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Inermicapsifer madagascariensis Inermicapsifer madagascariensis  [cached]
Nilda E. Herrera Valdés,María Elena Díaz García,Martha Sandoval Acosta,Norma García Batista
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar , 2007,
Abstract: Se hace la presentación de un caso recibido en abril de 2004 en el Laboratorio de Microbiología del Instituto Superior de Medicina Militar “Dr. Luis Díaz Soto” de una ni a de 2 a os de edad que expulsaba “granos de arroz” que se movían en las heces fecales; se hizo el diagnóstico de Inermicapsifer madagascariensis . La “reaparición” del parásito motivó a realizar una revisión sobre este y su incidencia en Cuba. Tras un período de “silencio” desde 1948, reaparece en 1996 el reporte de 2 casos en Ciudad de La Habana y a posteriori en el 2003 diagnostican 23 casos en Santa Clara, por lo que se hace un llamado a los médicos de asistencia acerca de la presencia del parásito en este medio. The case received at the Microbiology Laboratory of “Dr. Luis Díaz Soto” Higher Institute of Military Medicine, in April 2004, of a 2-year-old girl that expelled “grains of rice” in the feces is reported. The diagnosis of Inermicapsifer madagascariensis was made. The parasite “reappearance” led us to make a review of it, and of its incidence in Cuba . After a “silence” period since 1948, 2 cases were reported in Havana City in 1996, and 23 cases were diagnosed in Santa Clara, in 2003. That is why a call is made to health care physicians on the presence of this parasite in our environment.
Inermicapsifer madagascariensis
Herrera Valdés,Nilda E.; Díaz García,María Elena; Sandoval Acosta,Martha; García Batista,Norma;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar , 2007,
Abstract: the case received at the microbiology laboratory of “dr. luis díaz soto” higher institute of military medicine, in april 2004, of a 2-year-old girl that expelled “grains of rice” in the feces is reported. the diagnosis of inermicapsifer madagascariensis was made. the parasite “reappearance” led us to make a review of it, and of its incidence in cuba . after a “silence” period since 1948, 2 cases were reported in havana city in 1996, and 23 cases were diagnosed in santa clara, in 2003. that is why a call is made to health care physicians on the presence of this parasite in our environment.
Fireweed (Senecio madagascariensis) poisoning in cattle
Cruz, Cláudio E.F.;Karam, Fernando C.;Dalto, André C.;Pavarini, Saulo P.;Bandarra, Paulo Mota;Driemeier, David;
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-736X2010000100002
Abstract: in a dairy cattle herd in southern brazil, 7 out of 554 cattle were affected and died due to senecio madagascariensis poisoning. clinical, pathological, and epidemiological findings in the affected cattle were indistinguishable from those usually seen in poisoning caused by other senecio species. the plant invaded extensive areas in heavily stocked paddocks. senecio madagascariensis had been spreading in this farm for the last three years, with no control strategy, because neither the farmers nor the local veterinarian knew about the potential risks of this sernecio species.
The morphology of hairs in species of Plantago L. Sections: Novorbis Decne and Mesembrynia Decne
Emilia Andrzejewska-Golec
Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae , 1991, DOI: 10.5586/asbp.1991.017
Abstract: This paper is a continuation of the investigation of hairs in representatives of various sections of the genus Plantago L.(Andrzejewska-Golec and wi tos awski 1987, 1988, 1989 a, b, 1991, in press 2). It deals with the species of the related sections: Novorbis Decne (3 species) and Mesembrynia Decne (5 species). The investigated taxa of both sections have one type of headed hair (typical of the representatives of the genus Plantago) as well as three types of headless hairs: 1) 1-3-celled-bristle-shaped, 2) consisting of several cells, and 3) multicellular-web-like. Only slight differences between the hairs of the investigated taxa of sections Novorbis and Mesembrynia were noticed. The hairs of the representatives of these sections are also similar to the hairs of representatives of another section, related to those mentioned above, viz. Lamprosantha Decne (Andrzejewska-Golec and wi tos awski 1991).
Envenomation by the Malagasy colubrid snake Langaha madagascariensis
D'Cruze, NC;
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992008000300014
Abstract: this report documents a case of envenomation by a malagasy opisthoglyphous snake, langaha madagascariensis. the snake bit the finger of a healthy adult man who was attempting to record its morphological measurements as part of a biodiversity survey which was being conducted in the extreme north of madagascar. symptoms of this case included severe local pain accompanied by observable swelling which lasted for several days. the present observations indicate that bite by l. madagascariensis potentially causes notable physiological effects in humans although the snake is generally calm and reluctant to bite unless provoked.
The morphology of hairs in taxa of the genus Plantago L. Sections: Polyneuron Decne and Lamprosantha Decne
Emilia Andrzejewska-Golec,Jacek ?wi?tos?awski
Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae , 1991, DOI: 10.5586/asbp.1991.001
Abstract: The hairs of above-ground parts (leaf, scape, bract, calyx) of 10 taxa from the section Polyneuron Decne and three from section Lamprosantha Decne are very similar. The presence of one type of headed hairs and three types of headless hairs was found in all of the studied taxa. The headed hairs are built analogically. The headless hairs in the taxa of section Polyneuron are composed of 3-4 cells, while in the taxa of sectio Lamprosantha, of 6-7 cells. P. japonica Franchet et Savat. f. polystachya Makino distinguishes itself among all the studied taxa because of the presence of a small basal cell in the headless hairs made up of several cells.
Harungana madagascariensis in acute and repeated acetaminophen hepatotoxic rats
A A Adeneye,J A Olagunju,S O Elias,D O Olatunbosun
International Journal of Applied Research in Natural Products , 2008,
Abstract: Summary: In this study, the protective effects of 100 – 500 mg/kg/day of the aqueous root extract of Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir were evaluated on the average body weight, relative liver-body weight, serum alanine (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferases (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total (TB) and conjugated bilirubin (CB), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), cholesterol fractions (HDL-c, LDL-c, VLDL-c), fasting blood glucose (FBG), total protein (TP) and albumin (ALB) in the acute and repeated dose acetaminophen hepatotoxic rats. Results showed that acute intraperitoneal injection of 800 mg/kg of acetaminophen induced significant (p<0.001) elevations in the serum concentrations of ALT, AST, ALP and FBG but caused significant (p<0.001) decreases in the serum concentrations of TP and ALB, while inducing non-significant (p>0.05) alterations in the serum levels of lipids, TB and CB. However, pretreatments with 100 - 500 mg/kg of Harungana madagascariensis significantly (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001) attenuated elevations of ALT, AST, ALP and FBG. In addition, the extract significantly (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001) attenuated reduction in the serum levels of TP and ALB while inducing non-significant (p>0.05) alterations in the serum lipids. Repeated acetaminophen hepatotoxicity caused similar effects in the measured parameters except that it was associated with significant (p<0.001) reduction in the FBG while inducing significant (p<0.05, p<0.001) increases in the serum TB and CB. Oral pretreatments with the extract significantly (p<0.001) enhanced acetaminophen induced hypoglycemia while significantly (p<0.05, p<0.01) attenuating significant elevations in the serum levels of TB and CB, in dose related fashion. The associated histopathologic features of moderate-to-severe hepatic necrosis were also attenuated by the extract. Thus, the overall results of this study confirm the folkloric use of the extract in the treatment of drug-induced hepatotoxicity. Industrial relevance: Acetaminophen hepatotoxicity remains a major intolerable side-effect of the clinical use of acetaminophen in all age-groups, with limited available conventional therapeutic and chemoprophylactic options. In this study, the protective effects of the aqueous root extract of Harungana madagascariensis were investigated and confirmed in the acute and repeated dose acetaminophen hepatotoxic rats. The results, thus obtained, are indicative of the therapeutic potentials of the plant extract in combating acetaminophen related hepatotoxicity. In the near future, isolation and disc
Ecdysteroids in the larvae of Opogona sacchari (Bojer), a invasive alien pest
FangHai Wang,GuRen Zhang,RuiZhen Wen,GuoFeng He
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2007, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-007-0033-3
Abstract: In order to understand the composition and quantitative variation of ecdysteriods in the larvae of Opogona sacchari (Bojer), a invasive alien pest, we analyzed the larval ecdysteroid composition and titers in this pest. The main component of ecdysteriods in the larvae of O. sacchari is 20-hydroxyecdysone, and also there is a little 26-hhdroxyecdysone. The titer of ecdysteriods in the larvae from the 1st instar to the 7th instar was gotten higher gradually compared on ng ecdysteroid/larva, but no regularity could be found about the titer if compared on ng ecdysteroid/g avoirdupois. There was only one peak of ecdysteroids (0.5475 ng/larva) showed at day 2 during the developmental time of the 6th instar larvae. However, there were two peaks appearing during the developmental time of the 7th instar larvae, one peak (0.29415 ng/larva) at day 3, another (0.214 ng/larva) at day 5.
Ecdysteroids in the adults and eggs of Opogona sacchari (Bojer), an invasive alien pest
FangHai Wang,GuRen Zhang,RuiZhen Wen,GuoFeng He
Science China Life Sciences , 2008, DOI: 10.1007/s11427-008-0024-x
Abstract: In order to understand the composition and quantitative variation of ecdysteriods in the adults and eggs of Opogona sacchari (Bojer), an invasive alien pest, we analyzed the ecdysteroid composition and titers in the adult and egg of this pest. On day 4 after eclosion, the titer of ecdysteriods in the male adult was 0.080 ng/adult, much lower than 5.978 ng/adult in the female adult. During the development of ovaries, the titer of ecdysteriods was low on the first two days, and high in the late period, with the peak (10.48 ng/ovary) appearing on day 3. During the development of eggs, the titer of ecdysteriods was about 0.010 ng/egg from day 1 to day 3, and then decreased to 0.006 ng/egg on day 4. In both adults and eggs, three main components of ecdysteriods were found by identification of HPLC/RIA. They were 20-hydroxyecdysone, 26-hydroxyecdysone, and an unidentified component.
Ecdysteroids in the adults and eggs of Opogona sacchari (Bojer), an invasive alien pest

WANG FangHai,ZHANG GuRen,WEN RuiZhen &,HE GuoFeng,

中国科学C辑(英文版) , 2008,
Abstract: In order to understand the composition and quantitative variation of ecdysteriods in the adults and eggs of Opogona sacchari (Bojer), an invasive alien pest, we analyzed the ecdysteroid composition and titers in the adult and egg of this pest. On day 4 after eclosion, the titer of ecdysteriods in the male adult was 0.080 ng/adult, much lower than 5.978 ng/adult in the female adult. During the development of ovaries, the titer of ecdysteriods was low on the first two days, and high in the late period, with the peak (10.48 ng/ovary) appearing on day 3. During the development of eggs, the titer of ecdysteriods was about 0.010 ng/egg from day 1 to day 3, and then decreased to 0.006 ng/egg on day 4. In both adults and eggs, three main components of ecdysteriods were found by identification of HPLC/RIA. They were 20-hydroxyecdysone, 26-hydroxyecdysone, and an unidentified component.
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