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HBT Interferometry for Sonoluminescence Bubble  [PDF]
Y. Hama,T. Kodama,Sandra S. Padula
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.56.2233
Abstract: The two-photon correlation of the light pulse emitted from a sonoluminescence bubble is discussed. It is shown that several important information about the mechanism of light emission, such as the time-scale and the shape of the emission region could be obtained from the HBT interferometry. We also argue that such a measurement may serve to reject one of the two currently suggested emission mechanisms, i.e., thermal process versus dynamical Casimir effect.
Understanding the Optical Potential in HBT Interferometry
Luzum, Matthew;Cramer, John G.;Miller, Gerald A.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.78.054905
Abstract: The validity of using a pion optical potential to incorporate the effects of final state interactions on HBT interferometry is investigated. We find that if the optical potential is real, the standard formalism is modified as previously described in the literature. However, if the optical potential is complex, a new term involving pion emission from eliminated states must be included. The size of such effects in previous work by Cramer and Miller is assessed.
Understanding the Optical Potential in HBT Interferometry  [PDF]
Matthew Luzum,John G. Cramer,Gerald A. Miller
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.78.054905
Abstract: The validity of using a pion optical potential to incorporate the effects of final state interactions on HBT interferometry is investigated. We find that if the optical potential is real, the standard formalism is modified as previously described in the literature. However, if the optical potential is complex, a new term involving pion emission from eliminated states must be included. The size of such effects in previous work by Cramer and Miller is assessed.
Effects of partial thermalization on HBT interferometry  [PDF]
Clément Gombeaud,Tuomas Lappi,Jean-Yves Ollitrault
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.10.075
Abstract: Hydrodynamical models have generally failed to describe interferometry radii measured at RHIC. In order to investigate this ``HBT puzzle'', we carry out a systematic study of HBT radii in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions within a two-dimensional transport model. We compute the transverse radii $R_o$ and $R_s$ as functions of $p_t$ for various values of the Knudsen number, which measures the degree of thermalization in the system. For realistic values of the Knudsen number estimated from $v_2$ data, we obtain $R_o/R_s \simeq 1.2$, much closer to data than standard hydrodynamical results. Femtoscopic observables vary little with the degree of thermalization. Azimuthal oscillations of the radii in non central collisions do not provide a good probe of thermalization.
HBT interferometry with quantum transport of the interfering pair  [PDF]
Li-Li Yu,Wei-Ning Zhang,Cheuk-Yin Wong
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.78.014908
Abstract: In the late stage of the evolution of a pion system in high-energy heavy-ion collisions when pions undergo multiple scatterings, the quantum transport of the interfering pair of identical pions plays an important role in determining the characteristics of the Hanbury-Brown-Twiss (HBT) interference. We study the quantum transport of the interfering pair using the path-integral method, in which the evolution of the bulk matter is described by relativistic hydrodynamics while the paths of the two interfering pions by test particles following the fluid positions and velocity fields. We investigate in addition the effects of secondary pion sources from particle decays, for nuclear collisions at AGS and RHIC energies. We find that quantum transport of the interfering pair leads to HBT radii close to those for the chemical freeze-out configuration. Particle decays however lead to HBT radii greater than those for the chemical freeze-out configuration. As a consequence, the combined effects give rise to HBT radii between those extracted from the chemical freeze-out configuration and the thermal freeze-out configuration. Proper quantum treatments of the interfering pairs in HBT calculations at the pion multiple scattering stage are important for our understanding of the characteristics of HBT interferometry in heavy-ion collisions.
The Feminist Paradigm in the Historical Perspective
Gertrude Joch Robinson
MedieKultur : Journal of Media and Communication Research , 1986,
Abstract: The Feminist Paradigm in the Historical Perspective
HBT interferometry and the parton-hadron phase transition  [PDF]
Sven Soff
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: We discuss predictions for the pion and kaon interferometry measurements in relativistic heavy ion collisions at SPS and RHIC energies. In particular, we confront relativistic transport model calculations that include explicitly a first-order phase transition from a thermalized quark-gluon plasma to a hadron gas with recent data from the RHIC experiments. We critically examine the "HBT-puzzle" both from the theoretical as well as from the experimental point of view. Alternative scenarios are briefly explained.
Effect of anisotropy on HBT radii using leptonpair interferometry  [PDF]
Payal Mohanty,Mahatsab Mandal,Pradip K Roy
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: The effect of initial state momentum-space anisotropy on invariant mass dependence of HBT radii extracted from the leptonpair interferometry is presented here. We have studied the Bose-Einstein Correlation Function (BECF) for two identical virtual photons decaying to leptonpairs at most central collision of LHC energy having fixed transverse momentum of one of the virtual photons ($k_{1T}$= 2 GeV). The {\em free streaming interpolating} model with fixed initial condition has been used for the evolution in anisotropic Quark Gluon Plasma (aQGP) and the relativistic (1+2)d hydrodynamics model with cylindrical symmetry and longitudinal boost invariance has been used for both isotropic Quark Gluon Plasma (iQGP) and hadronic phases. We found a significant change in the spatial and temporal dimension of the evolving system in presence of initial state momentum-space anisotropy.
HBT pion interferometry with phenomenological mean field interaction  [PDF]
Koichi Hattori
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1143/PTP.124.869
Abstract: To extract information on hadron production dynamics in the ultrarelativistic heavy ion collision, the space-time structure of the hadron source has been measured using Hanbury Brown and Twiss interferometry. We study the distortion of the source images due to the effect of a final state interaction. We describe the interaction, taking place during penetrating through a cloud formed by evaporating particles, in terms of a one-body mean field potential localized in the vicinity of the source region. By adopting the semiclassical method, the modification of the propagation of an emitted particle is examined. In analogy to the optical model applied to nuclear reactions, our phenomenological model has an imaginary part of the potential, which describes the absorption in the cloud. In this work, we focus on the pion interferometry and mean field interaction obtained using a phenomenological $\pi\pi$ forward scattering amplitude in the elastic channels. The p-wave scattering with $\rho$ meson resonance leads to an attractive mean field interaction, and the presence of the absorptive part is mainly attributed to the formation of this resonance. We also incorporate a simple time dependence of the potential reflecting the dynamics of the evaporating source. Using the obtained potential, we examine how and to what extent the so-called HBT Gaussian radius is varied by the modification of the propagation.
Sensitivity of HBT interferometry to the microscopic dynamics of freeze-out  [PDF]
A. Makhlin,E. Surdutovich
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.59.2761
Abstract: We study the HBT interferometry of ultra-relativistic nuclear collisions using a freezeout model in which free pions emerge in the course of the last binary collisions in the hadron gas. We show that the HBT correlators of both identical and non-identical pions change with respect to the case of independent pion production. Practical consequences for the design of the event generator with the built in Bose-Einstein correlations are discussed. We argue that the scheme of inclusive measurement of the HBT correlation function does not require the symmetrization of the multi-pion transition amplitudes (wave-functions).
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