizing radiation and psychosocia
Frequency of occupational injuries and the health status of workers  [PDF]
Jovanovi? Jovica M.,Jovanovi? Milan
Medicinski Pregled , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/mpns0412536j
Abstract: Introduction Occupational injuries are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among workers. The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of occupational injuries and health status of workers. Material and methods The examined group consisted of 3.750 workers with health disorders. The control group included 1.800 healthy workers. Both groups were similar in terms of many factors that could contribute to the occurrence of occupational injuries. The injury rates were calculated in both groups. Results Workers with psychomotor and sensorimotor disorders, neuroses, obstructive sleep apnea, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hearing, vascular and sight impairments have been frequently injured compared to workers with other diseases. Discussion Due to the belief that accidents and occupational injuries are preventable, it is an imperative to study those factors which are likely to contribute to occurrence of accidents. The contributing factors could be the physical and mental state of workers. Conclusion Occupational injuries are significantly more common in the examined group than in controls.
Mirjana Aran?elovi?,Ivana Stankovi?,Jovica Jovanovi?,Sa?a Borisov
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis , 2004,
Abstract: After the skin, the respiratory tract is the most commonly affected organ system in workers exposed to ever increasing number of different respiratory agents. Allergic rhinitis could be caused by occupational allergens which characterises rhinitis as a occupational disease. Our country does not recognize allergic rhinitis as an occupational disease, although a lot of countries do. It has been suggested, in accordance with European Union Commission recommendations from 2003, to add allergic rhinitis to the occupational disease list, provided that the necessary suggested criteria are met. Regarding allergic rhinitis as an occupational disease will present important prevention measure regarding the occurrence of occupational asthma and disability in exposed workers. It has been suggested to take into account the following criteria in order to classisfy the allergic rhinits as a occupational disease: positive work history, a worker is a non-smoker, there was no nasal allergic disease before obtaining a job, ORL examination result (specific physical examination result), proof of specific sensibilisation existence (exposure test, prick skin testing, IgE, nasal specific provoking test etc.) Compulsory elements for establishing the diagnose would be the following: medical history, physical examination (ORL examination), in vivo skin test, determining total and specific IgE in serum, measuring maximum nasal airflow, non-specific nasal provoking test, cytological examination of nasal lavage sample, mucociliary cleaning test. Olfaction ability test, computed tomography of paranasal cavities and pulmonary function test.
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