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Violence against women: The perspective of academic women
Sibel Kalaca, P?nar Dundar
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-490
Abstract: Quantitative and qualitative methods were used in this descriptive study. One hundred-and-fifteen academicians participated in the study from two universities. A questionnaire was used regarding the definition and the causes of VAW, the risk groups and opinions about the solutions. Additionally, two authors interviewed 8 academicians from universities other than that of the interviewing author.Academicians discussed the problem from the perspective of "gender-based violence" rather than "family violence". The majority of the participants stated that nonworking women of low socioeconomic status are most at risk for VAW. They indicated that psychological violence is more prevalent against educated women, whilst physical violence is more likely to occur against uneducated and nonworking women. Perpetrator related factors were the most frequently stated causes of VAW. Thirty-five percent of the academicians defined themselves as at risk of some act of VAW. Recommendations for actions against violence were empowerment of women, increasing the educational levels in the society, and legal measures.Academic women introduced an ecological approach for the explanation of VAW by stressing the importance of taking into account the global context of the occurrence of VAW. Similar studies with various community members -including men- will help to define targeted interventions.For over three decades, women's advocacy groups around the world have been working to draw more attention to the physical, psychological, and sexual abuse of women and to stimulate action [1]. The movement in Turkey is a part of this advocacy. When feminists in Turkey first used the term "domestic violence" in 1987, they were treated as a group of marginal women [2]. Since then important steps have been taken in Turkey in the struggle to eliminate violence against women (VAW). In recent years, gender-based violence has occupied the national agenda, particularly in the context of reforms in basic laws such a
Preliminary Studies on Indoor Radon Measurements in Some Adobe Houses in the Kassena Nankana Area of the Upper East Region of Ghana  [cached]
F.K. Quashie,J.J. Fletcher; O.C. Oppon; A.B. Asumadu-Sakyi; D.A. Wordson; C.A. Adjei; E.O. Amartey and Paulina Amponsah
Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The present study has measured radon gas concentration in some Adobe houses in the Kassena Nankana Area of the Upper East Region of Ghana by using passive radon indoor dosimeter containing Solid- State Nuclear Track D etector (SSNTD) commercially known as LR - 115 (type II, pelliculable). Inhalation of radon and its daughter products is the major contributor to the total exposure of the population to natural radiation. Fifty (50) indoor radon dosimeters were placed in the various Adobe houses in the study area. The indoor radon dosimeters were retrieved after 78 to 82 days. The detectors were then chemically etched. The digital laser optic system was used in counting the detectors. Indoor radon concentration in the study area range from 35.28 to 244.22 Bq/m3.
Women and Children in the Global Economy
Rosario Del Rosario
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 1997,
Abstract: Third World economies have been reshaped, and their roles in the new world economic order redefined, by globalization. Nowadays, the global economic system is highly dependent on cheap labor supplied by developing countries. Despite their invisibility, women are actually key players in the global workforce, spending fewer years bearing and rearing children while devoting more time in the labor market. Privatization and other structural adjustments in the public sector, which usually provides stable jobs for them, result in mass layoff and less social services. In ecozones, women work long hours and suffer from health and psychological disorders, low wages, and do not enjoy their basic rights and full benefits. The lack of employment and livelihood opportunities in the rural areas forces the women to migrate net only to cites but also to foreign countries, exposing them to various work-related and cultural oppression. Women are likewise active in the informal sector whose precarious state deprives them of ample protection. Of the world's poor, women constitute 70 percent. With families to take care of, they cannot but pass on their poverty to their children, especially their daughters, who have to work to augment their meager income. Hence, women and children are the most adversely affected by globalization.
Peacebuilding: From the Women’s Perspective  [PDF]
Ekku Maya Pun
Bodhi: An Interdisciplinary Journal , 2008, DOI: 10.3126/bodhi.v2i1.2875
Abstract: Peace, the most sought after, the most discussed, the most expensive yet illusive and distant as ever is looking for the change in how it is perceived and how it can be achieved. Property, wealth and lives have been recklessly spent for it in vain. It is seeking an alternative method/s for its achievement. And I believe that alternative can be found in women's perspective of peace and their ways of attaining it. This article discusses the necessity to include feminine perspective in peacebuilding and argues why they are better suited to negotiate peace. ?
The gender perspective in climate change and global health  [cached]
Raman Preet,Maria Nilsson,Barbara Schumann,Birgitta Eveng?rd
Global Health Action , 2010, DOI: 10.3402/gha.v3i0.5720
Abstract: Background: Population health is a primary goal of sustainable development. United Nations international conferences like the Beijing Platform for Action have highlighted the key role of women in ensuring sustainable development. In the context of climate change, women are affected the most while they display knowledge and skills to orient themselves toward climate adaptation activities within their societies. Objective: To investigate how the gender perspective is addressed as an issue in research and policy-making concerning climate change and global health. Methods: A broad literature search was undertaken using the databases Pubmed and Web of Science to explore the terms ‘climate change,’ ‘health,’ ‘gender,’ and ‘policy.’ Climate change and health-related policy documents of the World Health Organization (WHO) and National Communications and National Adaptation Programs of Action reports submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change of selected countries were studied. Assessment guidelines to review these reports were developed from this study's viewpoint. Results: The database search results showed almost no articles when the four terms were searched together. The WHO documents lacked a gender perspective in their approach and future recommendations on climate policies. The reviewed UN reports were also neutral to gender perspective except one of the studied documents. Conclusion: Despite recognizing the differential effects of climate change on health of women and men as a consequence of complex social contexts and adaptive capacities, the study finds gender to be an underrepresented or non-existing variable both in research and studied policy documents in the field of climate change and health.
CRIMINOLOGY. A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
Wael Hikal
Archivos de Criminología, Criminalística y Seguridad Privada , 2009,
Abstract: Because of recent changes in communication, transportation, and commerce, crime has become a global phenomenon. Given that assumption, criminology itself must become global in its scope. This means that comparative criminology, the international study of crime, no longer should be treated as a separate subject. Instead, criminology at all levels should be comparative in nature. Based upon this assumption, we have designed a text for introductory criminology that is inherently comparative.
A wavelet characterization for the upper global Holder index  [PDF]
Marianne Clausel--Lesourd,Nicolay Samuel
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, we give a wavelet characterization of the upper global Holder index, which can be seen as the irregular counterpart of the usual global Holder index, for which a wavelet characterization is well-known.
The Kyoto protocol in a global perspective  [cached]
Andreja Cirman,Polona Domadenik,Matja? Koman,Tja?a Redek
Economic and Business Review , 2009,
Abstract: The global climate has changed notably since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gasses (GHG) have increased dramatically followed by an increase in global average temperature. In order to avoid negative potential outcomes of global warming, countries have adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that has so far been ratified by 192 countries. In 1997 the Kyoto Protocol, a binding GHG reduction plan, was adopted and entered into force in 2005. But several countries, including the USA, have had doubts about the potential negative consequences of the planned 5% global joint reduction of GHG. However, studies generally show that on a macroeconomic level: (1) welfare loss in terms of GDP and lost growth in EU is low; (2) it differs among economies; and (3) permit trading and permit price (in either global or regional markets) is highly correlated with the welfare loss. The main objective of the paper is to describe the attitudes and responses to the Kyoto Protocol from a global perspective. The paper has three objectives. First, to provide an overview of global greenhouse gas emissions and the big drivers behind these emissions. Second, to present where different countries, both developed and less developed countries, such as India, China and the countries of South-east Europe currently stand as regards their efforts to achieve the Kyoto Protocol requirements. Third, to analyse the responses and attitudes to the Kyoto Protocol from a country development perspective.
Women and leadership from a pastoral perspective of friendship  [cached]
Yolande Dreyer
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v58i1.552
Abstract: The aim of the article is to describe leadership from the perspective of friendship. This perspective highlights a pastoral rather than a power oriented approach to leadership. Such an approach would be compatible with an attitude of service as an essential characteristic of the church. It could also contribute to the healing of church structures that have become entangled in power games. It could lead to the healing of women and other disempowered groups who have for centuries been the victims of the power struggles of church institutions.
Women and Health: In the Context of Global Restructuring  [cached]
Shanzida Farhana
Canadian Social Science , 2008,
Abstract: Recently there is a debate about the impact of global restructuring on human health. this article will attempt to examine the impact of global restructuring on the health of poor women in a range of different setting. It will also give a brief account of gender inequalities in access to health care and recent campaigns designed to resist the negative changes. Key words: global restructuring, women’s health, gender inequality, poverty, well-being Résumé: Récemment, il y a un débat sur l'impact de la restructuration mondiale sur la santé humaine. cet article tentera d'examiner l'impact de la restructuration mondiale sur la santé des femmes pauvres dans une gamme de circonstances différentes. Il donnera aussi un bref compte rendu des inégalités entre les sexes dans l'accès aux soins de santé et les récentes campagnes désignées à résister aux changements négatifs. Mots-Clés: restructuration mondiale, santé des femmes, inégalité entre les sexes, pauvreté, bien-être
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