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Description of Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) falcaorum sp. n. (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), a Fossil Sand Fly from Dominican Amber
Brazil, Reginaldo Pe?anha;Andrade Filho, José Dilermando;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762002000400008
Abstract: a new species of sand fly, pintomyia (pifanomyia) falcaorum is described from an amber originated from the northern mountain range of dominican republic. the male sand fly specimen is well preserved and most features used in phlebotominae taxonomy are seen with remarkable clarity.
Description of Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) falcaorum sp. n. (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), a Fossil Sand Fly from Dominican Amber  [cached]
Brazil Reginaldo Pe?anha,Andrade Filho José Dilermando
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2002,
Abstract: A new species of sand fly, Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) falcaorum is described from an amber originated from the northern mountain range of Dominican Republic. The male sand fly specimen is well preserved and most features used in Phlebotominae taxonomy are seen with remarkable clarity.
Description of Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) paleotrichia, a Miocene period new species from the Dominican Republic (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae)
Andrade Filho, José Dilermando;Brazil, Reginaldo Pe?anha;Falc?o, Alda Lima;Galati, Eunice A Bianchi;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762007005000110
Abstract: a new fossil species of phlebotomine sandflies is described from dominican amber based in one specimen. pintomyia (pifanomyia) paleotrichia sp. nov. is distinguished from the other extant and extinct species by aspects of paramere and the basal tuft of bristles in the gonocoxite.
Description of Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) brazilorum sp. nov. a new fossil species from the Dominican Republic (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae)
Andrade Filho, José Dilermando;Galati, Eunice A Bianchi;Falc?o, Alda Lima;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762006000200004
Abstract: a sand fly fossil was found in amber, a vegetal resin, which allows all the external phlebotomine structures to be seen. the piece that contains the new species is 14 mm long ′ 8 mm wide ′ 3 mm high. all the structures from the head, thorax, and abdomen were examined under the microscope and measured with a calibrated micrometric eye-piece. the morphological aspects of the new species suggest its inclusion in the pintomyia genus, pifanomyia subgenus though it is not possible to include it in any of the series known for this subgenus. the presence of two atrophied spines on the gonostyles and gonocoxites without tufts of setae permit the exclusion of the new species from the other species of the subgenus pifanomyia. the new species is named pintomyia (pifanomyia) brazilorum sp. nov.
Description of a new species, Pintomyia dissimilis nov. sp., a phlebotomine fossil from Dominican Republic amber (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae)
José Filho, Paula Serra e Meira, Cristiani Sanguinette, Reginaldo Brazil
Parasites & Vectors , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-2-25
Abstract: This paper describes a new fossil species of phlebotomine sandfly from amber found in Dominican Republic. This new species is based on morphological characters of a male such as 5° palpomere longer than 3° + 4°, three well-developed spines in the gonostyle, lateral lobe longer than gonocoxite and permit inclusion of the new species in the genus Pintomyia, series serrana. The paramere, with a curvature in the ventral margin, of the middle of the structure, separates the new species from the others fossils or extant species.The new species described in the present study named Pintomyia dissimilis nov. sp. is well differenciated from all known species in this genus.Several tropical diseases are transmitted by insects and among them is included the leishmaniases, a group of diseases which the aethiological agents are species of parasite of the genus Leishmania. Phlebotominae sandflies are responsible for the transmission among vertebrate hosts. Transmission occurs during blood feeding of females and, up to now, around 30 species are known to be involved in the transmission of the disease [1].This host/parasite is very old being recorded in the Cretaceous and Miocene periods, where extinct sandflies in amber have been found to be associated with protozoa described as belonging to the genus Paleoleishmania [2,3]. This last record is related to amber of the Dominican Republic in the Hispaniola Island, Caribbean region of Central America.To date, in the New World, fifteen species of fossil sandflies had been formally described and most are from the Dominican Republic and only one from Mexico. All the species are within the genera Pintomyia Costa Lima, 1932; Micropygomyia Barretto, 1962; and Psathyromyia Barretto, 1962 [4,5].The objective of this study was to carry out a description of one species of phlebotomine sandflies from the Dominican Republic, based on a holotype male, enclosed in amber.The description of the fossil species was based on direct observation under the o
Description of Pintomyia limafalcaoae and Pintomyia antioquiensis, Two New Species of Phlebotomine Sand Fly (Diptera, Psychodidae) from the Colombian Andes
Wolff, Marta;Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762002000300007
Abstract: two new species of phlebotomine sand fly from colombian andes are described, belonging to the subgenus pifanomyia of the genus pintomyia. p. (p.) limafalcaoae sp. nov. for which both sexes are described, is assigned to the series pia while p. (p.) antioquiensis sp. nov., known only from the male, is included in the series verrucarum. the subgenus pifanomyia is characterized and identification keys presented for the two new species.
Description of Pintomyia limafalcaoae and Pintomyia antioquiensis, Two New Species of Phlebotomine Sand Fly (Diptera, Psychodidae) from the Colombian Andes  [cached]
Wolff Marta,Galati Eunice Aparecida Bianchi
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2002,
Abstract: Two new species of phlebotomine sand fly from Colombian Andes are described, belonging to the subgenus Pifanomyia of the genus Pintomyia. P. (P.) limafalcaoae sp. nov. for which both sexes are described, is assigned to the series pia while P. (P.) antioquiensis sp. nov., known only from the male, is included in the series verrucarum. The subgenus Pifanomyia is characterized and identification keys presented for the two new species.
Lutzomyia adiketis sp. n. (Diptera: Phlebotomidae), a vector of Paleoleishmania neotropicum sp. n. (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in Dominican amber
George Poinar
Parasites & Vectors , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-1-22
Abstract: Lutzomyia adiketis sp. n. (Phlebotomidae: Diptera) is described from Dominican amber as a vector of Paleoleishmania neotropicum sp. n. (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae). The fossil sand fly differs from all previously described extinct and extant members of the genus by the following combination of characters: Sc forked with the branches meeting the costa and radius veins; wing L/W value of 4.1; a δ value of 18; a ratio β/α value of 0.86, and the shape and size of the spatulate rods on the ninth sternite. The trypanosomatid is characterized by the structure of its promastigotes, amastigotes and paramastigotes and its transmission by an extinct species of sand fly.Morphological characters show that the fossil sand fly is a new extinct species and that it is host to a digenetic species of trypanosomatid. This study provides the first fossil evidence that Neotropical sand flies were vectors of trypanosomatids in the mid-Tertiary (20–30 mya).Moth flies (Psychodidae) and sand flies (Phlebotomidae) are primitive Diptera [1] often treated as subfamilies [2]. The fossil record of sand flies dates back to Early Cretaceous Lebanese [3,4] and Burmese amber [5]. The Burmese amber sand fly, Palaeomyia burmitis Poinar [5] was transmitting Paleoleishmania protera Poinar & Poinar [6,7], the first described fossil digenetic trypanosomatid parasite. The present study describes a second species of Paleoleishmania carried by an extinct species of Lutzomyia sand fly in Dominican amber.Family Phlebotomidae Kertész 1903Genus Lutzomyia Fran?a 1924Lutzomyia adiketis sp.n. (Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4)Length = 1.3 mm; body, legs and antennae light brown.Head; Length, 315 μm; eye bridge absent; length of proboscis, 202 μm; maxillary palp extending well beyond tip of proboscis; length of maxillary palp, 544 μm; palpal formula 1-4-2-3-5; Newstead's scales in oval area on basal half of 3rd palpomere; lengths of palpomeres; 1, 44 μm; 2, 89 μm; 3, 120 μm; 4, 82 μm; 5, 209 μm; ratio of palp segments, 1/2 = 0
Description of Lutzomyia (Pifanomyia) robusta n. sp. (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) from Peruvian Equadorean interandean areas
Galati,Eunice A. Bianchi; Cáceres,Abraham G.; Le Pont,Francois;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101995000200002
Abstract: description of lutzomyia robusta, n. sp. (diptera, psychodidae, phlebotominae) from interandean areas of peru and equador. lutzomyia robusta, n. sp., probable vector of human bartonellosis and cutaneous leishmaniasis, is described and illustrated. this species presents strong affinity with l. serrana (damasceno & arouck, 1949) but they can be distinguished by variance analysis of four male characteristics and only one female characteristic. in the variance analysis, populations of l. serrana, of amazonian areas of brazil, peru and bolivia, the coast of equador and other areas of brazil were studied. the synonymy of lutzomyia guayasi (rodriguez) and l. serrana was corroborated.
Description of Lutzomyia (Pifanomyia) robusta n. sp. (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) from Peruvian Equadorean interandean areas
Galati Eunice A. Bianchi,Cáceres Abraham G.,Le Pont Francois
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1995,
Abstract: Description of Lutzomyia robusta, n. sp. (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) from interandean areas of Peru and Equador. Lutzomyia robusta, n. sp., probable vector of human bartonellosis and cutaneous leishmaniasis, is described and illustrated. This species presents strong affinity with L. serrana (Damasceno & Arouck, 1949) but they can be distinguished by variance analysis of four male characteristics and only one female characteristic. In the variance analysis, populations of L. serrana, of Amazonian areas of Brazil, Peru and Bolivia, the coast of Equador and other areas of Brazil were studied. The synonymy of Lutzomyia guayasi (Rodriguez) and L. serrana was corroborated.
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