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Evaluation of the losses produced by hydatidosis and cost/benefit analysis of different strategic interventions of control in the Province of Rio Negro, Argentina
Larrieu,Edmundo; Mercapide,Carlos; Del Carpio,Mario; Salvitti,Juan Carlos; Costa,María Teresa; Romeo,Susana; Cantoni,Gustavo; Perez,Alicia; Thakur,Amar;
Boletín chileno de parasitología , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S0365-94022000000100003
Abstract: los programas de control de la hidatidosis requieren de la elaboración de ecuaciones costo/beneficio para la justificación técnica del mantenimiento de su fuente de financiamiento. así, el objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar los costos para los servicios de salud de la provincia de río negro, argentina, la atención médica de los casos económicamente alternativas futuras en las estrategias de control. para ello se obtuvo información de casos humanos atendidos en tres hospitales, tratados con métodos quirúrgicos convencionales, con quimioterapia y con pair (punción, aspiración, inyección y reaspiración), procediéndose a valorizar las prácticas médicas efectuadas. se estimaron asimismo costos del programa de control basado en la desparasitación de perros y de programas alternativos basados en diagnóstico masivo en personas mediante ecografía y serología, y tratamientos no convencionales. se estimmó un costo de tratamiento de us$ 4.511 por paciente, us$ 5.936 en cirugía convencional, us$ 1988 en pair y us$ 1.350 en quimioterapia con albendazol. los costos globales de atención médica para 1997 fueron estimados en us$ 293.215, resultando un 77% inferiores a 1980. se estimaron los costos operativos del programa tradicional de control en us$ 440000 y uno alternativo basado en diagnóstico y tratamiento en us$ 260.218. se analizan relaciones costo/beneficio para cada una de las estrategias planteadas.
Evaluation of the losses produced by hydatidosis and cost/benefit analysis of different strategic interventions of control in the Province of Rio Negro, Argentina Evaluación de las pérdidas producidas por la hidatidosis y análisis del costo/beneficio de diferentes intervenciones estratégicas de control en la Provincia de Río Negro, Argentina.  [cached]
Edmundo Larrieu,Carlos Mercapide,Mario Del Carpio,Juan Carlos Salvitti
Boletín chileno de parasitología , 2000,
Abstract: Los programas de control de la hidatidosis requieren de la elaboración de ecuaciones costo/beneficio para la justificación técnica del mantenimiento de su fuente de financiamiento. Así, el objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar los costos para los servicios de salud de la Provincia de Río Negro, Argentina, la atención médica de los casos económicamente alternativas futuras en las estrategias de control. Para ello se obtuvo información de casos humanos atendidos en tres hospitales, tratados con métodos quirúrgicos convencionales, con quimioterapia y con PAIR (punción, aspiración, inyección y reaspiración), procediéndose a valorizar las prácticas médicas efectuadas. Se estimaron asimismo costos del programa de control basado en la desparasitación de perros y de programas alternativos basados en diagnóstico masivo en personas mediante ecografía y serología, y tratamientos no convencionales. Se estimmó un costo de tratamiento de US$ 4.511 por paciente, US$ 5.936 en cirugía convencional, US$ 1988 en PAIR y US$ 1.350 en quimioterapia con albendazol. Los costos globales de atención médica para 1997 fueron estimados en US$ 293.215, resultando un 77% inferiores a 1980. Se estimaron los costos operativos del programa tradicional de control en US$ 440000 y uno alternativo basado en diagnóstico y tratamiento en US$ 260.218. Se analizan relaciones costo/beneficio para cada una de las estrategias planteadas.
晴隆县1980~1997年病毒性肝炎流行特征分析  [PDF]
袁勇,郑云
中国公共卫生 , 2000, DOI: 10.11847/zgggws2000-16-02-30
Abstract: ?为探讨病毒性肝炎(以下简称肝炎)的流行特征,进一步指导防治工作,为各级领导提供科学依据,现将1980~1997年肝炎流行特征分析如下.
Increase in Prevalence of Overweight in Dutch Children and Adolescents: A Comparison of Nationwide Growth Studies in 1980, 1997 and 2009  [PDF]
Yvonne Sch?nbeck, Henk Talma, Paula van Dommelen, Boudewijn Bakker, Simone E. Buitendijk, Remy A. HiraSing, Stef van Buuren
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027608
Abstract: Objective To assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Dutch children and adolescents, to examine the 30-years trend, and to create new body mass index reference charts. Design Nationwide cross-sectional data collection by trained health care professionals. Participants: 10,129 children of Dutch origin aged 0–21 years. Main Outcome Measures Overweight (including obesity) and obesity prevalences for Dutch children, defined by the cut-off values on body mass index references according to the International Obesity Task Force. Results In 2009, 12.8% of the Dutch boys and 14.8% of the Dutch girls aged 2–21 years were overweight and 1.8% of the boys and 2.2% of the girls were classified as obese. This is a two to three fold higher prevalence in overweight and four to six fold increase in obesity since 1980. Since 1997, a substantial rise took place, especially in obesity, which increased 1.4 times in girls and doubled in boys. There was no increase in mean BMI SDS in the major cities since 1997. Conclusions Overweight and obesity prevalences in 2009 were substantially higher than in 1980 and 1997. However, the overweight prevalence stabilized in the major cities. This might be an indication that the rising trend in overweight in the Netherlands is starting to turn.
北京市1980~1997年流行性脑脊髓膜炎流行病学分析  [PDF]
李可群,辜荫华,和京果
中国公共卫生 , 1999,
Abstract: ?流脑是严重危害儿童、青少年身体健康的急性呼吸道传染病,在使用流脑多糖菌苗前,有周期性流行的规律,每8~10年出现一次流行高峰。我市在50~70年代出现了3次不同程度的流行高峰。为掌握本市实行流脑多糖菌苗预防接种以来流脑流行的特征变化,为今后防治工作提供依据,现将1980~1997年流脑疫情及健康人群免疫资料分析如下。
深圳市1980~1997年法定报告传染病流行动态分析  [PDF]
吴永胜,李良成,张顺祥
中国公共卫生 , 2000, DOI: 10.11847/zgggws2000-16-03-68
Abstract: ?根据深圳市成立特区以来所辖5区1980~1997年法定报告传染病的年报,分析了该市急性传染病流行趋势.除鼠疫、炭疽、布病和黑热病外,其余法定报告传染病都有发生.发病顺位由1980~1994年发病率较高的疟疾、痢疾、麻疹、肝炎和百日咳模式演变为近几年的淋病、肝炎、肺结核、痢疾和梅毒模式.甲乙类传染病的平均发病率和平均死亡率均呈下降趋势.平均发病率由1980~1984年的2556.58/10万下降至近3年的221.38/10万.说明当前在继续抓好计划免疫的同时,应重点加强肠道传染病的管理及性病和HIV监测,特别应抓好霍乱的监测控制和病毒性肝炎的预防工作.
Spatial and temporal variation of benthic fish assemblages during the extreme drought of 1997-98 (El Ni?o) in the middle rio Negro, Amazonia, Brazil
Thomé-Souza, Mario J. F.;Chao, Ning Labbish;
Neotropical Ichthyology , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-62252004000300004
Abstract: spatial and temporal variation in the benthic fish composition, species richness, density and biomass were studied in the lower rio branco and its confluence with the rio negro during the 1997-98 dry season (september to february). samples were taken with a 5.28 m (16-ft) otter trawl in three expeditions and at two depth strata (<7m and >7m). five to seven trawl hauls were made randomly in each sample site per expedition. a total of 58 trawls yielded 134 species, 5,657 individuals and 22 kg total biomass. fishes were distributed in 25 families and seven orders. siluriformes was the most specious with 59 species, followed by gymnotiformes (30), characiformes (30), perciformes (9), clupeiformes (4), pleuronectiformes (1) and tetraodontiformes (1). the variation on composition, richness of species, density and biomass occurred during the dry season, from september 1997 to february 1998. differences between depth strata were observed. siluriformes and gymnotiformes were more abundant at the beginning of the dry season (september) but diminished toward the end of dry season (february), whereas the perciformes and characiformes (mainly post-larvae and juveniles) became more abundant at the end of the dry season. the diminishing density of benthic fish communities during this extremely dry season may have been caused by predation or migration.
Primary hydatid cysts of the pancreas
JEJ Krige, K Mirza, PC Bornman, SJ Beningfield
South African Journal of Surgery , 2005,
Abstract: Pancreatic involvement by hydatid disease is uncommon. Establishing a precise diagnosis may be difficult because the presenting symptoms and findings of investigations may be similar to other more commonly encountered cystic lesions of the pancreas. We report 4 patients with primary hydatid cysts in the head of the pancreas. The records of all patients treated for hydatid disease from 1980 to 2000 were reviewed. During the study period a total of 280 patients were treated, 4 of whom had hydatid disease involving only the pancreas. The 4 patients (3 women, 1 man) ranged in age from 17 to 60 years. Three patients presented with jaundice, abdominal pain and weight loss, 2 with hepatomegaly and 1 with an epigastric mass. All 4 lesions involved the head of the pancreas and ranged in size from 3 to 10 cm in diameter. In 2 patients the investigations incorrectly suggested a cystic tumour and both underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy. In 2 patients the correct diagnosis allowed local excision to be performed. Hydatid cyst is a rare cause of a cystic mass in the head of the pancreas, but should be included in the differential diagnosis of cystic lesions of the pancreas, especially in endemic areas. South African Journal of Surgery Vol. 43(2) 2005: 37-40
Haciendo historia en las vi?as y frutales: Estrategias de una empresa de la zona del alto valle de Río Negro, Argentina: 1980 - actualidad
Miralles,Glenda;
Universum (Talca) , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-23762004000200007
Abstract: although the fruit production circuit is an interesting study area for the people who search the diferent areas, and from which have been developed a wide variety of academic productions, the regional vitivinicola complex - alto valle of negro and neuquén river, argentina- has still no academic analysis. if states that the crop of the vineyard is the one that originates the first valley agroindustry, the main contribution to this task is to help in the historic analysis abouth changes, ruptures, continuities and transformations carried out in the vitiviniculture of the zone. taking into account the teoric frame, the proposal of period of time and the interest in reconstructing the vitivinicola subsystem complex, this work is based on a case study: a vitivinicola/fruit company taking as an economic and social actor of the alto valle space, trying to advance from the empiric investigation to the concepts contruction in continuous entailment with the frame of the reference. it will be identified the relationships that settle down between the socioeconomic and politic transformations - at local and national level - and the vitivinicola complex, in order to establish the apliccation context of the company strategies. and it will be done an approximation to the developed strategies carried out by the company since the '80s up to the present time.
Haciendo historia en las vi as y frutales: Estrategias de una empresa de la zona del alto valle de Río Negro, Argentina: 1980 - actualidad  [cached]
Glenda Miralles
Universum : Revista de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales , 2004,
Abstract: Si bien, el circuito frutícola es un ámbito de estudio interesante para los investigadores de las distintas áreas y del cual se han realizado -y se realizan- variadas producciones académicas, el complejo vitivinícola regional -zona del Alto Valle del río Negro y Neuquén, Argentina- carece aún de análisis académico. Si se afirma que el cultivo de la vid es el que da origen a la primera agroindustria en el Valle, el aporte fundamental de este trabajo reside en contribuir al análisis histórico sobre los cambios, rupturas, continuidades y transformaciones llevadas a cabo en la vitivinicultura de la zona. En función del marco teórico considerado, la periodización propuesta y el interés por reconstruir el susbsistema del complejo vitivinícola, el trabajo se centra en un estudio de caso: empresa vitivinícola/frutícola considerada como actor económico y social del espacio del Alto Valle, procurando avanzar desde la investigación empírica a la construcción de conceptos en permanente vinculación con el marco teórico de referencia. Se identifican las relaciones que se establecen entre las transformaciones socio-económicas y políticas -a nivel regional y nacional- y el complejo vitivinícola, con el propósito de delinear el contexto de aplicación de las estrategias empresariales. Se realiza una aproximación a las estrategias desarrolladas por la firma, durante la etapa comprendida desde los a os ochenta hasta la actualidad. Although the fruit production circuit is an interesting study area for the people who search the diferent areas, and from which have been developed a wide variety of academic productions, the regional vitivinicola complex - Alto Valle of Negro and Neuquén river, Argentina- has still no academic analysis. If states that the crop of the vineyard is the one that originates the first Valley agroindustry, the main contribution to this task is to help in the historic analysis abouth changes, ruptures, continuities and transformations carried out in the vitiviniculture of the zone. Taking into account the teoric frame, the proposal of period of time and the interest in reconstructing the vitivinicola subsystem complex, this work is based on a case study: a vitivinicola/fruit company taking as an economic and social actor of the Alto Valle space, trying to advance from the empiric investigation to the concepts contruction in continuous entailment with the frame of the reference. It will be identified the relationships that settle down between the socioeconomic and politic transformations - at local and national level - and the vitivinicola complex, in or
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