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Enteropathogens associated with diarrheal disease in infants of poor urban areas of Porto Velho, Rond?nia: a preliminary study
Orlandi, Patrícia Puccinelli;Silva, Tatiane;Magalh?es, Gleiciene Felix;Alves, Fabiana;Cunha, Roberto Penna de Almeida;Durlacher, Rui;Silva, Luiz Hildebrando Pereira da;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762001000500005
Abstract: one hundred and thirty cases of diarrhea and 43 age-matched controls, 0 to 5 years old, were studied in a pediatric outpatient unit from a poor peri urban area of porto velho, rond?nia. eighty percent of diarrheal cases were observed in the groups under 2 years of age. rotavirus (19.2%) was the most frequent enteropathogen associated with diarrhea, followed by shigella flexneri (6.15%) and s. sonnei (1.5%) and salmonella sp. (6.9%). four cases of e. coli enterotoxigenic infections (3.1%), e. coli enteropathogenic (epec)(2.3%) one case of e. coli enteroinvasive infection (0.8%) and one case of yersinia enterocolitica (0.8%) were also identified. mixed infections were frequent, associating rotavirus, epec and salmonella sp. with entamoeba histolytica and giardia lamblia.
Enteropathogens associated with diarrheal disease in infants of poor urban areas of Porto Velho, Rond nia: a preliminary study  [cached]
Orlandi Patrícia Puccinelli,Silva Tatiane,Magalh?es Gleiciene Felix,Alves Fabiana
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001,
Abstract: One hundred and thirty cases of diarrhea and 43 age-matched controls, 0 to 5 years old, were studied in a pediatric outpatient unit from a poor peri urban area of Porto Velho, Rond nia. Eighty percent of diarrheal cases were observed in the groups under 2 years of age. Rotavirus (19.2%) was the most frequent enteropathogen associated with diarrhea, followed by Shigella flexneri (6.15%) and S. sonnei (1.5%) and Salmonella sp. (6.9%). Four cases of E. coli enterotoxigenic infections (3.1%), E. coli enteropathogenic (EPEC)(2.3%) one case of E. coli enteroinvasive infection (0.8%) and one case of Yersinia enterocolitica (0.8%) were also identified. Mixed infections were frequent, associating rotavirus, EPEC and Salmonella sp. with Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia.
Estado nutricional de escolares em Porto Velho, Rond?nia
Farias, Edson dos Santos;Guerra-Júnior, Gil;Petroski, édio Luiz;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732008000400004
Abstract: objective: this study aimed to determine the nutritional status of schoolchildren in public schools in porto velho, rond?nia, brazil, in relation to age, gender and sociodemographic features in a population of low socioeconomic status. methods: the sample comprised 1,057 schoolchildren of low socioeconomic status of both genders, aging from 7 to 10 years, selected by stratified random sampling by sector and purposeful sampling by group. sociodemographic data were obtained with a questionnaire. the schoolchildren were classified according to their weight-for-height into malnourished, well nourished and overweight/obese and according to their weight-for-height and height-for-age into well nourished, severely malnourished, chronically malnourished or formerly malnourished. results: there was no significant difference between males and females for weight and height. in relation to weight-for-height alone, 86.0% were normal, 4.0% were malnourished, 7.0% were overweight and 3.0% were obese. in relation to weight-for-height and height-for-age, 89% were normal, 2.5% were acutely malnourished, 7.0% were formerly malnourished and 1.5% were chronically malnourished. conclusion: the prevalence of malnutrition or overweight/obesity was low among elementary schoolchildren of low socioeconomic status in public schools of porto velho, rond?nia, brazil. these data can be compared with data from other brazilian cities and regions.
Nutritional status and physical activity of scholars of the city of Porto Velho, Rond nia
Edson dos Santos Farias,Edio Luiz Petroski
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2003,
Abstract: This purpose of this study was to investigate intervenient factors for nutritional status and physical activity in schoolchildren enrolled in the Municipal Educational System of Porto Velho, Rond nia, Brazil. The sample was composed of 1057 pupils, 7 to 10 years of age, who were randomly and proportionally selected by sectors and by clusters of convenience. A questionnaire was used to gather information on social demographics and physical activity. Data were analyzed against ± 2SD cut-off points for the height-for-age and the weight-forheight z-scores. Chi-square statistics were used to analyze associations between variables, and comparisons between sexes were made using Student’s t test. In relation to demographic characteristics; 60.1%, 29% and 7.8% of the subjects came from low-income classes D, C and E, respectively; and their parents had low levels of education. Prevalence of previous malnutrition (H/A) was 27.2%, while acute malnutrition (W/H) was 19.8%. It was noted, using the W/H index, that obesity prevalence was 17.3%. Nutritional status was related to family size, showing a positive association with W/H index. In regard to physical activity characteristics; the group seemed to be inactive, irrespective of nutritional status. It was estimated that the majority of the students spent, on average, two hours watching television. Percentage body fat among girls was observed to rise progressively as age increased. RESUMO O objetivo do estudo foi investigar o comportamento de variáveis que evidenciaram as características do estado nutricional e da atividade física em escolares da Rede Municipal de Ensino de Porto Velho/RO. A amostra constituiu-se de 1057 escolares de ambos os sexos, com idade de 07 a 10 anos, selecionados por meio de amostragem aleatória proporcional por setor e intencional por conglomerado de turma. Foi utilizado um questionário com a fi nalidade de levantar informa es sobre dados sociodemográfi co e a atividade física. Verificou-se as características do estado nutricional através das medidas antropométricas, utilizando para análise a estatística descritiva: escore Z como ponte de corte 2 DP e + 2 DP, com os indicadores estatura para idade (E/I) e peso para estatura (P/E). A fi m de analisar as associa es entre variáveis foi usado o Quiquadrado (x2); e a compara o entre os sexos realizou-se por meio do teste “t” de Student. No que se refere às características demográfi cas, 60,1%, 29,0% e 7,8% dos escolares pesquisados pertencem às classes de baixa renda familiar D, C e E e seus pais têm baixo grau de instru o. Quanto à classi
A escola segundo alunos do ensino médio de Porto Velho-RO
Fontes, Diana Campos;Lima, Vanessa Aparecida Alves;
Psicologia Escolar e Educacional , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-85572011000100008
Abstract: in this research, we investigate the point of view of high school students from public schools in porto velho (ro), brazil. based on school psychology theories, we focus our work on the school and the learning process. we applied a questionnaire to 323 students from 04 schools in the eastern zone of the city, composed of 16 questions, each with 04 response options. the results point to a content-focused school, which emphasize the activities of lecturing and teaching needs without considering the students context, their professional interests and their citizenship. students seem to internalize the stigma of being solely responsible for the learning process, attributing the personal problems to problems to difficulties at school.
Conhecendo o processo de inclus?o escolar em Porto Velho - RO
Tada, Iracema Neno Cecilio;Lima, Vanessa Aparecida Alves de;Melo, Tania Gon?alves;Correio, Dagmara Yuki Vieira Tomotani;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722012000100008
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to investigate the number of enrolled students with learning deficits, their ages, and the most common types of deficits in 22 regular schools (both private and public) in porto velho (rond?nia). field diaries and documental analysis were used as data sources. a total of 104 students, ranging in age from 5 to 25 years, with deficits were enrolled in the regular educational system, all lagging behind in school. the most common diagnosed problems amongst these students were intellectual deficit and hyperactivity. the enrollment of deaf students in regular classrooms appeared to have a low incidence. the results showed that parents and schools seek to enroll students with deficits in regular schools.
Periodicidade de captura de Anopheles darlingi Root (Diptera: Culicidae) em Porto Velho, RO
Gama, Renata A;Santos, Roseli L C;Santos, Fátima dos;Silva, Ivoneide M;Resende, Marcelo C;Eiras, álvaro E;
Neotropical Entomology , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2009000500019
Abstract: anopheles darlingi root is the principal malaria vector in amazonia region. the objectives of this work were to study the periodicity of anopheles darlingi root, the host preference for peri or extra-domestic environments and the parous rate in four field sites in porto velho (ro) by human-landing. all of the anopheles specimens collected were identified, but only a. darlingi was dissected for the parous study. the results showed that human-landing colleted a total of 985 anophelines, with a. darlingi (972) being the most abundant species. female mosquitoes were more abundant at extra-domestic environments in two of the locations studied (s?o jo?o e candeias do jamari) (p < 0.05). the parous rate was 96% and no periodicity was observed for captures of females of a. darlingi in the field sites.
Studies on the sandfly fauna of Samuel Ecological Station, Porto Velho Municipality, Rond?nia State, Brazil
Azevedo, Alfredo C. R. de;Luz, Sérgio L. Bessa;Vilela, Maurício L.;Rangel, Elizabeth F.;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761993000400002
Abstract: in a study of sandfly species in the samuel ecological station, in porto velho, rond?nia state, the following species were identified: lutzomyia brasiliensis, l. evangelistai, l. gomezi, l. anduzei, l. flaviscutellata, l. richardwardi, l. shawi, l. umbratilis, l. yuilli yuilli, l. dendrophyla, l. puctigeniculata, l. shannoni, l. amazonensis, l. ayrozai, l. carrerai carrerai, l. claustrei, l. davisi and l. lainsoni. l. richardwardi, l. umbratilis and l. c. carrerai were the predominant species captured of man forming 60.30% of the total catch. l. richarwardi was the most frequent at ground level (29.9%), while l. umbratilis predominated in the canopy (48.5%).
Mercury pollution and congenital malformations detected at birth in Porto Velho, Brazil, from 1997 to 2007
da Rocha,Julio Cesar; Maior,Rafael S.; Tomaz,Carlos;
Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud , 2011,
Abstract: the possible negative impacts of mercury contamination in the madeira river, state of rondonia, brazil, on newborn babies health were evaluated. the incidence of congenital malformations was surveyed from the records of newborns in the main hospital of porto velho, rondonia, from 1997 to 2007. the type of malformations between local population and cases transferred from other areas in rondonia were compared. neurological related malformations were found in 45% of the cases. the proportion of neurological defects in the local population was slightly higher than in transferred cases. non-neurological malformations represented 43% of the sample and, 11.4% were unspecified. the incidence of general (including non-neurological) congenital malformations was similar to the region's average. this is indicative of hg contamination during pregnancy. salud uis 2011; 43 (3): 237-240
RELIGIOSIDADE POPULAR E FESTEJOS RELIGIOSOS: ASPECTOS DA ESPACIALIDADE DE COMUNIDADES RIBEIRINHAS DE PORTO VELHO, ROND NIA  [PDF]
Adriano Lopes Saraiva
Revista Brasileira de História das Religi?es , 2010,
Abstract: O artigo apresentado analisa a religiosidade popular contida nos momentos do festejar das festas de santo das comunidades ribeirinhas de S o Carlos e Nazaré, localizadas no município de Porto Velho, Estado de Rond nia. Eventos religiosos que nos mostram que esses festejos s o exemplifica es da história cultural na qual a impregna o do universo cultural do grupo está presente; marcada por atividades coletivas, pela qualidade e quantidade da religiosidade, pela efervescência coletiva, pelas inúmeras representa es de cren as e pela celebra o em torno da imagem do santo protetor.
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