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The Observatory on Health in the Italian Regions
Cinzia Marano,Pietro Folino-Gallo
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2004, DOI: 10.2427/6139
Abstract: Regions The Observatory on Health in the Italian Regions arises in response to three different phenomena (devolution, economic sustainability and regional variations). It aims to study performances of regional health systems, to monitor quality of care in the Italian regions, to disseminate the main results of this activity and to provide information to support decisions and choices of health programs and the allocation of resources. In 2003 the Observatory published the “Osservasalute Report”, a collaboration of more than 60 researchers, using 110 selected indicators and different data sources. It performed a comparative analysis of the regional health systems with a multidisciplinary approach. The structure of each of the indicators is articulated in six sections: significance, validity and limits, benchmark, source of data, description of results, Osservasalute’s recommendations. The results of all the indicators can be clustered into three different groups: indicators without regional differences (such as Standardised Mortality Rate for Infectious Diseases); indicators where the regional differences follow a North - South gradient and in some instances, an East – West gradient (as Life Expectancy at Birth; Movement of Patients Seeking Hospital Care) and finally indicators with important differences but without any gradient (such as Prevalence of Hypertension and Prevalence of Hypercholesterolemia). The Observatory’s perspective at a national level is to validate the indicators and the quality of the data reported and contribute, to define exactly what information is missing. At a European level is to contribute to the organisation of a network of Regional Health Observatories (RHONE) and to the production of a report on Health and health care in the European Regions.
The sad story of the new procedures for hiring young researchers in Italian Universities
Menozzi P
Forest@ , 2008, DOI: -
Abstract: In Italy, universities are regulated by law. In December 2007 new rules for hiring young researchers in Italian Universities, based on international peer review, were approved by the Italian Parliament. The Court that controls the compatibility of new laws with existing legislation found the new rules in violation of this principle and annulated them. In most countries international peer review is a common evaluation procedure in good Universities. The sad conclusion is the contrast of Italian law with internationally adopted procedures: a condition that cries out for change in Italian Academia.
GSP and Health Expenditure in Italian Regions  [cached]
Cosimo Magazzino
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n12p28
Abstract: This paper investigates the nexus between health care households’ expenditure and GSP for Italian regions during 1980-2009, using time series and panel econometric techniques. After a brief introduction and a survey of the economic literature on this issue, we discuss the data and briefly introduce t h e methodologies. Empirical results show the presence of a long-run relationship in fifteen regions. As regards the causality analysis, health-led growth hypothesis is supported in three regions, while the reverse causation appears in five cases. The neutrality hypothesis seems to be confirmed in ten regions. Finally, a bi-directional causality flow (feedback hypothesis) has been found for two regions. Panel analysis shows that, if our sample is divided into three more homogeneous macro-regions (North, Centre and South), a long-run relationship between health expenditure and aggregate income has been found in two areas. Furthermore, the income elasticity is below the unity, implying that health expenditure is not a luxury good.
Milking procedures and milk ejection in Italian Brown cows
A. Tamburini,A. Sandrucci,C. Nicoletti,L. Zanin
Italian Journal of Animal Science , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2007.1s.478
Abstract: The aim of the study was to describe, on the basis of field data, the traits of milk flow curves of Italian Brown cows and to investigate some sources of variation. A total of 1,450 milk flow curves of the whole udder were collected in 81 Italian Brown dairy herds in Lombardy, Italy, using electronic mobile milk flow meters. Parity order and days in milk affected most milk flow traits. Milk flow curves showed some defects dependent on milking management practices: very long machine-on time, long duration of overmilking phase, high percentage of stripping and moderate percentage of bimodality.
The Determinants of Health Expenditure in Italian Regions  [cached]
Cosimo Magazzino,Marco Mele
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v4n3p61
Abstract: The health care expenditure in Italian regions is examined, applying the model selection procedure and panel methodologies to identify the determinants of health expenditure at the state level. After a brief introduction and a survey of the economic literature on this issue, we discuss the data and briefly introduce the methodologies. Empirical results suggest that the real Gross State Product, the unemployment rate, the number of beds in community hospitals, the urbanization degree and the percentage of the population with at least the junior high school degree had a direct impact on the real health care outlay. Furthermore, the income elasticity is below the unity (0.83-0.88 according to the static panel estimates, 0.43-0.48 for the dynamic methods), implying that health expenditure is a necessity rather than a luxury good at the state level.
The health in the Italian regions. Synthesis of the Osservasalute Report 2004
Pietro Folino-Gallo,Walter Ricciardi
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2004, DOI: 10.2427/6021
Abstract: Osservasalute is the Italian Health Observatory (http://www.osservasalute.it) and it is aimed to study performances of regional health systems, to monitor quality of care in the Italian regions, to disseminate the main results of these activities and provide information to support decisions and choices of health programs and the allocation of resources.[1] In 2004 Osservasalute has published the results of its activity in the Osservasalute report 2004. A critical analysis of the data reported has revealed some phenomena of particular interest: 1. the good health of the Italian population; 2. the remarkable improvements obtained in last the 10-20 years, accompanied by a substantial reduction in regional differences; 3. a good level of regional health services; 4. the persistence of geographical variations; 5. the risk of incoherent and disconnected policy planning between several of the regions.
Assessing the Inequalities of Wealth in Regions: the Italian Case  [PDF]
Roy Cerqueti,Marcel Ausloos
Quantitative Finance , 2014, DOI: 10.1007/s11135-014-0111-y
Abstract: This paper discusses region wealth size distributions, through their member cities aggregated tax income. As an illustration, the official data of the Italian Ministry of Economics and Finance has been considered, for all Italian municipalities, over the period 2007-2011. Yearly data of the aggregated tax income is transformed into a few indicators: the Gini, Theil, and Herfindahl-Hirschman indices. On one hand, the relative interest of each index is discussed. On the other hand, numerical results confirm that Italy is divided into very different regional realities, a few which are specifically outlined. This shows the interest of transforming data in an adequate manner and of comparing such indices.
Italian network for human biomonitoring of metals: preliminary results from two regions
Bocca,Beatrice; Mattei,Daniela; Pino,Anna; Alimonti,Alessandro;
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-25712010000300006
Abstract: the italian program for human biomonitoring (hbm) of chemical elements, program for biomonitoring of the exposure (probe), started in 2008 with the aim to provide the knowledge about risk assessment of the italian population following the environmental exposure to metals. the project is implemented through a hbm campaign for the production of data on 19 metals in the blood and serum of subjects living in different italian regions. the metals studied are: antimony, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, iridium, lead, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, nickel, palladium, platinum, rhodium, thallium, tin, tungsten, uranium and vanadium. the first phase of the project has included the development and validation of laboratory protocols for the collection of fluids and quantification of metals. the second phase provides the hbm data expressed as the reference values (rvs) for the italian population, i.e., as the level of metals in the general population not occupationally exposed. in this paper, the experimental protocols used for the maintenance of high standards of analysis and the rvs for metals in serum of inhabitants of two italian regions (calabria and umbria) are described.
Patient migration among the Italian regions in 2003
Gabriele Messina,Nicola Vigiani,Lucia Lispi,Nicola Nante
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2008, DOI: 10.2427/5854
Abstract: Background: In the Italian National Health Service hospital planning was influenced by two aspects: the patients’ freedom to choose their health care provider and the equal distribution of centers spread throughout Italy. While every Italian Region should be able to meet the health needs of its own inhabitants, consistent migration among regions exists. Retrospective studies of cross boundaries patient flows can be useful for health planning purposes, providing precious information about citizens’ preferences, and helping health managers to think about inequality and adjust the offer of care. The aim of this study is to describe cross boundary flows which occurred across all the Italian Regions in 2003. Methods: The hospital discharges for 2003 were obtained from the General Directorate for Health Planning of the Italian Ministry of Health. We analyzed regional cross boundary flows using the Gandy Nomogram. This tool, which assesses patient mobility, can be used to describe regions’ ability to satisfy their internal health demand and their own capability in attracting foreign patients. Results: All of the regions, for the most part, were able to satisfy internal health care demands, and are placed in the upper right corner of the Gandy Nomogram. Umbria, Emilia Romagna, P. A. di Bolzano, Tuscany, Lombardy, Friuli V. Giulia, Lazio, Abruzzo were the regions that appeared to perform best. The Lombardy region attracts the most patients. Conclusions: This study briefly provides an evaluation of hospital supply of services giving indications about patients’ perception of the quality and organization of services. A deeper analysis of patient migration may be undertaken by looking at specific diseases. This kind of research could be useful for planning and maximising supplies when making decisions about healthcare.
Corruption and Growth: Evidence from the Italian regions  [cached]
Nadia Fiorino,Emma Galli,Ilaria Petrarca
European Journal of Government and Economics , 2012,
Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of corruption on economic growth in the Italian Regions. We estimate a dynamic growth model for the period 1980-2004 addressing both the potential bias of the measures of corruption and the endogeneity between corruption and economic development. We find strong evidence of a negative correlation between corruption and growth. Moreover, since government intervention has been traditionally used to reduce income differentials between the Northern and the Southern regions, we also analyze the interaction between corruption and government expenditure. Our results indicate that corruption undermines the positive impact that public expenditures have on economic growth.
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