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Influência das características sociodemográficas e epidemiológicas na capacidade funcional de idosos residentes em Ubá, Minas Gerais The influence of sociodemographic and epidemiological characteristics on the functional capacity of elderly residents in the city of Ubá, Minas Gerais  [cached]
Maria Célia R. Nunes,Rita C. L. Ribeiro,Lina E. F. P. L. Rosado,Sylvia C. Franceschini
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2009,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste trabalho foi conhecer a capacidade funcional de idosos e seus determinantes. MéTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal de base populacional com amostra de 397 idosos residentes na zona urbana da cidade de Ubá, Minas Gerais. Foi aplicado um questionário semiestruturado e pré-testado em forma de entrevista para avaliar as características sociodemográficas, econ micas e de saúde dos idosos. A capacidade funcional foi avaliada por meio da escala de atividades de vida diária básica e instrumental. Investigou-se a associa o entre a capacidade funcional e as características socioecon micas, demográficas e epidemiológicas. Os dados foram analisados nos programas Epi info, Vers o 6.0 e Sigma. Considerou-se o nível de significancia de 0,05. Para análise estatística, realizou-se a distribui o de frequência, medidas de associa o (Odds Ratio) entre a capacidade funcional e as variáveis socioecon micas, demográficas e epidemiológicas e análise de regress o logística múltipla. RESULTADOS: O comprometimento da capacidade funcional está relacionado a piores condi es de saúde autorreferidas, às quedas, ao sexo feminino, à viúvez, a idosos mais velhos, à baixa escolaridade e à baixa renda e a n o estar ativo no mercado de trabalho. CONCLUS O: A es de aten o integral à saúde do idoso precisam ser efetivadas, aliando o incentivo à pesquisa às a es planejadas e direcionadas para melhorar as condi es de saúde e qualidade de vida deste grupo. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the functional capacity of elderly individuals and its determinants. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted with a sample of 397 elderly residents in the urban area of the city of Ubá, Minas Gerais. A semi-structured, pre-tested questionnaire was applied as an interview in order to assess the sociodemographic, economic and health characteristics of elderly individuals. The functional capacity was assessed by means of the scale of basic and instrumental activities of daily living. The associations between functional capacity and socioeconomic, demographic and epidemiological characteristics were investigated. Data were analyzed with the softwares Epi Info version 6.0 and SigmaStat. A significance level of 0.05 was considered. For statistical analysis, frequency distribution and measures of association (odds ratio) were performed between the functional capacity and the socioeconomic, demographic and epidemiological variables. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted. RESULTS: The impaired functional capacity was relate
Overview of mine closure in Minas Gerais, Brazil
Castro, Maíra Fonseca Moreira;Lima, Hernani Mota de;Fl?res, José Cruz do Carmo;
Rem: Revista Escola de Minas , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0370-44672011000200012
Abstract: despite closure regulations being recent in brazil, many mining companies are attempting to adopt best practice and are facing the challenge of closing their mines properly instead of simply complying with current legislation or abandoning the mine site. this paper summarizes mine closure according to both the brazilian legislation and the "delibera??o normativa" copam no 127, that establishes the directives and procedures for environmental assessment at the mine closure stage. even with the lack of laws and regulations addressing mine closure, the brazilian mining industry today is at the forefront of environmental impact minimisation techniques. some case studies in minas gerais state, two of them located in the iron quadrangle, provide excellent evidence of the industry's rehabilitation expertise. this paper presents an overview of mine closure legislation in brazil and in the state of minas gerais and gives some examples of mine closure programmes in effect. it is intended to highlight the changes on mine closure requirements as well as the best practices on mine closure in the state.
Mortalidade por causas externas em idosos em Minas Gerais, Brasil
Gomes, Ludmila Mour?o Xavier;Barbosa, Thiago Luis de Andrade;Caldeira, Antonio Prates;
Escola Anna Nery , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452010000400018
Abstract: this is a descriptive study that aimed to analyze the mortality among elderly persons by external causes and the death profile of this age in minas gerais, brazil, from 1999 to 2008. the data were obtained from the mortality information system and from the department of informatics of the ministry of health. the results showed increasing mortality coefficients in elderly people during the years studied. the falls and transport accidents stood out as major causes of deaths. the results also showed increasing rates of homicides and suicides, especially in elderly males. immediate preventive measures are necessary, since the elderly people are becoming increasingly subject to deaths from external causes.
SIZING OF THE FOREST SECTOR IN MINAS GERAIS
Lino Amaro Nunes Vieira ,,Thelma Shirlen Soares,Rosa Maria Miranda Armond Carvalho,Jo?o Batista Rezende
CERNE , 2006,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine the size of the forest sector in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil using the production gross value. Also, the wealth generated by the commercial balance, tax collection and jobs generated and maintained by the sector were analyzed. It was verified that Minas Gerais plays a relevant role in the Brazilian forest sector, with a gross production in 2003 reaching the value of R$1.275,3 millions. The results showed the importance of forest sector for the social and economic development of the State, generating approximately 1,3 million indirect and direct jobs and contributing significantly to the State’s forest exports.
The orthodontist's profile in Minas Gerais
Eto, Luiz Fernando;Andrade, Valéria Matos Nunes de;
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-94512012000300005
Abstract: objective: due of the growing number of orthodontists and courses in orthodontics, interest has grown in having a profile of these practitioners in minas gerais state (brazil), showing how do they work in order to promote excellence in orthodontics, showing the most used techniques, the changes in the target public, and other views that impact on the future of the specialty and professional groups. methods: questionnaires were sent to all orthodontists registered with the regional council of dentistry of minas gerais (conselho regional de odontologia de minas gerais, cro-mg) until march 30, 2005, consisting of 722 professionals. questionnaires were sent back by 241 (33%) professionals. conclusions: this study clarified some relevant aspects about the profile of orthodontists in minas gerais regarding their individuality, training and the techniques used. the patient base was composed mainly of teenagers (33.75%) and young adults (27.45%), with referral predominantly by the patients themselves (46.79%). among the most important facts, we can mention the lack of use of some individual protection equipment, with only 37.76% using all the features of biological safety. final exams have been requested less frequently than initial records, and findings from the literature review is even more frightening, considering the importance of these records. looking at the future of the profession, optimistic orthodontists did not exceed half (45%) of participants.
Determining factors of criminality in Minas Gerais
Beato F., Claudio C.;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092000000500010
Abstract: the article has a double aim. it first discusses an approach dealing with the spatial distribution of crime and its theoretical consequences. it is argued that this kind of approach allows us to make an analysis of rational and utilitarian components of crime. this is possible by focusing the attention on local incidences of crime instead of the characteristics of the criminals. secondly, crime incidence in the 756 cities of minas gerais throughout the year of 1991 is analyzed using the theoretical approach mentioned. for that, empirical bayes indexes are used.
Determining factors of criminality in Minas Gerais  [cached]
Beato F. Claudio C.
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2000,
Abstract: The article has a double aim. It first discusses an approach dealing with the spatial distribution of crime and its theoretical consequences. It is argued that this kind of approach allows us to make an analysis of rational and utilitarian components of crime. This is possible by focusing the attention on local incidences of crime instead of the characteristics of the criminals. Secondly, crime incidence in the 756 cities of Minas Gerais throughout the year of 1991 is analyzed using the theoretical approach mentioned. For that, empirical Bayes indexes are used.
Ensino sobre idoso e gerontologia: vis?o do discente de enfermagem no Estado de Minas Gerais
Montanholi, Liciane Langona;Tavares, Darlene Mara dos Santos;Oliveira, Gabriela Ribeiro de;Sim?es, Ana Lúcia de Assis;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072006000400015
Abstract: this study aims at describing from a nursing student's viewpoint the concept of elderly people and of gerontology, as well as the professional contribution of teaching gerontology. these students were from public institutions of the state of minas gerais, brazil. data was colleted through semi-structured interviews. the content of the questions was subjected to thematic analysis, and the quantitative variables were described through the simple frequency. the sample consisted of 55 students, of which 73% were between 20 to 25 years old; 65,5% were enrolled in the eighth term of the nursing undergraduate program. after analyzing the data, the following thematic categories have arisen: concept of the elderly, social representation of the elderly, concept of gerontology, teaching as a possibility for change. in the nursing student's view, it is possible to infer that teaching gerontology in undergraduate courses is important to stimulate preparation of specialized human resources in the area.
The Orchidaceae of Itacolomi State Park in Minas Gerais, Brazil
Alves, Ruy José Válka;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 1990, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33061990000200005
Abstract: this paper compares the partial orchidaceae floras of itacolomi state park in ouro preto, minas gerais, brazil, in two different periods. the first is represented by all colections prior to 1980, while the second comprises those of the past five years. floral analyses document the recent collections.
Ocorrência de Trypanosoma vivax no estado de Minas Gerais
Carvalho, A.U.;Abr?o, D.C.;Facury Filho, E.J.;Paes, P.R.O.;Ribeiro, M.F.B.;
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-09352008000300037
Abstract: a cow from igarapé city, minas gerais state, brazil, showing vision damage was referred at the veterinary hospital of the universidade federal de minas gerais. clinical examination revealed anemia and a flagellated protozoan was observed in the blood smears obtained from the animal. the morphometric analysis demonstrated that the protozoan was trypanosoma vivax. this is the first report of t. vivax occurrence in minas gerais state. an epidemiological investigation is currently being conducted on the farm and neighbor areas in order to estimate the parasite prevalence and the distribution of this trypanosomiasis in the region.
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