Abstract:
A multistage endoreversible Carnot heat engine system operating with a finite thermal capacity high-temperature black photon fluid reservoir and the heat transfer law is investigated in this paper. Optimal control theory is applied to derive the continuous Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equations, which determine the optimal fluid temperature configurations for maximum power output under the conditions of fixed initial time and fixed initial temperature of the driving fluid. Based on the general optimization results, the analytical solution for the case with pseudo-Newtonian heat transfer law is further obtained. Since there are no analytical solutions for the radiative heat transfer law, the continuous HJB equations are discretized and the dynamic programming (DP) algorithm is adopted to obtain the complete numerical solutions, and the relationships among the maximum power output of the system, the process period and the fluid temperatures are discussed in detail. The optimization results obtained for the radiative heat transfer law are also compared with those obtained for pseudo-Newtonian heat transfer law and stage-by-stage optimization strategy. The obtained results can provide some theoretical guidelines for the optimal designs and operations of solar energy conversion and transfer systems.

Abstract:
A multistage endoreversible Carnot heat engine system operating between a finite thermal capacity high-temperature fluid reservoir and an infinite thermal capacity low-temperature environment with generalized convective heat transfer law [q ∝(ΔT)m] is investigated in this paper. Optimal control theory is applied to derive the continuous Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equations, which determine the optimal fluid temperature configurations for maximum power output under the conditions of fixed initial time and fixed initial temperature of the driving fluid. Based on the universal optimization results, the analytical solution for the Newtonian heat transfer law (m=1) is also obtained. Since there are no analytical solutions for the other heat transfer laws (m≠1), the continuous HJB equations are discretized and dynamic programming algorithm is performed to obtain the complete numerical solutions of the optimization problem. The relationships among the maximum power output of the system, the process period and the fluid temperature are discussed in detail. The results obtained provide some theoretical guidelines for the optimal design and operation of practical energy conversion systems.

Abstract:
Using quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism of Leacock and Padgett, we show how to obtain the exact eigenvalues for supersymmetric (SUSY) potentials.

Abstract:
It is shown that the radial Schroedinger equation for a power law potential and a particular angular momentum may be transformed using a change of variable into another Schroedinger equation for a different power law potential and a different angular momentum. It is shown that this leads to a mapping of the spectra of the two related power law potentials. It is shown that a similar correspondence between the classical orbits in the two related power law potentials exists. The well known correspondence of the Coulomb and oscillator spectra is a special case of a more general correspondence between power law potentials.

Abstract:
The spectra and decay rates of $c \bar c$ and $b \bar b$ levels are well described, for the most part, by a power-law potential of the form $V(r)=\lambda(r^{\alpha}-1)/\alpha+{\rm const.}$, where $\alpha\simeq 0$. The results of an up-to-date fit to the data on spin-averaged levels are presented. Results on electric dipole transitions in systems bound by power law potentials are also presented, with applications to the bottomonium system.

Abstract:
It is shown that for a relativistic particle moving in an electromagnetic field its equations of motion written in a form of the second law of Newton can be reduced with the help of elementary operations to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. The derivation is based on a possibility of transforming the equation of motion to a completely antisymmetric form. Moreover, by perturbing the Hamilton-Jacobi equation we obtain the principle of least action.\ The analogous procedure is easily extended to a general relativistic motion of a charged relativistic particle in an electromagnetic field. It sis also shown that the special-relativistic Hamilton-Jacobi equation for a free particle allows one to easily demonstrate the wave-particle duality inherent to this equation and, in addition, to obtain the operators of the four-momentum whose eigenvalues are the classical four-momentum

Abstract:
PT-/non-PT-symmetric and non-Hermitian deformed Morse and Poschl-Teller potentials are studied first time by quantum Hamilton-Jacobi approach. Energy eigenvalues and eigenfunctions are obtained by solving quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation.

Abstract:
We establish the quantum stationary Hamilton-Jacobi equation in 3-D and its solutions for three symmetrical potentials, Cartesian symmetry potential, spherical symmetry potential and cylindrical symmetry potential. For the two last potentials, a new interpretation of the Spin is proposed within the framework of trajectory representation.

Abstract:
In the present work, we apply the exact quantization condition, introduced within the framework of Padgett and Leacock's quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism, to angular and radial quantum action variables in the context of the Hartmann and the ring-shaped oscillator potentials which are separable and non central. The energy spectra of the two systems are exactly obtained.

Abstract:
We obtain the band edge eigenfunctions and the eigenvalues of solvable periodic potentials using the quantum Hamilton - Jacobi formalism. The potentials studied here are the Lam{\'e} and the associated Lam{\'e} which belong to the class of elliptic potentials. The formalism requires an assumption about the singularity structure of the quantum momentum function $p$, which satisfies the Riccati type quantum Hamilton - Jacobi equation, $ p^{2} -i \hbar \frac{d}{dx}p = 2m(E- V(x))$ in the complex $x$ plane. Essential use is made of suitable conformal transformations, which leads to the eigenvalues and the eigenfunctions corresponding to the band edges in a simple and straightforward manner. Our study reveals interesting features about the singularity structure of $p$, responsible in yielding the band edge eigenfunctions and eigenvalues.