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A Frontier Approach to Measuring Impact of Adoption of Flexible Manufacturing Technology on Technical Efficiency of Malaysian Manufacturing Industry  [PDF]
Don Ajith Rohana Dolage, Abu Bakar Sade
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2012.34037
Abstract: This paper examines the impact of the adoption of Flexible Manufacturing Technology (FMT) on the Technical Efficiency of Malaysia Manufacturing Industry. Owing to the potential multicollinearity, the Principal Component Analysis has been adopted to extract the most appropriate underlying dimensions of FMT in an effort to substitute the eight FMT variables. The study has been conducted within FMT intensively adopted 16 three-digit industries that encompass 50 five-digit industries covering the years 2000-2005. The results obtained from the two situations, one, including the industry fixed effects dummy variables and the other without these, are contrasted. It is found that the model that included the industry fixed effect dummy variables possesses a greater explanatory power. The two principal components that account for the greater variation in FMT show positive and moderately significant relationship with TE. The study concludes with sufficient evidence that FMT has a direct and moderately significant relationship with TE.
The Structure of Manufacturing Flexibility: Comparison Between UK and Malaysian Manufacturing Firms  [PDF]
H.M. Judi,R. Beach
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: This research identified the basic structure of manufacturing flexibility based on literature of previous researches and examined the fitness of this theoretical structure. The identified theoretical structure of manufacturing flexibility consists of four flexibility dimensions: Volume, variety, process and material handling. Data collection from the UK and Malaysian manufacturing firms was conducted to test whether the theoretical structure of manufacturing flexibility was fulfilled. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed and the results showed that the existing structure of manufacturing flexibility fits the theoretical structure. A comparison was made between the UK and Malaysian samples and the results showed that there was no significant difference in the existing structure and they confirmed the theoretical structure. The structure of manufacturing flexibility could be used by both researchers and managers as a framework to clarify the concept of manufacturing flexibility, so that the issue could be better understood and managed.
Foreign Direct Investment and Manufacturing Growth: The Malaysian Experience  [cached]
V G R Chandran,Gopi Krishnan
International Business Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v1n3p83
Abstract: This paper examines the short and long run dynamics of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) over the manufacturing growth in a developing country – Malaysia for the period of 1970-2003. Due to the small sample size, we used a fairly new cointegration method known as "bounds test" and the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to estimate the short and long run production elasticity of FDI. Estimated FDI elasticity in the short and long run were found to be statistically significant. In the long run, a 1% increase in FDI contributes to 0.115% increase in manufacturing value added output in Malaysia. The model extracts the influence of FDI and technological progress towards manufacturing output. As a consequence of the results, strategies to enhance the competitiveness of Malaysian manufacturing sectors in the world of intense competition for FDI especially among the Asian economies like China and other ASEAN members is further recommended.
The Margin Risk and Price Effects in the Turkish Milk Market
Halil Fidan,Mehmet Arif ahinli
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: An evolution of the margin risks was performed using the relationship between excess price yield, prices of margin and conditional volatility. The analysis was performed with GARCH-M model using 21 years of monthly sale price data. The model parameters were estimated using a maximum likelihood function. The sample period ranged from January 1986 to March 2007. A recursive estimation model was used to obtain a temporary evolution of coefficients in a remuneration scheme for risk (CRR). The results revealed the sensitivity of risk-based cost pricing to retail prices (margin).
Overview of Malaysian Modularity Manufacturing Practices  [PDF]
Noor Raihani Binti Zainol, Abdullah Al-Mamun, P. Yukthamarani Permarupan
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2013.37070
Abstract:


Modules and modularity have been popular concepts in operations research instead of products used in Malaysia. In the latest development, Modularity is very important in product design of manufacturing considerations for efficient assembly and complexity to make it better and fasten the process and products. The paper present is a study on overview of modularity products and manufacturing practices in Malaysia such as Traditional Malay House, fordable chair and maintaining services. The process of modularization makes the functional independence as the goal of good design. For the best marketing and end user, industry using modularization process or products leads to creation of product families and uniformity. To make the process of modularity successful, the industry has to ensure that modularity should maintain independence between components and processes in different modules and interchangeability between modules. This paper discusses the modules and modularity which are applied among the manufacturing in the Malaysia in the context of physical products and services.


Implementation of ERP Governance in Malaysian Manufacturing Companies
Mahlindayu Tarmidi @ Tokhid
Terengganu International Management and Business Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The increasing demand for real time information and operational efficiencies require deployment of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system to consolidate the information from business operations. Gradually, many organizations begin to allocate significant investment into ERP system to maintain its competitiveness. The substantial investment to implement ERP system highlights the importance of ITG as a method to ensure that the amount spent is worthwhile. The purpose of this study is to examine the extent of ERP governance in Malaysian manufacturing companies. Out of 500 companies that were contacted, only 179 companies agreed to response to the questionnaire surveys and further used in the analysis. The finding shows positive governance in ERP management and utilization regardless of the organizations type and the number of years of the system. This study has provided valuable results in regards of the governance of IT infrastructure in Malaysia ERP environment.
An Empirical Study of Internet-Based ICT Adoption Among Malaysian SMEs  [cached]
Khong Sin Tan,Uchenna Cyril Eze
Communications of the IBIMA , 2008,
Abstract: Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are key economic sector in Malaysia and the Malaysian government have over the past decades promoted development and growth initiatives such as ICT implementation to advance their overall economic agenda. This paper, therefore, examines the factors and adoption patterns of Internet-based Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) among SMEs in Malaysia. The Diffusion of Innovation underpins the conceptual framework in this paper. Questionnaire-based survey was used to collect data from 406 managers/owners of SMEs in the southern region of Malaysia. Data analysis indicates that Internet-based ICTs adoption among SMEs provides new business opportunities and access to market information and knowledge. Security and high ICT cost continues to be barriers to Internet-based ICTs adoption. Inferential analyses reveal that relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, observability and security are significant factors that influence Internet-based ICT adoption. The findings are discussed and interpreted to provide key implications to SMEs and Malaysian government.
Challenges in Management Accounting Innovation Adoption: Evidence from Malaysian Companies
International Journal of Finance and Accounting , 2013, DOI: 10.5923/j.ijfa.20130202.13
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the main challenges or issues in the adoption of Value Engineering (VE) viewed as a management accounting innovative technique within Malaysian companies. VE relates to a systematic and multi-disciplinary team approach adopted by companies which analyze the functional requirements of new and existing products, projects or services. The aim is to achieve the essential function at the lowest overall cost while maintaining customers’ optimum value assurance. A survey was conducted to determine VE issues faced by companies within each of the Malaysian automotive and construction industries. The survey findings showed that time and attitude related issues encountered by both the industries were the main challenges that were holding up VE application. The paper contributes to the literature in management accounting innovation domain specifically in relation to VE by highlighting VE adoption critical challenges, as opposed to presenting critical success factors. The findings of the study will provide important insights for companies on possible challenges faced when contemplating how to introduce innovative technique such as VE into their social system. An understanding of the challenges in innovation adoption will bring greater confidence of success when implementing management accounting techniques such as VE.
Safety Culture in Combating Occupational Safety and Health Problems in the Malaysian Manufacturing Sectors  [cached]
Noor Aina Amirah,Wan Izatul Asma,Mohd Shaladdin Muda,Wan Abd Aziz Wan Mohd Amin
Asian Social Science , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v9n3p182
Abstract: Rapid economic growth via industrialization has given not only a significant impact in terms of income distributions and quality of life, but it also resulted in increasing number of accidents at workplace. In reducing risk at the workplace, Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) is an important aspect. It is a standard which are set in legislation with the aim to eliminate and reduce hazards at workplace. Besides OSH, the term of ‘safety culture’ is also an important aspect in reducing risk and accident at workplace. This paper highlights the problems in the Malaysian manufacturing industries namely the high accident rate in manufacturing industries which may be due to lack of safety culture and non-compliance of the Malaysian Occupational Safety and Health Act’s (OSHA’s) requirements which may inadvertently led to lack of safety culture. The existence of these problems shows that workers’ and employers’ behaviour and compliance to OSHA will lead to positive safety culture which in turn will lead to reduction of accidents rate in the manufacturing industries in Malaysia.
Electronic Government Procurement Adoption Behavior amongst Malaysian SMEs  [cached]
Wan Sallha Yusoff,Md. Aminul Islam,Zakaria Abas,Dayang Hasliza Yusuf
International Business Research , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v4n1p100
Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship electronic procurement (e-procurement) adoption behavior and the level of Government e-procurement adoption amongst Small Medium Enterprise (SME) in Malaysia. Data was collected through questionnaires that were distributed by mail and e-mail to 150 SME selected randomly in all SME in Malaysia in various industries which are listed in Small and Medium Industries Development Corporation Directory (SMIDEC) and registered with electronic government procurement. The data were analyzed using factor analysis, reliability analysis, independent-sample t-test, descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation and multiple regressions. Regression results reveals that ‘power’, ‘trust’ and ‘value’ have a positive relationship with the level of e-procurement adoption amongst SME in Malaysia. All dimensions, namely; the power of supplier, power of procurement, trust on supplier, trust on information technology, value of implementation system efficiency and value of cost efficiency were also correlated with the level of e-procurement adoption amongst SME. Past studies on e-procurement are beset by problems of buyer-seller relationship perspective. In addition, these studies are skewed towards Government-SME relationship perspective which the Government possesses more power than SME and provide a better incentive to educate and influence SME to adopt e-procurement. In investigation the relationship between a model of e-procurement adoption behavior and the level of Government e-procurement adoption amongst SME in Malaysia, this study also tries to provides recommendation to Malaysian government for improving the level of e-procurement adoption amongst SME. Keyword(s): Government procurement, Communication technologies, electronic procurement and
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